Football World Cup 1998
|1998 FIFA World Cup|
|FIFA Coupe Du Monde - France 98|
|Number of nations||32 (of 166 applicants)|
|World Champion||France (1st title)|
|Opening game||June 10, 1998 ( Saint-Denis )|
|Endgame||July 12, 1998 (Saint-Denis)|
|Gates||171 (⌀: 2.67 per game)|
|spectator||2,785,100 (⌀: 43,517 per game)|
|Top scorer||Before Šuker (6 goals)|
|Best goalkeeper||Fabien Barthez|
|yellow cards||250 (⌀: 3.91 per game)|
|Yellow-red cards||4 (⌀: 0.06 per game)|
|Red cards||18 (⌀: 0.28 per game)|
|Penalty kicks||18 (⌀: 0.28 per game)|
The final round of the FIFA World Cup 1998 ( French FIFA Coupe Du Monde , english FIFA World Cup ) was the 16th playout this important tournament for football - teams and took place from 10 June to 12 July 1998 for the second time in 1938 in France instead of. For the first time 32 countries were represented.
World champions became host France in the final against defending champions Brazil . The 1994 vice world champion , Italy , was eliminated in the quarterfinals against France. Third place went to Croatia , which was the top scorer with Davor Šuker (6 goals), by beating the Netherlands in the "small final".
France, Morocco and Switzerland applied for the tournament. The award took place during the FIFA General Assembly in Zurich in July 1992. The Swiss application was rejected due to technical deficiencies - among other things because their concept provided for provisional tubular steel stands in stadiums. However, temporary measures were banned by FIFA after the Bastia disaster just two months earlier . The 19-member Executive Committee voted 12: 7 for France in the first ballot. The official Chuck Blazer confessed in 2013 that he had accepted a bribe from the applicant Morocco for his vote.
The World Cup games were played in ten stadiums in ten different cities in France.
Stade du Parc Lescure
Stade de la Mosson
Stade de France
In order to upgrade the continental federations of Asia and Africa and to be able to accept more participants from these continents, it was decided in 1994 to increase the world championship from 24 to 32 national teams. For the first time, Jamaica, Japan, Croatia, South Africa and the FR of Yugoslavia (later Serbia and Montenegro, now dissolved) were able to qualify for a soccer World Cup.
For the final round, including defending champions Brazil and hosts France, the following 32 national teams from the respective continental associations qualified:
|15 from Europe||Belgium||Bulgaria||Denmark||Germany||England|
|5 from South America||Argentina||Brazil||Chile||Colombia||Paraguay|
|3 from North, Central America and the Caribbean||Jamaica||Mexico||United States|
|5 from Africa||Cameroon||Morocco||Nigeria||South Africa||Tunisia|
|4 from Asia||Iran||Japan||Saudi Arabia||South Korea|
- Fixed: Brazil (world champions) on A1 and France (hosts) on C1
- Pot 1: Italy • Spain • Netherlands • Germany • Romania • Argentina
- Pot 2: Cameroon • Morocco • Nigeria • South Africa • Tunisia • Jamaica • Mexico • USA
- Pot 3: Belgium • Bulgaria • Denmark • England • Yugoslavia • Croatia • Norway • Austria • Scotland
- Pot 4: Iran • Japan • Saudi Arabia • South Korea • Chile • Colombia • Paraguay
First the remaining six group heads were drawn from pot 1 and placed in the first position of their group. The eight teams from Pot 2 were drawn freely among the eight group heads. From Pot 3, eight of the nine European teams were drawn freely into the eight groups. One team, Norway, remained in the lottery pot and was specifically drawn to a South American group head, Brazil or Argentina. Norway came to Brazil in the group. To prevent two South American teams from playing in one group, the Asian team, Japan, which was first drawn from Pot 4, was assigned to the other South American group head, Argentina. The remaining teams from Pot 4 were drawn freely.
For information on the individual World Cup groups and squads of the teams, click on the respective link.
