Zinédine Zidane (2017)
|Surname||Zinédine Yazid Zidane|
|birthday||June 23, 1972|
|place of birth||Marseille , France|
|Years||station||Games (goals) 1|
|1992-1996||Girondins Bordeaux||139 (28)|
|1996-2001||Juventus Turin||151 (24)|
|2001-2006||real Madrid||155 (37)|
|Stations as a trainer|
|2013-2014||Real Madrid (assistant coach)|
|2014-2016||Real Madrid Castilla|
|1 Only league games are given.|
He has been named FIFA World Player of the Year three times and FIFA Coach of the Year once . With the French national team he became world and European champion as a player . With Juventus Turin he won the FIFA Club World Cup and two Italian championships , with Real Madrid once the UEFA Champions League and once the Spanish championship .
In his first job as coach of Real Madrid from 2016 to 2018, Zidane won a Spanish championship, a Supercopa de España and two FIFA Club World Cups and two UEFA Super Cups . He was also the first and so far only coach to win the Champions League three times in a row. Since March 12, 2019 he has been coach of Real Madrid again.
Zidane, often called Zizou [ ziˈzu ] in France , was born the son of Algerian immigrants ( Berbers from Kabylia ) in Marseille . There he grew up with his three brothers Nordine, Farid († July 13, 2019), Djamel and his sister Lila in the problem area of La Castellane. His first club was US Saint-Henri , a neighborhood club; his second, from 1983 to 1987, Sports Olympiques Septèmes-les-Vallons on the northernmost outskirts of Marseille. Zidane, a big fan of Olympique Marseille , was discovered by Jean Varraud at the age of 14 and accepted into the AS Cannes football boarding school.
At the request of his parents, he was initially placed with a host family, the Ellineaus. At the age of 15 he lived in a room in the regional boarding school for vocational school students, where he met his wife, Véronique Fernández, a former professional dancer. With her he has four sons: Enzo (* 1995), Luca (* 1998), Theo (* 2002) and Elyaz (* 2005). They all play or have played in Real Madrid youth teams. Luca won the European Championship as a goalkeeper with the French U-17 team in 2015 and took part in the U-17 World Cup in 2015 , where France was eliminated in the round of 16.
At the age of 16, on May 20, 1989, Zidane was used for the first time in a first division meeting of the AS Cannes team : coach Jean Fernandez replaced him in the 78th minute of the away game at FC Nantes . In the game against Nantes on February 12, 1991, he scored his first first division goal. He also played his first European Cup matches for Cannes: on September 11, 1991 in the UEFA Cup with Portuguese representative SC Salgueiros .
After relegation with Cannes, Zidane moved to Girondins Bordeaux in 1992 , where he was nicknamed "Zizou" by his trainer Rolland Courbis . There he played together with later national team colleagues Bixente Lizarazu and Christophe Dugarry and the Dutch international Richard Witschge . The highlight of Zidane's time in Bordeaux was reaching the UEFA Cup finals in 1996, after Bordeaux had only qualified for this competition through the UEFA Intertoto Cup . On the way to the final, Bordeaux also had a. a. defeated the favored team of AC Milan . The finals were lost against FC Bayern Munich .
For the 1996/97 season, Zidane moved to the top Italian club Juventus Turin . With Turin under Marcello Lippi he won the 1996 World Cup final in Tokyo against CA River Plate , twice the Italian championship and twice in the Champions League final, which he lost both times.
In 2001, Zidane moved to Real Madrid for the then record sum of around 77.5 million euros (the transfer fee was given by Turin at 150 billion Italian lira ). The Frenchman won the Champions League for the first time at Real: With his goal in the final in Glasgow in 2002 against Bayer Leverkusen , the Madrilenians won the game 2-1. In 2003, Zidane won the Spanish championship with Real Madrid. In the same year, he was voted FIFA World Player of the Year for the third time.
Although his contract originally ran until 2007, Zidane played his last game for Real on May 7, 2006 against Sevilla FC . He then ended his career in club football.
1994–2000: World Champion and European Champion
Zidane made his international debut against the Czech Republic in the Equipe Tricolore on August 17, 1994 , scoring two goals. At the European Championship in 1996 he was part of the team and was in all five French games.
When the French national team won the title at the World Cup in their own country in 1998, Zidane was the head of the French team despite a red card suspension that prevented him from participating in the third group game and the round of 16. In the final against Brazil , Zidane scored two headed goals for the 2-0 half-time lead. The game was finally won 3-0, making France world champions for the first time.
After a mixed qualification, the playmaker led the Equipe Tricolore to the European title two years later . In the quarter-finals (2: 1 against Spain ) and in the semi-finals (2: 1 afterwards against Portugal ) Zidane scored once. He scored the golden goal against Portugal with a hand penalty . Then, as in 1998, Zidane won the FIFA World Player of the Year election.
