European Football Championship 2016
|European Football Championship 2016|
|UEFA EURO 2016|
|Number of nations||24 (of 54 applicants)|
|European champion||Portugal (1st title)|
|Opening game||June 10, 2016 ( Saint-Denis )|
|Endgame||July 10, 2016 (Saint-Denis)|
|Gates||108 (⌀: 2.12 per game)|
|spectator||2,427,303 (⌀: 47,594 per game)|
|Top scorer||Antoine Griezmann (6)|
|Best player||Antoine Griezmann|
|yellow cards||201 (⌀: 3.94 per game)|
|Yellow-red cards||2 (⌀: 0.04 per game)|
|Red cards||1 (⌀: 0.02 per game)|
The European Football Championship 2016 (officially: UEFA Euro 2016 ), the 15th edition of the tournament, took place in France from June 10 to July 10, 2016 . For the first time, 24 instead of 16 teams took part in the preliminary round of the European Championship (EM).
The European champions were the Portuguese national team led by Cristiano Ronaldo , who beat hosts France 1-0 aet in the final in Saint-Denis, winning a major international title for the first time. The European title in 2016 entitles the team to participate in the Confederations Cup 2017 .
After hosting the European Championships for the first time in 1960 and 1984, France hosted a European Championship for the third time. To date, no country has hosted three European championships. The Équipe Tricolore was victorious in the last two major tournaments in their own country, the European Championship in 1984 and the World Cup in 1998 . The French national team won their second and so far last European title at the 2000 European Championship . For the first time, a European Championship was held in a country that had declared a state of emergency during the tournament . This was imposed as a result of the terrorist attacks on November 13, 2015 in Paris , which took place during a friendly match against the German national team .
The defending champion was the Spanish national team , which successfully defended its 2008 title at the previous tournament and thus had the chance to be the first team to win the title three times in a row. However, they failed in the second round to Italy .
The national soccer teams of all three DACH countries qualified for the EM tournament. In the preliminary round, the world champions Germany played in Group C , Austria in Group F and Switzerland in Group A , whereby Austria was eliminated in the group phase and Germany and Switzerland made it to the final round . In the second round, Germany qualified for the quarter-finals by defeating Slovakia , while Switzerland were eliminated by Poland . After the German national team had defeated Italy on penalties in the quarter-finals , they lost to France in the EM semi-finals .
After the decision had been made to host the 2016 European Championship with 24 teams instead of the previous 16, on December 11, 2008, UEFA determined as a further application criterion that nine stadiums and a further three as substitute venues would have to be used for the tournament, including two stadiums with at least 50,000 , three stadiums with at least 40,000 and four stadiums with at least 30,000 seats.
The application process was divided into three phases. The host was nominated in the third phase. Originally, seven national football associations submitted five applications to host the 2016 European Championship finals. On March 2nd, 2009, Scotland and Wales abandoned their joint application plan because of the high cost. By the deadline on March 9, 2009, applications from the following associations had been received:
On December 9th, 2009 the Swedish and Norwegian associations decided not to run together. On May 28, 2010, Italy was eliminated in the first round of voting. In the second vote on the same day, France prevailed 7-6 against Turkey and was chosen as the venue.
Strasbourg withdrew its candidacy at the beginning of August 2010 because the estimated investment costs of 130 million euros for the public sector could not be raised. In May 2011, nine stadiums (in Bordeaux, Lens, Lille, Lyon, Marseille, Nancy, Nice, Paris and Saint-Denis) and two “reserve stadiums” (in Saint-Étienne and Toulouse) were set as the venues. The club presidents of AS Saint-Étienne and FC Toulouse criticized the process, pointing out that their colleagues from Lens and Nancy had belonged to the decisive body. Even if they did not take part in the vote, the uncomfortable feeling of “small agreements among friends” remains, including the fact that UEFA President Michel Platini Nancy is also closely linked. In addition, millions of French people from the west, the center and the south of the country are de facto excluded from attending the games.
On June 16, 2011, the number of fully-fledged venues was initially increased to eleven through the subsequent inclusion of Saint-Étienne and Toulouse. UEFA justified this step with the significantly higher number of games compared to previous tournaments.
The planned new buildings, in particular those in Décines-Charpieu (near Lyon), Nice and Villeneuve-d'Ascq (near Lille), have been blocked for years by court rulings on the basis of lawsuits from affected communities and residents. Since 2011, the hope of private builders in particular has been aimed at overcoming these obstacles under the pressure of “national interest”. At the end of 2012, the Lille stadium was completed and used by Lille OSC . The stadium in Nice opened in mid-September 2013.
For Lyon's purely privately financed Stade des Lumières , the municipal building permit was granted in February 2012, but legal action was also brought against this, so that from October 2012 only leveling work was carried out on the site. The actual construction work should start in early August 2013; the remaining 29 months until the completion date set by UEFA were considered to be tight, but feasible. In fact, the foundation stone was not laid until mid-November 2013.
Regarding Bordeaux, a PPP contract was signed between the city and the private co-investors in October 2011 , but construction in the north of the city (near the Pont d'Aquitaine ) could not begin until late summer 2013.