The 32 participants were divided into eight preliminary groups with four teams each. The group winners and runners-up in each group qualified for the round of 16. From the round of 16, the tournament was played in a knockout system .
|3.||Morocco||3||1||1||1||5: 5||± 0||4th|
|June 10, 1998, 5:30 p.m. in Saint-Denis|
|Brazil||-||Scotland||2: 1 (1: 1)|
|June 10, 1998, 9:00 p.m. in Montpellier|
|Morocco||-||Norway||2: 2 (1: 1)|
|June 16, 1998, 5:30 p.m. in Bordeaux|
|Scotland||-||Norway||1: 1 (0: 0)|
|June 16, 1998, 9:00 p.m. in Nantes|
|Brazil||-||Morocco||3: 0 (2: 0)|
|June 23, 1998, 9:00 p.m. in Marseille|
|Brazil||-||Norway||1: 2 (0: 0)|
|June 23, 1998, 9:00 p.m. in Saint-Étienne|
|Scotland||-||Morocco||0: 3 (0: 1)|
Like the previous world champions, Brazil had big problems in the opening game and ultimately only won 2-1 with an own goal 17 minutes before the end of Scotland. In the second group game, the defending champions outclassed Morocco 3-0, so that group victory was secured before the last game. In this game Norway prevailed 2-1 and finished the group stage in 2nd place. Morocco clearly beat Scotland 3-0 in the parallel game, but were eliminated due to the lower number of points. For both teams it would have been possible to reach the round of 16 through their own victory in the last group game, but this was prevented by Norway's victory.
|2.||Chile||3||0||3||0||4: 4||± 0||3|
|June 11, 1998, 5:30 p.m. in Bordeaux|
|Italy||-||Chile||2: 2 (1: 1)|
|June 11, 1998, 9:00 p.m. in Toulouse|
|Cameroon||-||Austria||1: 1 (0: 0)|
|June 17, 1998, 5:30 p.m. in Saint-Étienne|
|Chile||-||Austria||1: 1 (0: 0)|
|June 17, 1998, 9:00 p.m. in Montpellier|
|Italy||-||Cameroon||3: 0 (1: 0)|
|June 23, 1998, 4 p.m. in Saint-Denis|
|Italy||-||Austria||2: 1 (1: 0)|
|June 23, 1998, 4 p.m. in Nantes|
|Chile||-||Cameroon||1: 1 (1: 0)|
Italy also had problems starting the tournament. In the first group match against Chile, a penalty from Roberto Baggio prevented the South Americans from surprising victory two minutes before the end. The Italians then got better into the tournament and were still group winners by a clear margin. Three draws were enough for Chile to also advance to the round of 16. Austria managed to equalize against Cameroon and Chile in stoppage time. Due to the defeat against Italy, they were eliminated anyway. As four years earlier, Cameroon had to leave the tournament without a win.
|2.||Denmark||3||1||1||1||3: 3||± 0||4th|
|3.||South Africa||3||0||2||1||3: 6||−3||2|
|4th||Saudi Arabia||3||0||1||2||2: 7||−5||1|
|June 12, 1998, 5:30 p.m. in Lens|
|Saudi Arabia||-||Denmark||0: 1 (0: 0)|
|June 12, 1998, 9:00 p.m. in Marseille|
|France||-||South Africa||3: 0 (1: 0)|
|June 18, 1998, 5:30 p.m. in Toulouse|
|South Africa||-||Denmark||1: 1 (0: 1)|
|June 18, 1998, 9:00 p.m. in Saint-Denis|
|France||-||Saudi Arabia||4: 0 (1: 0)|
|June 24, 1998, 4:00 p.m. in Lyon|
|France||-||Denmark||2: 1 (1: 1)|
|June 24, 1998, 4:00 p.m. in Bordeaux|
|South Africa||-||Saudi Arabia||2: 2 (1: 1)|
Group C was characterized by the confident form of the host. The French also won the last group game against Denmark, although coach Jacquet spared almost all regular players for the round of 16. Denmark could not yet convince in this preliminary round, was even dependent on Saudi Arabia's shooting aid, which they received, due to their defeat against France on the last day of the group. World Cup debut South Africa could not keep the sometimes quite high expectations. The secret favorite for the round of 16 came to only two draws. The team from Saudi Arabia could not repeat the surprise of the last World Cup , but could keep up with Denmark and South Africa.