2000–2006: World Cup in Japan and South Korea, European Championship in Greece and resignation
In the following tournaments Zidane could not maintain this high level. Just before the 2002 World Cup in Japan and South Korea Zidane pulled a hamstring on his left thigh, and spent the first two group matches on the bench. France retired as world champions in the preliminary round. At the 2004 European Championship he was eliminated with the French national team in the quarter-finals against eventual European champions Greece . On August 12, 2004, Zidane announced his retirement from the national team. He returned a year later and played for France again in the final stages of World Cup qualification. He decided to return after talking to his brother at night.
Red card, MVP and end of career at the 2006 World Cup in Germany
Even before the 2006 World Cup , Zidane's decision was made to end his career after the tournament. After two draws and a yellow card suspension, he was able to survive the group with the team and scored a goal in the round of 16 against Spain to make it 3-1. In the quarter-finals he prepared the decisive goal in the 1-0 win against Brazil and was voted player of the match after the game . In the semi-final against Portugal (1-0), Zidane scored himself. In the final against Italy , Zidane scored an early 1-0 penalty, making him the fourth player to score in two World Cup finals after Vavá , Pelé and Paul Breitner could. In the 109th minute of his last game, he was sent off with a red card after a headbutt against Marco Materazzi . This was the 15th red card of his career. This incident was triggered by insults by Materazzi against Zidane, which Materazzi initially denied, but admitted a few days later. The Gazzetta dello Sport told Materazzi that he only briefly held Zidane's jersey. The Frenchman eyed him condescendingly and said that if he wanted he could have the shirt after the game. Materazzi replied that he preferred Zidane's sister. On August 18, 2007, Materazzi admitted on Italian television that he had replied verbatim to Zidane's offer to give him his jersey: "Preferisco la puttana di tua sorella" . Because of the headbutt, Zidane was suspended from FIFA for three games and a fine of 7,500 Swiss francs was imposed on him. The suspension was insignificant for the French, however, as he ended his career after the 2006 World Cup anyway. Instead, he made himself available for three days for social work with children and young people. Marco Materazzi was also punished.
Zidane was voted Most Valuable Player of the Tournament. However, the election had already taken place before the final, which Italy won 5-3 on penalties.
In a total of 108 international matches, Zidane scored 31 goals for the Equipe Tricolore . After completing his career, he once again came second in the 2006 election for World Footballer of the Year .
In December 2008, Zidane and his former teammates from Girondins Bordeaux, Bixente Lizarazu and Alain Boghossian , bought the then third division Olympique Croix de Savoie 74 , who played in Ligue 1 from 2011 to 2015.
In May 2011, he took up the position of Sports Director at Real Madrid. He gave up this position in July 2012 at his own request. In October 2011, he started a diploma course at the Center de droit et d'économie du sport (CDES, “Center for Law and Economics in Sport”) at the University of Limoges in order to put his practical work on a more sound basis.
Started as a consultant and assistant coach for Real Madrid
In November 2010, at the request of then-coach José Mourinho , Zidane was appointed advisor to Real Madrid. He accompanied the team and took part in meetings and training sessions. For the 2013/14 season, Zidane was assistant coach of Carlo Ancelotti at Real Madrid alongside Paul Clement . In April 2014 they won the Copa del Rey after a 2-1 win against FC Barcelona and in May they won the Champions League after a 4-1 win against Atlético Madrid .
The road to license with Real Madrid Castilla's B team
For the 2014/15 season, Zidane took over Real Madrid's second team , relegated to the third-class Segunda División B , as head coach. In August 2014, Zidane, who did not have the required coaching license to train the team, was reported to the association by the Spanish coaching association CENAFE. Because of this, in the first game of the season, Santiago Sánchez was given as head coach and Zidane as his assistant. In the following games, Zidane was again listed as a coach. In October, the Spanish Football Association first imposed a three-month ban, which was temporarily suspended a few days later. In the spring of 2015, he received the UEFA Pro coach license and from then on was the official coach of Real Madrid Castilla.
Three Champions League wins with Real Madrid
On January 4, 2016, Zidane took over the third place in the table from the previously released coach Rafael Benítez . Zidane led the team to the final of the UEFA Champions League in Milan , which was won on May 28, 2016 against Atlético Madrid on penalties.
The following year, he repeated this triumph on June 3, 2017 with a 4-1 win against Juventus Turin in Cardiff and thus became the first coach to successfully defend the title. Two weeks earlier, he had won the Spanish championship with his team with a 2-0 victory at Málaga FC . In the period from April 6, 2016 to January 13, 2017, Real Madrid did not concede a single defeat in 40 competitive games under Zidane. The coach beat the previous record of FC Barcelona under Luis Enrique as the record holder in Spain.
