Eurovision Song Contest

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Television broadcast
Original title Grand Prix Eurovision
de la Chanson
Eurovision Song Contest Neu.svg
Country of production various
original language English , marginal French
Year (s) since 1956
length 120 and 240 minutes
genre music
idea SwitzerlandSwitzerland Marcel Bezençon
Moderation various
First broadcast May 24, 1956

The Eurovision Song Contest ( ESC; German "Eurovision Song Contest"; until 2001 in Germany under the French name Grand Prix Eurovision de la Chanson , in Austria called "Song Contest") is a music competition for composers , lyricists and songwriters . The contributions are presented by vocal interpreters and dancers. Since 1956 this has been organized annually by the European Broadcasting Union (EBU) as part of the Eurovision . The inspiration for this was influenced by the Sanremo Festival , which was launched in 1951. At the ESCthe broadcasters of all states of the EBU are entitled to participate. This broadcasting union consists mainly of European and some radio and television stations from neighboring West Asian and North African countries. The ESC reaches over 180 million viewers worldwide every year.

Event mode

Since the Grand Prix Eurovision de la Chanson in 1957, the broadcasters in each participating country have been sending a song to the Eurovision Song Contest .

The competition has been held regularly since 1958 in the country of the previous year's winner; There were only a few deviations from this, most recently in 1980.

Especially given the increasing number of participants due to the accession of many Eastern European countries to the EBU, a preliminary round took place from 2004 to 2007. Since 2008 , two preliminary rounds known as semi-finals have been held.

The semifinals and finals consist of two parts: in the first part, which lasts around two hours, the participants present their song, in the second part the participating countries award their points. In the semifinals, this part only lasts about 15 minutes, as the finalists are announced there in random order and without reading out all the individual points awarded. In the finale, this second part lasts a good hour. The transition from part one to part two, i.e. the time in which the audience can cast their votes at home - is around 15 minutes and is bridged on stage by a show program, the so-called interval act .

Overview of the events

Lys Assia at the 1958 event in the Netherlands

The Eurovision Song Contest has taken place a total of 65 times since 1956. The first edition took place in 1956 in Lugano , Switzerland ; the next edition is planned for May 2022 in Italy.

Only once since the first event in 1956 has no competition been held. The COVID-19 pandemic forced the organizers to cancel the ESC 2020 , which was scheduled to take place in the Netherlands.

A detailed overview of all events since 1956 can be found in the list of winners and events of the Eurovision Song Contest .

Events of the Eurovision Song Contest
year place winner
country Interpreter title
1956 SwitzerlandSwitzerland Lugano SwitzerlandSwitzerland Switzerland Lys Assia refrain
1957 Germany Federal RepublicFederal Republic of Germany Frankfurt am Main NetherlandsNetherlands Netherlands Corry Brokken Net than toen
1958 NetherlandsNetherlands Hilversum FranceFrance France André Claveau Dors mon amour
1959 FranceFrance Cannes NetherlandsNetherlands Netherlands Teddy Scholten Een beetje
1960 United KingdomUnited Kingdom London FranceFrance France Jacqueline Boyer Tom Pillibi
1961 FranceFrance Cannes LuxembourgLuxembourg Luxembourg Jean-Claude Pascal Nous les amoureux
1962 LuxembourgLuxembourg Luxembourg FranceFrance France Isabelle Aubret Un premier amour
1963 United KingdomUnited Kingdom London DenmarkDenmark Denmark Grethe & Jørgen Ingmann Dansevise
1964 DenmarkDenmark Copenhagen ItalyItaly Italy Gigliola Cinquetti Non ho l'età
1965 ItalyItaly Naples LuxembourgLuxembourg Luxembourg France Gall Poupée de cire, poupée de son
1966 LuxembourgLuxembourg Luxembourg AustriaAustria Austria Udo Juergens Merci, Chérie
1967 AustriaAustria Vienna United KingdomUnited Kingdom United Kingdom Sandie Shaw Puppet on a String
1968 United KingdomUnited Kingdom London Spain 1945Spain Spain Massiel La, la, la
1969 1 Spain 1945Spain Madrid Spain 1945Spain Spain Salomé Vivo cantando
FranceFrance France Frida Boccara Un jour, un enfant
NetherlandsNetherlands Netherlands Lenny Kuhr De troubadour
United KingdomUnited Kingdom United Kingdom Lulu Boom bang-a-bang
1970 NetherlandsNetherlands Amsterdam IrelandIreland Ireland Dana All Kinds of Everything
1971 IrelandIreland Dublin MonacoMonaco Monaco Severine Un banc, un arbre, une rue
1972 United KingdomUnited Kingdom Edinburgh LuxembourgLuxembourg Luxembourg Vicky Leandros Après toi
1973 LuxembourgLuxembourg Luxembourg LuxembourgLuxembourg Luxembourg Anne-Marie David Tu te reconnaîtras
1974 United KingdomUnited Kingdom Brighton SwedenSweden Sweden ABBA Waterloo
1975 SwedenSweden Stockholm NetherlandsNetherlands Netherlands Teach-in Ding-a-dong
1976 NetherlandsNetherlands The hague United KingdomUnited Kingdom United Kingdom Brotherhood of Man Save your kisses for me
1977 United KingdomUnited Kingdom London FranceFrance France Marie Myriam L'oiseau et l'enfant
1978 FranceFrance Paris IsraelIsrael Israel Yizhar Cohen & The Alpha Beta A-ba-ni-bi
1979 IsraelIsrael Jerusalem IsraelIsrael Israel Gali Atari & Milk and Honey Hallelujah (הללויה)
1980 NetherlandsNetherlands The hague IrelandIreland Ireland Johnny Logan What's Another Year
1981 IrelandIreland Dublin United KingdomUnited Kingdom United Kingdom Bucks Fizz Making Your Mind Up
1982 United KingdomUnited Kingdom Harrogate Germany Federal RepublicFederal Republic of Germany Germany Nicole A bit of peace
1983 Germany Federal RepublicFederal Republic of Germany Munich LuxembourgLuxembourg Luxembourg Corinne Hermès Si la vie est cadeau
1984 LuxembourgLuxembourg Luxembourg SwedenSweden Sweden Herreys Diggi-loo, diggi-ley
1985 SwedenSweden Gothenburg NorwayNorway Norway Bobbysocks La det swing
1986 NorwayNorway Mountains BelgiumBelgium Belgium Sandra Kim J'aime la vie
1987 BelgiumBelgium Brussels IrelandIreland Ireland Johnny Logan Hold me now
1988 IrelandIreland Dublin SwitzerlandSwitzerland Switzerland Celine Dion Ne partez pas sans moi
1989 SwitzerlandSwitzerland Lausanne Yugoslavia Socialist Federal RepublicYugoslavia Yugoslavia Riva rock Me
1990 Yugoslavia Socialist Federal RepublicYugoslavia Zagreb ItalyItaly Italy Toto Cutugno Insieme: 1992
1991 ItalyItaly Rome SwedenSweden Sweden Carola Fångad av en stormvind
1992 SwedenSweden Malmo IrelandIreland Ireland Linda Martin Why Me
1993 IrelandIreland Millstreet IrelandIreland Ireland Niamh Kavanagh In your eyes
1994 IrelandIreland Dublin IrelandIreland Ireland Paul Harrington & Charlie McGettigan Rock 'n' Roll kids
1995 IrelandIreland Dublin NorwayNorway Norway Secret Garden nocturne
1996 NorwayNorway Oslo IrelandIreland Ireland Eimear Quinn The Voice
1997 IrelandIreland Dublin United KingdomUnited Kingdom United Kingdom Katrina and the Waves Love shine a light
1998 United KingdomUnited Kingdom Birmingham IsraelIsrael Israel Dana International diva
1999 IsraelIsrael Jerusalem SwedenSweden Sweden Charlotte Nilsson Take Me to Your Heaven
2000 SwedenSweden Stockholm DenmarkDenmark Denmark Olsen Brothers Fly on the wings of love
2001 DenmarkDenmark Copenhagen EstoniaEstonia Estonia Tanel Padar , Dave Benton & 2XL Everybody
2002 EstoniaEstonia Tallinn LatviaLatvia Latvia Marie N I wanna
2003 LatviaLatvia Riga TurkeyTurkey Turkey Sertab Erener Everyway that I can
2004 TurkeyTurkey Istanbul UkraineUkraine Ukraine Ruslana Wild Dances
2005 UkraineUkraine Kiev GreeceGreece Greece Elena Paparizou My Number One
2006 GreeceGreece Athens FinlandFinland Finland Lordi Hard rock hallelujah
2007 FinlandFinland Helsinki SerbiaSerbia Serbia Marija Serifović Molitva
2008 SerbiaSerbia Belgrade RussiaRussia Russia Dima Bilan Believe
2009 RussiaRussia Moscow NorwayNorway Norway Alexander Rybak Fairytale
2010 NorwayNorway Oslo GermanyGermany Germany Lena Satellite
2011 GermanyGermany Dusseldorf AzerbaijanAzerbaijan Azerbaijan Ell & Nikki Running scared
2012 AzerbaijanAzerbaijan Baku SwedenSweden Sweden Loreen Euphoria
2013 SwedenSweden Malmo DenmarkDenmark Denmark Emmelie de Forest Only teardrops
2014 DenmarkDenmark Copenhagen AustriaAustria Austria Conchita Wurst Rise Like a Phoenix
2015 AustriaAustria Vienna SwedenSweden Sweden Måns Zelmerlöw Heroes
2016 SwedenSweden Stockholm UkraineUkraine Ukraine Jamala 1944
2017 UkraineUkraine Kiev PortugalPortugal Portugal Salvador Sobral Amar pelos dois
2018 PortugalPortugal Lisbon IsraelIsrael Israel Nice Toy
2019 IsraelIsrael Tel Aviv NetherlandsNetherlands Netherlands Duncan Laurence Arcade
2020 NetherlandsNetherlands Rotterdam The competition was canceled due to the COVID-19 pandemic .
2021 NetherlandsNetherlands Rotterdam ItalyItaly Italy Måneskin Zitti e buoni
1 In 1969 there were four winners in the event of a tie due to lack of regulation



The idea for the Grand Prix Eurovision de la Chanson Européenne came from the Swiss Marcel Bezençon in 1955 . At that time he was Director General of the Swiss Broadcasting Company SRG and Chairman of the Program Commission of the European Broadcasting Union (EBU). During a conference of the program committee at the end of January 1955 in Monaco , he presented the idea for a European hit competition based on the example of the Sanremo Festival . On October 19, 1955, the general assembly of the EBU then decided to hold a Grand Prix Eurovision de la Chanson Européenne , the later Eurovision Song Contest . The first edition took place in 1956 in Lugano . In honor of the inventor, the Marcel Bezençon Prize for the best song, the best artistic representation and the best composition (selected by accredited journalists, the commentators and the participating composers) has been awarded annually since 2002 during the Eurovision Song Contest .

participating countries

  • Countries that have participated at least once
  • Countries that have previously participated as part of another country, but never as a sovereign state
  • Countries that are EBU members but have not yet participated
  • Countries that were supposed to participate but withdrew shortly before
  • All countries that are members of the European Broadcasting Union (EBU) are eligible to participate in the Eurovision Song Contest . In addition to most European (since 1990 also the Eastern European) countries, members of the EBU are also some non-European countries in the Mediterranean region. Of the EBU members located exclusively outside of Europe, only Israel and Cyprus have regularly participated in the ESC for a long time, and since the 2000s the South Caucasus republics of Georgia , Armenia and Azerbaijan . Because of the popularity of the show in Australia , the country has been allowed to participate in the ESC since 2015 , as an associate EBU member.

    Every EBU member has the right to participate in the Eurovision Song Contest, but there is no obligation. This can change the number of actual participants. On the first competition in 1956 in the Swiss Lugano seven countries participated with two contributions, the host Switzerland and the Netherlands , Belgium , the Federal Republic of Germany , France , Luxembourg and Italy . In the following years, more and more countries showed interest in the competition. Yugoslavia was a member of the EBU and was the only socialist country to take part regularly in the Eurovision Song Contest from 1961 to 1991 .

