European Broadcasting Union

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EBU logo (since July 2012)

The European Broadcasting Union ( English European Broadcasting Union , EBU ; French Union Européenne de Radio-Télévision , UER ) is an association of currently 72 radio stations in 56 countries in Europe , North Africa and the Near East with headquarters in Geneva (May 2016). In addition, there are around half as many associated stations from around the world (33 from 21 countries).

President is the general manager of the francophone Belgian broadcaster RTBF , Jean-Paul Philippot, while Anna Maria Tarantola from the Italian RAI is vice-president . The full-time director general of the EBU is Noel Curran , the former director general of the Irish RTÉ .

  • Country with at least one EBU member
  • Country with associated member broadcaster
  • history

    Former EBU logo (until 2012)

    The EBU's predecessor was the World Broadcasting Union ( Internationale Rundfunkunion ; English: International Broadcasting Union , IBU; French: Union Internationale de Radiophonie , UIR) with its headquarters in Geneva and a technical office in Brussels (1925-50).

    The European Broadcasting Union was founded on February 12, 1950 at a conference in Torquay ( United Kingdom ) with the aim of building a network for the exchange of news films. Furthermore, the EBU is to promote and standardize technical developments in the radio and television sector. Founding members were 23 broadcasters from Europe and the Mediterranean region .

    In 1953, the EBU broadcast the coronation of Queen Elizabeth II as the first international live broadcast . The first “official” Eurovision broadcast was the broadcast of the Daffodil Festival on June 6, 1954 from Montreux . In 1956 the first Eurovision Song Contest was broadcast .

    In 1993 the EBU merged with its Eastern European counterpart OIRT .

    In November 2011 Andorra terminated its membership due to financial difficulties. However, this plan is no longer pursued, which is why Andorra is still a member.



    In 1991, the radio play "was the meeting in Valladolid " the British writer Anthony Burgess ( A Clockwork Orange, dt. A Clockwork Orange ) produced as a commission of the EBU by all its member countries in their own language and at the same time with all broadcasters of the ARD urgesendet .

    watch TV

    Several EBU television stations jointly operate the worldwide news channel Euronews .

    One of the best-known EBU productions is the annual Eurovision Song Contest , which is produced by the country's broadcaster that provided the previous year's winner.

    From 1965 to 1999, the EBU broadcast the game show Spiel ohne Grenzen . She also produces the Eurovision Young Dancers competition as well as various children's programs and documentaries on her own .

    In addition, the EBU operates a satellite channel through which the member stations make their own (video) material available to each other.

    Theme melodies

    The EBU uses different melodies to identify its programs. The best known are the Eurovision fanfare based on a motif from the prelude to the Te Deum by the French composer Marc-Antoine Charpentier and the Euroradio fanfare based on a motif from the overture to the opera L'Orfeo by Claudio Monteverdi .

    Technical developments

    The FLAC format is used to transmit audio files to the individual member countries. In addition, the organization is actively involved in the research and development of new standards such as DAB , DVB and HDTV . a. the Radio Data System (RDS).


    As of August 2019, the EBU has 72 full members from 56 countries and 33 associated members from 21 other countries - including Canada , Japan , Mexico , Brazil , India , Hong Kong and the United States . Most of the full members are public broadcasters or private broadcasters with a public information mandate.

    In Germany , the EBU includes the public broadcasters ARD and ZDF ; Austria is represented by ORF , Switzerland by SRG SSR and South Tyrol by Rai Südtirol .

    Georgia has both associate and full member broadcasters.