On May 26, 2018, he successfully defended the 2016 Champions League title a second time with a 3-1 win against Liverpool FC in Kiev . It was Zidane's seventh Champions League final. On May 31, 2018, Zidane surprisingly resigned as a coach. He explained that the team “needs a move to keep winning. The team needs a new approach, a different methodical work. That's why I made the decision. "
Return to Real Madrid
Zidane returned to Real Madrid on March 12, 2019. At this point the club was in third place in the league after 27 matchdays and had already been eliminated in the Champions League with 1: 4 against Ajax Amsterdam in the round of 16 and in the cup semi-final against FC Barcelona. He signed a contract that ran until June 30, 2022. The 2018/19 season ended in third place, 19 points behind the champions FC Barcelona.
In the 2019/20 season , which was suspended from March 10, 2020 to June 11, 2020 due to the COVID-19 pandemic , Real Madrid under Zidane won the Spanish championship with a 2-1 win over Villarreal CF on the penultimate match day .
Title and achievements as a player
- UEFA Champions League (1): 2001/02
- World Cup (2): 1996 , 2002
- Italian Championship (2): 1996/97 , 1997/98
- Spanish Championship (1): 2002/03
- UEFA Super Cup (2): 1996 , 2002
- UEFA Intertoto Cup (2): 1995 , 1999
- Italian Supercup (1): 1997
- Spanish Supercup (2): 2001 , 2003
- Half-century European footballers : 2004
- All-time UEFA Champions League player : 2011
- Footballer of the Decade (ESPN) : 2000s
- Footballer of the Decade (Sports Illustrated) : 2000s
- Footballer of the Decade (Don Balón) : 2000s
- Footballer of the Decade (Fox Sports) : 2000s
- World Sportsman of the Year (1): 1998
- FIFA World Player of the Year (3): 1998, 2000, 2003
- Europe's Footballer of the Year (1): 1998
- Onze d'or (3): 1998, 2000, 2001
- World Soccer Player of the Year (1): 1998
- UEFA Player of the Year (1): 2002
- World Playmaker of the Year (1): 2006
- UEFA Midfielder of the Year (1): 1998
- France's Sportsman of the Year (1): 1998
- France's Footballer of the Year (2): 1998, 2002
- Ligue 1 Player of the Year (1): 1996
- Best Player in Serie A (1): 2001
- Best foreign player in Serie A (2): 1997, 2001
- Best foreign player in the Primera División (1): 2002
- Golden Ball of World Cup 2006
- Best player in the 2000 European Championship
- Best young player in Ligue 1 (1): 1994
- World Soccer Dream Team: 2013
- FIFA World Cup Dream Team : 2002
- All-Time EURO 11 : 2016
- Team of the Decade ( ESPN ): 2000s
- Team of the Decade ( Sports Illustrated ): 2000s
- Team of the Decade ( Don Balón ): 2000s
- FIFPro World XI (2): 2005, 2006
- UEFA Team of the Year (3): 2001, 2002, 2003
- ESM Team of the Year (4): 1998, 2002, 2003, 2004
- World Championship All-Star Team (2): 1998, 2006
- European Championship All-Star Team (2): 2000, 2004
- Officier de la Légion d'Honneur : 2009
- Legend of Football : 2008
- Inclusion in FIFA 100 : 2004
- Laureus World Sports Awards for Lifetime Achievement: 2011
- Marca Leyenda for his life's work: 2008
Title and successes as a trainer
- FIFA Club World Cup (2): 2016 , 2017
- UEFA Champions League (4): 2013/14 Co , 2015/16 , 2016/17 , 2017/18
- UEFA Super Cup (2): 2016 , 2017
- Spanish Championship (2): 2016/17 , 2019/20
- Spanish Cup (1): 2013/14 Co
- Spanish Supercup (2): 2017 , 2019
- FIFA Coach of the Year (1): 2017
- IFFHS World Club Coach of the Year (2): 2017, 2018
- French Coach of the Year (2): 2016, 2017
- Onze d'or (2): 2017, 2018
- Globe Soccer Award (Best Coach) (1): 2017
- World Soccer Coach of the Year (1): 2017
- Miguel Muñoz Trophy : 2019/20
Comments: Co as assistant trainer
|society||league||season||league||Nat. Cup||European Cup||total|
|AS Cannes||Division 1||1988/89||2||0||-||-||-||-||2||0|
|Girondins Bordeaux||Division 1||1992/93||35||10||4th||1||-||-||39||11|
|Juventus Turin||Series A||1996/97||29||5||2||0||10||2||41||7th|
|real Madrid||Primera División||2001/02||31||7th||9||2||9||3||49||12|
Zidane is a "UN ambassador of goodwill" (Goodwill ambassador for the fight against poverty) and patron of the organization ELA ( Association Européenne contre les Leucodystrophies - European Association against Leukodystrophy ). At the beginning of 2009 he was promoted to officer of the Legion of Honor. Since 2003, Zidane jointly organized with Brazil's Ronaldo for the development program of the United Nations (UNDP), the Match Against Poverty in.
