European Football Championship 1996
|European Football Championship 1996|
|UEFA EURO 96|
|Number of nations||16 (of 48 applicants)|
|European champion||Germany (3rd title)|
|Opening game||June 8, 1996 in London|
|Endgame||June 30, 1996 in London|
|Gates||64 (⌀: 2.06 per game)|
|spectator||1,276,171 (⌀: 41,167 per game)|
|Top scorer||Alan Shearer (5)|
|Best player||Matthias Sammer|
|yellow cards||155 (⌀: 5 per game)|
|Yellow-red cards||4 (⌀: 0.13 per game)|
|Red cards||3 (⌀: 0.1 per game)|
The finals of the 10th European Football Championship took place from June 8th to 30th, 1996 in England . From this European Championship to the European Championship in 2012, 16 teams in four groups took part in the European Championship finals, while previously there were only eight teams in two groups. Since the 2016 European Championship, 24 teams have been taking part in six groups.
The runner-up European champion from 1992 , Germany , won the final at Wembley Stadium in London against the Czech Republic with the men's first golden goal from Oliver Bierhoff in the 95th minute. Hosts England poses with Alan Shearer the top scorer and was eliminated in the semifinals in a penalty shoot- out against Germany. Defending champions Denmark failed in the group stage. Austria failed in the qualification, Switzerland in the group stage.
In addition to England, Austria, Portugal and the Netherlands also applied to host the tournament. In particular, the goal of UEFA to increase the field of participants to 16 teams spoke in favor of England.
Qualification of the German-speaking teams
The reorganization in Europe led numerous young countries to qualify for the European Championship for the first time, which led to larger groups and more games than before.
Germany met Bulgaria , Georgia , Wales , Moldova and Albania in Group 7. After the unsuccessful World Cup in 1994, they were not superior in qualifying in the games against the supposedly weaker opponents from Albania, Georgia or Moldova. At the end of the first season in 1995 there was a 1: 1 at home against Wales and a 2: 3 defeat in Bulgaria, whereby a revenge against Bulgaria for the elimination at the World Cup in 1994 in the USA initially failed. Victories in the second leg against the supposedly strongest rivals, especially the 3-1 home win against Bulgaria, were the decisive factor for a largely problem-free qualification for Berti Vogts' team .
Austria met Portugal , Ireland , Northern Ireland , Latvia and Liechtenstein in Group 6. There was one home loss to Northern Ireland and one loss in Portugal. Portugal could qualify as group winners. Austria ended up in fourth place and missed the chance of a relegation place with a 3-5 defeat in Northern Ireland.
In Group 3, Switzerland met Turkey , Sweden , Hungary and Iceland . She beat the third place in the 1994 World Cup and semi-finalist at the last European Championship, Sweden, 4-2. With Stéphane Chapuisat from Dortmund and the naturalized Turkish-born Kubilay Türkyılmaz they had attackers who had already played a key role in Switzerland taking part in the 1994 World Cup in the USA. On the last day of the match, Switzerland and Turkey were tied at the top. Switzerland won 3-0 against Hungary and Turkey only played 2-2 in Sweden, but then qualified as one of the top six runners-up in the group.
|Wembley Stadium||Villa Park||Elland Road||Anfield|
|St. James' Park||Old Trafford||Hillsborough Stadium||City Ground|
Final round draw
The draw for the four groups of four for the final round took place on December 17, 1995 in Birmingham. In addition to hosts England (group A), the three best qualified teams were drawn as group heads in groups B, C and D, these were defending champions Denmark, Spain and Germany. The other teams were not seeded and were drawn completely openly to the group heads.
|Group A||Group B||Group C||Group D|
|England ( squad )||Spain ( squad )||Germany ( squad )||Denmark ( squad )|
|Switzerland ( squad )||Bulgaria ( squad )||Czech Republic ( squad )||Portugal ( squad )|
|Netherlands ( squad )||France ( squad )||Italy ( squad )||Croatia ( squad )|
|Scotland ( squad )||Romania ( squad )||Russia ( squad )||Turkey ( squad )|
|June 8, 1996 in London (Wembley Stadium)|
|England||-||Switzerland||1: 1 (1: 0)|
|June 10, 1996 in Birmingham (Villa Park)|
|June 13, 1996 in Birmingham (Villa Park)|
|Netherlands||-||Switzerland||2: 0 (0: 0)|
|June 15, 1996 in London (Wembley Stadium)|
|England||-||Scotland||2: 0 (0: 0)|
|June 18, 1996 in London (Wembley Stadium)|
|England||-||Netherlands||4: 1 (1: 0)|
|June 18, 1996 in Birmingham (Villa Park)|
|Scotland||-||Switzerland||1: 0 (1: 0)|
With Alan Shearer and Paul Gascoigne, England wanted to take the chance to win their second title in their own country, as they did at the 1966 World Cup . They could not qualify for the 1994 World Cup in the USA. The English team's first game against Switzerland ended in a draw. Terry Venables' team dominated the game, but only led 1-0 through Shearer when Türkyilmaz equalized the Swiss with a penalty in the 86th minute .
