1972

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1972
Richard Nixon and Zhou Enlai at a banquet
Richard Nixon and Zhou Enlai during his visit to China
Press conference for the signing of the basic agreement between GDR and FRG
Egon Bahr and Michael Kohl at the press conference for the signing of the basic agreement
1972 Summer Olympics
Olympic Summer Games 1972 ( postage stamp pad of the Deutsche Bundespost )
Annual dedications
International Year ( United Nations ) International Year of the Book
Bird of the year (Germany) Little Owl (Athene noctua)
1972 in other calendars
From urbe condita 2725
Armenian calendar 1420-1421
Ethiopian calendar 1964-1965
Badi calendar 128-129
Bengali calendar 1378-1379
Berber calendar 2922
Buddhist calendar 2516
Burmese calendar 1334
Byzantine calendar 7480-7481
Chinese calendar
 - era 4668-4669 or
4608-4609
 - 60 year cycle

Metal Pig ( 辛亥 , 48) -
Water Rat ( 壬子 , 49)

French
revolutionary calendar
CLXXX - CLXXXI
180-181
Hebrew calendar 5732-5733
Hindu calendar
 - Vikram Sambat 2028-2029
 - Shaka Samvat 1894-1895
Iranian calendar 1350-1351
Islamic calendar 1391-1392
Japanese calendar
 - Nengō (era): Shōwa 47
 - Kōki 2632
Coptic calendar 1688-1689
Korean calendar
 - Dangun era 4305
 - Juche era 61
Minguo calendar 61
Modern Olympics XX
Seleucid calendar 2283-2284
Thai solar calendar 2515

In 1972 the power structure shifted between the blocs in the Cold War : The People's Republic of China , which was admitted to the UN the previous year , is drawing closer to the United States through Richard Nixon's visit to China . Meanwhile, the relations between the Federal Republic and the GDR normalize through the transit agreement and the basic treaty .

The Summer Olympics in Munich are overshadowed by the hostage-taking of the Israeli athletes .

1972 was the longest year on the Gregorian calendar . As a leap year, it was one day and two leap seconds longer than usual.

Events

Politics and world events

International Relations

In light of the Sino-Soviet rift , Richard Nixon pays an official visit to the PRC .

The ABM treaty between the USA and the USSR is the first SALT treaty to contain the nuclear arms race .

United States

The Watergate affair and protests against the Vietnam War determine American domestic politics.

Federal Republic of Germany and GDR

  • The Federal Republic and the GDR sign two crucial agreements to normalize their relations: the transit agreement and the basic agreement . They are the two most important treaties of the New Ostpolitik under Federal Chancellor Willy Brandt .
  • Schwerin exceeds the 100,000-inhabitant limit and becomes a big city .

Northern Ireland

On January 30th, 13 unarmed civilians were shot dead by British paratroopers and 13 others shot (one of whom died as a result) in the Northern Irish town of Derry during a demonstration for civil rights and against the internment policies of the British government . This day, later referred to as Bloody Sunday , led to the escalation of the Northern Ireland conflict .

Japan

On May 15, the United States returned control of the Ryūkyū and Daitō Islands ( Okinawa Prefecture ) to Japan.

January

February

March

April

May

June

July

August

September

October

November

December

Day unknown

science and technology

Culture

music

See also: Category: Music 1972

society

  • January 4th : Judge Rose Heilbron becomes the first woman to be installed at the Old Bailey Criminal Court in London .
  • January 16 : The Federal Ministry of the Interior decreed that the use of the designation “ Fräulein ” in federal authorities should not be used. The salutation “woman” is to be used for every female adult.

religion

economy

HP-35

Sports

For entries of athletics world records, see under the respective discipline under athletics .

Disasters

Minor accidents are listed in the sub-articles of Catastrophe .

Awards ceremonies

John Bardeen, 1956

Born

January

February

March

Jos Verstappen

April

Jennie Garth
John McGuinness
Anthony Rother

May

Dwayne Douglas Johnson
Katja Seizinger
Jenny Elvers

June

July

Steffi Nerius
Giovane Elber

August

Justyna Steczkowska
Ben Affleck (2011)
Cameron Diaz , 2010

September

October

November

Toni Collette

December

Jude Law , 2007

Day unknown

Cristina Branco

Died

January

Friedrich IX. († January 14th)
Mahalia Jackson († January 27)

February

Walter von Sanden-Guja

March

April

Kwame Nkrumah († April 27)

May

Edward VIII († May 28)

June

Jimmy Rushing

July

August

Max Theiler
Lale Andersen , ca.1951

September

Ásgeir Ásgeirsson

October

Prescott Bush

November

Martin Dies Jr.
Yip Man

December

Andrei Nikolaevich Tupolev
Harry S. Truman

Day unknown

Web links

Commons : 1972  - Collection of Pictures, Videos and Audio Files