The rule, originally from ice hockey ( Sudden Death ), was incorporated into the World Cup regulations by FIFA for the U-20 World Cup in 1993 in Brazil . The first game that was decided after this mode, however, is much older than the term. In the final of the 1914 German soccer championship between SpVgg Fürth and VfB Leipzig , the rule was that if it was still a tie after extra time, the game would continue until one team scored a goal. The game ended with a 3-2 for Fürth after Karl Franz scored the decisive goal in the 154th minute. Also in the Coupe des Nations 1930 the game of the first round between FC Sète and SpVgg Fürth was decided in the 2nd extension by this rule. The “golden goal rule” also applied to the German cup final in 1943 in order to avoid a repeat game. After it was 2-2 between the Luftwaffen-Sportverein Hamburg and First Vienna FC 1894 after 90 minutes, it went into extra time, in which Rudolf Noack scored the decisive goal for the Viennese. The very first golden goal was scored earlier, at the final of the first football tournament ( Cromwell Cup in Sheffield by The Wednesday versus Gerrick).
In 1994, FIFA experimented with a rule at the Caribbean football championship that provided for sudden victory extensions for group games, with golden goals counting twice. However, the rules applied in connection with an unfortunate starting position before the last game in Group 1 ensured that in the game Barbados against Grenada only Barbados wanted to force extra time with a deliberately created own goal and so in the final phase Grenada was forced to both To play your own goal as well as the opponent's goal to either win or lose with just one goal difference. Both the win and the defeat with only one goal difference would have meant advancement. Barbados, which in the meantime had to defend both goals (by equalizing with an own goal), then succeeded in overtime, with the double-counting golden goal, the necessary victory by two goals and to reach the next round.
Results of a game decided by a golden goal are usually marked with the note n.GG. marked. The scores after regular time and at halftime are given in brackets. The score after the regular playing time can be derived from the final result ( n.GG. ) or the result after extra time ( nV ), but is still given for better understanding.
Games decided by golden goal
The first golden goal, which was also officially called that, was scored by the Australian Anthony Carbone in the quarter-finals of the U-20 World Cup in 1993, beating Uruguay 2-1. The first golden goal of the men, not the juniors, was scored by the German striker Oliver Bierhoff on June 30, 1996 in the final of the 1996 European Football Championship against the Czech Republic . This was the third time that Germany became European champions. At the EM 2000 , France won the semi-finals (against Portugal) and the final (against Italy) with the only two golden goals of the tournament.
There were four golden goals at world championships: In 1998 France defeated Paraguay in the round of 16 with a goal from Laurent Blanc . In 2002 Senegal won against Sweden and South Korea against Italy with a golden goal in the round of 16; Turkey defeated Senegal in the quarter-finals with the last golden goal in men's World Cup history.
In the 2000 UEFA Super Cup final between Galatasaray Istanbul and Real Madrid, Mário Jardel decided the game with a golden goal and scored Galatasaray's first Super Cup title . At the 2001 UEFA Cup final between Liverpool FC and Deportivo Alavés , Delfí Geli made it 5-4 in the 117th minute with a golden own goal.
The final of the Women's European Championship 2001 on July 7th in Ulm between Germany and Sweden was decided by a golden goal, Claudia Müller scored 1-0 in the 98th minute. In the final of the Women's World Cup 2003 in the USA on October 12, Nia Künzer also headed 2-1 against Sweden in the 98th minute . This, for the time being, last golden goal of an international competition brought Germany the world championship title.
Golden Goal in Major League Soccer
To make football more interesting for American fans, the MLS introduced the golden goal rule for league games in 2000 . In a 10-minute extension, the teams should be given the chance to win after all. This should avoid draws that are atypical for the American sports landscape. However, in order to be based on international standards, this rule was abolished after 2003.
Since the games were made unattractive by the golden goal rule, because both teams placed greater value on not conceding a goal than on scoring one, UEFA converted it into a so-called silver goal for intra-European competitions in the 2002 season - Rule changed: If a game is in a K.-O. - Round still tied after 90 minutes, there is initially a 15-minute extension. The team that leads at the end of this extra time is the winner. In the event of a tie, a second extension of 15 minutes is played. If there is still no winner, a penalty shoot-out follows . The golden goal rule continued to apply in non-European competitions.
Since the 2004 European Football Championship in Portugal, which took place in the same year , ended in July but began in June, the silver goal rule was still applied here. The Greek Traianos Dellas scored the only silver goal of the tournament in the semifinals against the Czech Republic.
Since then, a knockout after regular time has followed. - Play the traditional extra time of two times 15 minutes again. If the game is still not decided after 120 minutes, there is a penalty shoot-out.