The group's second supposed favorite, the Netherlands, also drew against Scotland. After the English had won the British duel and the Dutch were also able to defeat Switzerland, it came to the decisive duel between England and the Netherlands, which England won 4-1. With a win against Switzerland, the Scots could have benefited from this situation and thus pushed a favorite out of the tournament. The game was even in the first half, but the English led 1-0 with a Shearer penalty. Up to the 62nd minute, the English dominated the Dutch with strikers Alan Shearer and Teddy Sheringham and increased the lead to 4-0. At that point, Scotland were leading 1-0 against Switzerland, which would have meant the Netherlands would have been eliminated. They needed at least one more goal to be able to move into the quarter-finals as second in the group. Patrick Kluivert then scored the important goal to make it 1: 4 in the 78th minute.
|June 9, 1996 in Leeds (Elland Road)|
|Spain||-||Bulgaria||1: 1 (0: 0)|
|June 10, 1996 in Newcastle (St. James' Park)|
|France||-||Romania||1: 0 (1: 0)|
|June 13, 1996 in Newcastle (St. James' Park)|
|Bulgaria||-||Romania||1: 0 (1: 0)|
|June 15, 1996 in Leeds (Elland Road)|
|France||-||Spain||1: 1 (0: 0)|
|June 18, 1996 in Newcastle (St. James' Park)|
|France||-||Bulgaria||3: 1 (1: 0)|
|June 18, 1996 in Leeds (Elland Road)|
|Spain||-||Romania||2: 1 (1: 1)|
In group B there were supposedly equal teams. Romania came with their star Gheorghe Hagi , but could not convince many and lost every game, among other things because striker Florin Răducioiu could not build on his performance at the World Cup. As in all tournaments, Spain was the secret favorite, but it lacked a world-class striker. Bulgaria was also rated highly as fourth in the World Cup with its star Christo Stoitschkow and France wanted to use the tournament to prepare for the 1998 World Cup in their own country. The group was then decided on the last day of the game by France's 3-1 win against Bulgaria. Lyuboslaw Penew scored 0-2 in his own goal. The 1-3 goal by Patrice Loko fell in stoppage time.
|2.||Czech Republic||3||1||1||1||5: 6||−1||4th|
|3.||Italy||3||1||1||1||3: 3||± 0||4th|
|June 9, 1996 in Manchester (Old Trafford)|
|Germany||-||Czech Republic||2: 0 (2: 0)|
|June 11, 1996 in Liverpool (Anfield)|
|Italy||-||Russia||2: 1 (1: 1)|
|June 14, 1996 in Liverpool (Anfield)|
|Czech Republic||-||Italy||2: 1 (2: 1)|
|June 16, 1996 in Manchester (Old Trafford)|
|Germany||-||Russia||3: 0 (0: 0)|
|June 19, 1996 in Manchester (Old Trafford)|
|June 19, 1996 in Liverpool (Anfield)|
|Czech Republic||-||Russia||3: 3 (2: 0)|
Berti Vogts continued to bet on some of the world champions from 1990. Matthias Sammer was also the leading player . Sammer now also played the role he played at Borussia Dortmund , as a libero in front of the defense. The relatively young Czech team was beaten 2-0 by two goals in the first half by Christian Ziege and Andreas Möller . However, after 14 minutes, the German team captain Jürgen Kohler had to be replaced due to an injury, who was also canceled for the rest of the European Championship and Jürgen Klinsmann took over his position . After the victory over Russia and after the defeat of the Italians against the Czechs, in which Pavel Nedvěd had his first appearance in an international tournament, three teams could still come up with 6 points. Italy had to win to qualify for the quarter-finals, while Germany only needed a draw to win the group. But the Germans could still have failed, in the event of a defeat by four goals difference and a simultaneous success of the Czechs in the last game.
