European Football Championship 2004
|European Football Championship 2004|
|UEFA EURO 2004|
|Number of nations||16 (of 51 applicants)|
|European champion||Greece (1st title)|
|Opening game||June 12, 2004 in Porto|
|Endgame||July 4, 2004 in Lisbon|
|Gates||77 (⌀: 2.48 per game)|
|spectator||1,160,802 (⌀: 37,445 per game)|
|Top scorer||Milan Baroš (5)|
|Best player||Theodoros Zagorakis|
|yellow cards||150 (⌀: 4.84 per game)|
|Yellow-red cards||5 (⌀: 0.16 per game)|
|Red cards||1 (⌀: 0.03 per game)|
The final round of the 12th European Football Championship (officially: UEFA EURO 2004) took place from June 12th to July 4th, 2004 in Portugal . 16 national teams took part in the tournament and competed against each other in 31 games, initially in groups and then in the knockout system.
The national team of Greece , who had traveled as an outsider, won the tournament after a 1-0 victory over Portugal in the final in Lisbon , becoming European champions for the first time. With midfielder Theodoros Zagorakis , Greece also provided the best player of the tournament. The vice-world champion of 2002 , Germany , failed, like four years before , already in the group stage. The Switzerland failed as well in the group stage, Austria already in qualifying. The top scorer was the Czech Milan Baroš .
Portugal was awarded by UEFA to host the 2004 European Championship on October 12, 1999 in Aachen . The country prevailed against Spain and Austria / Hungary , among others . Portugal had offered Spain to host the tournament together, but the Spaniards declined in the hope of winning the bid for an independent organization.
|Municipal Stadium||Municipal Stadium||Cidade Stadium|
|Capacity: 32,830||Capacity: 30,286||Capacity: 29,622|
|2 preliminary round matches||2 preliminary round matches||2 preliminary round matches|
|Guimarães||Leiria||Faro / Loulé|
|Estádio Dom Afonso Henriques||Estádio Dr. Magalhães Pessoa||Estádio Algarve|
|Capacity: 30,000||Capacity: 28,642||Capacity: 30,305|
|2 preliminary round matches||2 preliminary round matches||2 preliminary round games
|Estádio José Alvalade XXI||Estádio da Luz||Estádio do Dragão||Estádio do Bessa Século. XXI|
|Capacity: 50,095||Capacity: 65,647||Capacity: 50,033||Capacity: 28,263|
|3 preliminary round games
|3 preliminary round games
|3 preliminary round games
|3 preliminary round matches|
- In Aveiro in the newly built Estádio Municipal , two Group D games of the European Championship took place. The stadium holds 30,000 spectators and was officially opened on November 15, 2003. In league operations, it is used by the SC Beira-Mar football club .
- Braga in the Estádio Municipal of the Sporting Braga football club . The stadium, in which two of the group matches took place, was rebuilt and has a capacity of 30,000 seats.
- Coimbra at the Cidade Stadium . Two group games were held in the stadium for 30,000 spectators, which was renovated and modernized for the European Championship. Home club is the Académica de Coimbra .
- Faro - Loulé in the newly built Estádio Algarve with a capacity of 30,000 . The venue was the venue for two group matches and a quarter-final match. The home clubs are SC Farense and SC Olhanense .
- Guimarães in the Estádio Dom Afonso Henriques - home of the Vitória Guimarães football club . The stadium has space for 30,000 spectators and was redesigned for the European Championship. Two group matches have been played at the Guimarães stadium.
- Leiria in the Estádio Dr. Magalhães Pessoa of the União Leiria football club . The renovated and expanded stadium for 30,000 spectators was the venue for two group matches.
- Lisbon in the Estádio José Alvalade XXI of the Sporting Lisbon football club and in the Estádio da Luz - home of Benfica Lisbon . In the José Alvalade Stadium, which was built in the run-up to the European Championship and has space for 52,000 spectators, three group matches, a quarter-final and a semi-final were played. The Estádio da Luz, which was also newly built, was the largest stadium of this championship with a capacity of 65,000 seats. Here three group matches, a quarter-final match and the final were hosted.
- Porto in the Estádio do Dragão - home of FC Porto - and in the Estádio do Bessa Século. XXI - home of Boavista Porto . The Estádio do Dragão, where the opening game, two further group matches, a quarter-final and a semi-final match took place, was rebuilt and offers space for 50,000 spectators. Three group matches were played in the Bessa Stadium. After modernization and enlargement, it can seat 30,000 spectators.
As in the previous two European Championships, this time the preliminary round was contested in four groups of four teams. The first two teams in each group qualified for the quarter-finals.
The only time at a European football championship was the silver goal rule from the quarter-finals onwards : If a game in the final round was tied after regular time, 15 minutes would be played. Only in the event of another tie would there be another 15-minute extension. After that, a penalty shootout would be played.
The only game in which a silver goal was scored was the semi-final between Greece and the Czech Republic, which the Greeks won.