    Since the EBU was expanded in 1990, Central and Eastern European countries have also been able to participate, and more and more of them have decided to participate. In order not to let the duration of the event get out of hand, the EBU had to limit the number of participants, so not all countries could take part every year. In 1993 there was a separate Eastern European preliminary round in which seven Eastern European countries competed for three starting places. From 1994 the number of participants was limited to 25 (in 1995 only 23). The best 19 countries qualified for the coming year, the others had to take a year out.

    In 1996 , a new procedure was finally introduced due to a further increase in the number of registrations. All registered participants, with the exception of the Norwegian home contribution, had to submit to an internal audio pre-selection by a jury. Since the German contribution was eliminated in this preselection and Germany then threatened to refuse to co-finance further events if it was not allowed to participate as the largest contributor, it was decided that the four (since 2011 the five) members with the largest share of the EBU budget from 1999 are set for participation in the event. This meant that Germany, France, the United Kingdom and Spain as well as - since returning to the 2011 Song Contest - also Italy were automatically eligible to participate regardless of their placement in the previous year. These countries are known as the Big Five ( English The Big Five ; before 2011 The Big Four ). Since the introduction of qualifications in 2004, this regulation means that these countries do not have to face a qualification and are directly qualified for the finals. This special right is criticized by some countries as “buying the finals”. Since 2013, this regulation has been a reason for Turkey's non-participation .

    In order to give every country a chance to participate every year, preliminary rounds have been held since 2004, in which all active members of the EBU (except for the Big Five) can take part. From 2004 to 2007 a preliminary round was held, from which the ten best placed came into the final, together with the four seeded, the organizer and places two to ten of the previous year. Since 2008 there have been two preliminary rounds ("semifinals"), from which the ten best placed next to the four (since 2011 five) seeded and the host qualify for the final. By dividing culturally, geographically and linguistically related countries into different semifinals, advantages within the point allocation due to proximity are to be reduced.

    Almost all European countries have now participated. Liechtenstein and the Vatican are the only indisputably independent states in Europe that have never participated in the ESC. While Liechtenstein has not yet had a broadcaster that is also an EBU member, Vatican Radio is represented in this association. In Liechtenstein, there has been a television broadcaster with 1 FL TV since 2008 , which aims to become a member of the EBU and participation in the ESC.

    With its participation in the 1980 competition, Morocco is the only Arab country that has participated so far. With Algeria , Tunisia , Libya , Egypt , Jordan and Lebanon , there are other countries in the Arab culture that are members of the European Broadcasting Union, but because of Israel's participation in the ESC, they have so far refused to participate in solidarity with the Palestinians.

    According to the EBU, Australia competed as a one-time anniversary guest in 2015 and was directly qualified for the final. Since 2016, Australia has been participating in the competition as an associate member of the EBU - contrary to previous statements. However, the Australian contribution has since then had to qualify in the semifinals for the final show. Should Australia win, the ESC will not be held there, but in a European partner country that the responsible broadcaster SBS can freely choose.

    Timeline of the participating countries in the Eurovision Song Contest

    Attendees to hum 50s 60s 70s 80s 90s 00s 10s 20s
    6th 7th 8th 9 0 1 2 3 4th 5 6th 7th 8th 9 0 1 2 3 4th 5 6th 7th 8th 9 0 1 2 3 4th 5 6th 7th 8th 9 0 1 2 3 4th 5 6th 7th 8th 9 0 1 2 3 4th 5 6th 7th 8th 9 0 1 2 3 4th 5 6th 7th 8th 9 0 1
    SwitzerlandSwitzerland Switzerland 00 47 02 11 04th
    NetherlandsNetherlands Netherlands 02 46 05 09 02
    FranceFrance France 02 57 05 00 00
    LuxembourgLuxembourg Luxembourg 27 32 05 00 00
    DenmarkDenmark Denmark 12th 41 03 05 03
    ItalyItaly Italy 19th 43 02 00 00
    AustriaAustria Austria 10 45 02 05 02
    United KingdomUnited Kingdom United Kingdom 02 57 05 00 00
    SpainSpain Spain 05 57 02 00 00
    IrelandIreland Ireland 10 38 07th 08th 01
    MonacoMonaco Monaco 40 20th 01 03 00
    SwedenSweden Sweden 05 52 06th 01 00
    IsraelIsrael Israel 20th 32 04th 07th 01
    GermanyGermany Germany 00 61 02 01 00
    NorwayNorway Norway 05 52 03 03 01
    BelgiumBelgium Belgium 00 50 01 10 03
    Yugoslavia Socialist Federal RepublicYugoslavia Yugoslavia 26th 26th 01 00 11
    EstoniaEstonia Estonia 37 15th 01 10 01
    LatviaLatvia Latvia 44 09 01 10 00
    TurkeyTurkey Turkey 29 32 01 01 01
    UkraineUkraine Ukraine 49 13th 02 00 00
    GreeceGreece Greece 23 37 01 02 01
    FinlandFinland Finland 06th 43 01 08th 06th
    SerbiaSerbia Serbia 52 08th 01 03 00
    RussiaRussia Russia 40 20th 01 02 01
    AzerbaijanAzerbaijan Azerbaijan 52 10 01 01 00
    PortugalPortugal Portugal 12th 41 01 09 01
    MaltaMalta Malta 34 25th 00 04th 00
    MoroccoMorocco Morocco 63 01 00 00 00
    Cyprus RepublicRepublic of cyprus Cyprus 27 30th 00 06th 01
    IcelandIceland Iceland 30th 25th 00 07th 02
    SloveniaSlovenia Slovenia 37 15th 00 10 02
    Bosnia and HerzegovinaBosnia and Herzegovina Bosnia and Herzegovina 43 18th 00 01 02
    CroatiaCroatia Croatia 39 18th 00 07th 00
    SlovakiaSlovakia Slovakia 53 03 00 05 03
    HungaryHungary Hungary 44 14th 00 05 01
    RomaniaRomania Romania 38 19th 00 04th 03
    LithuaniaLithuania Lithuania 41 13th 00 07th 03
    PolandPoland Poland 40 14th 00 08th 02
    North MacedoniaNorth Macedonia North Macedonia 41 09 00 11 03
    AlbaniaAlbania Albania 48 09 00 07th 00
    Serbia and MontenegroSerbia and Montenegro Serbia and Montenegro 62 02 00 00 00
    AndorraAndorra Andorra 58 00 00 06th 00
    BelarusBelarus Belarus 48 06th 00 10 00
    Moldova RepublicRepublic of Moldova Moldova 49 10 00 05 00
    BulgariaBulgaria Bulgaria 52 04th 00 08th 00
    ArmeniaArmenia Armenia 51 10 00 03 00
    GeorgiaGeorgia Georgia 52 07th 00 05 00
    MontenegroMontenegro Montenegro 53 02 00 09 00
    Czech RepublicCzech Republic Czech Republic 56 03 00 05 00
    San MarinoSan Marino San Marino 54 02 00 08th 00
    AustraliaAustralia Australia 59 05 00 00 00
    Attendees to hum 6th 7th 8th 9 0 1 2 3 4th 5 6th 7th 8th 9 0 1 2 3 4th 5 6th 7th 8th 9 0 1 2 3 4th 5 6th 7th 8th 9 0 1 2 3 4th 5 6th 7th 8th 9 0 1 2 3 4th 5 6th 7th 8th 9 0 1 2 3 4th 5 6th 7th 8th 9 0 1
    50s 60s 70s 80s 90s 00s 10s 20s
  •  participated in the final but not won
  •  participated and won
  •  participated but not in the final because: eliminated in the Eastern European preliminary decision (1993), eliminated in the qualifying round (1996), eliminated in the semifinals (from 2004)
  •  did not take part because: blocked by the EBU (1993–2003), not qualified because of previous year's placement (1994 and 1995), not qualified because of average placements in the last four or five years (1997–2003)
  • Participation was planned, but the Eurovision Song Contest 2020 had to be canceled
  •  not participated
  • Sorting order: first victory at ESC, first participation, placement in qualification, alphabetically.

    Withdrawals from the ESC

    In the course of time, individual countries have repeatedly decided against participating in the Eurovision Song Contest, partly out of protest, partly out of disinterest or because of short-term problems. Individual EBU members have already tried to participate, but have never taken part in the competition. Other countries no longer exist, which is why they are no longer members of the EBU.

    In 1969 Austria stayed away from the competition in Madrid in protest against the Franco dictatorship in Spain . A year later Finland, Norway, Portugal, Sweden and Austria did not take part because they were dissatisfied with the circumstances and voting mechanisms, which had led to four winners with equal points in the previous year. For the Eurovision Song Contest 2006 , Serbia and Montenegro withdrew their contribution at short notice, as there were indications of voting irregularities in the national preliminary decision. At the ESC 2009 in Moscow, Georgia withdrew its participation at short notice after the participant title We Don't Wanna Put In was criticized as a criticism of Russia's Prime Minister Putin . Armenia registered for the Eurovision Song Contest 2012 in the hostile neighboring country Azerbaijan, but withdrew after the registration period due to a lack of security for any participants. Romania was originally supposed to participate in 2016 and has already selected an artist and a song via a national preliminary decision. Due to open debts with the EBU, it announced only a few days before the competition in Stockholm that Romania would be disqualified from the Song Contest in 2016. Thus, the country did not participate in 2016. For the ESC 2017 in Kiev, Russia had already determined the participant and contribution, but ultimately did not take part because, from the perspective of Ukraine, the participant had previously entered the Crimea peninsula illegally and was therefore not allowed to enter the host country. Another performer was not selected and Russia withdrew.

    With Tunisia ( 1977 ) and Lebanon ( 2005 ), two other Arab countries were each about to take part, but withdrew. In both cases, the simultaneous participation of Israel was a reason for the cancellation.

    Other former participating countries such as Yugoslavia and Serbia and Montenegro no longer exist and can therefore no longer take part in the competition.

    These ten countries have waived further participation (as of December 2019):

    country previous participations Reason and note last
    AndorraAndorra Andorra 06th Andorra participated from 2004 to 2009 and has stayed away for financial reasons ever since. 2009
    ArmeniaArmenia Armenia 14 * Armenia participated in the competition from 2006 to 2011 and from 2013 to 2020. The country withdrew for undisclosed reasons. 2020 *
    Bosnia and HerzegovinaBosnia and Herzegovina Bosnia and Herzegovina 19th Bosnia and Herzegovina participated regularly from 1993 to 2012. In 2016 they returned to the ESC thanks to sponsorship , but had to cancel again the following year. Because of the dire financial situation of the broadcaster BHRT, the EBU has imposed sanctions so that you are currently not allowed to participate. 2016
    LuxembourgLuxembourg Luxembourg 37 Luxembourg was a regular participant from 1956 and won a total of five times, most recently in 1983. Due to a new regulation by the EBU regarding the participants, 1994 was suspended. In 1995 one could have taken part again, but has since waived due to lack of interest. 1993
    MoroccoMorocco Morocco 01 Morocco took part once in 1980 and is no longer aiming to participate. 1980
    MonacoMonaco Monaco 24 Monaco was regularly represented from 1959, won in 1971 and refrained from participating in 1980. In 2004 the country came back for three years. Since 2007, deficiencies in the rating system and a lack of chances of winning speak against participation. 2006
    MontenegroMontenegro Montenegro 11 Montenegro participated from 2007 to 2009 before giving up for two years for financial reasons. The country was represented again from 2012 to 2019. For 2020 the broadcaster RTCG canceled ; due to financial difficulties and unsuccessfulness: Montenegro have only made it into the final twice (2014 and 2015). 2019
    SlovakiaSlovakia Slovakia 08th Slovakia first took part in 1993, but withdrew from the competition in 2000. From 2009 to 2012 they took part again, since then Slovakia has stayed away for financial reasons. 2012
    TurkeyTurkey Turkey 34 Turkey first took part in 1975 and has been represented regularly since 1980. She has not been there since 2013, as the country no longer agrees with the status of the "Big Five" and the equal weighting of jury and televoting in the point evaluation. The show has not been broadcast on television since then.
    After Conchita Wurst's victory in 2014 , Turkey's negative attitude increased: the audience could not be expected to appear with sexual innuendos and in light clothing, as well as the triumphs of homosexual artists.
    HungaryHungary Hungary 19th Since its debut in 1993, Hungary has refrained from participating several times: 2000 to 2004, 2006 and 2010. Each time, financial difficulties were cited. In 2020, the MTVA broadcaster stayed away for reasons unknown. 2019


    Map with all previous venues

    The Eurovision Song Contest has been held in the country of the previous year's winner since 1958. Since the regulation of the award to the winning country in 1956 did not yet exist, the Federal Republic of Germany hosted the Eurovision Grand Prix in Frankfurt am Main in 1957.