In Germany's game against Italy, goalkeeper Andreas Köpke saved numerous shots on his goal and in the 9th minute a penalty from Gianfranco Zola , which saved his team from a draw. The Czechs played 3: 3 against Russia and ensured the elimination of the Italians, because in the event of a tie, the direct comparison was decisive. The Russians turned a 0-2 in the first half into a 3-2 lead by the 85th minute. Vladimír Šmicer scored the valuable compensation for the Czech Republic in stoppage time.
|3.||Denmark||3||1||1||1||4: 4||± 0||4th|
|9 June 1996 in Sheffield (Hillsborough Stadium)|
|Denmark||-||Portugal||1: 1 (1: 0)|
|June 11, 1996 in Nottingham (City Ground)|
|Croatia||-||Turkey||1: 0 (0: 0)|
|June 14, 1996 in Nottingham (City Ground)|
|Portugal||-||Turkey||1: 0 (0: 0)|
|June 16, 1996 in Sheffield (Hillsborough Stadium)|
|Croatia||-||Denmark||3: 0 (0: 0)|
|19 June 1996 in Sheffield (Hillsborough Stadium)|
|Denmark||-||Turkey||3: 0 (0: 0)|
|June 19, 1996 in Nottingham (City Ground)|
|Portugal||-||Croatia||3: 0 (2: 0)|
In Group D, newcomer Turkey drove back home with no points and no goal. Another newcomer, Croatia, became the dominant team in this group with its former stars Davor Šuker , Zvonimir Boban and Robert Prosinečki , who played for Yugoslavia . Above all, Šuker was considered strong, among other things due to his performance in the win against the Danes. Before the last matchday, Croatia had already qualified for the quarter-finals, played against Portugal with only one B-Eleven and lost 3-0, which meant that defending champions Denmark had to travel home.
1 win after golden goal
2 win on penalties
|22 June 1996 in London ( Wembley Stadium )|
|England||-||Spain||0: 0 n.V., 4: 2 i. E.|
The first quarter-final match between England and Spain showed, among other things, the defensive style of the Spaniards around their central defender Miguel Ángel Nadal . Neither team had compelling chances with slight advantages for the Spaniards. The game had to be decided by a penalty shoot-out. Fernando Hierro and Nadal missed , bringing England into the semi-finals.
|June 22, 1996 in Liverpool ( Anfield )|
|France||-||Netherlands||0: 0 n.v., 5: 4 i. E.|
There was also no winner in the match between France and the Netherlands after 120 minutes. Both teams went goalless into penalties. For the Dutch, who had failed on penalties in 1992, this time Clarence Seedorf forgave . Laurent Blanc then converted to 5: 4 for France.
|June 23, 1996 in Manchester ( Old Trafford )|
|Germany||-||Croatia||2: 1 (1: 0)|
In Manchester, the German team took the lead in the game against Croatia in the first half thanks to a penalty from Jürgen Klinsmann . However, he had to leave the pitch injured before the break. The German captain was replaced by Steffen Freund from Dortmund . At the beginning of the second half, Davor Šuker equalized for the Croatians after a mistake on the German defensive. Matthias Sammer then scored the goal to make it 2-1.
|June 23, 1996 in Birmingham ( Villa Park )|
|Czech Republic||-||Portugal||1: 0 (0: 0)|
Portugal was considered a favorite against the Czech Republic because of its technicians like Luís Figo or Rui Costa . The Czechs, on the other hand, played calmly from their own relatively stable defense and benefited from the fact that the Portuguese could not use their scoring chances. In the 54th minute, Karel Poborský used a counter-chance to make the decisive 1-0.
|June 26, 1996 in Manchester ( Old Trafford )|
|Czech Republic||-||France||0: 0 n.v., 6: 5 i. E.|
The game between the Czech Republic and France was mainly characterized by the defensive work of both teams, which led to a 0-0 after 120 minutes. The decision had to be made on penalties for the Czech Republic and France. The first five penalties were converted until Reynald Pedros failed with the sixth penalty for France by Petr Kouba . Miroslav Kadlec from 1. FC Kaiserslautern then converted the decisive penalty, and the Czech Republic was back in the final of a European Championship after 1976 .
|26 June 1996 in London ( Wembley Stadium )|
|England||-||Germany||1: 1 n.V. (1: 1, 1: 1), 5: 6 i. E.|
In the evening it came to Wembley for the "classic" England versus Germany ; some British newspapers took up the event in advance (Gascoigne in a steel helmet, "Achtung! Surrender! For you Fritz ze Euro 96 iz over"). In the second minute, Andreas Köpke had to fend off a long-range shot from Paul Ince . Paul Gascoigne took the corner kick that followed . The ball, which was hit relatively sharply just in front of the goal, was extended by Tony Adams from the near post into the center to the onrushing Alan Shearer , who headed in the third minute to make it 1-0 for England . In this pressure phase of the English in the 16th minute by Stefan Kuntz , who ran for the injured Jürgen Klinsmann , the equalizer after preparatory work by Thomas Helmer and Andreas Möller . The rest of the first half and the second half were largely even. Both teams had a chance to score the winning goal, but in the first half with advantages for the English. Stefan Reuter cleared a shot from Sheringhams on the line in the 31st minute. The last English chance for the time being came in the 43rd minute: Alan Shearer missed the goal with a header after an Anderton cross. Only in the second half was the German defense more compact, especially Matthias Sammer and Dieter Eilts were judged well.