Decision criteria for the group stage
The ranking of the teams in the preliminary round groups was based on the following criteria in the following order:
- higher number of points from all group matches
- higher number of points in direct comparison
- better goal difference in direct comparison
- higher number of goals scored in direct comparison
- better goal difference from all group matches
- higher number of goals scored in all group matches
- higher UEFA coefficient
- better fair play behavior during the finals
- Drawing of lots
If, on the last day of the group stage, two teams had faced each other that had drawn after the end of regular time and had the same number of points and the same goal difference and there had been no other team with as many points, the decision about the placement would have been Fallen in the group on penalties .
The qualifying round for the 2004 European Championship took place from 2002 to 2003 in ten groups, each with five teams. The group winners automatically qualified for the final round. Five relegation games were played among the runners-up, the winners of which also reached the finals, along with hosts Portugal.
Final round draw
At the draw for the European Championship finals on November 29, 2003 in Lisbon , the 16 teams were divided into four pots according to their results in the qualifications for the 2002 World Cup and the 2004 European Championship. Teams from the same pots could not meet in the group games. Pot A consisted of France ( set as group head as European champions 2000 ), Portugal (set as group head in group A) Sweden and the Czech Republic . England , Spain , Italy and Germany were found in pot B. Lot C included the Netherlands , Croatia , Denmark and Russia and lot D included Bulgaria , Switzerland , Greece and Latvia . The draw resulted in the following group allocation:
|Group A||Group B||Group C||Group D|
|Portugal ( squad )||France ( squad )||Sweden ( squad )||Czech Republic ( squad )|
|Greece ( squad )||England ( squad )||Bulgaria ( squad )||Latvia ( squad )|
|Spain ( squad )||Switzerland ( squad )||Denmark ( squad )||Germany ( squad )|
|Russia ( squad )||Croatia ( squad )||Italy ( squad )||Netherlands ( squad )|
|2.||Greece||3||1||1||1||4: 4||± 0||4th|
|3.||Spain||3||1||1||1||2: 2||± 0||4th|
|June 12, 2004 in Porto (Estádio do Dragão)|
|Portugal||-||Greece||1: 2 (0: 1)|
|June 12, 2004 in Faro and Loulé|
|Spain||-||Russia||1: 0 (0: 0)|
|June 16, 2004 in Porto (Estádio do Bessa Século. XXI)|
|Greece||-||Spain||1: 1 (0: 1)|
|June 16, 2004 in Lisbon (Estádio da Luz)|
|Russia||-||Portugal||0: 2 (0: 1)|
|June 20, 2004 in Lisbon (Estádio José Alvalade XXI)|
|Spain||-||Portugal||0: 1 (0: 0)|
|June 20, 2004 in Faro and Loulé|
|Russia||-||Greece||2: 1 (2: 1)|
Host Portugal started the tournament with a defeat against Greece, which put Luiz Felipe Scolari's team under pressure early on. After beating Russia, Spain had to be defeated, which they did in the last group game.
Greece won the opening game against hosts Portugal, followed by a draw with Spain in the second game. After the defeat against the already eliminated Russia, which was just enough to reach the quarter-finals, experts assumed that the tournament would end against European champions France.
Spain started the tournament with a win against Russia. After the draw with Greece, a draw with Portugal would have been enough to advance. The 1-0 defeat against the neighbors led to the end because Greece did not lose to Russia by more than one goal. Thus Spain had scored fewer goals against Greece with the same goal difference.
Russia lost their first two games to Spain and Portugal. As a result, the win against Greece in the last group game was not enough for a place in the quarter-finals.
In the match between Russia and Greece, Russian player Dmitri Kiritschenko set the record for the fastest goal scored at a European Championship. He scored 67 seconds after kick-off.
|June 13, 2004 in Leiria|
|June 13, 2004 in Lisbon (Estádio da Luz)|
|France||-||England||2: 1 (0: 1)|
|June 17, 2004 in Coimbra|
|England||-||Switzerland||3: 0 (1: 0)|
|June 17, 2004 in Leiria|
|Croatia||-||France||2: 2 (0: 1)|
|June 21, 2004 in Lisbon (Estádio da Luz)|
|Croatia||-||England||2: 4 (1: 2)|
|June 21, 2004 in Coimbra|
|Switzerland||-||France||1: 3 (1: 1)|
France managed a late opening win against England, which was followed by a draw against Croatia. In the last game against Switzerland, France secured a place in the quarter-finals with a goal from Zidane and a brace from Henry.
England lost the first group game against France in which David Beckham missed his first penalty at this European Championship. France turned the game around in stoppage time with a free kick and a penalty goal from Zinédine Zidane to the final score of 2-1. England had led 1-0 up to the 91st minute. A victory against Switzerland and a clear victory against Croatia after 0: 1 deficit enabled them to advance. Eighteen-year-old Wayne Rooney scored two goals each against Switzerland and Croatia to help England qualify for the quarter-finals.