There was also a wide range of stadium extensions at this point: while the renovation work in Marseille (while the game was still running) was already in full swing, the Prinzenpark in Paris and the Stade Bollaert-Delelis in Lens in particular were far behind schedule. In Lens, after the relegation of the domestic Racing Club to the second division (for the 2011/12 season ), the main financier, Crédit Agricole Nord, even partially withdrew its commitment. After a number of regional authorities contributed to the costs, the modernization work began in 2014, albeit reduced.
On December 2, 2011, however, Nancy announced to the UEFA organizing company that it was not going to stand because it was no longer possible to finance the expansion of the stadium to 32,000 seats due to the withdrawal of the municipality.
The venues were the same as those of the 1998 World Cup , with the exception of Nantes and Montpellier. In return, Nice and Villeneuve-d'Ascq near Lille were added. In April 2014, the Stade de France in Saint-Denis was designated as the venue for both the opening game on June 10, 2016 and the final on July 10, 2016.
|Saint-Denis||Marseille||Décines-Charpieu ( Lyon )|
Stade de France
Stade de Lyon
The 10 venues of the EM 2016 at a glance.
|Villeneuve-d'Ascq ( Lille )|
Stade de Bordeaux
Stadium de Toulouse
Stade de Nice
For the first time since the European Championships in 1996 , the field of participants in the final round was increased. In 1996 the number of participants doubled from 8 to 16 teams, and in 2016, 24 nations took part for the first time. The increase, which was mainly pushed by former UEFA President Michel Platini , met with broad criticism in advance. In particular, the resulting distortion of competition is mentioned, which enabled the teams in the groups that last completed the preliminary round to calculate relatively precisely what results they have to achieve in the last game in order to reach the round of 16 (especially groups E and F). In contrast, the third group of groups A and B had to wait several days until the final decision was made.
The game was played in six groups of four, with the group first and second and the four best group third qualified for the round of 16 . The four best group thirds played in the round of 16 against the first group of groups A, B, C and D. The group first of group E played against the group second of group D, the group first of group F played against the group second of group E. The group second of the groups A and C and B and F played against each other.
From the round of 16 onwards, the knockout system was used , in which extra time and a penalty shoot-out were possible. 51 instead of 31 games were played. The final round has therefore been extended from three to four weeks.
The group phase took place from June 10 to 22, 2016, the final phase began on June 25.
Placement rules for the group stage
If at the end of the group stage there was a tie between several teams, the following order was used:
- a) higher number of points in direct comparison ;
- b) better goal difference in direct comparison;
- c) higher number of goals scored in direct comparison;
- d) if, after applying criteria a) to c), several teams had still occupied the same place, criteria a) to c) would have been reapplied, but only to the direct encounters between the teams in question in order to determine their final ranking.
If this procedure again had not resulted in a decision, criteria e) to h) would have been applied:
- e) better goal difference from all group matches;
- f) higher number of goals scored in all group matches;
- g) better fair play behavior during the final tournament with regard to the cards;
- h) higher UEFA coefficient for group stage draw.
However, if two teams had faced each other in the final group match with the same number of points, goal difference and number of goals up to that point, and if that match had ended in a draw, a penalty shoot-out would then have been used to determine their final position. The prerequisite would have been that no other team in the same group had the same number of points after the group games had ended; had this been the case, criteria a) to h) would have been applied.
Placement rules for the third party
According to the regulations, the order of the criteria was as follows:
- a) the number of points achieved
- b) the better goal difference
- c) the higher number of goals scored
- d) the better fair play behavior during the final tournament with regard to the cards
- e) the better UEFA coefficient
If a player received a yellow card for the second time in the course of the tournament , he was suspended for the following game. Individual yellow cards were canceled after the quarter-finals. After receiving a yellow-red card , the player was suspended for the next game. In the event of a red card , the player was also automatically banned from the following game, whereby the Control and Disciplinary Commission could issue a higher penalty.
Host France was automatically qualified for the finals in summer 2016. The remaining 23 places were determined from September 2014 to November 2015 in several qualification groups with five or six teams. The group draw took place on February 23, 2014 in the Palais des Congrès Acropolis in Nice , the group draw for the final tournament took place on December 12, 2015 in Paris . Gibraltar took part for the first time in a qualification of such a large tournament. With the Netherlands , Denmark and Greece , the European champions of 1988 , 1992 and 2004 did not qualify for the tournament.
Five of the 24 participating teams have made their first European Championship finals: Slovakia, Albania, Iceland, Wales and Northern Ireland. Austria and Ukraine qualified for an EM for the first time, but had already played host to the EM in 2008 and 2012 respectively . Four of the five debutants reached the round of 16, only Albania narrowly failed due to the worse goal difference.