Role in the Italian doping scandal
In the context of a court case, persons responsible at the Italian club Juventus Turin were initiated for systematic doping of the entire team in the years 1994–1998. This ended with a final conviction of the team doctor. Zidane, like other Juventus players at the time, was questioned as a witness on February 26, 2004. The players had no legal consequences to fear, as the Italian anti-doping law, which also made the use of the substances a criminal offense, was only enacted in 2000. Zidane admitted systematic use of creatine and pain medication , and that he had been given IV fluids in the cabin. These were given out as vitamins. He also confirmed the use of Esafosfina , a drug used to increase blood flow to the brain and muscles.
Literature and films
- Zinédine Zidane, Dan Franck: The one who dances with the ball . From the French by Monika Rauch, Bombus Media 2005 ISBN 3-936261-33-4 .
- Philippe Parreno, Douglas Gordon : Zidane, un portrait du XXI ème siècle . 2006.
- René Letzgus Sénario: Une équipe de rêve (Premiere at the Cannes Film Festival 2006 ).
- Jean-Philippe Toussaint : La Mélancolie de Zidane . Minuit 2006, ISBN 2-7073-1999-6 .
- Zinedine Zidane , in: Internationales Sportarchiv 50/2007 from December 15, 2007, in the Munzinger archive ( beginning of article freely available).
- He made a brief appearance in the live adaptation of the Asterix comic Asterix at the Olympic Games , directed by Thomas Langmann , from 2008.
- Literature by and about Zinédine Zidane in the catalog of the German National Library
- Zinédine Zidane's website
- Portrait of Zidane on fussballportal.de
- Nikola Tietze: Zinedine Zidane or playing with affiliations (sociological considerations on the role of Zinedine Zidane as a figure of identification). Mittelweg 36, 4/2006 at www.eurozine.com
- “Zinedine Zidane is in great shape. "Zizou" - the laughing heart of the blues " ( Memento from September 29, 2007 in the Internet Archive ), WDR , WM 2006 , July 2, 2006
- Zidane brother Farid has passed away , accessed on July 13, 2019
- Courbis gave him this name because of the similarity he noted between Zidane and Joseph Bonnel , who was also called "Zizou" around 1970; see. Alain Pécheral: La grande histoire de l'OM. Des origines à nos jours. Ed. Prolongations, o. O. 2007 ISBN 978-2-916400-07-5 , p. 193
- Zidane al Real ( Memento of July 9, 2001 in the Internet Archive )
- Hans-Martin Gauger: The damp and the dirty. Small linguistics of the vulgar language . CH Beck, Munich 2012, p. 10.
- CDES de Limoges - Promo Zizou. In: France Football , January 10, 2012, pp. 38/39
- France Football of March 12, 2013, p. 15
- Zidane to manage Castilla in the 2014/2015 season. In: realmadrid.com , June 25, 2014
- Real puts Benitez in front of the door - Zidane takes over. In: [Kicker-Sportmagazin | kicker online] , January 4, 2016, accessed on January 4, 2016.
- Robert Peters: Champions League Final: Real Madrid - the coronation. Retrieved January 11, 2018 .
- Primera División: Real Madrid are Spanish champions. In: Spiegel Online. May 21, 2017. Retrieved January 11, 2018 .
- Luca Gronimus: Zinedine Zidane - The ball magnet and god of technology on the way to becoming a coaching legend. In: Europapokal.de. May 11, 2017. Retrieved May 11, 2017 .
- Champions League: Keeper Karius messes up: Real extends Klopp's final curse . In: ZEIT ONLINE . ( zeit.de [accessed on May 26, 2018]).
- Three Champions League titles: Coach Zidane resigns at Real Madrid . In: FAZ.NET . ISSN 0174-4909 ( faz.net [accessed May 31, 2018]).
- Official Announcement , realmadrid.com, March 11, 2019, accessed March 11, 2019.
- Anniversary celebrations - and always on the cutting edge. In: uefa.de , December 12, 2014
- Don Balón of January 6, 2011
- All-Decade Team: Soccer ( Memento from November 13, 2012 in the Internet Archive )
- Zidane recibe el MARCA Leyenda
- Zinedine Zidane headbutt statue unveiled in French capital. In: bbc.co.uk
- France Football, January 6, 2009, p. 16
- Out of control. Doping in football. ( Memento from August 16, 2010 in the Internet Archive )
- Asterix at the Olympic Games (film) .
Ligue 1 player of the year
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Zidane, Zinédine Yazid (full name); Zizou (nickname)|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||French soccer player|
|DATE OF BIRTH||June 23, 1972|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Marseille|