Croatia were in reserve after their first group game against Switzerland, which ended in a goalless draw. Croatia scored a respectable win with a 2-2 win against France, but were eliminated after the 2: 4 in the last group game against England.
Switzerland went into group B as an outsider and had no great chances of advancing after the draw against Croatia. After defeats against England and France, the team was eliminated.
Johan Vonlanthen became the youngest scorer in European Championship history thanks to his equalizer for Switzerland.
|June 14, 2004 in Guimarães|
|June 14, 2004 in Lisbon (Estádio José Alvalade XXI)|
|Sweden||-||Bulgaria||5: 0 (1: 0)|
|June 18, 2004 in Braga|
|Bulgaria||-||Denmark||0: 2 (0: 1)|
|June 18, 2004 in Porto (Estádio do Dragão)|
|Italy||-||Sweden||1: 1 (1: 0)|
|June 22, 2004 in Guimarães|
|Italy||-||Bulgaria||2: 1 (0: 1)|
|June 22, 2004 in Porto (Estádio do Bessa Século. XXI)|
|Denmark||-||Sweden||2: 2 (1: 0)|
Sweden started the tournament with a 5-0 win against Bulgaria. Henrik Larsson , who returned to the Swedish national team and scored a goal with a diving header, and Zlatan Ibrahimović with a penalty goal were the best players in the match won with the highest goal difference in the tournament. The 1-1 draw against Italy and the 2-2 draw against Denmark were enough to advance as group winners.
Denmark started the tournament with a 0-0 win against Italy. The following win against Bulgaria ensured that Sweden and Denmark reached 2-2 in the last group game to make it to the quarter-finals.
Italy started the Euro 2004 with two draws against Denmark and Sweden. Despite the late 2-1 win against Bulgaria, it wasn't enough for the Italians, as Denmark and Sweden parted 2-2. Since it was already clear in advance that Denmark and Sweden would both qualify for the quarter-finals with this result and the Danish goalkeeper caused the Swedes to equalize 2-2 in the 90th minute, the Italian media suspected an agreement on. The ironic statement of the Danish trainer Morten Olsen ( "Of course we will make a deal." ) Heated up these speculations.
Bulgaria were eliminated before the last game after the 0: 5 against Sweden and the further defeat against Denmark. The Bulgarians held up well in the last group game against Italy and only lost with a goal in stoppage time.
|1.||Czech Republic||3||3||0||0||7: 4||+3||9|
|June 15, 2004 in Aveiro|
|Czech Republic||-||Latvia||2: 1 (0: 1)|
|June 15, 2004 in Porto (Estádio do Dragão)|
|Germany||-||Netherlands||1: 1 (1: 0)|
|June 19, 2004 in Porto (Estádio do Bessa Século. XXI)|
|June 19, 2004 in Aveiro|
|Netherlands||-||Czech Republic||2: 3 (2: 1)|
|June 23, 2004 in Braga|
|Netherlands||-||Latvia||3: 0 (2: 0)|
|June 23, 2004 in Lisbon (Estádio José Alvalade XXI)|
|Germany||-||Czech Republic||1: 2 (1: 1)|
The Czech Republic won the first group game after a 0-1 deficit against Latvia 2-1. The Czechs won their second game 3-2 against the Netherlands, which came about after a 2-0 deficit. The strength of the Czech team resulted not only from their technical skills, but also from their good morale and team cohesion. Since the Czech Republic was the group winner after these two victories, a B-Elf played in the last group game against the German team. Again, the team was 0-1 behind and won 2-1. The Czech Republic was considered one of the contenders for the title of European champion at the latest after progressing in this group.
The Netherlands fought 1-1 against Germany. Since the game against the Czech Republic was lost 3-2 after a 2-0 lead, the Dutch were unable to reach the quarter-finals in their last game against Latvia on their own. As in the other two group matches, the Czech Republic managed to convert a deficit (here two goals) into a win. Even in the run-up to the European Championship, there was unrest in the Dutch team, which stemmed from the criticism of coach Dick Advocaat . Nevertheless, the team won 3-0 against Latvia and, thanks to the German defeat against the Czech Republic, celebrated the quarter-finals.
Germany was eliminated after the group games - for the third time after 1984 and 2000. In the game against the Netherlands, the team conceded the equalizer nine minutes before the end. Against Latvia, the team reached a goalless draw. Since the Netherlands lost to the Czech Republic, thanks to this support the German team could have reached the quarter-finals with a win against the Czech B-Elf. However, the 1-0 lead by Michael Ballack turned the Czechs into a 1: 2.
Latvia, whose qualification came as a big surprise, played well. The Latvians lost in the opening game despite the lead against the Czech Republic and fought 0-0 against Germany. This gave theoretically the possibility of making it to the quarter-finals. But against the Netherlands, the Balts lost 3-0.