Final round draw
The draw for the finals in France took place on December 12, 2015 at the Palais des congrès de Paris in the capital, Paris. France was already set to host Group A. Defending champion Spain was also placed in Pot 1 . The remaining 22 teams were divided into four pots based on the UEFA coefficient (UK) .
|Group A||Group B||Group C||Group D||Group E||Group F.|
|France ( squad )||England ( squad )||Germany ( squad )||Spain ( squad )||Belgium ( squad )||Portugal ( squad )|
|Romania ( squad )||Russia ( squad )||Ukraine ( squad )||Czech Republic ( squad )||Italy ( squad )||Iceland ( squad )|
|Albania ( squad )||Wales ( squad )||Poland ( squad )||Turkey ( squad )||Ireland ( squad )||Austria ( squad )|
|Switzerland ( squad )||Slovakia ( squad )||Northern Ireland ( squad )||Croatia ( squad )||Sweden ( squad )||Hungary ( squad )|
The teams were housed in the following locations:
The schedule was published by UEFA on April 26, 2014. The draw for the tournament took place on December 12, 2015 after qualifying.
With an average of 1.92 goals per game, this EM preliminary round was the lowest goal in tournament history.
|Friday 10 June 2016 at 9:00 p.m. in Saint-Denis|
|France||-||Romania||2: 1 (0: 0)|
|Sat., June 11, 2016 at 3 p.m. in Lens|
|Albania||-||Switzerland||0: 1 (0: 1)|
|Wed., June 15, 2016 at 6:00 p.m. in Paris|
|Romania||-||Switzerland||1: 1 (1: 0)|
|Wed., June 15, 2016 at 9:00 p.m. in Marseille|
|France||-||Albania||2: 0 (0: 0)|
|19 June 2016 at 9:00 p.m. in Villeneuve-d'Ascq ( Lille )|
|Sun. 19 June 2016 at 9:00 p.m. in Décines-Charpieu ( Lyon )|
|Romania||-||Albania||0: 1 (0: 1)|
For the first time, two brothers met in two different teams at a European football championship. Taulant Xhaka played for the Albanian national soccer team and his brother Granit Xhaka played for Switzerland . Six Swiss national players have family ties to Albania or Kosovo, while ten Albanian team members were born or grew up in Switzerland.
|3.||Slovakia||3||1||1||1||3: 3||± 0||4th|
|Sat., June 11, 2016 at 6:00 p.m. in Bordeaux|
|Wales||-||Slovakia||2: 1 (1: 0)|
|Sat., June 11, 2016 at 9:00 p.m. in Marseille|
|England||-||Russia||1: 1 (0: 0)|
|Wed., June 15, 2016 at 3 p.m. in Villeneuve-d'Ascq ( Lille )|
|Russia||-||Slovakia||1: 2 (0: 2)|
|Thursday, June 16, 2016 at 3 p.m. in Lens|
|England||-||Wales||2: 1 (0: 1)|
|Mon 20 June 2016 at 9:00 p.m. in Saint-Étienne|
|Mon., June 20, 2016 at 9:00 p.m. in Toulouse|
|Russia||-||Wales||0: 3 (0: 2)|
Before and during the England - Russia match, there were violent riots and riots at the Marseille venue, both in the city and in the stadium. At least 35 people were injured and an English fan was life-threatening. Mostly British and Russian, but also French rioters were involved. As a result, UEFA initiated disciplinary proceedings against Russia. The UEFA Disciplinary Committee issued a fine of 150,000 euros and disqualified the Russian team on probation . The Russian football association Rossijski Futbolny Soyuz did not appeal the judgment.
|3.||Northern Ireland||3||1||0||2||2: 2||± 0||3|
|Sun., June 12, 2016 at 6:00 p.m. in Nice|
|Poland||-||Northern Ireland||1: 0 (0: 0)|
|Sun., June 12, 2016 at 9:00 p.m. in Villeneuve-d'Ascq ( Lille )|
|Germany||-||Ukraine||2: 0 (1: 0)|
|Thursday, June 16, 2016 at 6:00 p.m. in Décines-Charpieu ( Lyon )|
|Ukraine||-||Northern Ireland||0: 2 (0: 0)|
|Thursday June 16, 2016 at 9:00 p.m. in Saint-Denis|
|Tuesday, June 21, 2016 at 6:00 p.m. in Marseille|
|Ukraine||-||Poland||0: 1 (0: 0)|
|Tuesday, June 21, 2016 at 6:00 p.m. in Paris|
|Northern Ireland||-||Germany||0: 1 (0: 1)|
The game Ukraine - Northern Ireland had to be interrupted in the 55th minute for about four minutes due to heavy rain and hail.
|4th||Czech Republic||3||0||1||2||2: 5||−3||1|
|Sun., June 12, 2016 at 3:00 p.m. in Paris|
|Turkey||-||Croatia||0: 1 (0: 1)|
|Mon., June 13, 2016 at 3:00 p.m. in Toulouse|
|Spain||-||Czech Republic||1: 0 (0: 0)|
|Friday 17th June 2016 at 6:00 p.m. in Saint-Étienne|
|Czech Republic||-||Croatia||2: 2 (0: 1)|
|Friday, June 17, 2016 at 9:00 p.m. in Nice|
|Spain||-||Turkey||3: 0 (2: 0)|
|Tue., June 21, 2016 at 9:00 p.m. in Bordeaux|
|Croatia||-||Spain||2: 1 (1: 1)|
|Tue., June 21, 2016 at 9:00 p.m. in Lens|
|Czech Republic||-||Turkey||0: 2 (0: 1)|
In the match between the Czech Republic and Croatia there was more than nine minutes of stoppage time, as there were riots for minutes in the Croatian fan block towards the end of the second half. A steward and Ivan Perišić were slightly injured by an exploding firecracker.