|1.||Nigeria||3||2||0||1||5: 5||± 0||6th|
|June 12, 1998, 2:30 p.m. in Montpellier|
|June 13, 1998, 2:30 p.m. in Nantes|
|Spain||-||Nigeria||2: 3 (1: 1)|
|June 19, 1998, 5:30 p.m. in Paris|
|Nigeria||-||Bulgaria||1: 0 (1: 0)|
|June 19, 1998, 9:00 p.m. in Saint-Étienne|
|June 24, 1998, 9:00 p.m. in Lens|
|Spain||-||Bulgaria||6: 1 (2: 0)|
|June 24, 1998, 9:00 p.m. in Toulouse|
|Nigeria||-||Paraguay||1: 3 (1: 1)|
In the "group of death" D, the Spaniards, who were once again favored before the tournament, continued a long-standing tradition with their early elimination. After starting strong against Nigeria, the game tipped & tipped. a. due to a goalkeeping error by Zubizarreta and a long-range goal by Sunday Oliseh . Nigeria was also considered established and surprisingly secured victory in the group early with a 1-0 win over Bulgaria. The playfully disappointing 0-0 of the Spaniards against strong defensive Paraguayans around Chilavert should ultimately be the preliminary decision in the fight for progress, because Paraguay had the best cards for second place. Although the Spaniards showed an outstanding performance in their third group game and beat the Germany defenders 6-1 in 1994 , they were eliminated after all, as Paraguay surprisingly won against the Nigerians. For Bulgaria this World Cup heralded the end of the “golden generation” around Stoitschkow , Balakow or Kostadinow . They disappointed across the board.
|3.||Belgium||3||0||3||0||3: 3||± 0||3|
|4th||South Korea||3||0||1||2||2: 9||−7||1|
|June 13, 1998, 5:30 p.m. in Lyon|
|South Korea||-||Mexico||1: 3 (1: 0)|
|June 13, 1998, 9:00 p.m. in Saint-Denis|
|June 20, 1998, 5:30 p.m. in Bordeaux|
|Belgium||-||Mexico||2: 2 (1: 0)|
|June 20, 1998, 9:00 p.m. in Marseille|
|Netherlands||-||South Korea||5: 0 (2: 0)|
|June 25, 1998, 4 p.m. in Paris|
|Belgium||-||South Korea||1: 1 (1: 0)|
|June 25, 1998, 4 p.m. in Saint-Etienne|
|Netherlands||-||Mexico||2: 2 (2: 0)|
Belgium had previously survived the preliminary round in four World Cup finals in a row, but this time it was not enough, as the Belgians only drew three times. Mexico managed to turn a 0-2 into a 2-2 against both Belgium and the Netherlands. The Dutch started the tournament moderately with a 0-0 win against neighboring Belgium, against whom they had two clear wins in qualifying. Only the outstanding 5: 0 over South Korea brought Holland the group victory. South Korea still had to wait for their first World Cup victory, but they drew against Belgium, which ultimately blocked their participation in the round of 16.
|4th||United States||3||0||0||3||1: 5||−4||0|
|June 14, 1998, 5:30 p.m. in Saint-Étienne|
|Yugoslavia||-||Iran||1: 0 (0: 0)|
|June 15, 1998, 9:00 p.m. in Paris|
|Germany||-||United States||2: 0 (1: 0)|
|June 21, 1998, 2:30 p.m. in Lens|
|Germany||-||Yugoslavia||2: 2 (0: 1)|
|June 21, 1998, 9:00 p.m. in Lyon|
|United States||-||Iran||1: 2 (0: 2)|
|June 25, 1998, 9:00 p.m. in Montpellier|
|Germany||-||Iran||2: 0 (0: 0)|
|June 25, 1998, 9:00 p.m. in Nantes|
|United States||-||Yugoslavia||0: 1 (0: 1)|
Group F presented the German team under Berti Vogts with quite solvable tasks, and so the mostly difficult start for German teams succeeded. The USA were beaten 2-0, also thanks to well-used set pieces. With Yugoslavia, the European champion met an old friend. In a close match, the Germans managed to catch up a 2-0 lead by the strong Yugoslavs with an own goal and a goal from Oliver Bierhoff . In the last game against Iran there had to be at least one draw. Thanks to the victory and the resulting better goal difference, Germany bypassed the future semi-finalists Netherlands. Iran, which was the last team ever to qualify for this tournament in the relegation against Australia, was considered the group's outsiders, but surprised with a win against the USA. The fair gestures of both teams before the game were mentioned in the international press.