1 win after Silver Goal
2 win on penalties
|Thursday, June 24, 2004 in Lisbon ( Estádio da Luz )|
|Portugal||-||England||2: 2 n.V. (1: 1, 0: 1), 6: 5 i. E.|
|Fri., June 25, 2004 in Lisbon ( Estádio José Alvalade XXI )|
|France||-||Greece||0: 1 (0: 0)|
|Sat., June 26, 2004 in Faro and Loulé ( Estádio Algarve )|
|Sweden||-||Netherlands||0: 0 a.d., 4: 5 i. E.|
|Sun., June 27, 2004 in Porto ( Estádio do Dragão )|
|Czech Republic||-||Denmark||3: 0 (0: 0)|
During regular time, Portugal fell behind with an early English goal. In the 85th minute, Hélder Postiga equalized . Controversial was a goal scored by the English after a free kick by Sol Campbell in the 89th minute, which was not recognized due to an action that was considered to be a handicap of the Portuguese goalkeeper Ricardo by John Terry . The referee Urs Meier received several death threats as a result. Wayne Rooney broke his foot in the first half and had to be replaced. In extra time, both teams exchanged blows, showed a great performance at a consistently high speed and could not determine a winner among each other. So there was a penalty shoot-out. Two missed penalties by England in a missed Portuguese attempt (by Rui Costa ) led to the Portuguese victory. David Beckham missed his second penalty at this European Championship (against France he failed by Barthez, against Portugal he shot over the gate as in qualifying), and Darius Vassell's shot was parried by Portuguese goalkeeper Ricardo , who held without gloves. He in turn sank the decisive penalty in the goal of the English goalkeeper David James and thus marked the 8: 7 final result in favor of Portugal. England suffered repeated losses on penalties at a tournament.
In the second quarter-final match of the EM, Greece created a surprise. The Greeks defeated the reigning European champions France 1-0. In the first half, the Greeks worked out a number of high-profile opportunities. The “Equipe Tricolore” acted without ideas. The French had some good chances in the second half. France lacked the necessary precision, including Thierry Henry narrowly missing the goal twice. Angelos Charisteas scored the winning goal in the 65th minute with a header. The fact that the Greeks did not concede a goal is mainly due to the defensive tactics that did not allow French combined football to develop. After the Greek goal, the French tried unsuccessfully to equalize with the crowbar until the end of the game. The Greek players - above all Angelos Charisteas - and the national coach Otto Rehhagel were celebrated as heroes in their home country and went down in European Championship history with this victory . France had previously only lost one game (against Denmark) since appearing at the 2002 World Cup in Japan and South Korea .
Sweden wrested a 0-0 from the Netherlands after 90 minutes. After 120 minutes of offensive advances by both teams, after the match between Portugal and England, the Euro saw the second penalty shoot-out. Zlatan Ibrahimović missed Sweden's first penalty. After the Dutchman Phillip Cocu also aimed past the goal from the penalty spot, Edwin van der Sar was able to secure victory for his team with a save of the penalty for Sweden's Olof Mellberg 5-4 . The Dutch ended their “penalty trauma” with five consecutive defeats in major tournaments on penalties. Although the Swedes were eliminated in the quarter-finals, the team with their controlled and tactically disciplined game on offense and defense was one of the positive surprises of the tournament.
The Czech Republic won the match against Denmark 3-0. In the first half, the Czechs played with rather unusual defensive football. After the game, the Czech coach Karel Brückner stated that they tried not to fall behind again as in all group games. Denmark, on the other hand, played offensively, but could not convert their superiority into goals. In the second half, the Czech Republic went on the offensive, seized the game and made the win within 20 minutes with a header from Jan Koller and a double hit within three minutes of the game by 23-year-old Milan Baroš with his tournament goals four and five.
|Wed., June 30, 2004 in Lisbon ( Estádio José Alvalade XXI )|
|Portugal||-||Netherlands||2: 1 (1: 0)|
|Thursday, July 1, 2004 in Porto ( Estádio do Dragão )|
|Greece||-||Czech Republic||1-0 after SG|
After a cautious start, Cristiano Ronaldo headed a corner kick from Deco in the 26th minute to make it 1-0. Luís Figo was considered the best player of the game . He often took on responsibility and set decisive accents. Portugal controlled the game and kept countering. The Dutch were far from their opponents and took a long time to build their attacks. The Dutch striker Ruud van Nistelrooy could not prevail against the Portuguese. After the 2-0 in the 58th minute also by a set piece (after a short corner) by Maniche and an own goal - Jorge Andrade steered the ball into the goal of van Nistelrooy over the goalkeeper Ricardo - the Dutch won something to 2-1 more self-confidence. Gradually, the Portuguese created new chances on counterattacks. From the 81st minute, the Netherlands stormed with three center forwards: Ruud van Nistelrooy, Roy Makaay and Pierre van Hooijdonk . But that didn't result in a goal. Portugal reached a European Championship final for the first time with a 2-1 win.