|Mon., June 13, 2016 at 6:00 p.m. in Saint-Denis|
|Ireland||-||Sweden||1: 1 (0: 0)|
|Mon., June 13, 2016 at 9:00 p.m. in Décines-Charpieu ( Lyon )|
|Belgium||-||Italy||0: 2 (0: 1)|
|Friday 17th June 2016 at 3:00 p.m. in Toulouse|
|Italy||-||Sweden||1: 0 (0: 0)|
|Saturday, June 18, 2016 at 3 p.m. in Bordeaux|
|Belgium||-||Ireland||3: 0 (0: 0)|
|Wed., June 22, 2016 at 9:00 p.m. in Villeneuve-d'Ascq ( Lille )|
|Italy||-||Ireland||0: 1 (0: 0)|
|Wed., June 22, 2016 at 9:00 p.m. in Nice|
|Sweden||-||Belgium||0: 1 (0: 0)|
|3.||Portugal||3||0||3||0||4: 4||± 0||3|
|Tuesday, June 14, 2016 at 6:00 p.m. in Bordeaux|
|Austria||-||Hungary||0: 2 (0: 0)|
|Tue., June 14, 2016 at 9:00 p.m. in Saint-Étienne|
|Portugal||-||Iceland||1: 1 (1: 0)|
|Sat., June 18, 2016 at 6:00 p.m. in Marseille|
|Iceland||-||Hungary||1: 1 (1: 0)|
|Sat., June 18, 2016 at 9:00 p.m. in Paris|
|Wed., June 22, 2016 at 6:00 p.m. in Décines-Charpieu ( Lyon )|
|Hungary||-||Portugal||3: 3 (1: 1)|
|Wed. June 22, 2016 at 6:00 p.m. in Saint-Denis|
|Iceland||-||Austria||2: 1 (1: 0)|
Ranking of third party groups
|1.||Slovakia||3||1||1||1||3: 3||± 0||4th||B.||7th||0||0||7th|
|3.||Portugal||3||0||3||0||4: 4||± 0||3||F.||2||0||0||2|
|4th||Northern Ireland||3||1||0||2||2: 2||± 0||3||C.||4th||0||0||4th|
Fair play rating (FP)
according to Appendix C5.1 of the UEFA regulations
simple sum of the cards:
|1 point each|
|3 points each;
first yellow card is included here
|3 points each|
Classification of the qualified third party in the round of 16
The allocation of the group thirds qualified for the round of 16 to the four previously determined round of 16 games with group thirds depended on the groups from which the third parties qualified. For each of the 15 possibilities *) , a table in the official regulations stipulated the assignment below. This takes into account that teams who played against each other in the preliminary round may not meet again before the semi-finals.
(3rd from groups)
|1st group A
|1st group B
|1st group C
|1st group D
In the final round, only the winners progressed; the tournament was over for the losing teams. Further placements were not played out. There was no " small final " for 3rd place like in the world championships.
|Round of 16||Quarter finals||Semifinals||final|
|C2||Poland||1 (5) E.|
|F3||Portugal||1 (5) E.|
|C1||Germany||1 (6) E.|
V win after extra time
E win on penalties
Round of 16
|Saturday 25 June 2016 at 3:00 p.m. in Saint-Étienne|
|Switzerland||-||Poland||1: 1 n.V. (1: 1, 0: 1), 4: 5 in E.|
|Sat., June 25, 2016 at 6:00 p.m. in Paris|
|Wales||-||Northern Ireland||1: 0 (0: 0)|
|Sat., June 25, 2016 at 9:00 p.m. in Lens|
|Croatia||-||Portugal||0: 1 a.d.|
|Sun., June 26, 2016 at 3 p.m. in Décines-Charpieu ( Lyon )|
|France||-||Ireland||2: 1 (0: 1)|
|Sunday, June 26, 2016 at 6:00 p.m. in Villeneuve-d'Ascq ( Lille )|
|Germany||-||Slovakia||3: 0 (2: 0)|
|Sunday, June 26, 2016 at 9:00 p.m. in Toulouse|
|Hungary||-||Belgium||0: 4 (0: 1)|
|Mon., June 27, 2016 at 6:00 p.m. in Saint-Denis|
|Italy||-||Spain||2: 0 (1: 0)|
|Mon., June 27, 2016 at 9:00 p.m. in Nice|
|England||-||Iceland||1: 2 (1: 2)|
|Thursday, June 30, 2016 at 9:00 p.m. in Marseille|
|Poland||-||Portugal||1: 1 n.V. (1: 1, 1: 1), 3: 5 i. E.|
|Fri., July 1, 2016 at 9:00 p.m. in Villeneuve-d'Ascq ( Lille )|
|Wales||-||Belgium||3: 1 (1: 1)|
|Saturday, July 2, 2016 at 9:00 p.m. in Bordeaux|
|Germany||-||Italy||1: 1 n.V. (1: 1, 0: 0), 6: 5 i. E.|
|Sunday 3rd July 2016 at 9:00 p.m. in Saint-Denis|
|France||-||Iceland||5: 2 (4: 0)|
|Wed. July 6, 2016 at 9:00 p.m. in Décines-Charpieu ( Lyon )|
|Portugal||-||Wales||2: 0 (0: 0)|
|Thursday 7 July 2016 at 9:00 p.m. in Marseille|
|Germany||-||France||0: 2 (0: 1)|
Rui Patrício - Cédric , Pepe , José Fonte , Raphaël Guerreiro - William Carvalho - Renato Sanches (79th Éder ), Adrien Silva (66th João Moutinho ), João Mário - Nani , Cristiano Ronaldo (25th Ricardo Quaresma ) Coach: Fernando Santos
