Middle East

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Western Asia within political boundaries as a UN sub-region

Coordinates: 25 ° 50 ′ 22 ″  N , 43 ° 14 ′ 31 ″  E Western Asia (also West Asia or South West Asia ) is a collective term for a region in the southwest of the continent Asia . The three terms are interchangeable, with the Middle East includinga European perspective. There are different ideas about the exact delimitation.


According to the definition prevailing today, the Middle East is bounded in the west by the Mediterranean Sea and the Red Sea , in the north by the Black Sea , the Caucasus and the Caspian Sea , in the east by the outskirts of Iran and in the south by the Indian Ocean .

The Middle East is connected to Africa via the Sinai peninsula , while the Dardanelles , the Sea of ​​Marmara and the Bosporus form only a narrow separation from Europe .

The Middle East includes Asia Minor , Caucasus , Mesopotamia , Syria , Palestine , the Arab and Sinai Peninsula , the Armenian Highlands and the Iranian Highlands .

Afghanistan is in the transition area to Central Asia . Iran , which always belongs to the Middle East, is not assigned to the Middle East but to South Asia in the division of the UN Department UNSD , exclusively for statistical purposes and this designation adopts and does not imply any relationship or connection between the countries concerned.

Related terms

There is extensive overlap with the term Middle East , which designates the Arab states of the Middle East and Israel and also includes Cyprus , Iran , Turkey (sometimes only Anatolia ) and Egypt .

Other terms used for the region are Orient and Middle East .

List of states

The following states and dependent areas are geographically included in the Middle East:


Assyria until 671 BC Chr.
Alexander Reich

Some key points in the history of the Near East:


Individual evidence

  1. ^ Standard Country or Area Codes for Statistical Use . Millenniumindicators.un.org. Retrieved August 25, 2012. Quote: "The assignment of countries or areas to specific groupings is for statistical convenience and does not imply any assumption regarding political or other affiliation of countries or territories by the United Nations."
  2. Middle East , Bibliographisches Institut & FA Brockhaus AG, 2000.
  3. ^ The World Factbook, United States Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), November 14, 2006; [1] The Million Person Gap: The Arab Population in the West Bank and Gaza; B. Zimmerman, R. Seid and ML Wise; The Begin-Sadat Center for Strategic Studies, Bar-Ilan University; February, 2006 The Million Person Gap: The Arab Population in the West Bank and Gaza (PDF file; 2.13 MB) Sergio Della Pergola, "Letter to the editor", Azure, 2007, no. 27, [2] Sergio DellaPergola criticizes the authors of the study on the “Palestinian Census 2007” for serious statistical and methodological deficiencies.