    Five times it has happened so far that the winning country of last year's competition did not host the event as originally planned, but instead another country stepped in as the organizer. Four times this was Great Britain (1960 for the Netherlands, 1963 for France, 1972 for Monaco and 1974 for Luxembourg) and once the Netherlands (1980 for Israel).

    The Eurovision Song Contest has been held eight times in Great Britain and seven times in Ireland. The most frequent venue is the Irish capital Dublin with six events , followed by London and Luxembourg with four events each.

    Since the 2000s, the competition has often been held in large arenas. So taught Denmark , for example, the Euro Vision Song Contest 2001 in Parking and Germany the Euro Vision Song Contest 2011 in Dusseldorf Arena from. Before the turn of the millennium, the Eurovision Song Contest often took place in theaters or television studios. For example, the Point Theater in Dublin hosted the competition three times. On the other hand, in recent years there have often been venues in which seats were not installed beforehand. For example, Ukraine hosted the Eurovision Song Contest 2017 in an event center, the International Exhibition Center . Israel also hosted the 2019 competition in an event center, the Tel Aviv Convention Center . Denmark even hosted the competition in 2014 in an old shipyard, the B&W Hallerne .

    The following table shows the most common venues for the Eurovision Song Contest:

    country city building Year (s)
    8th United KingdomUnited Kingdom United Kingdom London Royal Festival Hall 1960
    BBC Television Center 1963
    Royal Albert Hall 1968
    Wembley Conference Center 1977
    Edinburgh Usher Hall 1972
    Brighton Brighton Dome 1974
    Harrogate Harrogate International Center 1982
    Birmingham National Indoor Arena 1998
    7th IrelandIreland Ireland Dublin Gaiety Theater 1971
    Simmonscourt Pavilion at the Royal Dublin Society 1981 , 1988
    Point Theater 1994 , 1995 , 1997
    Millstreet Green Glens Arena 1993
    6th SwedenSweden Sweden Stockholm St. Eriks Mässan Älvsjö 1975
    Ericsson Globe 2000 , 2016
    Malmo Malmo Isstadion 1992
    Malmo Arena 2013
    Gothenburg Scandinavium 1985
    5 NetherlandsNetherlands Netherlands The hague World Forum 1976 , 1980
    Hilversum AVRO Studios Hilversum 1958
    Amsterdam Amsterdam RAI 1970
    Rotterdam Ahoy Rotterdam 2020 , 2021
    4th LuxembourgLuxembourg Luxembourg Luxembourg Villa Louvigny 1962 , 1966
    Grand Théâtre de la Ville de Luxembourg 1973 , 1984
    3 DenmarkDenmark Denmark Copenhagen Tivoli Concert Hall 1964
    Park 2000
    B&W Hallerne 2014
    GermanyGermany Germany Frankfurt am Main Large broadcasting hall of the Hessian Broadcasting Corporation 1957
    Munich Rudi Sedlmayer Hall 1983
    Dusseldorf Düsseldorf Arena 2011
    FranceFrance France Cannes Palais des Festivals et des Congrès 1959 , 1961
    Paris Palais des congrès de Paris 1978
    IsraelIsrael Israel Jerusalem International Convention Center Jerusalem 1979 , 1999
    Tel Aviv Tel Aviv Convention Center 2019
    NorwayNorway Norway Mountains Grieg Hall 1986
    Oslo Oslo spectrum 1996
    Telenor Arena 2010
    2 ItalyItaly Italy Naples Rai di Napoli auditorium 1965
    Rome Studio 15 de Cinecittà 1991
    AustriaAustria Austria Vienna Great ballroom of the Hofburg 1967
    Wiener Stadthalle 2015
    SwitzerlandSwitzerland Switzerland Lugano Kursaal Theater 1956
    Lausanne Palais de Beaulieu 1989
    UkraineUkraine Ukraine Kiev Kiev Sports Palace 2005
    International Exhibition Center 2017
    1 AzerbaijanAzerbaijan Azerbaijan Baku Baku Crystal Hall 2012
    BelgiumBelgium Belgium Brussels Palais du Centenaire 1987
    EstoniaEstonia Estonia Tallinn Saku Suurhall 2002
    FinlandFinland Finland Helsinki Hartwall Arena 2007
    GreeceGreece Greece Athens OAKA Olympic Indoor Hall 2006
    Yugoslavia Socialist Federal RepublicYugoslavia Yugoslavia Zagreb Koncertna dvorana Vatroslava Lisinskog 1990
    LatviaLatvia Latvia Riga Discount hall 2003
    PortugalPortugal Portugal Lisbon Altice Arena 2018
    RussiaRussia Russia Moscow Olimpijski 2009
    SerbiaSerbia Serbia Belgrade Belgrade Arena 2008
    SpainSpain Spain Madrid Teatro Real 1969
    TurkeyTurkey Turkey Istanbul Abdi İpekçi Arena 2004


    The official name of the event has been the Eurovision Song Contest since 1992 . The name was first used in 1960 for the fifth competition in the United Kingdom . A total of 41 of the 61 events to date have had this name. Since 1970, this term has also been used in non-English- speaking countries, first in a figurative form such as Eurovisie Songfestival ( nl. ), Concours Eurovision de la Chanson ( French ) or most recently in 1991 Concorso Eurovisione della Canzone ( Italian ).

    In the German public, the term Grand Prix is ​​also used for the song competition , as this is, on the one hand, the short form of the designation of earlier events, with titles such as Grand Prix Eurovision de la Chanson or their translations into Italian - Spanish ( Gran Premio [...] ) and Germans ( Eurovision Grand Prix ). On the other hand, the award that the winner of the competition received was called the Grand Prix until 2003 (most recently: Grand Prix of the 2003 Eurovision Song Contest ). Since 2004, the term Grand Prix has completely disappeared from the rules.


    The Song Contest has only been supported by a motto every year since 2002. Since then, there has been a short logo every year that consists of a few and concise words in English and some also contains characters, such as the hashtag 2014. Only in 2009 did Russia dispense with a motto, but since 2010 a motto has been used every year. The following mottos have been used since 2002:

    Mottos since 2002
    year host motto Translation
    2002 EstoniaEstonia Estonia A Modern Fairytale A modern fairy tale
    2003 LatviaLatvia Latvia Magical rendezvous Magical rendezvous
    2004 TurkeyTurkey Turkey Under the same sky Under the same sky
    2005 UkraineUkraine Ukraine Awakening awakening
    2006 GreeceGreece Greece Feel the rhythm! Feel the rhythm
    2007 FinlandFinland Finland True fantasy Real fantasy
    2008 SerbiaSerbia Serbia Confluence of Sound Confluence of music
    2010 NorwayNorway Norway Share the moment Share the moment
    2011 GermanyGermany Germany Feel your heart beat! Feel your heart beating
    2012 AzerbaijanAzerbaijan Azerbaijan Light your fire! Light your fire
    2013 SwedenSweden Sweden We are one We are one
    2014 DenmarkDenmark Denmark #JoinUs Join us
    2015 AustriaAustria Austria Building bridges to build bridges
    2016 SwedenSweden Sweden Come together Come together
    2017 UkraineUkraine Ukraine Celebrate diversity Celebrate diversity
    2018 PortugalPortugal Portugal All Aboard! Everyone on board!
    2019 IsraelIsrael Israel Dare To Dream! Dare to dream!
    2020 NetherlandsNetherlands Netherlands Open Up Open yourself
    2021 NetherlandsNetherlands Netherlands Open Up Open yourself

    The old logo - here in 2014 - which was used from 2004 to 2014
    The new logo - here in 2021

    The typical Eurovision Song Contest logo with the heart in the middle has only existed in its form since 2004. Before that, each host country had created its own logo for the event. From 2004 to 2014 the logo was similar to a brushed logo. In 2015 the EBU decided to slightly change the logo for the 60th anniversary. From now on, the logo is made clearer and the brushed strokes have been converted into smooth lines.


    The 1956 competition was the only one so far in which a single man led the evening. In the following years it was always moderators until 1978 in Paris for the first time a man and a woman hosted together. Israel followed this example in 1979. From 1980 to 1987, 1993 and 1995 it was again individual women; from 1988 to 1992, 1994 and from 1996 to 2009, with the exception of 1999, a two-man team consisting of a man and a woman was used again. In 2009, however, there was the special feature that there was a different team of moderators for the two semi-finals and for the final. In 1999, 2010, 2011 and 2012 two moderators led through the event. In 2013 the event was presented again by a single moderator. In 2014, the competition was presented jointly for the first time and for the only time by a moderator and two moderators. In 2015, three moderators led through the event for the first time, while in 2016 a pair of men and women was used again. In 2017, three moderators presented the competition for the first and so far only time. In 2018, on the other hand, four moderators moderated the competition for the first time. In 2019, it was decided to have two moderators.

    Occasionally, former competition participants also guided through the evening: 1976 Corry Brokken , 1979 Jardena Arasi , 1985 Lill Lindfors , 1986 Åse Kleveland , 1991 Gigliola Cinquetti and Toto Cutugno , 1999 Dafna Dekel , 2003 Marie N and Renārs Kaupers , 2006 Sakis Rouvas , 2008 Željko Joksimović , 2009 Alsou , 2011 Stefan Raab , 2012 Eldar Qasımov , 2013 Eric Saade ( Green Room ), 2015 Conchita Wurst (Green Room), 2016 Måns Zelmerlöw .

    Conditions of participation for artist and song

    From 1966 to 1972 and from 1977 to 1998 the rule was that every interpreter had to sing in the respective national language. Since 1999, the interpreters have again been free to choose the language in which their contribution is sung.

    New regulation from 2011

    At the end of August 2010, the Reference Group of the European Broadcasting Union met in Belgrade . The committee preferred the date of publication of the songs of a year from October 1st to September 1st of the previous year.

    Current rules since 2012

    According to the current version of the rules:

    • The performers must be at least 16 years old.
    • Each performer is only allowed to compete for one country in a year.
    • A maximum of six people may take part on the stage.
    • The song must be sung live, with the exception of the backing vocals.
    • The song or performance must not contain a political message or damage the image of the song competition.
    • No animals are allowed to participate in the performance.
    • The songs may be published on September 1st of the previous year at the earliest (this rule has been in effect since September 1st, 2010).
    • It has to be an original song , so it cannot be a cover version of an older song.
    • The length of the contribution can be a maximum of three minutes
    • The instrumental music is played as a playback . For the last time, in 1998, the performers were given the opportunity to be accompanied live by an orchestra.
    • The number of participating countries is limited to 44, in the final to 26 (exception at the ESC 2015 , where 27 countries competed, including the anniversary guest of honor Australia .)

    National preliminary decisions

    Each country is free as to how it chooses its representative for the Eurovision Song Contest. Usually this takes place in the form of national preliminary decisions in which several singers compete against each other. While in previous years a jury usually chose the participant, this is increasingly done via a telephone vote (English: televoting ). Many countries also use the voting system that is used in the contest itself: 50% of the votes are made by the jury and 50% of the votes are selected by televoting. Other countries do not make a preliminary decision and choose their contribution internally.

    So far, almost every country that has ever taken part in the Song Contest has held a national preliminary decision. Only Morocco and Monaco never held a preliminary decision.


    The majority of the Belgian contributions were selected via the Eurosong preliminary decision . It should be noted that RTBF last held a preliminary decision in 2013, while VRT last held a preliminary decision in 2016. In 1956, 1964, 1985, 1990, 2003, 2007, 2009, 2015 and since 2017, the country selects its contributions internally.