Hugo Lloris - Bacary Sagna , Laurent Koscielny , Samuel Umtiti , Patrice Evra - Moussa Sissoko (110th Anthony Martial ), Paul Pogba , Blaise Matuidi , Dimitri Payet (58th Kingsley Coman ) - Antoine Griezmann , Olivier Giroud (78th André-Pierre Gignac ) Coach: Didier Deschamps
|1-0 Éder (109th)|
|Cédric (34.), Mário (62.), Guerreiro (92.), W. Carvalho (95.), Fonte (119.), Patrício (120. + 3 ′)||Umtiti (80.), Matuidi (97.), Koscielny (107.), Pogba (115.)|
|Player of the Match: Pepe (Portugal)|
The Portuguese did not manage to find their way into the game properly at first, which was reflected in the hectic pace of the Portuguese game. In addition, Cristiano Ronaldo had to be replaced in the 25th minute after a violent tackling attempt by Payet (8th), whereupon Nani took over the captain's armband. Within the first half, however, Portugal was able to organize itself again and got more control in their game. For the French, Moussa Sissoko stood out, who appeared in front of Patricio several times and otherwise played a good game. France showed little exploitation of opportunities. Although the French team completely dominated the game up to the last 15 minutes, they made it despite great chances, for example the header from Griezmann (66th), the long-range shot by Sissoko (84th) or the post shot from five meters by substitute Gignac (90 + 2 ') failed to put the ball in the Portuguese goal. While the French hardly appeared in extra time, the Portuguese continued their offensive game from the 75th minute: After the header from Éder (104th), which Lloris had saved, and the free-kick by Raphaël Guerreiro, which was set against the crossbar succeeded in the previous tournament, hapless Éder with a long distance shot into the left corner (109th) to bring his team into the lead. Thus Portugal, driven by the injured Ronaldo, who was directing from the sideline, decided the final for themselves. For the award ceremony, Nani returned the captain's armband to Ronaldo.
Tournament winners Portugal achieved only one win within 90 minutes of normal playing time during the tournament, namely in a 2-0 semi-final against Wales. Such a case had not existed since the introduction of the group stage in 1980, which was linked to the increase to more than four participating teams.
Best goal scorers
For the complete list of goalscorers see European Football Championship 2016 / Statistics # goal scorers .
The ranking corresponds to the official UEFA rules, according to which the number of assists and the playing minutes are decisive for determining the top scorer with the same number of goals. The three top scorers were awarded a shoe in gold, silver or bronze.
In addition to these top scorers with at least three goals, there are twelve more with two goals each and 57 others with one goal each. There is also an own goal each by Irishman Ciaran Clark , Icelander Birkir Már Sævarsson and Northern Irishman Gareth McAuley .
Awards and team of the tournament
The UEFA technical observers selected Antoine Griezmann from France , who was also the top scorer with six goals and two assists, as the best player of the tournament .
The 18-year-old Portuguese Renato Sanches was chosen as the best young player . The 20-year-old Frenchman Kingsley Coman and the 22-year-old Raphaël Guerreiro from Portugal follow in second and third place . All players born in 1994 or younger were eligible for this award. According to a UEFA fan survey, the best goal of the tournament was scored by Hungarian Zoltán Gera in a 3-3 draw in the group game against Portugal.
One day after the final, UEFA also published a “Team of the Tournament”, which was also drawn up by UEFA technical observers, including Alex Ferguson and Thomas Schaaf . Unlike in previous years, this year only one team of eleven players was nominated instead of the usual 23 players. These players came from a total of four different national teams, with Portugal, France, Germany and Wales these were the four teams that reached the semi-finals.