|June 15, 1998, 2:30 p.m. in Marseille|
|England||-||Tunisia||2: 0 (1: 0)|
|June 15, 1998, 5:30 p.m. in Lyon|
|Romania||-||Colombia||1: 0 (1: 0)|
|June 22, 1998, 5:30 p.m. in Montpellier|
|Colombia||-||Tunisia||1: 0 (0: 0)|
|June 22, 1998, 9:00 p.m. in Toulouse|
|Romania||-||England||2: 1 (0: 0)|
|June 26, 1998, 9:00 p.m. in Saint-Denis|
|Romania||-||Tunisia||1: 1 (0: 1)|
|June 26, 1998, 9:00 p.m. in Lens|
|Colombia||-||England||0: 2 (0: 2)|
With high hopes of ending the failures of the 1990s, the young English team led by David Beckham went to the 1998 World Cup, and the 1966 world champion achieved an opening win against Tunisia. In the second game, however, Romania should confirm their performance from four years ago. In a very exciting match, Petrescu's goal resulted in a last-minute win against the English side. Despite the tired 1-1 draw against Tunisia, Romania secured first place ahead of England. Colombia around old star Valderrama finished the tournament with 3 points in third place. As four years before, Colombia lost to the Romanians in the first group game. After a victory over Tunisia, the last game against England was another final for second place, but the English won it.
|June 14, 1998, 2:30 p.m. in Toulouse|
|Argentina||-||Japan||1: 0 (1: 0)|
|June 14, 1998, 9:00 p.m. in Lens|
|Jamaica||-||Croatia||1: 3 (1: 1)|
|June 20, 1998, 2:30 p.m. in Nantes|
|Japan||-||Croatia||0: 1 (0: 0)|
|June 21, 1998, 5:30 p.m. in Paris|
|Argentina||-||Jamaica||5: 0 (1: 0)|
|June 26, 1998, 4 p.m. in Bordeaux|
|Argentina||-||Croatia||1: 0 (1: 0)|
|June 26, 1998, 4:00 p.m. in Lyon|
|Japan||-||Jamaica||1: 2 (0: 1)|
In Group H the picture was very clear. Argentina and Croatia were the clear favorites for the first two places. The two newcomers to the World Cup, Japan and Jamaica, were hardly given a chance. So it came as no surprise that after two matchdays Argentina and Croatia were in the round of 16 after, among others, Argentina's star striker Gabriel Batistuta had outclassed the Jamaican back line with a flawless hat trick within ten minutes. Nevertheless, the Jamaican team and their fans, who celebrated every game like a reggae concert, brought plenty of color to the World Cup. The third newcomer to the World Cup, Croatia, had not yet made it into the tournament, but it was enough to progress in this group. Japan caused big problems for the two favorites, but ended up in last place with no points.
1 win after golden goal
2 win on penalties
Round of 16
|June 27, 1998, 4:30 p.m. in Marseille|
|Italy||-||Norway||1: 0 (1: 0)|
|June 27, 1998, 9:00 p.m. in Paris|
|Brazil||-||Chile||4: 1 (3: 0)|
|June 28, 1998, 4:30 p.m. in Lens|
|France||-||Paraguay||1: 0 n.GG|
|June 28, 1998, 9:00 p.m. in Saint-Denis|
|Nigeria||-||Denmark||1: 4 (0: 3)|
|June 29, 1998, 4:30 p.m. in Montpellier|
|Germany||-||Mexico||2: 1 (0: 0)|
|June 29, 1998, 9:00 p.m. in Toulouse|
|Netherlands||-||Yugoslavia||2: 1 (1: 0)|
|June 30, 1998, 4:30 p.m. in Bordeaux|
|Romania||-||Croatia||0: 1 (0: 1)|
|June 30, 1998, 9:00 p.m. in Saint-Étienne|
|Argentina||-||England||2: 2 n.v. (2: 2, 2: 2), 4: 3 i. E.|
In the round of 16, a new superstar was born when Michael Owen started a solo over half the place in the 16th minute and scored 2-1. In the end it was of no use: Argentina won on penalties after a turbulent game in which David Beckham was sent off.