    Germany selected the majority of its contributions via a national preliminary decision. The German preliminary decision in the years 2010-2019 was "Our song / Star / Song for ..." (supplemented by the respective city in which the song contest took place in the year in question). In 2004 and 2005 he was entitled "Germany 12 Points!"; in 2006 the title " German preliminary decision for the Eurovision Song Contest 2006 ". There was also a club concert in 2014 and 2015, at which the winner received a wildcard for the preliminary round. In the years 1959, from 1966 to 1968, 1974, 1977, 1993 to 1995, 2009 and since 2020 the contribution is selected internally.


    Austria selected the majority of its contributions internally. In the years from 1981 to 1984, 1990 to 1991, 1993 to 1994, 2002 to 2005, 2011 to 2013 as well as 2015 and 2016 a national preliminary decision took place.


    The majority of the Swiss entries were determined via the preliminary decision of the Eurovision Concours . However, this last took place in 2004 and was replaced in 2011 by the program The Great Decision Show . This preliminary decision took place until 2018; in the years 1969 to 1971, 1980, 1994 to 1997 and from 2005 to 2010 no preliminary decision was made. Since 2019, the country has been selecting its contribution internally.

    Other countries

    The other participating countries use the following forms of selection (as of March 5, 2021):

    country National preliminary decision
    AlbaniaAlbania Albania Festivali i Këngës
    AzerbaijanAzerbaijan Azerbaijan internal selection
    AustraliaAustralia Australia internal selection
    BulgariaBulgaria Bulgaria internal selection
    DenmarkDenmark Denmark Dansk Melodi Grand Prix
    EstoniaEstonia Estonia Eesti Laul
    FinlandFinland Finland Uuden Musiikin Kilpailu
    FranceFrance France Eurovision France, c'est vous qui décidez
    GeorgiaGeorgia Georgia internal selection
    GreeceGreece Greece internal selection
    IrelandIreland Ireland internal selection
    IsraelIsrael Israel internal selection (artist)
    HaShir Shelanu L'Eurovizion (song)
    IcelandIceland Iceland Söngvakeppnin
    ItalyItaly Italy Sanremo Festival
    LatviaLatvia Latvia internal selection
    LithuaniaLithuania Lithuania Pabandom iš naujo!
    CroatiaCroatia Croatia Dora
    MaltaMalta Malta internal selection
    Moldova RepublicRepublic of Moldova Moldova internal selection
    NetherlandsNetherlands Netherlands internal selection
    North MacedoniaNorth Macedonia North Macedonia internal selection
    NorwayNorway Norway Melodi Grand Prix
    PolandPoland Poland internal selection
    PortugalPortugal Portugal Festival da Canção
    RomaniaRomania Romania internal selection
    RussiaRussia Russia National preliminary decision
    San MarinoSan Marino San Marino internal selection
    SwedenSweden Sweden Melodifestivalen
    SerbiaSerbia Serbia internal selection
    SloveniaSlovenia Slovenia internal selection
    SpainSpain Spain internal selection (artist)
    Destino Eurovision (song)
    Czech RepublicCzech Republic Czech Republic internal selection
    UkraineUkraine Ukraine internal selection
    United KingdomUnited Kingdom United Kingdom internal selection
    Cyprus RepublicRepublic of cyprus Cyprus internal selection

    With one or more preliminary rounds and a final, the shows run in Albania, Estonia, Italy, Lithuania, Norway, Portugal and Sweden. The Festivali i Këngës in Albania and the Sanremo Festival in Italy were not specially designed for the ESC, in these two formats the winner is offered the ESC participation, only in Italy the Sanremo winner has the opportunity, in the event of a victory not wanting to participate. In the past, the Netherlands had always used a preliminary decision to determine the contribution. Up until then, the contribution was determined internally only in 1961, 1980 and 2008. However, since 2013 the Netherlands has been selecting all contributions internally. In Russia, the representative of the broadcasters CR1 and RTR is alternately selected annually , which decides how the representative is selected.

    Scoring and voting procedures

    In 1975 the current and now cult, commonly known as "douze points" system, was introduced. In order to increase the tension curve, the points have been awarded in ascending order since 1980. In 2016, the procedure was expanded so that each country awards up to twelve points twice, with separate results from televoting and jury evaluations.

    Previous scoring modes

    Until 1997, the award of points was determined exclusively by a jury. The following mode was used for the first ESC with published voting results (1957): There were ten members in each state jury, and each member could give one point for their favorite. This mode was used from 1957 to 1961, 1967 to 1970 and 1974.

    In 1962 the regional juries awarded three points to the best title, two points to the second best and one point to the third best title. This mode was expanded to five points for first place and following in 1963. In 1964, a new mode was introduced: each juror evaluates each country and a list is created from this. The best title was given five points, the second placed three and the third placed one point. If only one title is nominated, it receives all nine points, if there are two, the first six and the second-placed title receives three points.

    Since there have been zero points regularly since 1962, and even four per year from 1962 to 1965, and because of the dissatisfaction with the rating system from 1957, which had four winners in 1969, a new mode was introduced in 1971: each country sends two jurors to judge each song could give between one and five points, so that the number of points achieved could rise to over 100 points for the first time.

    In 1975, the bis points scheme was introduced, which is still used today: each country entitled to vote awards 12 for the best title, 10 for the second best and then 8 to 1 for the next eight best titles, in descending order. From 1975 to 1979 the points were read out according to the starting order.

    Until 1996 the jury consisted of 16 people per country - eight experts and eight music-interested laypeople , who also had to come from different generations and genders in order to guarantee an objective result.

    In 1997, televoting was tried out for the first time in Germany, Sweden, Austria, Switzerland and the United Kingdom , and the audience was very enthusiastic. The jury was replaced by the new rating system as early as 1998. Only a few countries, such as Russia and Hungary, where it was not possible for technical reasons, only introduced televoting a little later. The audience votes were transferred to the “douze points” system and thus awarded.

    In 2006 the announcement of the points was changed. Since then, not all points have been read out, but only partially displayed. Until 2013, the points from one to seven were displayed on announcement and only the titles with 8, 10 and 12 points were passed on by the national television broadcasters. The award procedure could thus be accelerated. In 2014 it was accelerated again by not being able to announce points one to seven, but instead appearing immediately when greeting the connected country.

    Between 2009 and 2015, 50% of the points awarded by each country were determined by telephone voting and 50% by a five-person jury.

    Current voting procedure

    In the final, all countries that entered the semi-finals are allowed to vote. Thus, the countries eliminated in the semi-finals are also entitled to vote.

    No points may be awarded for the contribution made by one's own country. The entry with the most points overall won.

    Since 2016, each country has been awarding two separate sets of points, one from the results of the jury and the other from the results of the telephone vote. Each point set consists of points 1 to 8, 10 and 12, which are awarded to the ten best songs. First, the results of the juries are announced, with the results presented per country. The national broadcaster connected reads the nation with the highest number of points, the other points are shown beforehand. The points of the telephone vote from the countries are added up and this total number of points is announced by the show's moderators. Until 2018, the reading took place in the order of the points received, so that the country with the most audience votes did not find out its number of points until the end. Since 2019, the reading order has been based on the ranking after the end of the jury voting. The Norwegian band KEiiNO received the highest number of points in the year of 291 points from the audience in the middle of the vote, because the jury only awarded 40 points to the contribution and it was thus placed in the middle of the field.

    If a problem arises at short notice that prevents the determination by telephone voting, the points are awarded based on an average of countries that have voted similarly in previous years. This also applies to a disqualification of the jury result. Since 2013, TV viewers have also been able to vote using a mobile app . The application shows information on current events at the Eurovision Song Contest, and votes are cast directly from the mobile app via SMS.

    Regulations in the event of a tie

    If two or more participants have the same number of points at the end, further differentiation criteria apply to ensure a clear placement. First of all, the number of countries from which the respective participants have received points is decisive. If this does not result in a clear ranking, the number of maximum scores given to the respective participants will be taken into account. The number of 12-point evaluations is evaluated first, in the event of equality, the number of 10-point evaluations and so on. Only in the event that the comparison of all individual scores does not reveal any difference, the countries concerned will be placed in the order of the start numbers.

    This catalog of rules has so far been used once to determine the winner, namely at the ESC 1991 , when the Swede Carola ("Fångad av en stormvind") received more 10-point ratings than the tied French Amina ("Le dernier qui a parlé “) And was declared the winner. At that time the first rule (the song wins, which has received points from more countries) did not yet exist, but if it had existed then, France would have won. In the meantime, this point has been introduced, so that in 2004, despite 50 points achieved in each case, the entry from Malta got a safe place in the 2005 final, while the one from Croatia had to go through the semifinals.

    Various other scoring systems were used before 1975. At the ESC 1969 , a scoring mode that ensured low scores per participant resulted in four countries (Spain, United Kingdom, Netherlands, France) tied at the top and named equal winners.

    Criticism of the rating system, reform discussion and new regulation

    In the public debate, it was often noted that some countries within the same cultural area benefited each other during the vote. Displeasure over points that were perceived to be unfair has been expressed since the beginning of the event, which only switched to a majority telephone vote in the 43rd year. Above all, political tendencies and boycotts were criticized, which only occupy a subordinate point in the criticism.

    New regulation from 2008

    The responsible European Broadcasting Union (European Broadcasting Union, EBU) presented on October 2, 2007 Rule changes: As of 2008, two separate semi-finals were held, it was decided by lot over their assemblies. All countries were entitled to vote in the semifinals in which they participated. Those who qualified for the final were each assigned to a broadcast. The nine best-placed athletes moved into the finals, along with the best-rated one of the back-up juries, who would not have reached the finals without them.

    New regulation from 2009

    In 2009 there were far-reaching changes with regard to the voting procedure in the final. After only the audience had decided on the scores in the years 2004–2008, the jury's original idea was taken up again. From then on, this jury, whose members should have a connection to music, was given an equal say in each participating country. For the preliminary rounds, those responsible stuck to the previous year's concept.

    The European Broadcasting Union justified its decision by stating that the results of replacement juries, which were supposed to ensure that points were awarded smoothly in the event of technical breakdowns, have increasingly differed from the official result in recent years. The NDR manager Ralph Quibeldey also emphasized the aspect that, in contrast to the majority of television viewers, jurors listened to the contributions several times and would be able to make a more differentiated judgment. In the public eye, on the other hand, the reforms were mainly interpreted as reactions to the lower positions of many Western countries, especially the financially strongest Big 5 . Observers saw an attempt to purposefully suppress culturally determined differences in taste among Eastern European and Central Asian viewers and accused the proponents of the new mode of building blocks and of neglecting the individual quality of the contributions. The star titled the German jurors because of their composition as a "fun jury". In fact, ten of the eleven east-oriented participants achieved poorer placements as a result of the mixed voting; one was able to maintain its overall ranking despite a lower jury rating.

    New regulation from 2010

    In September 2009, the European Broadcasting Union announced that the juries would vote 50% in both the separate semi-final rounds and in the final. In addition, voting was allowed from the beginning of the first song until 15 minutes after the end of the last song.

    New regulation from 2012

    In 2012 , the lines were only opened again after the presentation of the last song, because very little use was made of the possibility of voting during the song presentations.

    New regulation from 2013

    In 2013, the mode of determining the overall rating of a country from the audience and jury ratings was changed. While the two ratings from one country have previously only been converted into the well-known point scheme of 12 to 1 (and 16 times "0" for 26 entries in the final) and these points were then added, the positions are now in the order from 1 to 26 added to determine the overall ranking. This means that a contribution that is very far behind with the jury or the audience will no longer score points even if the other voters were given a top rating. At the 2014 final, for example, Russia got the most votes from Montenegro; Since the jury only rated Russia in 23rd place, Russia did not receive any points from Montenegro. On the other hand, the jury placed the entry from Armenia almost uniformly in 1st place, but in televoting it was ranked 10th, which resulted in 2nd place and 10 points on average.