Raphaël Guerreiro Jérôme Boateng Pepe Joshua Kimmich
Joe Allen Antoine Griezmann Toni Kroos Dimitri Payet Aaron Ramsey
On December 15, 2015, UEFA nominated the 18 referees to be used in the final round. On March 1, 2016, the complete list of referee teams was published. Each referee was assisted by two assistants on the sideline and two goal judges. There was also a third assistant as a replacement. UEFA also nominated two additional referees, who were appointed exclusively as fourth officials , and two referees as reserve assistants. The German Felix Brych was nominated as the only referee from the German-speaking area. He was one of the seven referees of the 2016 European Football Championship who were allowed to lead matches at the 2014 Football World Cup in Brazil . The referees Çakır, Eriksson, Kassai, Kuipers, Rizzoli, Skomina and Velasco Carballo already whistled their second European championship after 2012 . On June 23, 2016 it was announced that the referees Turpin, Moen, Hațegan, Collum, Královec and Karassjow will end their participation in the tournament after the preliminary round. They were not earmarked for further matches by UEFA. After the round of 16, the teams around Atkinson, Çakır, and Velasco Carballo were no longer part of the referee pool. The referee Szymon Marciniak was also no longer scheduled for games, but remained in the tournament with his first assistant as a substitute referee.
|The following referees were appointed as 4th officials and substitute assistants:|
Organization and environment
The Beau Jeu (French for beautiful game ) was the official match ball in the group stage of the 2016 European Championship. The ball was produced by Adidas and presented to the public on November 12, 2015. In the final round, Fracas (French for noise ), a ball whose design was based exclusively on the colors red and black, was used.
The official mascot was presented on November 18, 2014 as part of the France-Sweden friendly at the Stade Vélodrome in Marseille. In an internet vote with over 100,000 votes cast, the participants decided on the name Super Victor. The names Goalix and Driblou were also available until November 26, 2014 . After the vote, the name was announced on November 30, 2014 in the sports program Téléfoot on the French channel TF1 .
The official song of the 2016 European Football Championship comes from French DJ and producer David Guetta : This One's For You (feat. Zara Larsson ) was supported by a choir of millions of football fans. The voices are said to have been recorded via an app . Another innovation was that Guetta contributed the complete EM soundtrack, including the goal anthem and the opening melody. We Are the Champions by Queen served as the benchmark for the song .
In the German-speaking area, among others, Felix Jaehn and Herbert Grönemeyer published a song with everyone for everyone , which was the official EM song of the ARD . The ZDF chose Mark Forster We are big ; also the contribution of the French singer Amir at the ESC 2016 , J'ai cherché, was part of the EM music of the station. Sat.1 , which broadcast the parallel games on matchday three, chose the French-speaking ego of Willy William as its European Championship title. The official song of the ÖFB was Das ist wir von Schmidhammer feat. Klaus Eberhartinger . The TV stations in Switzerland used Tous Ensemble by Gustav , which was produced in German and French.
The Northern Irish fans also caused a sensation, celebrating their player Will Grigg with a cover of the song Freed from Desire called Will Grigg's on Fire , although it was not used in the tournament. Not least because of the positive mood of the Northern Irish in the stands, the hit is considered an unofficial "song of the EM".
The 2016 European Championship generated revenues of 1.93 billion euros, made up of 1.05 billion euros for TV rights, 480 million euros from sponsorship and licenses and 400 million euros from ticket sales.
As in previous editions of the tournament, tickets were raffled on the basis of a complex application process on the organizers' website or distributed through the national football associations of the 24 main round participants. The tickets could only be ordered via the official UEFA ticket portal. In the first phase, a million tickets were available without knowing the opponents. The application process for specific encounters (second phase) took place from December 14, 2015 to January 18, 2016. Due to the increased demand, a raffle followed this phase. In March / April 2016 there was a so-called resale phase, in which tickets already purchased via the UEFA ticket portal could be offered at the original price.
The total number of tickets in the second phase was around 800,000 for 51 final round matches, of which 20 percent of the stadium's net capacity were given to fans of the teams playing. The price range - depending on the grandstand - ranged from 25 euros in the preliminary round (category 4) to 895 euros for the European Championship final in the best category. In addition to the tickets for the individual encounters, fans could purchase packages for several games (“Follow my Team”). With this ticket package, fans could watch every game their team played during the tournament, regardless of how far the team got in the knockout phase.
Um Tickets aus dem Kontingent des DFB (20 % für jedes Spiel) innerhalb der zweiten Phase konnten sich ausschließlich Mitglieder des offiziellen Fanclubs der Nationalmannschaft bewerben. Dies führte zu weiteren Kosten, der Aufnahmegebühr und den Jahresgebühren für den Fanclub von insgesamt 70 Euro. Von 24 teilnehmenden Nationen nutzten ähnliche Systeme lediglich vier Länder (Gastgeber Frankreich, Belgien, England und Wales).
|UEFA premium payments to the DFB|
|Inception bonus||8.0 million euros|
|Victory against Ukraine||Group game||1.0 million euros|
|Draw against Poland||Group game||0.5 million euros|
|Victory against Northern Ireland||Group game||1.0 million euros|
|Victory against Slovakia||Round of 16||1.5 million euros|
|Victory against Italy||Quarter finals||2.5 million euros|
|Defeat against France||Semifinals||4.0 million euros|
|Σ EUR 18.5 million|
Compared to the European Football Championship in 2012 , the prize money of 200 million euros at the time has been increased by over 50 percent. In 2016, each participating association received an entry bonus of 8 million euros. The premiums for the European champions totaled up to 27 million euros.