Italy prevailed lackluster against Norway. Just as lackluster France won, which also needed extra time to defeat Paraguay.
Germany advanced against Mexico. Oliver Bierhoff scored the 2-1 shortly before the end of the game.
The biggest disappointment in the round of 16 were the Nigerians, who were rated higher, who suffered a bitter defeat against the Danes who were not very convincing in the preliminary round and had to travel home. The Brazilians easily defeated Chile.
Croatia won in an extremely weak game against Romania with a goal from Davor Šuker .
The Netherlands progressed happily against Yugoslavia. The winning goal came in the 90th minute; The Yugoslavs had previously missed a penalty when the score was 1: 1.
|July 3, 1998, 4:30 p.m. in Saint-Denis|
|Italy||-||France||0: 0 a.d., 3: 4 i. E.|
|July 3, 1998, 9:00 p.m. in Nantes|
|Brazil||-||Denmark||3: 2 (2: 1)|
|July 4, 1998, 4:30 p.m. in Marseille|
|Netherlands||-||Argentina||2: 1 (1: 1)|
|4th July 1998, 9:00 p.m. in Lyon|
|Germany||-||Croatia||0: 3 (0: 1)|
Italy played against France goalless for 120 minutes. In the penalty shootout, however, the French had better nerves. The unlucky person of the game was Luigi Di Biagio , who hit the crossbar with the last penalty.
Brazil trembled against the outsider from Denmark in the semi-finals. After Denmark was able to take a 1-0 lead, the Brazilian favorites turned the game around before the break. Brian Laudrup equalized to 2-2 before Rivaldo brought the South Americans back into the lead after an hour. Shortly before the end, Denmark had two great chances through Marc Rieper , but they were missed, so that Brazil reached the semi-finals.
In a high-class game between the Netherlands and Argentina, the Dutch got the upper hand 2-1. Player of the day was Dennis Bergkamp, who prepared the 1-0 and scored the 2-1 winning goal shortly before the end of regular time.
Germany was eliminated despite the best performance in the tournament against Croatia. A serious bad pass by Lothar Matthäus provoked his teammate Christian Wörns to an emergency brake. The resulting dismissal in the 40th minute brought Germany to loser street. Croatia cleverly exploited the majority in the following period and thus came to a 3-0 victory, a successful revenge for being eliminated in the quarter-finals at the 1996 European Championship .
|July 7, 1998, 9:00 p.m. in Marseille|
|Brazil||-||Netherlands||1: 1 n.V. (1: 1, 0: 0), 4: 2 i. E.|
|July 8, 1998, 9:00 p.m. in Saint-Denis|
|France||-||Croatia||2: 1 (0: 0)|
Brazil had better nerves in the semi-final against the Netherlands and were able to prevail on penalties. During regular time, Ronaldo gave the Seleção the lead. Patrick Kluivert equalized with three minutes to go, forcing the penalty shoot-out after extra time went goalless. While in Brazil all shooters converted, Ronald de Boer and Phillip Cocu failed to Cláudio Taffarel .
France was able to continue its triumphant advance against Croatia. After it was still 0-0 at halftime, the second half began with a bang. Before that, Šuker put the Croatians in the front with his fifth goal in the tournament. The Équipe tricolore, which was whipped forward by almost 80,000 spectators, however, equalized immediately by Lilian Thuram . In the 70th minute it was again Lilian Thuram who brought France into a World Cup final for the first time with his second goal that evening. It was Thuram's only goals for the national team.