    New regulation from 2014

    In order to counter the critical opinions that arose in 2013 regarding the purchase of votes, the exact rankings of all jury members, the entire jury vote as well as the televoting positions of each country have been published on the official website immediately after the final. All detailed results of the two semi-final rounds were also given. Since the Georgian jury members had unanimously listed the same countries in place 1–8 in the respective rankings of the final, these evaluations were canceled and only the televoting was counted. However, there were no penalties for Georgia participating in the 2015 ESC.

    New regulation from 2016

    On February 18, 2016, the EBU announced a change in the awarding of points. From now on, the points of the juries and the telephone vote were no longer combined individually for each country, but rather awarded separately. In the classic format, all countries presented their points to the jury one after the other. The ten best rated countries receive points, as usual from 1 to 12. After all points have been awarded by the jury, all points from the televoting of all countries are combined. The presenters of the show then present these combined points, starting with the country that received the fewest points. This means that each country awards twice as many points as usual with a maximum of 24 points for a country. The aim with the new regulation is to increase the tension and also to prevent the jury and telephone evaluations from canceling each other out.

    New regulation from 2018

    On April 27, 2018, the EBU announced that the rules for the 2018 jury voting would be slightly modified. According to the previous procedure, all five jurors from each country created a ranking. The overall result of the jury was determined by determining the average ranking of all jury members for each entry and then assigning the corresponding points to the ten best-placed entries. Each vote had the same weighting. In the past, however, this linear evaluation system was often criticized for the high influence of a strongly deviating evaluation by a juror on the overall evaluation of the jury. For example, a country could barely achieve 12 points if four jury members put a country in first place, while the remaining fifth juror put the country in 26th place. The new system provides an exponential valuation model. After that, the jurors will continue to create a ranking. However, each place is assigned an exponentially descending (not necessarily an integer) score value, starting with 12 points for the first place and one point for the last place. The upper ranking places (especially places 1 to 3) are now given a higher weighting than lower ranking places. The average score values ​​for all jury members are then determined and points 1–8, 10 or 12 are assigned to the ten best-placed entries. The aim of this new system is to avoid that a strongly negative deviating evaluation of one juror compared to the other jurors has too much influence on the overall result.

    zero points

    Some countries that came in last did not receive a point for their contribution. These contributions received zero points, which is often considered a major disaster for the participating countries. The zero points occurred for the first time at the Eurovision Song Contest in 1962, when four countries (Belgium, the Netherlands, Austria and Spain) did not receive a point. Due to the different voting systems in the history of the competition, it was not always possible to get zero points, depending on the voting system. From 1957 to 1970 there were often zero points, as sometimes only three sets of points were awarded or even only one contribution could receive all points. From 1971 to 1973 every contribution was rated with at least one point, so no contribution could achieve zero points. It was only from 1975 to 2015 that it was not possible to receive any points again. Since 2004, with the introduction of a semifinal, it was also possible for a country to receive zero points in the semifinals. Another country could have received zero points in the final. Since two semifinals have been taking place since 2008, zero points can occur in both semifinals and the final. Since the jury and televoting points have been awarded separately since 2016, it has since become very unlikely not to have received at least one point from either the jury or televoting. Since then, however, it has been possible to receive zero points from tele or jury voting.

    Zero points from 1957 to 1970

    Each year from 1962 to 1965 there were four countries that did not receive a point. After that, in the period from 1966 to 1970, only four times a country received zero points.

    year country Interpreter song place
    1962 BelgiumBelgium Belgium Fud Leclerc Tone nom 13th (of 13th)
    NetherlandsNetherlands Netherlands De Spelbrekers Katinka
    AustriaAustria Austria Eleanor Black Only in the Viennese air
    SpainSpain Spain Victor Balaguer Llámame
    1963 FinlandFinland Finland Laila Halme Muistojeni laulu 13th (of 13th)
    NetherlandsNetherlands Netherlands Annie Palms Een speeldoos
    NorwayNorway Norway Anita Thallaug Solhverv
    SwedenSweden Sweden Monica Zetterlund En gång in Stockholm
    1964 Germany Federal RepublicFederal Republic of Germany BR Germany Nora Nova You get used to the beautiful so quickly 13th (of 13th)
    Yugoslavia Socialist Federal RepublicYugoslavia Yugoslavia Sabahudin Kurt Život je sklopio jug
    PortugalPortugal Portugal António Calvário Oração
    SwitzerlandSwitzerland Switzerland Anita Traversi I miei pensieri
    1965 BelgiumBelgium Belgium Lize brand As het weer lente is 15th (of 15th)
    Germany Federal RepublicFederal Republic of Germany BR Germany Ulla Wiesner Paradise where are you
    FinlandFinland Finland Viktor Klimenko Aurinko laskee was leaning
    SpainSpain Spain Conchita Bautista Qué bueno, qué bueno!
    1966 ItalyItaly Italy Domenico Modugno Dio, come ti amo 17th (of 17th)
    MonacoMonaco Monaco Téréza Bien plus go
    1967 SwitzerlandSwitzerland Switzerland Géraldine Quel cœur vas-tu briser? 17th (of 17th)
    1970 LuxembourgLuxembourg Luxembourg David Alexandre Winter Je suis tombé du ciel 12. (of 12.)

    Zero points from 1975 to 2003

    From 1975 to 2003 it only happened occasionally that a country received zero points. It is also noticeable that often only one country received zero points per year during this period. Only in 1983 and 1997 did two countries receive zero points. The Eastern European preliminary decision in 1993 and the preliminary round in 1996 are not taken into account during this period.

    year country Interpreter song place
    1978 NorwayNorway Norway Jahn Teigen Mil etter mil 20th (of 20.)
    1981 NorwayNorway Norway Finn Kalvik Aldri i livet 20th (of 20.)
    1982 FinlandFinland Finland Kojo Nuku pommiin 18th (of 18th)
    1983 TurkeyTurkey Turkey Çetin Alp and the Short Waves Opera 19. (of 20.)
    SpainSpain Spain Remedios Amaya ¿Quién maneja mi barca?
    1987 TurkeyTurkey Turkey Seyyal Taner and Grup Lokomotif Şarkım sevgi üstüne 22. (of 22.)
    1988 AustriaAustria Austria Wilfried Lisa Mona Lisa 21st (of 21st)
    1989 IcelandIceland Iceland Daníel Ágúst Haraldsson Það sem enginn sér 22. (of 22.)
    1991 AustriaAustria Austria Thomas Forstner Venice in the rain 22. (of 22.)
    1994 LithuaniaLithuania Lithuania Ovidijus Vyšniauskas Lopšinė mylimai 25. (of 25.)
    1997 NorwayNorway Norway Gate end counter San Francisco 24. (from 25.)
    PortugalPortugal Portugal Celia Lawson Antes do adeus
    1998 SwitzerlandSwitzerland Switzerland Gunvor let him 25. (of 25.)
    2003 United KingdomUnited Kingdom United Kingdom Jemini Cry baby 26. (of 26.)

    Zero points from 2004 to 2015

    From 2004 to 2015, the fewest occurrences of a country receiving zero points. In 2004, when the semifinals were introduced, Switzerland was the first country to receive zero points in the semifinals. When Germany and Austria each received zero points in 2015, it was the first time since 1997 that two countries received zero points and the first time since the introduction of the semi-finals that one country received zero points in the final.

    year country Interpreter song place
    2004 SwitzerlandSwitzerland Switzerland Piero Esteriore & the MusicStars Celebrate 22. (SF) (of 22.)
    2009 Czech RepublicCzech Republic Czech Republic Aven Romale 18. (SF1) (of 18.)
    2015 GermanyGermany Germany Ann Sophie Black smoke 27. (of 27.)
    AustriaAustria Austria The Makemakes I am yours 26. (of 27.)

    Zero points since 2016

    Since 2016, and thus since the conversion of the rating system to separate awarding of the jury and televoting results, one country has received zero points in the overall rating. However, it has often happened that a country did not receive a point in televoting or jury voting. The audience gave zero points more often than the jury. While four entries received no points from the jury, eleven from the audience.

    year country Interpreter song Jury voting Televoting total
    place Points place Points place Points
    2016 Czech RepublicCzech Republic Czech Republic Gabriela Gunčíková I stand 21. (of 26.) 41 26. (of 26.) 0 25. (of 26.) 41
    2017 MaltaMalta Malta Claudia Faniello Breathlessly 8. (SF2) (of 18.) 55 18. (SF2) (of 18.) 0 16. (SF2) (of 18.) 55
    San MarinoSan Marino San Marino Valentina Monetta & Jimmie Wilson Spirit of the Night 18. (SF2) (of 18.) 0 17. (SF2) (of 18.) 1 18. (SF2) (of 18.) 1
    AustriaAustria Austria Nathan Trent Running on Air 11. (of 26.) 93 26. (of 26.) 0 16. (of 26.) 93
    SpainSpain Spain Manel Navarro Do It for Your Lover 26. (of 26.) 0 22. (of 26.) 5 26. (of 26.) 5
    2018 IcelandIceland Iceland Ari Ólafsson Our choice 18. (SF1) (of 18.) 15th 18. (SF1) (of 18.) 0 18. (SF1) (of 18.) 15th
    2019 AustriaAustria Austria Pænda Limits 16. (SF2) (of 18.) 21 18. (SF2) (of 18.) 0 17. (SF2) (of 18.) 21
    IsraelIsrael Israel Kobi Marimi Home 26. (of 26.) 0 19. (of 26.) 35 23rd (of 26th) 35
    GermanyGermany Germany S! Sters Sister 21. (of 26.) 24 26. (of 26.) 0 25. (of 26.) 24
    2021 Czech RepublicCzech Republic Czech Republic Benny Cristo omaga 13. (SF2) (of 17.) 23 17. (SF2) (of 17.) 0 15. (SF2) (of 17.) 23
    NetherlandsNetherlands Netherlands Jeangu Macrooy Birth of a New Age 23rd (of 26th) 11 23rd (of 26th) 0 23rd (of 26th) 11
    SpainSpain Spain Blow Cantó Voy a quedarm 24. (of 26.) 6th 23rd (of 26th) 0 24. (of 26.) 6th
    GermanyGermany Germany Jendrik I don't feel hate 25. (of 26.) 3 23rd (of 26th) 0 25. (of 26.) 3
    United KingdomUnited Kingdom United Kingdom James Newman Embers 26. (of 26.) 0 23rd (of 26th) 0 26. (of 26.) 0

    Awarding and awarding of prizes

    The award (trophy) presented to the interpreter of the winning title is passed on to the songwriter of the song, in whose possession it ultimately remains, since the basic idea of ​​the Eurovision Song Contest is purely a competition for composers and lyricists. The interpreter himself is not considered. All that remains for him is the increased level of awareness that he can use to build his own career.

    Eternal leaderboard


    Country Statistics

    So far the most successful participating country is Ireland with seven victories, from 1992 to 1994 even three in a row. So far, 27 countries have won, with Yugoslavia, which won in 1989, no longer existing. While Salvador Sobral (Portugal) holds the record with 758 points for Amar pelos dois from 2017, Anne-Marie David (for Luxembourg) achieved the highest relative score with Tu te reconnaîtras in 1973 with 80.6% of the points.

    Most successful countries in the Eurovision Song Contest

    The following list shows the most successful countries in the Eurovision Song Contest measured by their placements in 2019. The total number of points, the total number of participants and the point average are also given.

