1980 European Football Championship
|1980 European Football Championship|
|UEFA EURO 80|
|Number of nations||8 (of 32 applicants)|
|European champion||BR Germany (2nd title)|
|Opening game||June 11, 1980 in Rome|
|Endgame||June 22nd, 1980 in Rome|
|Gates||27 (⌀: 1.93 per game)|
|spectator||350,655 (⌀: 25,047 per game)|
|Top scorer||Klaus Allofs (3 goals)|
|Best player||Bernd Schuster|
|yellow cards||24 (⌀: 1.71 per game)|
The finals of the 6th European Football Championship took place in Italy from June 11 to June 22, 1980 . For the first time, eight instead of four national teams took part in the final tournament, and they determined the winner in 14 games.
The Federal Republic of Germany won the tournament after a 2-1 victory over Belgium in the final in Rome and thus became European football champions for the second time since 1972 . The defending champion Czechoslovakia took third place . Austria , the GDR and Switzerland failed to qualify. The top scorer was the 23-year-old striker Klaus Allofs , who scored all of his three goals in the group game against the Netherlands . A total of around 350,000 visitors followed the encounters in the twelve-day tournament in the stadiums.
For the first time, " Pinocchio " , the little wooden boy from the story of Carlo Collodi , was an official mascot at a European Football Championship . The smiling wooden doll had a long nose in the Italian national colors green-white-red and wore a cap with the inscription "Europe 80" . The mascot was holding a soccer ball under his right arm.
The host country Italy was shaken in the season before the European Championship by a scandal over manipulated league games, in which Paolo Rossi was also involved.
Rome ( Olympic Stadium )
Milan ( Giuseppe Meazza Stadium )
Naples ( Stadio San Paolo )
Turin ( Stadio Comunale )
The number of participants has been doubled from four to eight countries from this championship. Italy as the host country qualified automatically. It was played in two groups of four teams each. The first in the group qualified directly for the final, the second placed for the game for third place.
In a draw score the final of two times 15 minutes would be extended Service. If there had been no winner after 120 minutes, a replay was scheduled for Tuesday, June 24, 1980. For the game for third place, the regulations provided for the penalty shoot-out after 90 minutes.
Qualification of German-speaking teams
A total of 32 nations entered the 1980 European Championship, which was divided into qualifying and final rounds according to the official UEFA regulations. In addition to the host Italy , which is automatically entitled to participate , seven other teams qualified for the European Championship finals.
The 31 teams competing for the remaining seven final places were drawn into seven qualifying groups. In the individual groups, in which each team competed against every other team in home and return matches, the group winners qualified directly for the final round of the European Championship. The qualifying games took place from May 24, 1978 to March 26, 1980.
The Federal Republic of Germany played in Group 7 against Turkey, Wales and Malta. After the end of the Helmut Schön era after the Football World Cup in Argentina in 1978 , Jupp Derwall took over the team. After the disappointing performance at the World Cup, Derwall initially played with almost the same players, but was able to spark new enthusiasm. The first game was a friendly against European champions Czechoslovakia in Prague and was won 4: 3 by the Germans after an exciting game. This raised hopes for qualification in a rather easy group. But the German footballers disappointed immensely with a 0-0 win in Malta and a 0-0 win in Turkey. The turning point came with a 2-0 win in Wales. Goalkeeper Sepp Maier made his last international match here. After a serious car accident, he had to end his great career that year because of his injuries. Cologne goalkeeper Harald "Toni" Schumacher began his career as a regular goalkeeper for the national team. The last three games were all won clearly and the German team qualified for the final tournament.
The lot gave the teams of the GDR , which was Olympic champion in 1976, and Switzerland in group 4 with vice world champion Netherlands and the silver medalist from Olympic Poland, two tough opponents, plus Iceland. Until the end of the qualification the GDR was able to keep up with the Netherlands and Poland, and a win in the last game at home against the Dutch would have given them the qualification. But the Netherlands won 3-2 and went to the EM. Switzerland had no chance in this group and only scored points in their two victories against Iceland.
Austria had high hopes after the successes at the Football World Cup in 1978. The team around Hans Krankl and Herbert Prohaska wanted to prevail against Belgium, Portugal, Scotland and Norway and qualify for the European Championship. After the first two wins, however, there was an initial setback when they lost 2-1 to Portugal at home. The Belgians, against whom Austria drew twice, were surprisingly strong. After the Austrians had played their last group game, they led the group, but Belgium was still group first with its last game in Scotland. Belgium won 3-1 in Glasgow and was able to book the trip to Italy.