3rd place match
|July 11, 1998, 9:00 p.m. in Paris|
|Netherlands||-||Croatia||1: 2 (1: 2)|
The World Cup debutant prevailed in the small final between Croatia and the Netherlands. The scorer of the 2-1 winning goal was again Davor Šuker, who became the sole top scorer of the 1998 World Cup with six goals. With the 3rd place Croatia celebrated the greatest success of Croatian football at a World Cup.
Cláudio Taffarel - Cafu , Júnior Baiano , Aldair , Roberto Carlos - Leonardo (46th Denílson ), Carlos Dunga , César Sampaio (74th Edmundo ), Rivaldo - Ronaldo , Bebeto Coach: Mário Zagallo
Fabien Barthez - Lilian Thuram , Marcel Desailly , Frank Lebœuf , Bixente Lizarazu - Christian Karembeu (57th Alain Boghossian ), Didier Deschamps , Emmanuel Petit - Youri Djorkaeff (76th Patrick Vieira ), Zinédine Zidane - Stéphane Guivarc'h (66th Christophe Dugarry ) Trainer: Aimé Jacquet
0: 1 Zidane (27th)
0: 2 Zidane (45th + 1 ')
0: 3 Petit (90th + 3')
|J.Baiano (33.)||Deschamps (39th), Desailly (48th), Karembeu (56th)|
The final of the 1998 World Cup took place on July 12th in the Stade de France between record world champions Brazil and hosts France. Before the game, there was a lot of confusion about the Brazilian star striker Ronaldo , who was missing on the score sheet until a few minutes before the game. In the end, he was on the field when the whistle kicked off.
On the field, however, another showed his great class in this match. Playmaker Zinédine Zidane paved the way for his team to win their first big title since 1984. Zidane headed twice after corner kicks. The Brazilian national team was unable to counter the strong performance of the French in front of 74,000 spectators. Even when France were outnumbered for the last 20 minutes after Marcel Desailly was sent off, the South Americans were unable to overcome the French defense around goalkeeper Fabien Barthez . Emmanuel Petit set the final point with the 3-0 through a counterattack in stoppage time.
The Brazilian team fell far short of their potential. In particular, Ronaldo, who had previously been voted the best player of the tournament, looked lethargic at times. This led to many questions in Brazil, which even led the Brazilian parliament to set up a committee of inquiry to investigate the influence of sponsor Nike on the national team, which had allegedly put pressure on the Brazilian coach to set up Ronaldo.
Honors of the placed
Zinédine Zidane has been named France's Footballer of the Year , Europe's Footballer of the Year and FIFA World Player of the Year . Before that, Šuker was named Croatia's Footballer of the Year and Pierre van Hooijdonk was named Footballer of the Year for the Netherlands .
Best goal scorers
In addition, there were 72 players with a hit. There were also six own goals.
The public broadcasters ARD and ZDF secured the German broadcasting rights for around 18 million marks and showed all games live. The parallel games of the last day of the preliminary round were shown on 3sat .
Official match ball
Tricolore was the official match ball of the 1998 FIFA World Cup. The name and design of the ball were inspired by the national colors of the French flag (the tricolor ) and the "Gallic rooster", the traditional symbol of the French and the French football association .
During the World Cup there were riots German hooligans . Police officer Daniel Nivel was beaten up and critically injured in Lens in northern France . He survived the incident but is severely disabled today and has no memory of the day.
- How Switzerland applied for the 1998 World Cup - and totally embarrassed it . In: watson.ch . ( watson.ch [accessed June 21, 2018]).
- France wins bid for 1998 World Cup. Retrieved March 4, 2020 .
- France Gets 1998 World Cup The New York Times July 3, 1992
- France awarded 1998 World Cup The Item July 2, 1992
- Blazer admits to have accepted bribes Süddeutsche Zeitung June 4, 2015
- http://www.berliner-zeitung.de/archiv/ard-und-zdf-einigen-sich-mit-der-kirch-gruppe-ueber-die-wm-rechte-fuer-2002-und-2006-in -of-injury-time, 10810590,9883120.html