Extra time (football)

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Overtime is one of the procedures for determining a winner in football that is used in the event of a tie at the end of an encounter in which a winner must be determined, for example in tournaments in the knockout system . If no decision has been made after the end of normal playing time , the game is usually extended by 15 minutes twice.

In the results tables, “after extension” is often followed by “n. V. ”or“ nV ”abbreviated, for example“ 2: 3 nV ”.


Before the start of extra time, there is a five-minute break during which the players can be taken care of but must remain on the pitch. After 15 minutes of extra time, the referee briefly pauses the game to change sides . But there is no half-time break.

The winner of the entire football match is the team that scored more goals in extra time. In the mode with two legs, the away goal rule usually applies . This means that the away team wins even if both teams have scored the same number of goals in extra time.

If there is still no winner after extra time, the winner is usually determined by penalty shoot-outs . In this case, the regulations can also provide for a replay if the schedule allows.

Special forms of overtime were the rules on the golden goal and silver goal , in which the game was ended prematurely in the event of a goal in overtime or a lead halfway through overtime.


In large tournaments for national and club teams, such as the World Cup or the UEFA Champions League , there is often a group stage, also known as the preliminary round, and a final round in which the knockout system is played. In these knockout phases, overtime and penalty shoot-outs are usually played. In order to reduce the frequency of overtime , the away goals rule applies in many knockout matches played in both home and return matches .

In some national cup competitions, for example the German DFB Cup , the knockout system is played with overtime from the first round.

Tournament regulations can make different regulations. This means that there is no need for extra time and a penalty shoot-out can take place immediately. This is e.g. B. often found in the amateur field.