The German national soccer team received 50,000 euros per player for reaching the quarter-finals and 100,000 euros for participating in the semi-finals. No bonuses were paid to the team for the group stage or for reaching the round of 16. The bonuses were distributed to all players in the squad, regardless of the number of their assignments. The income for the DFB in turn amounted to 14.5 million euros for reaching the quarter-finals. Of this, 8 million euros went to the starting bonus, 2.5 million euros for the two wins and a draw in the group games, 1.5 million euros for the eighth round and a further 2.5 million euros for the quarter-finals. For reaching the semi-finals, they increased to 18.5 million euros.
In the event of winning the fourth European Football Championship, a prize of 300,000 euros was awarded to each player in the DFB selection. In this case, the DFB would have received prize money of EUR 26.5 million from UEFA.
|C, D, E||ARD|
|B, C, D, E||ZDF|
|3.||A.||ZDF / Sat.1|
|B, C, D||ARD / Sat.1|
|E, F||ZDF / Sat.1|
After the qualifying games for the 2016 European Championship had been broadcast by the private broadcaster RTL , the games in the final round were mainly broadcast on the public television channels Das Erste and ZDF . In February 2012, the two television companies secured the broadcasting rights for a rumored 160 million euros.
On December 18, 2015, it was announced that ProSiebenSat.1 had agreed with SportA , the sports rights agency of ARD and ZDF, on the sublicensing of six games in the preliminary round. These were parallel games which, for competitive reasons, were played at the same time as other games. While these were shown in previous tournaments on the special- interest channels Einsfestival and ZDFinfo , Sat.1 now took over the broadcast of these six games at the 2016 European Championship. Neither SportA nor ProSiebenSat.1 gave any information about the amount paid for the sublicenses. SportA also licensed images for post-reporting by the RTL Mediengruppe .
ZDF broadcast the opening game and Das Erste broadcast the final. The knockout games were distributed at short notice. Both channels had a joint studio in Paris, but they designed it differently. For ZDF, Oliver Welke reported on all the games as a presenter and, as with the 2014 World Cup, was supported by Oliver Kahn as an expert. In addition, there was Holger Stanislawski , who analyzed the games with a tool, referee expert Urs Meier and a studio guest, and sometimes Sebastian Kehl as an additional expert, mostly for the German games. In addition, Katrin Müller-Hohenstein and Simon Rolfes reported from the stadiums and the German team camp. Two teams of moderators reported for ARD: Alexander Bommes and Arnd Zeigler with expert Thomas Hitzlsperger mostly from the afternoon games and Matthias Opdenhövel with expert Mehmet Scholl from the evening games and the German games. Opdenhövel and Scholl were the only ones to go to the stadiums on site. Gerhard Delling worked as a team reporter. The evening in the first was concluded by Reinhold Beckmann , who moderated from Malente Beckmann's sports school , on ZDF with the talk show Markus Lanz . From June 19 to 22, Matthias Killing and co-commentator Mirko Slomka reported on the games for Sat.1 , moderated by Frank Buschmann with Marcel Reif and Serdar Somuncu from Europapark Rust .
UEFA produced the images of the matches itself and offered the broadcasting stations a selection of the camera images. Pictures of hooligans, clashes in the stadium and speedsters were not passed on by UEFA. ARD and ZDF then complained on June 13, 2016 and demanded that all relevant situations of interest to the public be made available from the stadiums. When Croatian fans threw flares onto the field a few days later during their team's game against the Czech Republic on June 17 and argued in the stands, so that the game had to be interrupted, this was shown in the UEFA image.
Most viewers in Germany switched on the penalty shoot-out in the quarter-final match between Germany and Italy, which measured 28.32 million viewers, corresponding to a market share of 79.8 percent for Das Erste . At the same time, this represented the previous rate record of the year. In addition, only seven other football games have been followed by more TV viewers in German television history.
Matthias Opdenhövel ,
|Oliver Welke||Frank Buschmann|
Icke Dommisch ,
and changing guests D1 D4
Oliver Kahn ,
and changing guests D2 D4
and changing guests D3 D4
|Companion of the DFB-Elf||Gerhard Delling||Katrin Müller-Hohenstein|
|Stadium team||Gerhard Delling||
Katrin Müller-Hohenstein ,
Matthias Killing ,
Tom Bartels ,
Steffen Simon ,
Béla Réthy ,
Martin Schneider ,
Oliver Schmidt ,
Hansi Küpper ,
Matthias Stach ,
In Austria, the Austrian Broadcasting Corporation (ORF) and the private broadcaster ATV entered into a cooperation agreement. While ORF was broadcasting all the European Championship matches live, ATV had secured the rights to broadcast six matches live. As in Germany, there were six games on the last day of the group stage. Using the example of Austria Group F: While Iceland against Austria was shown live on ORF, Portugal against Hungary was broadcast on ATV at the same time. There was a similar approach in the other groups. This eliminated conference calls that would have been necessary due to the parallel games.