In the second semi-final game, the Greek tactics worked again. They took, among others, the two Czech strikers Milan Baroš and Jan Koller in man coverage, made the rooms narrow and barely allowed the Czech team to develop. The Czechs had three chances in the first half, including a crossbar from Tomáš Rosický . The Czech midfielder Pavel Nedvěd suffered a knee injury in the first half in a tackle in the Greek penalty area and was out. In the second half the Czech team had further good chances, among other things after a one-two between Rosický and Koller. The Czechs did not use their chances in the first half of the necessary extra time, and so Greece made it into the final with a silver goal : Traianos Dellas scored the goal with a header from a corner from Vasilios Tsiartas just before the end of the first extra time.
Ricardo - Miguel (43rd Paulo Ferreira ), Jorge Andrade , Ricardo Carvalho , Nuno Valente - Maniche , Costinha (60th Rui Costa ) - Deco - Luís Figo , Pauleta (74th Nuno Gomes ), Cristiano Ronaldo Coach: Luiz Felipe Scolari
Antonios Nikopolidis - Georgios Seitaridis , Traianos Dellas , Michalis Kapsis , Panagiotis Fyssas - Angelos Basinas , Konstantinos Katsouranis - Theodoros Zagorakis , Stelios Giannakopoulos (76th Stylianos Venetidis ) - Angelos Charisteas , Zisis Vryzas (81. Dimitrios Papadopoulos ) Coach: Otto Rehhagel
|0: 1 Angelos Charisteas (57.)|
|Costinha (12th), Nuno Valente (90th + 3rd)||Angelos Basinas (45th + 2nd), Georgios Seitaridis (63rd), Panagiotis Fyssas (67th), Dimitrios Papadopoulos (85th)|
With the final between Portugal and Greece on July 4th, an opening game was reissued for the first time - a novelty in football history. In addition, for the first time since the first European Championship in 1960, there were two teams in the final that had never reached a final before. The German referee Markus Merk directed the game.
As before, Greece started with discipline and Portugal a little restrained so as not to repeat the mistake of the opening game and fall behind. At the beginning of the second half, the Portuguese increased the pressure. The Greeks let themselves be pushed back a bit, so that the Portuguese had several chances. In this situation, Angelos Charisteas from Werder Bremen scored again in a corner. He took advantage of a mistake by the Portuguese goalkeeper Ricardo and headed in the 57th minute to make it 0-1. The header was Charisteas' only shot on goal in the game. The Portuguese followed, but repeatedly failed because of the Greek defense. In the remaining minutes of the game, Portugal had some good chances, especially through Cristiano Ronaldo and Luís Figo , which were all missed or thwarted. Attempts to serve the strikers from the wings were also unsuccessful. Greek goalkeeper Antonios Nikopolidis was able to fend off high balls from midfield into the penalty area and shots from a relatively long distance . The Portuguese were unable to use a total of more than twenty goalscoring opportunities. Greece became European champions for the first time.
Shortly before the end of the game there was an incident caused by the speedster Jimmy Jump . The troublemaker stormed onto the field, pelted Luís Figo with a FC Barcelona flag and then jumped into the net of the Greek goal. It took two minutes for him to be overwhelmed and carried off the field.
List of goalscorers (final round)
The Czech Milan Baroš won the Golden Ball as the top scorer with 5 goals.
UEFA Player of the Tournament
The Greek midfielder Theodoros Zagorakis was recognized as the player of the tournament .
UEFA All Star Team
An eight-person UEFA expert committee put together an all-star team from the European Championship with the best players in the tournament.
The UEFA Referees Committee appointed 12 referees and 24 assistant referees . In order to cooperate with one another in the best possible way, the teams were made up of referees and assistants from the same country, with one exception. There were also four fourth officials . The semi-finals were chaired by Anders Frisk and Pierluigi Collina . Markus Merk was the referee in the final . This benefited from the elimination of the German national team after the preliminary round. Thus, for the first time since 1970, a German referee was able to lead the final of an EM or World Cup.
