South asia

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Location of South Asia

South Asia is part of the Asian continent and is separated from the rest of Asia by mountains in the northwest, north and northeast. The room is still, although the term partially obsolete and colonial historically occupied applies, also known as the Indian subcontinent called, there is considerable overlap between the concepts of Middle East and South Asia .

25 percent of the world's population live in South Asia, with over 1.3 billion people living in India alone (2017).


Geologically, a large part of South Asia is also referred to as the Indian subcontinent , since it represents its own tectonic plate . The space is delimited:

List of states

States in South Asia, based among others on the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation , are:

Afghanistan does not appear in many definitions of South Asia, because the country is located at the interface of South and Central Asia and has historically, culturally and linguistically more affinity with Iran, located in the Middle East , and the Central Asian states of Tajikistan , Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan .

  • IranIran Iran is also counted as part of South Asia by the UNSD , a department of the United Nations, but generally Iran counts as part of West Asia worldwide.


Web links

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Arthur Berriedale Keith: A Constitutional History of India: 1600-1935. Methuen & Co, 1936, pp. 440-444.
  2. ^ ND Arora: Political Science for Civil Services Main Examination. Tata McGraw-Hill Education, 2010, ISBN 978-0-07-009094-1 , p. 42: 1.
  3. ^ Indian subcontinent. In: New Oxford Dictionary of English . Oxford University Press, New York 2001, ISBN 0-19-860441-6 , p. 929: "the part of Asia south of the Himalayas which forms a peninsula extending into the Indian Ocean, between the Arabian Sea and the Bay of Bengal
  4. ^ John McLeod: The history of India . Greenwood Publishing Group, 2002, ISBN 0-313-31459-4 , p. 1.
  5. Stephen Adolphe Wurm, Peter Mühlhäusler, Darrell T. Tryon: Atlas of languages ​​of intercultural communication in the Pacific, Asia, and the Americas. International Council for Philosophy and Humanistic Studies. Walter de Gruyter, 1996, ISBN 3-11-013417-9 , p. 787.
  6. ^ The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia. 6th edition. Columbia University Press, 2003: "region, S central Asia, comprising the countries of Pakistan, India, and Bangladesh and the Himalayan states of Nepal, and Bhutan. Sri Lanka, an island off the southeastern tip of the Indian peninsula, is often considered a part of the subcontinent. "
  7. Peter Haggett: Encyclopedia of World Geography (Vol. 1) . Marshall Cavendish, 2001, ISBN 0-7614-7289-4 , pp. 2710 .
  8. ^ Svante E. Cornell: Modernization and Regional Cooperation in Central Asia: A New Spring? . Central Asia-Caucasus Institute and the Silk Road Studies,.
  9. ^ The Ethnic Groups Of Afghanistan. Retrieved April 27, 2020 .
  11. ^ Standard Country or Area Codes for Statistical Use., accessed August 25, 2012 . Quote: "The assignment of countries or areas to specific groupings is for statistical convenience and does not imply any assumption regarding political or other affiliation of countries or territories by the United Nations."

Coordinates: 27 °  N , 72 °  E