    Most successful countries
    place country 1. 2. 3. Next best
    Total points
    without SF
    Total participations Average points
    per voting country in the 12-point system
    (from 2016: points halved for comparability)
    01. IrelandIreland Ireland 07th 04th 01 04. (three times) 3,292 53 (of which 8 × SF) 3.03
    02. SwedenSweden Sweden 06th 01 06th 04. (twice) 5,067 59 (including 1 × SF) 3.65
    03. United KingdomUnited Kingdom United Kingdom 05 15th 03 04. (five times) 4.033 62 2.97
    04th FranceFrance France 05 05 07th 04. (seven times) 3,580 62 2.49
    05. NetherlandsNetherlands Netherlands 05 01 01 04. (twice) 2,951 60 (including 9 × SF) 2.07
    06th LuxembourgLuxembourg Luxembourg 05 0 02 04. (five times) 1,423 37 2.55
    07th IsraelIsrael Israel 04th 02 01 04. (twice) 3,073 42 (including 6 × SF) + 1 Qfkr. 2.51
    08th. ItalyItaly Italy 03 03 05 04. (twice) 3,409 46 3.72
    09. DenmarkDenmark Denmark 03 01 03 04. (twice) 2,620 48 (including 4 × SF) + 1 Qfkr. 2.62
    10. NorwayNorway Norway 03 01 01 04. (three times) 3,305 58 (including 3 × SF) 2.46
    11. GermanyGermany Germany 02 04th 05 04. (four times) 3,105 63 + 1 Qfkr. 2.51
    12th SpainSpain Spain 02 04th 01 04. (twice) 2,736 59 2.01
    13th SwitzerlandSwitzerland Switzerland 02 03 04th 04. (six times) 2,555 61 (of which 11 × SF) 2.01
    14th UkraineUkraine Ukraine 02 02 01 04. (once) 2,255 15th 3.92
    15th AustriaAustria Austria 02 0 01 04. (once) 1,904 51 (including 5 × SF) 1.72
    16. RussiaRussia Russia 01 04th 04th 05. (once) 3,326 23 (including 1 × SF) + 1 Qfkr. 4.01
    17th BelgiumBelgium Belgium 01 02 0 04. (four times) 2,503 62 (including 10 × SF) 1.93
    18th MonacoMonaco Monaco 01 01 03 04. (three times) 738 24 (including 3 × SF) 1.89
    19th TurkeyTurkey Turkey 01 01 01 04. (three times) 1.996 34 (including 1 × SF) 2.33
    20th AzerbaijanAzerbaijan Azerbaijan 01 01 01 04. (once) 1,710 12 (including 1 × SF) 3.44
    21. GreeceGreece Greece 01 0 03 05. (twice) 2,891 40 (including 2 × SF) 2.83
    22nd EstoniaEstonia Estonia 01 0 01 04. (once) 1,219 26 (of which 9 × SF) + 1 Qfkr. 1.97
    23 LatviaLatvia Latvia 01 0 01 05. (once) 971 20 (including 10 × SF) 1.72
    24 SerbiaSerbia Serbia 01 0 01 06. (once) 1,056 12 (including 3 × SF) 2.80
    25th Yugoslavia Socialist Federal RepublicYugoslavia Yugoslavia 01 0 0 04. (three times) 1,013 27 2.89
    26th FinlandFinland Finland 01 0 0 06. (once) 1,480 53 (of which 8 × SF) 1.45
    27 PortugalPortugal Portugal 01 0 0 06. (once) 2.014 51 (of which 9 × SF) 1.33
    28. MaltaMalta Malta 0 02 02 05. (once) 1,950 32 (including 7 × SF) 2.26
    29 IcelandIceland Iceland 0 02 0 04. (once) 1,546 32 (including 7 × SF) 1.83
    30th BulgariaBulgaria Bulgaria 0 01 0 04. (once) 1,079 12 (of which 8 × SF) 1.53
    31. Cyprus RepublicRepublic of cyprus Cyprus 0 01 0 05. (three times) 1,570 36 (including 6 × SF) 1.70
    32. AustraliaAustralia Australia 0 01 0 05. (once) 1,164 05 5.62
    33. PolandPoland Poland 0 01 0 07. (once) 809 22 (of which 8 × SF) 1.55
    34. Serbia and MontenegroSerbia and Montenegro Serbia and Montenegro 0 01 0 07. (once) 400 02 5.48
    35. RomaniaRomania Romania 0 0 02 04. (once) 1,470 20 (including 2 × SF) + 2 Qfkr. 2.01
    36. Bosnia and HerzegovinaBosnia and Herzegovina Bosnia and Herzegovina 0 0 01 06. (once) 1,242 19 (including 1 × SF) 2.23
    37. Moldova RepublicRepublic of Moldova Moldova 0 0 01 06. (once) 998 15 (including 5 × SF) 1.58
    38. CroatiaCroatia Croatia 0 0 0 04. (twice) 1,216 25 (including 7 × SF) 1.84
    39. ArmeniaArmenia Armenia 0 0 0 04. (twice) 1,276 13 (including 3 × SF) 2.85
    40 HungaryHungary Hungary 0 0 0 04. (once) 1,019 17 (including 3 × SF) + 2 Qfkr. 1.61
    41. AlbaniaAlbania Albania 0 0 0 05. (once) 594 16 (including 7 × SF) 1.49
    42. LithuaniaLithuania Lithuania 0 0 0 06. (once) 834 20 (including 7 × SF) 1.16
    43. Czech RepublicCzech Republic Czech Republic 0 0 0 06. (once) 479 08 (including 5 × SF) 0.31
    44. BelarusBelarus Belarus 0 0 0 06. (once) 368 16 (including 10 × SF) 1.17
    45. SloveniaSlovenia Slovenia 0 0 0 07. (twice) 725 25 (including 10 × SF) 1.15
    46. North MacedoniaNorth Macedonia North Macedonia 0 0 0 07. (once) 674 19 (including 10 × SF) + 1 Qfkr. 1.25
    47. GeorgiaGeorgia Georgia 0 0 0 09. (twice) 919 12 (including 5 × SF) 1.76
    48. MontenegroMontenegro Montenegro 0 0 0 13. (once) 81 11 (of which 9 × SF) 0.95
    49. SlovakiaSlovakia Slovakia 0 0 0 18. (once) 42 07 (including 4 × SF) +1 Qfkr. 0.76
    50. MoroccoMorocco Morocco 0 0 0 18. (once) 91 01 0.76
    51. San MarinoSan Marino San Marino 0 0 0 19. (once) 7th 10 (of which 8 × SF) 0.39
    52. AndorraAndorra Andorra 0 0 0 SF 12. (once) - 06 (only SF) -
    total 79,920 1,574 (including 210 × SF) + 11 ×  Qfkr.
    1. Finland achieved the third best result four times in seventh place. Portugal, on the other hand, only achieved this twice.
    2. Serbia and Montenegro only took part twice, so that Poland can automatically show a better ranking due to its increased participation.
    3. Bosnia and Herzegovina's third best result is 7th (1999). Moldova, on the other hand, achieved the third-best result twice in 10th place (2007, 2018).
    4. Croatia's second best result is once place 5 (1998). Armenia's second-best result, on the other hand, is 7th twice (2010, 2016)
    5. Lithuania's second best result is 9th place, which was achieved once (2016).
    6. ↑ The Czech Republic's second best result is 11th place, which was achieved once (2019).
    7. Belarus' second best result is 16th place, which was achieved twice (2013, 2014).
    8. As Morocco only took part once, Slovakia automatically achieved a better second-best result through their further participation.
    • SF = semifinals = semifinals, Qfkr. = Qualifying round
    Competition winner
    Frequency of victories
    place number

    the victories

    country Victories
    1. 7th IrelandIreland Ireland 1970 , 1980 , 1987 , 1992 , 1993 , 1994 , 1996
    2. 6th SwedenSweden Sweden 1974 , 1984 , 1991 , 1999 , 2012 , 2015
    3. 5 FranceFrance France 1958 , 1960 , 1962 , 1969 , 1977
    LuxembourgLuxembourg Luxembourg 1961 , 1965 , 1972 , 1973 , 1983
    United KingdomUnited Kingdom United Kingdom 1967 , 1969 , 1976 , 1981 , 1997
    NetherlandsNetherlands Netherlands 1957 , 1959 , 1969 , 1975 , 2019
    4th 4th IsraelIsrael Israel 1978 , 1979 , 1998 , 2018
    5. 3 NorwayNorway Norway 1985 , 1995 , 2009
    DenmarkDenmark Denmark 1963 , 2000 , 2013
    ItalyItaly Italy 1964 , 1990 , 2021
    6th 2 SpainSpain Spain 1968 , 1969
    SwitzerlandSwitzerland Switzerland 1956 , 1988
    GermanyGermany Germany 1982 , 2010
    AustriaAustria Austria 1966 , 2014
    UkraineUkraine Ukraine 2004 , 2016
    7th 1 MonacoMonaco Monaco 1971
    BelgiumBelgium Belgium 1986
    Yugoslavia Socialist Federal RepublicYugoslavia Yugoslavia 1989
    EstoniaEstonia Estonia 2001
    LatviaLatvia Latvia 2002
    TurkeyTurkey Turkey 2003
    GreeceGreece Greece 2005
    FinlandFinland Finland 2006
    SerbiaSerbia Serbia 2007
    RussiaRussia Russia 2008
    AzerbaijanAzerbaijan Azerbaijan 2011
    PortugalPortugal Portugal 2017


    1. If the number of wins is the same, they are sorted chronologically.
    2. The country in bold has won the last Eurovision Song Contest so far.

    Most successful countries in qualifying for the finals

    Map with all countries since 2004 and the respective qualification rate in percent

    When the semi-finals were introduced in 2004, not all countries had to take part. The ten best countries of the previous year as well as the big four (Germany, France, Spain and the United Kingdom) had already qualified for the final. However, when 28 countries took part in the semi-finals in 2007, of which only ten qualified for the final, a second semi-final was introduced in 2008. From now on, only the Big Four (from 2011 Big Five , since Italy participated again) and the host country were qualified for the final. All remaining countries were split into two semi-finals. Of these, the top ten qualified in each semi-final. This system will continue to apply so that each country will have a certain level of success in qualifying for the finals.

    The following table shows all countries that have participated in a semi-final since 2004. Germany, France, Italy, Spain and the United Kingdom are therefore not listed here. The 43 countries listed are sorted according to their qualifications as a percentage. The quota is calculated from the number of semi-finals and the number of qualifications. If a country has the same percentage of qualifications, participation in the semi-finals and the number of qualifications decide on the placement.

    In 2019, only Australia and Ukraine made it to the final of every participation. All other countries have already failed to qualify for the finals.

    Success in the semi-final qualification (as of 2019 )
    place country Semi-finals Number of
    final qualification
    in percent
    01. UkraineUkraine Ukraine 11 11 2018 100%
    02. AustraliaAustralia Australia 04th 04th 2019 100%
    03. AzerbaijanAzerbaijan Azerbaijan 11 10 2019 091%
    RussiaRussia Russia
    SwedenSweden Sweden
    06th Bosnia and HerzegovinaBosnia and Herzegovina Bosnia and Herzegovina 08th 07th 2012 088%
    07th TurkeyTurkey Turkey 07th 06th 2012 086%
    08th. GreeceGreece Greece 13th 11 2019 085%
    09. RomaniaRomania Romania 12th 10 2017 083%
    10. ArmeniaArmenia Armenia 13th 10 2017 077%
    NorwayNorway Norway 2019
    HungaryHungary Hungary 2018
    13th SerbiaSerbia Serbia 11 08th 2019 072%
    14th DenmarkDenmark Denmark 14th 10 2019 071%
    15th Moldova RepublicRepublic of Moldova Moldova 14th 09 2018 064%
    16. GeorgiaGeorgia Georgia 12th 07th 2016 059%
    17th IsraelIsrael Israel 14th 08th    2018  a. 057%
    18th AlbaniaAlbania Albania 15th 08th 2019 053%
    IcelandIceland Iceland 2019
    LithuaniaLithuania Lithuania 2018
    Cyprus RepublicRepublic of cyprus Cyprus 2019
    22nd MaltaMalta Malta 14th 07th 2019 050%
    23 AustriaAustria Austria 10 05 2018 050%
    24 FinlandFinland Finland 15th 07th 2018 047%
    25th CroatiaCroatia Croatia 13th 06th 2017 046%
    26th EstoniaEstonia Estonia 16 07th 2019 044%
    NetherlandsNetherlands Netherlands
    28. IrelandIreland Ireland 14th 06th 2018 043%
    29 PolandPoland Poland 13th 05 2017 038%
    30th North MacedoniaNorth Macedonia North Macedonia 16 06th 2019 037%
    SloveniaSlovenia Slovenia
    BelarusBelarus Belarus
    33. Czech RepublicCzech Republic Czech Republic 08th 03 2019 037%
    34. BelgiumBelgium Belgium 15th 05 2017 033%
    LatviaLatvia Latvia 2016
    36. BulgariaBulgaria Bulgaria 12th 04th 2018 033%
    37. PortugalPortugal Portugal 13th 04th    2017  b. 031%
    38. SwitzerlandSwitzerland Switzerland 15th 04th 2019 027%
    39. San MarinoSan Marino San Marino 10 02 2019 020%
    40 MontenegroMontenegro Montenegro 11 02 2015 018%
    41. MonacoMonaco Monaco 03 00 - 000%
    42. SlovakiaSlovakia Slovakia 04th 00 - 000%
    43. AndorraAndorra Andorra 06th 00 - 000%


    a. Since Israel won the competition in 2018, the country hosted the competition in 2019 and was therefore already qualified to host the finals.
    b.Since Portugal won the competition in 2017, the country hosted the competition in 2018 and was therefore already qualified to host the final. In 2019, however, the country missed the qualification for the final.