The following twelve referees and their assistants were used in the 31 games:
|Assistant 1||Assistant 2|
|Lucílio Batista||2||1||17th||1||0||Paulo Januaryio||Jose Cardinal|
|Pierluigi Collina||3||1||7th||0||0||Marco Ivaldi||Narciso Pisacreta|
|Frisk is different||4th||3||18th||0||0||Kenneth Petersson||Peter Ekström|
|Manuel Mejuto González||2||1||9||1||0||Oscar Martinez Samaniego||Rafael Guerrero Alonso|
|Terje Hauge||2||1||9||0||1||Steinar Holvik||Ole Hermann Borgan|
|Valentin Ivanov||3||2||14th||1||0||Yury Dupanau||Vladimir Eniutin|
|Urs Meier||3||1||19th||2||0||Francesco Buragina||Rudolf Käppeli|
|Markus Merk||3||2||17th||0||0||Christian Schräer||Jan-Hendrik Salver|
|Ľuboš Micheľ||3||2||16||0||0||Igor Sramka||Martin Balko|
|Kim Milton Nielsen||2||1||7th||0||0||Jens Larsen||Joergen Jepsen|
|Mike Riley||2||1||11||0||0||Philip Sharp||Glenn Turner|
|Gilles Veissiere||2||1||8th||0||0||Frédéric Arnault||Serge Vallin|
Referees whose associations did not provide any of the twelve referees were considered as fourth officials. De Bleeckere and Vassaras whistled in the subsequent Euro 2008 games. The following four referees were nominated as fourth officials:
Mascot and cue ball
From a sporting point of view, Euro 2004 was characterized by a high level. Most teams did not retreat to their own half of the game as they did in previous tournaments, but tried to play risk-oriented offensive football from the start of the game. However, the good sporting quality hardly allowed high results. Exceptions were the matches between Croatia and England ( 2-4 ) as the game with the most goals and the game between Sweden and Bulgaria ( 5-0 ) as the game with the highest goal difference of the tournament. The high power density made sure that outsider as the EM newcomer Latvia , the Czech team had brought in the meantime in distress and to Germany a 0: 0 and had thus won the first European Championship point could celebrate successes.
But some teams also disappointed. Italy did not meet the requirements in any way during the three games played. You could tell the French were tired and lacking in ideas. After the tournament it was time to rejuvenate the squad . The German team did not convince with their means either. There was a lack of unlimited will to fight and the willingness to take risks. Only in the game against the Netherlands did she temporarily show her potential. Even Portugal did not shine with beautiful football in the beginning. Only in the course of the tournament did the Portuguese team playfully improve.
The Euro 2004 is considered a tournament of surprises. Previously favorite teams like Spain and Italy were eliminated in the group stage. But also for England and France the tournament was already over with the quarter-finals. The elimination of the highly regarded teams was often justified by the fact that the national players of these countries in the major 20-player leagues in Europe (Spain, France, England), including the national and international cup competitions as well as the international matches, had to play too many games a year and not enough could regenerate . Since the phenomenon was blamed for the early elimination of some teams at the 2002 World Cup , there were declarations of intent after the European Championship to reduce the number of games. The second group stage of the UEFA Champions League was therefore abolished as early as the 2003/04 season .
The outsider's victory
The Greeks last participated in a European Championship finals in 1980. Thus, reaching the finals this year was a success for them. Previously, the Hellenes had never won a European Championship. At their last major tournament, the 1994 World Cup in the USA , they were eliminated without points and goalless after the preliminary round.
The title success at this tournament is also attributed to the German coach Otto Rehhagel , who coached the team since 2001. When Rehhagel began his work in Greece , national team football was comparatively meaningless there. Without any knowledge of Greek , with the help of his assistant coach Ioannis Topalidis , who also served as a translator, he formed a team with team spirit out of many loners. Rehhagel described his method with the words: “The Greeks invented democracy. I introduced a democratic dictatorship. ”He helped Greek football reach the top of Europe with tactics tailored to the team and the skills of the players. Rehhagel says: “In the past, everyone did what they wanted. Now everyone does what they can. "
After victories he tried to suppress the euphoria of many fans: "If we win twice, they want to become European champions right away, and if we lose twice, they want to throw themselves into the sea." Rehhagel also ensured that club and association officials were relieved of responsibility were given birth on the national team. Rehhagel formed a team that had a constant composition and was subject to less pressure.
On their way to the European title, Greece defeated several higher-rated teams that failed in the Greek defense. The opening game against hosts Portugal - previously considered the "most important game for Greece in 20 years" - was successful. The Greeks beat the Portuguese team 2-1 thanks to their tactics and an early goal. This success was unexpected by many, so that there was talk of a "sensation". The Greeks confirmed the impression in the second group game with a 1-1 draw, which contributed to the elimination of the fellow-favorite Spaniards . After the group stage, they defeated the reigning European champions France in the quarter-finals and the also highly regarded Czechs in the semi-finals. In the final, the Portuguese team failed again due to the well-adjusted team, despite their home advantage. Only the Russians eliminated first were able to beat Greece in the group stage during the tournament.
The fact that the Greeks won the title became known as the "Miracle of Lisbon". Greece were one of the few teams that played with more defensive tactics. Rehhagel calls the Greek tactic “controlled offensive”. He pointed out that a defender scored the decisive goal in a game and "that with Georgios Seitaridis we had one of the most attacking defenders in the European Championship". Furthermore, the Greeks acted successfully with a player in the - in the opinion of many - outdated Libero position and with a chain of three. Most of the other teams bet on the back four , which is seen as a modern alternative . The fact that the Greeks left the supposedly big teams behind as European champions was mainly due to the implementation of tactics, the team effort (especially in terms of operational readiness) and the good exploitation of opportunities.