From the quarter-finals onwards, the golden goal rule applied for the first time in this tournament, and unlike in the first semi-final in the afternoon, when both teams had primarily wanted to prevent the golden goal , Germany and England did everything in their power to score a goal . Already in the 93rd minute Darren Anderton hit the post from a relatively short distance after an assist by Steve McManaman . In the 96th minute, Stefan Kuntz hit a header from Andreas Möller's corner. Referee Sándor Puhl did not recognize the goal because of a striker foul. The English had another chance in the 99th minute when Paul Gascoigne missed the ball after a cross from Alan Shearer in front of the empty goal. Germany had the last chance to make a decision before the penalty shoot-out in the 107th minute: After a combination Christian Ziege was alone in front of the English goal, but played the ball past English goalkeeper David Seaman and past the goal.
As in the 1990 World Cup in Italy, there was a penalty shoot-out after extra time had expired. By 5: 5 all players had scored when Gareth Southgate took over and Andreas Köpke stopped. Andreas Möller was the last shooter and scored.
Petr Kouba - Michal Horňák , Miroslav Kadlec , Karel Rada , Jan Suchopárek - Radek Bejbl , Pavel Nedvěd , Jiří Němec , Patrik Berger - Karel Poborský (88th Vladimír Šmicer ), Pavel Kuka Head coach: Dušan Uhrin
Andreas Köpke - Matthias Sammer - Markus Babbel , Thomas Helmer - Thomas Strunz , Mehmet Scholl (69th Oliver Bierhoff ), Dieter Eilts (46th Marco Bode ), Thomas Häßler , Christian Ziege - Jürgen Klinsmann , Stefan Kuntz Head coach: Berti Vogts
|1-0 Patrik Berger (59th, foul penalty)||
1: 1 Oliver Bierhoff (73.)
1: 2 Oliver Bierhoff (95., Golden Goal)
|Horňák||Sammer, Helmer, Goat|
In the final in London's Wembley Stadium, Germany and the Czech Republic met for a second time at this European Championship. The German team was considered the favorite for the final, not only because they had safely won the first game in the preliminary round against the Czechs, but also because their performance in the quarter and semi-finals were considered more convincing. However, the German team was handicapped by injuries ( Mario Basler , Steffen Freund and Jürgen Kohler ) and yellow card suspensions ( Andreas Möller and Stefan Reuter ), so that before the final even Jens Todt was nominated and field player jerseys were obtained for the substitute goalkeepers. The captain Jürgen Klinsmann, who was missing in the semifinals due to a torn muscle fiber in the quarterfinals, was ready to go again.
The first half was largely uneventful. Germany tried to put pressure on, but in contrast to the match in the preliminary round, the goals were not scored. As in the quarter-finals against Portugal, the Czechs concentrated on counterattacking. In the half-time break, Dieter Eilts , one of the best players in the European Championship , had to be replaced due to an injury, which made the German team more susceptible to counterattacks. In the 59th minute, the Czech Republic took the lead after a duel between Matthias Sammer and Karel Poborský with a penalty from Patrik Bergers . However, the penalty kick was controversial, both in terms of the act itself and in terms of the crime scene. Berti Vogts then replaced Mehmet Scholl with striker Oliver Bierhoff in the 69th minute , who equalized four minutes later with a header after a free kick by Christian Ziege . In extra time, he also scored the golden goal in the 95th minute. Germany was European champion for the third time after 1972 and 1980 and thus extended its lead as record European champions. If they had lost, they would have had to share this claim with the Czechs. In 1976 they won a title as Czechoslovakia . In addition, Berti Vogts won his first title as national coach of the German national team on the third attempt.
In addition to Bierhoff, Andreas Köpke , who, among other things, thwarted a chance for Vladimír Šmicers , whose transformation would have meant the title for the Czech Republic, is considered to be the top performer for winning the title.
Honors of the finalists
The German national team was voted Team of the Year in Germany , Matthias Sammer was voted Footballer of the Year in Germany and, as the last German to date, was voted Europe's Footballer of the Year . In addition, Andreas Köpke was voted the best goalkeeper of the European Championships and the 1996 world goalkeeper. Karel Poborský and Patrik Berger were jointly voted Footballer of the Year in the Czech Republic .