    Active full members

    country Broadcaster abbreviation
    EgyptEgypt Egypt National Media Authority NMA
    AlbaniaAlbania Albania Radio Televizioni Shqiptar RTSH
    AlgeriaAlgeria Algeria Entreprise nationale de radiodiffusion sonore ENRS
    Entreprise nationale de television ENTV
    Télédiffusion d'Algérie TDA
    AndorraAndorra Andorra Ràdio i Televisió d'Andorra RTVA
    ArmeniaArmenia Armenia ARMR ARMR
    AzerbaijanAzerbaijan Azerbaijan İctimai Televiziya və Radio Yayımları Şirkəti İTV
    BelgiumBelgium Belgium Vlaamse Radio- en Televisieomroep VRT
    Radio-television belge de la Communauté française RTBF
    Bosnia and HerzegovinaBosnia and Herzegovina Bosnia and Herzegovina Bosanskohercegovačka radiotelevizija BHRT
    BulgariaBulgaria Bulgaria Bulgarian National Radio BNR
    Bulgarian National Television BNT
    DenmarkDenmark Denmark Danmarks Radio DR
    TV2 Danmark DK / TV2
    GermanyGermany Germany Working group of the public broadcasters of the Federal Republic of Germany (including Deutschlandradio ) ARD
    Second German Television ZDF
    EstoniaEstonia Estonia Eesti Rahvusringhääling ERR
    FinlandFinland Finland Yleisradio YLE
    FranceFrance France Groupement des radiodiffuseurs français de l'UER: GRF
    Europe 1 E1
    GeorgiaGeorgia Georgia Public Broadcasting of Georgia SSM
    GreeceGreece Greece Elliniki Radiofonia Tileorasi ERT
    IrelandIreland Ireland Radio Telefís Éireann RTÉ
    TG4 TG4
    IcelandIceland Iceland Ríkisútvarpið RÚV
    IsraelIsrael Israel Israeli Public Broadcasting Corporation IPBC
    ItalyItaly Italy Radiotelevisione Italiana RAI
    JordanJordan Jordan Jordan Radio and Television Corporation JRTV
    CroatiaCroatia Croatia Hrvatska Radiotelevizija HRT
    LatviaLatvia Latvia Latvijas radio LR
    Latvijas Televizija LTV
    LebanonLebanon Lebanon Télé Liban TL
    LithuaniaLithuania Lithuania Lietuvos nacionalinis radijas ir televizija LRT
    LuxembourgLuxembourg Luxembourg RTL Télé Lëtzebuerg (formerly Compagnie Luxembourgeoise de Télédiffusion ) RTL
    Établissement de Radiodiffusion Socioculturelle
    du Grand-Duché de Luxembourg
    LibyaLibya Libya Libya's Channel LC
    MaltaMalta Malta Public Broadcasting Services Ltd PBS
    MoroccoMorocco Morocco Société nationale de radiodiffusion et de télévision SNRT
    North MacedoniaNorth Macedonia North Macedonia Makedonska Radio-Televizija MRI
    Moldova RepublicRepublic of Moldova Moldova Teleradio Moldova TRM
    MonacoMonaco Monaco Groupement de Radiodiffusion monégasque: GRMC
    MontenegroMontenegro Montenegro Radio Televizija Crne Gore RTCG
    NetherlandsNetherlands Netherlands Nederlandse Publieke Omroep : NPO
    NorwayNorway Norway Norsk rikskringkasting NRK
    TV 2 AS NO / TV2
    AustriaAustria Austria Austrian radio ORF
    PolandPoland Poland Telewizja Polska TVP
    Polskie radio PR
    PortugalPortugal Portugal Rádio e Televisão de Portugal RTP
    RomaniaRomania Romania Societatea Română de Radiodifuziune SRR
    Televiziunea Română TVR
    RussiaRussia Russia Perwy canal C1R
    Radio Orpheus OP
    WGTRK including Radio Mayak (MK) WGTRK
    San MarinoSan Marino San Marino San Marino RTV SMRTV
    SwedenSweden Sweden Sveriges Television and Radio Group: STR
    SwitzerlandSwitzerland Switzerland Swiss radio and television company SRG SSR
    SerbiaSerbia Serbia Radio Televizija Srbije RTS
    SlovakiaSlovakia Slovakia Rozhlas a televízia Slovenska RTVS
    SloveniaSlovenia Slovenia Radiotelevizija Slovenija RTV SLO
    SpainSpain Spain Radiotelevisión Española RTVE
    Sociedad Española de Radiodifusión SER
    Czech RepublicCzech Republic Czech Republic Český rozhlas CR
    Česká televize ČT
    TunisiaTunisia Tunisia Établissement de la radiodiffusion-télévision tunisienne
    ( Radio tunisienne and Télévision tunisienne )
    TurkeyTurkey Turkey Türkiye Radyo ve Televizyon Kurumu TRT
    UkraineUkraine Ukraine Natsionalna Telekompanija Ukraïny NTU
    HungaryHungary Hungary Duna Médiaszolgáltató Zártkörűen Működő Nonprofit Részvénytársaság Duna Média
    Médiaszolgáltatás-támogató és Vagyonkezelő Alap MTVA
    Vatican cityVatican Vatican city Vatican Radio RV
    United KingdomUnited Kingdom United Kingdom British Broadcasting Corporation BBC
    United Kingdom Independent Broadcasting UKIB
    BelarusBelarus Belarus Belaruskaya Tele-Radio Campanija BTRC
    Cyprus RepublicRepublic of Cyprus Cyprus Cyprus Broadcasting Corporation CyBC
  • Land is in Africa
  • Country is in Asia
  • See also

    Web links

    Commons : European Broadcasting Union  - collection of pictures, videos and audio files

    Individual evidence

    1. Membership list, May 2016
    2. [1] , accessed on March 27, 2017
    3. Computer & Media: A united television audience - Retrieved June 6, 2014 .
    4.  ( page no longer available , search in web archivesInfo: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.@1@ 2Template: Toter Link /  
    5. Deutschlandfunk, Das Hörspiel , February 11, 2012. In: (February 12, 2012)
    6. EBU.CH: Frequently Asked Questions ( Memento of the original from October 10, 2009 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.  @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
    7. Pro-Linux News: "European Broadcasting Union uses FLAC"