    Most successful languages

    Most successful languages ​​at the Eurovision Song Contest
    Victories language year country
    31 English 1967 , 1969 , 1970 , 1974 , 1975 , 1976 , 1980 , 1981 , 1987 , 1992 , 1993 , 1994 , 1996 , 1997 , 1999 , 2000 , 2001 , 2002 , 2003 , 2005 , 2006 , 2008 , 2009 , 2010 , 2011 , 2012 , 2013 , 2014 , 2015 , 2018 , 2019 AzerbaijanAzerbaijan Azerbaijan , Denmark , Germany , Estonia , Finland , Greece , Ireland , Israel , Latvia , Netherlands , Norway , Austria , Russia , Sweden , Turkey , United KingdomDenmarkDenmark GermanyGermany EstoniaEstonia FinlandFinland GreeceGreece IrelandIreland IsraelIsrael LatviaLatvia NetherlandsNetherlands NorwayNorway AustriaAustria RussiaRussia SwedenSweden TurkeyTurkey United KingdomUnited Kingdom 
    14th French 1956 , 1958 , 1960 , 1961 , 1962 , 1965 , 1969 , 1971 , 1972 , 1973 , 1977 , 1983 , 1986 , 1988 BelgiumBelgium Belgium , France , Luxembourg , Monaco , Switzerland , DenmarkFranceFrance LuxembourgLuxembourg MonacoMonaco SwitzerlandSwitzerland DenmarkDenmark 
    3 Hebrew 1978 , 1979 , 1998 IsraelIsrael Israel
    Dutch 1957 , 1959 , 1969 NetherlandsNetherlands Netherlands
    Italian 1964 , 1990 , 2021 ItalyItaly Italy
    2 German 1966 , 1982 GermanyGermany Germany , AustriaAustriaAustria 
    Norwegian 1985 , 1995 NorwayNorway Norway
    Swedish 1984 , 1991 SwedenSweden Sweden
    Croatian / Serbian 1989 , 2007 Yugoslavia Socialist Federal RepublicYugoslavia Yugoslavia , SerbiaSerbiaSerbia 
    Spanish 1968 , 1969 SpainSpain Spain
    1 Danish 1963 DenmarkDenmark Denmark
    Crimean Tatar 1 2016 UkraineUkraine Ukraine
    Portuguese 2017 PortugalPortugal Portugal
    Ukrainian 1 2004 UkraineUkraine Ukraine

    1 Most of the songs were sung in the respective language. Some of the contributions were also sung in English.

    Most common last place

    In addition to the many successful countries, there are some countries in the competition that often end up in last place. Until 2003 it was only possible that there was only one last place to be found in the final. From 2004 to 2007 there was also a last place in the semi-finals (SF). Since there have been two semi-finals since 2008, there is now one last place for a semi-final and at the end one for the final. The last places in the jury and televoting through the 50/50 system since 2009, the Eastern European preliminary decision in 1993 and the 1996 qualification round are not taken into account here.

    Frequency of last place (as of 2019 )
    place country Number of
    last places
    01. FinlandFinland Finland 11 1963 , 1965 , 1968 , 1980 , 1982 , 1990 , 1992 , 1996 , 2009 , 2015 (SF), 2019 (SF)
    NorwayNorway Norway 1963 , 1969 , 1974 , 1976 , 1978 , 1981 , 1990 , 1997 , 2001 , 2004 , 2012
    03. AustriaAustria Austria 09 1957 , 1961 , 1962 , 1979 , 1984 , 1988 , 1991 , 2012 (SF), 2015
    SwitzerlandSwitzerland Switzerland 1964 , 1967 , 1974 , 1998 , 2004 (SF), 2010 (SF), 2011 , 2015 (SF), 2016 (SF)
    05. BelgiumBelgium Belgium 08th 1961 , 1962 , 1965 , 1973 , 1979 , 1985 , 1993 , 2000
    GermanyGermany Germany 1964 , 1965 , 1974 , 1995 , 2005 , 2008 , 2015 , 2016
    07th NetherlandsNetherlands Netherlands 05 1958 , 1962 , 1963 , 1968 , 2011 (SF)
    SpainSpain Spain 1962 , 1965 , 1983 , 1999 , 2017
    United KingdomUnited Kingdom United Kingdom 2003 , 2008 , 2010 , 2019 , 2021
    010. LatviaLatvia Latvia 04th 2009 (SF), 2010 (SF), 2013 (SF), 2017 (SF)
    11. IrelandIreland Ireland 03 2007 , 2013 , 2019 (SF)
    IcelandIceland Iceland 1989 , 2001 , 2018 (SF)
    LuxembourgLuxembourg Luxembourg 1958 , 1960 , 1970
    MaltaMalta Malta 1971 , 1972 , 2006
    TurkeyTurkey Turkey 1975 , 1983 , 1987
    16. GeorgiaGeorgia Georgia 02 2014 (SF), 2018 (SF)
    LithuaniaLithuania Lithuania 1994 , 2005 (SF)
    MonacoMonaco Monaco 1959 , 1966
    PortugalPortugal Portugal 1997 , 2018
    San MarinoSan Marino San Marino 2008 (SF), 2017 (SF)
    SwedenSweden Sweden 1963 , 1977
    Czech RepublicCzech Republic Czech Republic 2007 (SF), 2009 (SF)
    23 AndorraAndorra Andorra 01 2006 (SF)
    DenmarkDenmark Denmark 2002
    EstoniaEstonia Estonia 2016 (SF)
    FranceFrance France 2014
    ItalyItaly Italy 1966
    Yugoslavia Socialist Federal RepublicYugoslavia Yugoslavia 1964
    Moldova RepublicRepublic of Moldova Moldova 2014 (SF)
    PolandPoland Poland 2011 (SF)
    SlovakiaSlovakia Slovakia 2012 (SF)
    SloveniaSlovenia Slovenia 2013 (SF)
    HungaryHungary Hungary 2008 (SF)
    Cyprus RepublicRepublic of cyprus Cyprus 1986
    35. AlbaniaAlbania Albania 00 -
    ArmeniaArmenia Armenia
    AzerbaijanAzerbaijan Azerbaijan
    AustraliaAustralia Australia
    Bosnia and HerzegovinaBosnia and Herzegovina Bosnia and Herzegovina
    BulgariaBulgaria Bulgaria
    GreeceGreece Greece
    IsraelIsrael Israel
    CroatiaCroatia Croatia
    MoroccoMorocco Morocco
    MontenegroMontenegro Montenegro
    North MacedoniaNorth Macedonia North Macedonia
    RomaniaRomania Romania
    RussiaRussia Russia
    SerbiaSerbia Serbia
    Serbia and MontenegroSerbia and Montenegro Serbia and Montenegro
    UkraineUkraine Ukraine
    BelarusBelarus Belarus

    Most common zero points

    Some countries, which often ended up in the last place, received no points for their contributions. The countries that are most frequently affected by this can be found in the following list. Also listed are the zero points in the jury (J) or televoting (T), which has been awarded separately since 2016, as well as the zero points in the semifinals (SF).

    Frequency of zero points (as of 2019 )
    place country Number of
    zero points
    1. AustriaAustria Austria 5 1962 , 1988 , 1991 , 2015 , 2017 (T)
    GermanyGermany Germany 1964 , 1965 , 2015 , 2019 (T), 2021 (T)
    03. NorwayNorway Norway 4th 1963 , 1978 , 1981 , 1997
    SwitzerlandSwitzerland Switzerland 1964 , 1967 , 1998 , 2004 (SF)
    SpainSpain Spain 1962 , 1965 , 2017 (J) , 2021 (T)
    06th FinlandFinland Finland 3 1963 , 1965 , 1982
    Czech RepublicCzech Republic Czech Republic 2009 (SF) , 2016 (T) , 2021 (SF) (T)
    NetherlandsNetherlands Netherlands 1962 , 1963 , 2021 (T)
    09. BelgiumBelgium Belgium 2 1962 , 1965
    IcelandIceland Iceland 1989 , 2018 (SF) (T)
    PortugalPortugal Portugal 1964 , 1997
    United KingdomUnited Kingdom United Kingdom 2003 , 2021
    TurkeyTurkey Turkey 1983 , 1987
    14th IsraelIsrael Israel 1 2019 (J)
    ItalyItaly Italy 1966
    LithuaniaLithuania Lithuania 1994
    LuxembourgLuxembourg Luxembourg 1970
    MaltaMalta Malta 2017 (SF) (T)
    MonacoMonaco Monaco 1966
    San MarinoSan Marino San Marino 2017 (SF) (J)
    SwedenSweden Sweden 1963

    Most successful artist

    Johnny Logan (1980)

    The most successful participant comes from Ireland: Johnny Logan won twice as a singer ( 1980 with What's Another Year and 1987 with Hold Me Now ) and once as a composer ( 1992 : Why Me ).

    The most successful participants according to the achieved share of the maximum number of mathematically possible points were Anne-Marie David with the song Tu te reconnaîtras (1973; 80.6% of the possible points), Brotherhood of Man with Save Your Kisses for Me (1976; 80.4 %) and Nicole with a little peace (1982; 78.9%). Since 1997 (points are no longer awarded exclusively by juries), the most successful participants have been Katrina and the Waves with Love Shine a Light (1997; 78.8%), Alexander Rybak with Fairytale (2009; 78.7%) and Måns Zelmerlöw with Heroes ( 2015; 78.0%).

    Most frequent participations by an artist

    Both the Norwegian Elisabeth Andreassen , the Swiss band Peter, Sue & Marc , the Belgian Fud Leclerc and the Sammarinese singer Valentina Monetta each took four times and thus most part in the competition: Andreassen won the competition in 1985 as part of the Bobbysocks , about In 1982 she also participated once for Sweden as part of the Chips duo , followed by participations for her home country in 1994 (with Jan Werner Danielsen ) and 1996. Peter, Sue & Marc represented Switzerland in 1971 , 1976 , 1979 and 1981 . They each sang their songs in a different language. In 1976 and 1981 they achieved fourth place as the best placement. Fud Leclerc from Belgium also took part four times, representing the country in 1956 , 1958 , 1960 and 1962 . His best result was 5th place in 1958. Valentina Monetta represented San Marino in 2012 , 2013 , 2014 and (together with Jimmie Wilson ) 2017 ; she was eliminated three times in the semifinals and only reached the final in 2014, where she finished 24th (third from last) place.

    A number of performers were represented three times in the Eurovision Song Contest. Katja Ebstein and the Wind group each competed three times for Germany . Ebstein was successful with two third places in 1970 and 1971 and a second place in 1980. With two second places in 1985 and 1987, the Wind group is also one of the successful participants for Germany. In 1992 the Wind group was only 16th.

    The Swede Carola Häggkvist achieved three wins for her home country (1991) and places 3 (1983) and 5 (2006). The Maltese Chiara also competed three times , finishing 3rd (1998), 2nd (2005) and 22nd (2009) for Malta. Several performers who participated several times competed for different countries. The Cypriot Anna Vissi sang twice for Greece (1980, 2006) and once for Cyprus (1982). The Frenchman Romuald took part twice for Monaco (1964, 1974) and once for Luxembourg (1979). Ireen Sheer appeared as a solo artist once for Luxembourg (1974) and once for Germany (1978) and as part of a group again for Luxembourg (1985).