List of goalscorers (final round)
The Croatian Davor Šuker was the top scorer of the entire competition with 15 goals.
Player of the tournament
The German libero and playmaker Matthias Sammer was voted the best player of the tournament.
Team of the tournament
The following players were selected.
Matthias Sammer Laurent Blanc Marcel Desailly Paolo Maldini
Dieter Eilts Karel Poborský Paul Gascoigne
Christo Stoitschkow Davor Šuker Alan Shearer
The UEFA Referees Committee appointed 24 referees and 48 assistant referees for 31 matches to be played. As a result, only seven referees, including Hellmut Krug, came to two missions. All other referees whistled only one European Championship game. The football associations of Denmark, Germany, England, Italy, Sweden and Spain each provided two teams of referees. In order to cooperate in the best possible way, the teams were made up of referees and assistants from the same country. There were also 24 fourth officials who were also assigned to the referee teams. The semi-finals were chaired by Leslie Mottram and Sándor Puhl . In the final, the Italian Pierluigi Pairetto was in charge .
|Marc Batta||France||Pierre Ufrasi||Jacques Mas||2||7th||0||0|
|Ahmet Çakar||Turkey||Akif Ugurdur||Turgay Güdü||1||6th||0||0|
|Piero Ceccarini||Italy||Enrico Preziosi||Fabrizio Zanforlin||1||7th||0||2|
|David Elleray||England||Anthony Bates||Peter Walton||1||10||0||0|
|Mario van der Ende||Netherlands||Jan Dolstra||Berend Talens||1||7th||0||0|
|Not so Frisk||Sweden||Mikael Nilsson||Sten Samuelsson||1||6th||0||0|
|Dermot Gallagher||England||Philip John Joslin||Mark Warren||1||4th||0||0||Replaced from 28th minute due to injury by the 4th official Durkin|
|Guy Goethals||Belgium||Marc Van Den Broeck||Stany Op De Beeck||1||2||1||0|
|Gerd Grabher||Austria||Egon Bereuter||Alois Manfred Zeiszer||1||6th||0||0|
|Bernd Heynemann||Germany||Hans Wolf||Harald Sather||1||3||0||0|
|Václav Krondl||Czech Republic||Milan Brabec||Otakar Draštík||1||7th||0||0|
|Hellmut Krug||Germany||Klaus Plettenberg||Egbert Engler||2||13||1||0|
|Nikolai Levnikov||Russia||Sergei Fursa||Sergei Franzusov||1||5||0||0|
|Antonio Jesus López Nieto||Spain||Victoriano Giraldez Carrasco||Manuel Lopez Fernandez||2||11||1||0|
|Peter Mikkelsen||Denmark||Jens Larsen||Henning Knudsen||1||2||0||0|
|Leslie Mottram||Scotland||Robert Orr||John Fleming||2||8th||0||0|
|Serge Muhmenthaler||Switzerland||Ernst fields||Martin Freiburghaus||1||4th||0||0|
|Kim Milton Nielsen||Denmark||Carl-Johan Christensen Meyer||Torben Siersen||1||4th||0||1|
|Pierluigi Pairetto||Italy||Donato Nicoletti||Tullio Manfredini||2||9||0||0|
|Sándor Puhl||Hungary||Imre Bozóky||Laszlo Hamar||2||10||0||0|
|Vadsim Schuk||Belarus||Jury Dupanau||Aleh Chykun||1||6th||0||0|
|Leif Sundell||Sweden||Kenneth Petersson||Mikael Hansson||2||7th||1||0|
|Atanas Usunov||Bulgaria||Ivan Borissov Lekov||Iordan Iordanov||1||5||0||0|
|Manuel Díaz Vega||Spain||Joaquin Olmos Gonzalez||Fernando Tresaco Gracia||1||6th||0||0|
The following fourth officials have been nominated:
- UEFA Euro 2008 information. (PDF) p. 48 , accessed on June 20, 2012 (English).
- Sammer leads DFB-Elf to triumph at EURO '96. In: uefa.com. UEFA, May 15, 2012, accessed October 13, 2015 .
- Team of the 1996 tournament. In: uefa.com. UEFA, November 1, 2011, accessed October 13, 2015 .
- UEFA European Championship 1996 - Official website of UEFA for the European Championship 1996
- Data on the tournament ( Memento of August 29, 2000 in the Internet Archive ) in web.archiv.org
- ZDFsport: Live video of the European Championship finals in full length on YouTube , March 27, 2020, accessed on April 1, 2020.