Otto Rehhagel was the first foreign national coach to lead a national team to a tournament title. The success of the Greek team in the Olympic year caused great euphoria across the country. After their return, the European champions were honored in the Panathinaiko stadium in the Greek capital, Athens , and received there by around 100,000 people. So far only the Greek Olympic champions have been celebrated there. On this occasion Otto Rehhagel and his players were made honorary citizens of the city of Athens.
Young stars and nameless people
The EM was not the stage for established stars like Zinédine Zidane , David Beckham , Pavel Nedvěd or Luís Figo . It belonged to talented young stars such as Wayne Rooney (two goals each against Switzerland and Croatia ), the Portuguese Cristiano Ronaldo , the Dutch Arjen Robben (shot his team on penalties against Sweden in the semi-finals), the Swede Zlatan Ibrahimović and the Czech Milan Baroš , who finished the EM as the top scorer.
In addition to the sporty, there were also unsightly and unsporting moments on the pitch. Francesco Totti ( Italy ) was banned from three European Championship games because of a spit attack against Christian Poulsen ( Denmark ). Alexander Frei ( Switzerland ) was also tried before the UEFA Disciplinary and Control Commission for alleged spitting, but was acquitted for lack of evidence. He had spat on the opponent Steven Gerrard ( England) while facing the television camera . After new recordings emerged that clearly convicted Frei, he was banned for the entire European Championship because he had not pleaded guilty at the trial.
Change of coach
The European Championship cost some coaches their posts:
- The German team boss Rudi Völler resigned one day after the German team left the group stage. After a long search, Jürgen Klinsmann became the new national coach.
- The Spanish national coach Iñaki Sáez had to give in to the pressure in the country and also made his position available.
- Giovanni Trapattoni's contract as coach of the "Squadra Azzura" was not extended by the Italian Football Association after the early exit , so he left in mid-July. Marcello Lippi became his successor . He won five championship titles with Juventus Turin alone and became world champion with Italy in 2006.
- The Dutch Bondscoach Dick Advocaat announced his resignation two days after the European Championship semifinals. After the enormous criticism that continued, he saw no basis for cooperation. Marco van Basten became the new coach .
- The Croatian coach Otto Barić also announced his retirement from the coaching post of the Croatian national team . He justified this with the team's failure during the tournament and with his age. At 72, Barić was the oldest coach participating in the Euro.
- The French Jacques Santini and the Swede Tommy Söderberg left their teams voluntarily after the European Championship tournament.
- The Bulgarian Plamen Markow resigned as the eighth national coach . His successor was Christo Stoitschkow .
Organization - security, stadiums, etc.
Portugal managed to hold a peaceful European championship without major excesses, which is mainly due to the security concept. The country tried to ensure the greatest possible security without deterring the fans or badly affecting them.
The prevention of major excesses is mainly thanks to new strategies against hooligans . Considerable progress has been made here compared to Euro 2000 . However, there is no hooligan problem directly in Portugal, as was the case in the Netherlands . The concept consisted primarily of preventive measures such as the suspension of the Schengen Agreement during the euro, the tightening of controls at the Portuguese borders and the ban on leaving the country or withdrawing their passports for foreign hooligans known to the police. For the most part, the police stayed out of the large crowds and did not attract attention with excessive presence or provocation. The immediate judicial treatment of the rioters enabled a quick conviction and deportation. Furthermore, in addition to the local police, stewards who were specially trained in security issues (in particular spectator monitoring) were deployed in the stadiums and were authorized to expel fans who violated the regulations from the stadiums. Throughout the euro, there have been two incidents with British people in tourist spots and one death in Lisbon, where a 27-year-old Englishman died from a robbery on his way to the hospital.
The focus of the security measures is no longer directed on the hooligans, but since September 11, 2001 primarily on the danger of terrorist attacks. After the terrorist attack in Madrid on March 11, 2004, the concept was revised again and NATO and Europol were involved. NATO assisted Portugal in the country's largest security operation by monitoring the airspace over the Iberian Peninsula with AWACS aircraft. All stadiums were hermetically sealed the night before a game and the number of detectors at the entrances was increased to make smuggling in bombs impossible. A total of 20,000 security guards were responsible for security during the tournament. National forces were deployed to ensure the safety of the participating teams. France, for example, let itself be protected by an elite force and Germany brought its own security coordinator from the Federal Criminal Police Office . All EU countries are now working together to ensure the safety of such major events. For example, a Council of Europe committee to prevent violence at sporting events meets every two months . The security expenses during the tournament amounted to a double-digit million sum in euros.
However, there was criticism of some stages. The Estádio Municipal de Braga , built into a rock massif, has only two side stands and is only partially suitable as a football stadium . The Estádio Municipal in Aveiro , which was built next to a waste incineration plant and whose access roads were not completed on time, was also criticized . The best counterexample is the Estádio Dom Afonso Henriques in Guimarães , which fits organically into the place.