|Group 1||Group 2|
|ČSSR ( squad )||Spain ( squad )|
|BR Germany ( squad )||Italy ( squad )|
|Greece ( squad )||England ( squad )|
|Netherlands ( squad )||Belgium ( squad )|
|1.||BR Germany||3||2||1||0||4: 2||+2||5: 1|
|2.||Czechoslovakia||3||1||1||1||4: 3||+1||3: 3|
|3.||Netherlands||3||1||1||1||4: 4||± 0||3: 3|
|4th||Greece||3||0||1||2||1: 4||−3||1: 5|
|June 11, 1980 in Rome (Stadio Olimpico)|
|Czechoslovakia||-||BR Germany||0: 1 (0: 0)|
|June 11, 1980 in Naples (Stadio San Paolo)|
|Greece||-||Netherlands||0: 1 (0: 0)|
|June 14, 1980 in Naples (Stadio San Paolo)|
|BR Germany||-||Netherlands||3: 2 (1: 0)|
|June 14, 1980 in Rome (Stadio Olimpico)|
|Czechoslovakia||-||Greece||3: 1 (2: 1)|
|June 17, 1980 in Milan (Giuseppe Meazza Stadium)|
|Czechoslovakia||-||Netherlands||1: 1 (1: 0)|
|June 17, 1980 in Turin (Stadio Comunale)|
The German team played the opening game against defending champions Czechoslovakia. Karl-Heinz Rummenigge scored the golden goal for the 1-0 success in the 55th minute. The traditional duel against the Netherlands became the decisive game of the group. Germany determined the game under the direction of Bernd Schuster, who was outstanding in this tournament . Klaus Allofs , the 23-year-old striker from Fortuna Düsseldorf , wrote himself in the history books with his three goals for the 3-0 lead. With this clear lead, Jupp Derwall replaced 19-year-old Lothar Matthäus for his first international match in the 73rd minute . The Mönchengladbacher caused a penalty in the 79th minute. However, the foul took place in front of the penalty area. Johnny Rep's penalty brought the Dutch back into play and in the 86th minute they came up to 3-2 with a goal from Willy van de Kerkhof . The German team defended their small lead, and after Czechoslovakia and the Netherlands drew in their last group game, the German team's entry into the final was already certain before their final group game against outsiders Greece. The German team therefore waived some players with yellow cards for a short time and did not get past a lackluster 0-0.
|1.||Belgium||3||1||2||0||3: 2||+1||4: 2|
|3.||England||3||1||1||1||3: 3||± 0||3: 3|
|4th||Spain||3||0||1||2||2: 4||−2||1: 5|
|June 12, 1980 in Turin (Stadio Comunale)|
|Belgium||-||England||1: 1 (1: 1)|
|June 12, 1980 in Milan (Giuseppe Meazza Stadium)|
|June 15, 1980 in Milan (Giuseppe Meazza Stadium)|
|Spain||-||Belgium||1: 2 (1: 1)|
|June 15, 1980 in Turin (Stadio Comunale)|
|Italy||-||England||1: 0 (0: 0)|
|June 18, 1980 in Naples (Stadio San Paolo)|
|Spain||-||England||1: 2 (0: 1)|
|June 18, 1980 in Rome (Stadio Olimpico)|
Host Italy and England, which is full of European Cup winners, were the favorites for this group. As expected, England took the lead 1-0 through Ray Wilkins in their first game against Belgium . But three minutes later Jan Ceulemans scored the 1-1 final score in the 29th minute. The game between Belgium and England was chaired by German referee Heinz Aldinger . Italy disappointed the Tifosi in their first game with a goalless draw against the defensive Spaniards. Forwards stars like Roberto Bettega and Francesco Graziani did not get the ball into Luis Arconada's goal . After Belgium beat Spain and Italy beat England, there was a real final between Italy and Belgium in Rome . The Belgians only needed one draw due to the number of goals scored. The Belgian team of coach Guy Thys used their offside trap particularly consistently , as it was never seen before in international football. The Italians bit their teeth on the defense and goalkeeper Jean-Marie Pfaff . Belgium reached the final in Rome by 0-0.
3rd place match
|June 21, 1980 in Naples ( Stadio San Paolo )|
|Czechoslovakia||-||Italy||1: 1 (0: 0), 9: 8 i. E.|
This game for third place was the last in the framework of the European Football Championships. UEFA has not held a “small final” since 1984 . The Italians wanted to make amends for the missed final, but defending champions Czechoslovakia scored the 1-0 goal in the 54th minute with a forceful shot by defender Ladislav Jurkemik on a pass from Panenka . Francesco Graziani was able to equalize in the 73rd minute, but the many other chances brought no further goal for the Italians.
The penalty shoot-out showed safe shooters on both sides up to the 16th penalty kick ( Causio , Altobelli , G. Baresi , Cabrini , Benetti , Graziani , Scirea and Tardelli for Italy - Masný , Nehoda , Ondruš , Jurkemik , Panenka , Gögh , Gajdůšek and Kozák bei the ČSSR). Then Collovati was the only player to miss while Barmoš scored . So the Czechoslovaks got the upper hand and came third.