Mark Michael Nanseck
|u. a. Christoph Daum|
|Companion of the ÖFB-Elf||Peter Hackmair|
Head: Gerhard Lackner
In Switzerland, the broadcasting rights were acquired from SRG SSR . The SRG started a UHDTV attempt at the European Championship . 8 games were broadcast in 4K . In German-speaking Switzerland , the games were broadcast on Swiss radio and television (SRF). All 51 games were broadcast live on SRF, 45 games on SRF two , the six parallel games of the last group round on SRF info . In French-speaking Switzerland , the games were broadcast on Radio Télévision Suisse (RTS). Radiotelevisione Svizzera (RSI) broadcast the competition for the Italian-speaking population. The European Broadcasting Union allowed Radio SRF 3 to broadcast the games on the radio.
Sponsors and supporters
In addition to the ten international sponsors ( Adidas , Carlsberg , Coca-Cola , Continental , Hyundai / Kia , McDonald’s , Orange , SOCAR , Turkish Airlines and Hisense ), six national supporters ( FdJ - Française des Jeux , PROMAN , La Poste , Crédit Agricole , SNCF and Abritel-HomeAway ).
It was Carlsberg due to the Loi Évin , a law against alcohol and tobacco advertising on television, forbidden to advertise in the stadiums with the name of the brewery. The Danish company therefore decided to use the “Probably” logo, which it displayed in a distinctive, squiggle-white font on the dark green background typical of Carlsberg. This is borrowed from the brewery's slogan “Probably the best”.
As at the 2014 World Cup , McDonald’s was the sponsor of the selection of children running in as an advertising measure at the 2016 European Championship . Children between the ages of 6 and 10 years could apply in various national selection procedures for the selection as an entry-level child. The regulations stipulate that each selected child is accompanied by a legal guardian . The sponsor's services included a three-day trip to the venue, accommodation in a double room for two nights in a hotel , food , insurance , a supporting program for the accompanying person and the child, medium-priced tickets for the game in which the child was used, as well as a certificate of participation in the campaign. In return, the child had to take part in a dress rehearsal as well as the run-in before the actual game and advertise the sponsor. There were no further obligations.
After the round of 16, UEFA warned the teams not to bring their children onto the lawn after the final whistle. Tournament director Marin Kallen explained: "This is a European championship and at least not a family event on the lawn" . UEFA justified this decision with an increased security risk. However, this did not include the children entering the tournament in the further course of the tournament.
Nine of the 24 European Championship teams wore jerseys from Adidas (Belgium, Germany, Northern Ireland, Sweden, Spain, Russia, Ukraine, Hungary, Wales). The other shirt suppliers were: Nike with six teams (England, France, Croatia, Poland, Portugal, Turkey), Puma with five teams (Italy, Austria, Switzerland, Slovakia, Czech Republic), Joma (Romania), Macron (Albania), Erreà (Iceland) and Umbro (Ireland).
Panini also released a scrapbook for Euro 2016 that is already part of football culture. There is controversial discussion in the media, for example that the album was printed long before the final squad was determined and thus partly contains non-nominated players. The possibly high costs of completing the album with 680 pictures (without extra stickers) and the optimal strategy for the so-called collector picture problem are and were often discussed.
The German supermarket chain REWE issued an official DFB scrapbook with 36 pictures of the German national soccer team as a product bonus. The Swiss supermarket chain Migros , in collaboration with Panini, issued a scrapbook with 120 pictures on the subject of the Swiss national team.
The Tschuttiheftli as an alternative to the Panini booklet (“Art instead of Commerce”) was sold in Switzerland, Germany and for the first time in Austria for the 2016 European Championship. Various artists designed the portraits. Any profit goes to cultural projects.
Even before the first match day, there were riots between English hooligans , locals and the police in Marseille . The English had with chants like “ ISIS , where are you? "(" ISIS, where are you? ") Provoked the Muslim population living there . At the 1998 World Cup in France, there had already been violent clashes between English hooligans and local youth.
Serious riots between Russian and English hooligans with over 30 injured, including four seriously injured and one person in mortal danger, accompanied the match between England and Russia on June 11 in Marseille. The street riots continued after the game ended at the stadium, where Russian hooligans stormed the English block and attacked English fans. Previously, several flares were fired from the Russian block. According to France's attorney general, a group of 150 Russian hooligans are responsible for many of the riots, with some British also participating. The Russian hooligans were "extremely well trained" and responsible for "ultra-fast, ultra-hard violence". The majority of the injured were English. The UEFA threatened the English and the Russian Football Federation for the case of recurrence with the exclusion of the European Championship and finally condemned the Russian Football Federation because of the riots its hooligans in the stadium to a fine of 150,000 euros and a disqualification on probation for the entire duration of the EM; If the case is repeated, the tournament will be excluded immediately after the UEFA judgment. According to the Russian Minister of Sports Vitaly Mutko , UEFA acted correctly. However, Parliamentary Vice-President Igor Lebedev said the Russian hooligans had defended Russia's honor and should continue.
Around 50 German hooligans attacked a group of Ukrainian fans in Lille before the Germany versus Ukraine encounter. Before that, they had shouted right-wing extremist slogans and displayed a Reich war flag . According to the police, two Ukrainians were slightly injured by throwing cans.
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- different information between 33 and at least 44
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