Middle East

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Countries of the Middle East in German

The Middle East or the Middle East is a geographically not clearly defined term. In German it means in Asia the countries Iran , Afghanistan , Pakistan , India , Nepal , Bhutan , Sri Lanka and Bangladesh . The countries lie between the Middle East in the west and southwest and the Far East (which includes East Asia ) in the northeast. Myanmar is seldom part of the Middle East, instead mostly part of Southeast Asia .

Definition of terms in international usage

In Arabic, the term Middle East ( Arabic الشرق الأوسط asch -scheq al-awsat , DMG aš-šarqu l-ausaṭ )understood the area referred toin German as the Middle East .

In English, the Middle East in the narrower sense also means the German Middle East . In a broader, cultural-geographic sense, the English Greater Middle East encompasses North Africa to the southern edge of the Sahara , from Mauritania in the west to Sudan in the east, and also in Asia the entire area from the Arabian Peninsula in the south and from Asia Minor in the north via Iran Highlands up to and including Pakistan .

In Spanish, on the other hand, there is the term Middle East with the usual definition in German (according to RAE : el Oriente Medio ).


  • Eckart Ehlers, Abdoldjavad Falaturi , Günther Schweizer, Georg Stöber, Gerd Winkelhane (eds.): The Islamic Orient: Basics for geography of a cultural area. (Studies on Islam in intercultural interrelationships. Series of publications by the Islamic Scientific Academy to research the interrelationship with occidental intellectual history and culture: Islam: Space - History - Religion, Volume 1.) Cologne 1990
  • Jeremy Salt: The Unmaking of the Middle East. A History of Western Disorder in Arab Lands . University of California Press, 2008, ISBN 978-0-520-26170-9
  • Karl J. Schmidt: An Atlas and Survey of South Asian History (Sources and Studies in World History). ME Sharpe, New York 1997, ISBN 978-1-56324-334-9

Web links

Commons : Middle East  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Middle East . Bibliographisches Institut & FA Brockhaus AG, 2000
  2. Duden. German Universal Dictionary, 3rd edition, 1996, keyword east
  3. Middle East In: Meyer's large pocket dictionary in 24 volumes . Bibliographisches Institut, 1992, Volume 14, p. 290
  4. worldatlas.com
  5. ^ Raphael Patai: The Culture Areas of the Middle East. In: Wolfgang Weissleder (Ed.): The Nomadic Alternative. Modes and Models on Interaction in the African-Asian Deserts and Steppes. Mouton Publishers, Den Haag / Paris 1978, pp. 3-39
  6. no author details (July 16, 2002). Oriente Medio - Oriente Próximo (1). Boletines terminológicos y normativos, boletín nº 42 published by the European Parliament (Spanish, accessed November 30, 2008)