On June 19, 1980, DFB President Hermann Neuberger and the Belgian game committee chairman Roythers agreed to forego a possible replay in the event of a tie after extra time and instead to determine a European champion by penalty shoot-out on the day of the final. National coach Jupp Derwall spoke out against this decision. One of the factors that played a role for the Belgians was that their player François Van der Elst was only released from New York Cosmos until the final Sunday .
Germany - Belgium 2: 1 (1: 0)
Toni Schumacher - Uli Stielike - Karlheinz Förster , Bernard Dietz - Manfred Kaltz , Bernd Schuster , Hans-Peter Briegel (55th Bernhard Cullmann ), Hansi Müller - Karl-Heinz Rummenigge , Horst Hrubesch , Klaus Allofs Trainer: Jupp Derwall
Jean-Marie Pfaff - Eric Gerets , Walter Meeuws , Luc Millecamps , Michel Renquin - Julien Cools , René Vandereycken , Wilfried Van Moer , Raymond Mommens - François Van der Elst , Jan Ceulemans Trainer: Guy Thys
1: 0 Hrubesch (10.)
2: 1 Hrubesch (88.)
1: 1 Vandereycken (72nd, penalty kick )
|K. Forster||Millecamps, Vandereycken, François Van der Elst|
The German team dominated the game from the start. Already in the 10th minute, Horst Hrubesch scored a 1-0 lead after preliminary work by Bernd Schuster, who broke the Belgian offside trap that had previously brought the Italians to despair.
In the second half, Jupp Derwall's team pushed for the preliminary decision, but ran into a counterattack by the Belgians in the 71st minute. Uli Stielike only knew what to do by fouling Raymond Mommens. Referee Rainea wrongly decided on a penalty, even though the foul was committed just outside the German penalty area. René Vandereycken converted the penalty to equalize. In the 88th minute it was again Horst Hrubesch who headed the winning goal after a corner from Karl-Heinz Rummenigge. Germany was European champion for the second time after 1972.
The European champions
- Players used: Toni Schumacher ; Bernard Dietz , Bernd Förster , Karlheinz Förster ; Manfred Kaltz ; Hans-Peter Briegel , Bernhard Cullmann , Felix Magath , Lothar Matthäus , Caspar Memering , Hansi Müller , Bernd Schuster , Uli Stielike , Mirko Votava ; Klaus Allofs , Karl Del'Haye , Horst Hrubesch , Karl-Heinz Rummenigge
- remained without commitment: Rainer Bonhof , Eike Immel , Walter Junghans , Herbert Zimmermann
- Trainer: Jupp Derwall
The finalists were honored in a variety of ways. The German national team in Germany was voted Team of the Year and Karl-Heinz Rummenigge was voted Footballer of the Year in Germany and Europe . Bernd Schuster took 2nd place. Jan Ceulemans was awarded the Golden Shoe as the best player in the Belgian league.
An official UEFA All-Star team of the most valuable players in a tournament was first elected at the 1996 European Championship in England. The following team was selected by UEFA to compile the best players for the 1980 European Championship in Italy. Only players from three nations are represented: Italy, Germany and Belgium. Belgium, which reached the final, are only represented by one player and top scorer Klaus Allofs is not part of this all-star team.
List of goalscorers (final round)
The top scorer at the 1980 European Football Championship in Italy was Klaus Allofs , who scored all three goals in the decisive group game against the Netherlands. Thus, the Federal Republic provided the top scorer after 1972 ( Gerd Müller ) and 1976 ( Dieter Müller ).
In addition, there were 18 players who scored a goal during the tournament.
|Willy van de Kerkhof||1|
The top scorer of the entire competition was Englishman Kevin Keegan with 7 goals, all of which he scored in qualifying.
- Information on the 1980 tournament ( memento of September 2, 2011 in the Internet Archive ) on uefa.com
- Details on rsssf.com
- The EM mascots. (No longer available online.) Archived from the original on March 31, 2008 ; accessed on October 28, 2015 .
- EM 2012: The mascots of EM history. In: t-online.de. Retrieved October 28, 2015 .
- Learned from Belgrade. Repeat if necessary. In: Pforzheimer Zeitung . June 19, 1980, p. 9.
- Only the 18th penalty brought a bronze medal. In: New Germany . June 23, 1980, p. 8.
- uefa.com: Czechs beat Italy to third after shoot-out drama. In: uefa.com. October 4, 2003, accessed February 26, 2016 .
- EM so far a sporting and financial bankruptcy. In the event of a draw, there should be penalties again in the final. In: Schwäbische Zeitung . June 20, 1980, p. 9.
- uefa.com: Hrubesch turns West Germany's unlikely hero. In: uefa.com. October 4, 2003, accessed February 26, 2016 .
- uefa.com: The official website for European football - UEFA.com. In: uefa.com. July 1, 2011, accessed October 28, 2015 .
- uefa.com: 1980 UEFA European Championship Statistics. In: uefa.com. July 1, 2011, accessed October 28, 2015 .