The re- use of the arenas poses an enormous problem . 553.6 million euros were invested in the new construction and modernization of the stadiums - only 426.4 million euros were planned - and another 79.4 million euros in the expansion of the infrastructure near the stadium . A large part of the costs must be borne by the municipalities and the associations as operators. The households of the smaller municipalities will remain heavily burdened for a long time by the European Championship and the clubs will have to pay high rents, while the first Portuguese league is in a crisis with low attendance numbers and financial difficulties. Even before the European Championship, the question arose whether ten stadiums were necessary for 31 games. Only two group matches were played in five stadiums. After the tournament, Leiria owed 55 million euros for the construction of the Estádio Dr. Fight Magalhães Pessoa . The club's home games attract an average of around 6,000 visitors. Faro and Loulé , the municipalities responsible for the Estádio Algarve , have to raise EUR 5,500 per day for a stadium that does not host football. The clubs in the cities play in lower-class leagues and playing their games in the Algarve Stadium would be a losing business because of the low audience response.
But there are positive developments. The Primeira League club Sporting Braga was in the 30,000-seater Estadio Municipal its viewing figures recorded a doubling since the European Championship in Braga with an average of 10,000 visitors per home game, which they behind the big clubs Sporting Lisbon , Benfica and FC Porto in fourth of Audience favor. To make the stadium more profitable, rock concerts, music festivals and other events are held. A planned sports and leisure park should make the stadium environment more attractive.
There was also criticism of UEFA. Too large ticket contingents for the associations led to empty rows of seats and angry fans, despite sold out stadiums. So far, each association participating in a European Championship game was entitled to a contingent of 20 percent of the tickets in the respective stadium. However, some associations such as the Russian and Italian did not use thousands of their inherited cards. They were unable to sell the tickets they received from UEFA to fans. UEFA announced that it would significantly reduce the contingents in order to avoid similar situations in future tournaments.
Portugal has been in an economic crisis since the beginning of 2001. The economy is shrinking after a long period of growth since the EC -membership in 1986, the unemployment rate and the inflation rate to rise and call a high public deficit forth. The country hoped that hosting the third largest sporting event in the world after television viewers would provide important macroeconomic impulses.
Thanks to the good organization of Euro 2004, the country was able to record an enormous boost in its image and increased awareness all over the world. This effect was felt primarily in the tourism sector . In the next six years, tourism income should grow by between three and six percent - with up to 700,000 additional visitors per year. In 2004 an increase of 2.5 percent and 500,000 visitors was expected. Tourism accounts for 3.7 percent of the Portuguese gross domestic product (GDP). Furthermore, the Euro 2004 ensured an upswing in the construction industry. This is due to the high expenditures for the construction of the stadiums and the infrastructure. Never before has such a large number of stadiums been built for a European football championship. Over 600 million euros have been invested in the construction and expansion of the stadiums. Portuguese construction companies were involved in 85 percent of the construction work. The state funded the construction work with more than 100 million euros. In addition, there were construction contracts for the expansion of public and private infrastructure (e.g. roads, hotels). The economic effects from the construction industry were, however, minor, since this sector is one of the most unproductive branches of the economy .
The Portuguese Ministry of Finance predicted the directly measurable impact of EM with a 2004 GDP increase of just 0.08 percent. In addition to positive effects such as image gain or additional tax revenue , the EM also had negative effects such as traffic and safety problems as well as environmental damage from increasing tourism and thus high follow-up costs.
In economic terms, the winners were UEFA with its member associations and the sporting goods manufacturers acting as team equipment suppliers. The joint venture between UEFA and the host country, which was established to organize the tournament, expected gross record revenues of around 817 million euros from entrance fees, sponsorship , television and marketing rights . The income from sponsorship, television and marketing rights increased by leaps and bounds. Sport is now considered by economic experts to be the fastest growing economic factor in the world. The main sponsors paid 500 million euros. The example of Carlsberg shows that this commitment was worthwhile . The brewing company sold thirteen percent more beer during the tournament. In addition to the organizer, part of the income was distributed to the participating and member associations. Around 120 million euros flowed as game bonuses to the associations of the participants alone. The team equipment suppliers profited to a great extent from the European championship by marketing player jerseys. In addition, Adidas was able to post a net profit increase of 21% to a record profit of 314 million euros through the sale of the UEFA- licensed European Championship ball Roteiro .
The European Football Championship caused a sensation not only in Europe but also worldwide. This is shown by the following numbers:
- 845 million viewers in front of the television screens (peak values of up to 84% market share in countries such as Portugal and England) with 11,000 booked television hours
- 180 million visits to the official Euro2004.com website, mostly in Japan
- up to 50 million viewers per game in the People's Republic of China , although the games didn't start until late in the evening or at night
- over 1.1 million fans in the stadiums
- Sales of over 1 billion euros through ticket and merchandising sales
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- Extensive photo gallery for Euro 2004
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