    The singer Corry Brokken competed in the first three competitions between 1956 and 1958 for the Netherlands, the singer Lys Assia for Switzerland in the same years. Udo Jürgens competed three times for Austria between 1964 and 1966. Each of these three participants could decide the competition once for their country. Assia won the first Eurovision Song Contest in 1956, Brokken was successful a year later, and Jürgens won in 1966.

    The Italian Domenico Modugno (1958, 1959, 1966), the Norwegian Kirsti Sparboe (1965, 1967, 1969) and the Danish duo Hot Eyes (1984, 1985, 1988) also took part three times .

    The Austrian Gary Lux has been to the Song Contest six times: the first time in 1983 as a member of the group Westend (place 9/20), 1984 as a background singer for Anita (place 19/19), 1985 as a soloist (place 8/19), 1987 as a soloist (place 20/22), 1993 as background singer for Tony Wegas (place 14/25) and 1995 as background singer for Stella Jones (place 13/23).

    Successful titles

    Over the decades, the Eurovision Song Contest has produced numerous songs that have become international successes and sometimes evergreens . Examples are the Italian contributions Nel blu dipinto di blu (Volare) and Piove (Ciao ciao bambina) , both of which were presented by Domenico Modugno in 1958 and 1959, respectively. Although not competition winners, these songs have been sold millions of times around the world and adapted by singers like Paul Anka and Dean Martin . Songs from the Song Contest were particularly successful commercially from the mid-1960s to the end of the 1970s. Puppet on a String became a worldwide radio and hit parade success for singer Sandie Shaw in 1967 and was used as background music in commercials and at fashion shows of the time. From the same year, the Luxembourg contribution by Vicky Leandros L'amour est bleu came in an instrumental version by Paul Mauriat at number 1 on the US Billboard charts. In 1972 Vicky Leandros won the competition with Après toi and sold more than 5½ million copies of the single in several language versions (Then came you, Come what May) worldwide. Waterloo by ABBA surpassed that mark in 1974 with the sale of approximately 6 million. So far, according to the sales figures, Brotherhood of Man with the hit pop Save your kisses for me with 6½ million records sold worldwide have been the most successful.

    Other international top hits are Congratulations by Cliff Richard (GBR 1968), All kinds of everything by Dana (IRL 1970), Beg, steal or borrow by the New Seekers (GBR 1972), Eres tú by Mocedades (ESP 1973), by Gigliola Cinquetti (ITA 1974), Dschinghis Khan by Dschinghis Khan (DEU 1979), What's another year by Johnny Logan (IRL 1980), A bit of peace by Nicole (DEU 1982), Gente di mare by Umberto Tozzi and Raf (ITA 1987), Insieme 1992 by Toto Cutugno (ITA 1990), Diva by Dana International (ISR 1998) and Fly On The Wings Of Love by the Olsen Brothers (DNK 2000), Satellite by Lena (DEU 2010) and Euphoria by Loreen (SWE 2012).

    Fastest known win

    The order of the voting was changed again and again; first in the starting order, later in a computer-generated order to make it as exciting as possible to see who was now the winner of the Eurovision Song Contest.

    The fastest established victory is Alexander Rybak from Norway. After 30 of 42 countries and 71.4 percent of the points given, he was the winner in 2009.

    In second place is Nicole from Germany. When it took office in 1982, 18 countries were participating in the ESC. After just 14 country votes (77.8 percent), their song was the winner.

    Third place goes to Katrina and the Waves from the United Kingdom. When they started in 1997, the band was the winner in 20 of 25 countries, which corresponds to 80 percent of the votes cast.

    Eurovision Song Contest as a career start

    Over the years, the Eurovision Song Contest turned some interpreters into international stars who were still virtually unknown at the time of their appearance.

    This is particularly true of the Swedish pop group ABBA , which won the competition in 1974 with the song Waterloo . The French-Canadian singer Celine Dion also became known in Europe through her participation in the Eurovision Song Contest in 1988 , in which she competed for Switzerland and won with Ne partez pas sans moi . The Belgian Lara Fabian (who later made it into the charts through I will love again ) took her first international step at the ESC for Luxembourg. The Irish folklore group Riverdance , which appeared in 1994 as a break filler, also achieved world fame through the ESC .

    Awareness is not a guarantee of success

    The participation of an internationally known artist is no guarantee of winning the title in the competition.

    Cliff Richard came second with Congratulations in 1968 and third with Power to All Our Friends in 1973 . Subsequently, these titles were placed higher in the sales hit parades than the respective Eurovision winners.

    Olivia Newton-John had already had a number of hits internationally and received a Grammy for best country singer in March 1974. When she stepped on the Eurovision stage in April of the same year, her song only reached fourth place.

    1977 saw the start of an internationally very successful group at the time, Silver Convention for Germany. Like Boney M., she had conquered the charts worldwide with hit productions in disco sound ("Munich Sound") from Germany in 1976. Despite excellent betting odds and with the million-seller Fly Robin Fly and Get Up And Boogie behind them, the women's trio with the title Telegram only came in eighth.

    Also Ricchi e Poveri from Italy or baccarat from Spain (both 1978) did not reach the podium, just like Matia Bazar (1979). Alan Sorrenti (1980), Alice and Franco Battiato (1984) or Al Bano & Romina Power (1976 and 1985), all interpreters from Italy were unable to establish themselves in many European countries in the early 1980s despite the Italo-Pop wave. The internationally successful Russian duo tATu took third place at the Eurovision Song Contest 2003 with Ne wer, ne boisja . The Estonian band Vanilla Ninja did not get above rank 8 for Switzerland with Cool Vibes in 2005 . The Spanish band Las Ketchup landed a Europe-wide number one hit with the ketchup song in the summer of 2002 , but only came in 21st at the ESC 2006 with Un Blodymary . Kate Ryan failed in 2006 for Belgium in the semifinals, as did DJ BoBo in 2007 for Switzerland.

    The successful pop group No Angels was also not very successful with Disappear 2008 in Serbia . Before that, however, they were only one percentage point ahead of Carolin Fortenbacher (Hinterm Ozean) in the German preliminary decision as the final participant. At the Song Contest itself they reached place 23 out of 25, with place 24 ( Poland , Isis Gee - For Life ) and 25 ( United Kingdom , Andy Abraham - Even If ) taking the last three places with 14 points each.

    In 2013, Cascada for Germany was a very well-known group in Europe, but in the end they only ended up in 21st place with their song Glorious. British singer Bonnie Tyler had a similar experience , who landed in 19th place. In 2021, the American rapper Flo Rida only reached number 22 for San Marino.

    Audience numbers (since 2013)

    Since 2013, shortly after the competition, the EBU has announced how many viewers the program has reached in each year. It indicates the total number of viewers who watched the three programs in the respective year. The market share of the finals is also announced every year.

    Audience figures since 2013
    year Total number of viewers Market Share
    (Final Only)
    Compared to the previous year
    (total number of viewers)
    Compared to previous year
    (market share final)
    2013 170 million 38.3% - -
    2014 195 million 37.3% +25 million −1.0%
    2015 197 million 39.6% +2 million + 2.3%
    2016 204 million 36.3% +6 million −3.3%
    2017 182 million 36.3% −22 million ± 0%
    2018 186 million 35.8% +4 million −0.5%
    2019 182 million 36.7% −4 million + 0.9%


    In 2016, the Eurovision Song Contest received the Charles Medal for European Media .

    Reception as a queer event

    The Eurovision Song Contest is very popular in the LGBT scene; Since the 1980s at the latest, gay men have been instrumental in building up the fan base of the music competition and the associated organization Organization générale des amateurs de l'Eurovision (OGAE). In addition to European diversity, queer appropriation of the competition was and is in the foreground. The kitsch aesthetic of the competition is interpreted as a deliberately exaggerated and artificial aesthetic of the camp and, in this appropriation, is celebrated as the basis of a queer, subversive identity.

    Since the late 1990s, the queer subtext of the event has become increasingly visible: After an openly gay artist, Páll Óskar from Iceland, first performed in 1997, the transsexual Israeli singer Dana International won in 1998 , and the Austrian bearded drag queen Conchita Wurst in 2014 . The cultural scientist Jessica Carniel states that the modern Eurovision tradition offers queer audiences an important opportunity to experience a sense of belonging to Europe.


    50 year anniversary

    On October 22, 2005 an anniversary show with the title Congratulations (German: "Herzlichen Glückwunsch") took place in Copenhagen . This celebrated the 50th anniversary of the Eurovision Song Contest . The aim of the show was to determine the best song of the Grand Prix among all titles that have ever competed. On the official internet site everyone could cast their vote for their favorite ESC title. The ten songs with the most votes made it to the semifinals. In addition, a jury from the European Broadcasting Union selected four further titles for the semifinals. In the semifinals, the five best songs were determined by telephone voting. In the second round, i.e. the final, the placement of these five songs was determined by a further telephone vote.

    The show was moderated by the British ESC winner Katrina Leskanich ( Katrina and the Waves , ESC victory 1997 with Love Shine a Light ) and the Latvian Eurovision Song Contest third-placed Renars Kaupers ( Brainstorm , ESC participation 2000 with My Star ). The program was broadcast in Germany by WDR and SWR , in Austria by ORF 2 , and in Switzerland by SF 1 .

    The result was as follows:

    place year country Interpreter title
    1. 1974 SwedenSweden Sweden ABBA Waterloo
    2. 1958 ItalyItaly Italy Domenico Modugno Nel blu dipinto di blu (Volare)
    3. 1987 IrelandIreland Ireland Johnny Logan Hold me now
    4th 2005 GreeceGreece Greece Elena Paparizou My Number One
    5. 1976 United KingdomUnited Kingdom United Kingdom Brotherhood of Man Save your kisses for me
    6th 2000 DenmarkDenmark Denmark Olsen Brothers Fly on the wings of love
    7th 1982 GermanyGermany Germany Nicole A bit of peace
    8th. 1968 United KingdomUnited Kingdom United Kingdom Cliff Richard Congratulations
    9. 2003 TurkeyTurkey Turkey Sertab Erener Everyway that I can
    10. 1988 SwitzerlandSwitzerland Switzerland Celine Dion Ne partez pas sans moi
    11. 1973 Spain 1945Spain Spain Mocedades Eres tú
    12th 1980 IrelandIreland Ireland Johnny Logan What's Another Year
    13th 1998 IsraelIsrael Israel Dana International diva
    14th 1965 LuxembourgLuxembourg Luxembourg France Gall Poupée de cire, poupée de son

    60 year anniversary

    To mark its 60th anniversary, the BBC organized the Eurovision Song Contest's Greatest Hits event on March 31, 2015 in London's Hammersmith Apollo . The show was moderated by Graham Norton and Petra Mede . The event was recorded and broadcast in different countries until the contest.

    The following artists appeared:

    Anne-Marie David (winner 1973 , participant 1979 ) Brotherhood of Man (Winner 1976 )
    Johnny Logan (winner 1980 , 1987 and as a composer 1992 ) Nicole (winner 1982 )
    Herrey’s (winner 1984 ) Bobbysocks ( 1985 winner )
    Dana International (winner 1998 , participant 2011 ) Olsen Brothers (Winner 2000 )
    Natasha Saint-Pier (participant 2001 ) Rosa López (participant 2002 )
    Lordi (winner 2006 ) Dima Bilan (participant 2006, winner 2008 )
    Loreen (winner 2012 ) Emmelie de Forest (winner 2013 )
    Conchita Wurst (winner 2014 ) Riverdance (Interval act 1994 )


    Similar events

    The annual Junior Eurovision Song Contest has also been held since 2003 . In 2007 and 2008 there was also the Eurovision Dance Contest .


    The comedy Eurovision Song Contest: The Story of Fire Saga , released on Netflix in 2020, is inspired by the competition.



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    Web links

    Commons : Eurovision Song Contest  - collection of pictures, videos and audio files

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