|Community association||Cannes Pays de Lérins|
|Coordinates||43 ° 33 ' N , 7 ° 1' E|
|surface||19.62 km 2|
|Residents||73,868 (January 1, 2017)|
|Population density||3,765 inhabitants / km 2|
Cannes [ kan ] ( Occitan Canas , from Latin canna 'reeds') is a municipality with 73,868 inhabitants (as of January 1, 2017) in southern France on the Côte d'Azur in the Alpes-Maritimes department .
Cannes is located on the Côte d'Azur . The foothills of the Maritime Alps lie to the northeast in the hinterland . To the west of the city, the Esterel Mountains extend with the steep coast of red porphyry .
Cannes enjoys a Mediterranean climate with hot, dry summers and mild, humid winters. The mistral blows occasionally, although the region is protected by the Esterel massif. Cannes is more often exposed to the Levante and the Scirocco , but these rarely last long. The mean maximum temperatures hardly differ from those of Nice. However, the mean minimum temperatures are around two degrees lower all year round. The precipitation distribution is typically Mediterranean with high precipitation in the winter months and low in the summer months.
Average monthly temperatures and rainfall for Cannes
From the Middle Ages to the early 19th century, Cannes was a fishing village. In the 1830s, French and foreign nobles came to the area and built holiday homes. To this day, the city is considered a “meeting place for the rich and beautiful” and has retained a sophisticated character.
- 1815: Napoléon Bonaparte encamped near Cannes on his return from Elba.
- 1834: Former British Lord Chancellor , Henry Brougham, 1st Baron Brougham and Vaux , discovered Cannes and settled there. Other aristocrats quickly followed him.
- 1838: Construction of the old port
- 1868: Construction of the Croisette ( La Croisette ).
- 1871: Palm trees are planted on the Croisette.
- 1912: Several luxury hotels are built one after the other on the Croisette.
- 1946: The first film festival takes place.
- 1982: The new Palais des Festivals et des Congrès opens.
|Sources: Cassini and INSEE|
See also: List of Monuments historiques in Cannes
In the middle of the seaside resort of Cannes is the promenade, Boulevard de la Croisette. The Croisette was laid out in 1850 on the model of the Promenade des Anglais in Nice . The boulevard is two kilometers long and ends in the east at the Pointe Croisette, from where you have a view over the entire promenade of the festival hall. Shops, boutiques, restaurants and bars alternate. There are also three casinos and the Palais des Festivals et des Congrès, where the International Film Festival takes place. Many of the larger hotel chains have a hotel on the Croisette, including InterContinental (Carlton), Hilton and Mercure .
There are small parks on the promenade, the promenade itself is lined with palm trees. Directly below is the Plage de la Croisette, a wide sandy beach. The Cimetière du Grand Jas , the Cimetière du Grand Jas , is France's largest inner-city park and is where famous personalities such as Martine Carol , Klaus Mann and Lily Pons were buried.
To the south of the city, clearly visible from the beach, is the Îles de Lérins archipelago : Sainte-Marguerite (4.6 kilometers) and Saint-Honorat (5.7 kilometers) - both can be reached by public ferry - as well as Île Saint de la Tradeliere and Saint-Ferréol , both are uninhabited.
The synagogue was built in 1952.
Cannes is particularly well known for the International Film Festival that takes place every year in May . The annual Cannes Lions International Advertising Festival is also internationally renowned. The Festival International des Jeux , the international games festival, has been held there in February / March since 1987 , with 150,000 visitors over three days in 2012.
From 1996 to 2005, the second most important mobile communications trade fair in Europe alongside Cebit , the 3GSM World Congress, took place in Cannes .
Every year in March the MIPIM , the world's largest trade fair and company relocation fair , and in November the MAPIC , a trade fair , takes place in the Palais des Festivals. The organizer is Reed MIDEM, and it lasts four days.
In the summer there is also an annual fireworks competition in the bay of Cannes - an international competition called 'Le Festival d`Art Pyrotechnique' with many visitors who can marvel at this event on the beach or from yachts.
The Midem music fair also takes place here .
The Musée de la Castre is located in the medieval castle on a hill in the old town le Suquet. It shows primitive art, works of art from the Mediterranean area, musical instruments from around the world and landscape paintings of Provence from the 19th century. Its square tower from the 12th century offers a 360 ° panoramic view of the city and its surroundings. On the island of Sainte-Marguerite, the Fort Royal houses a museum of marine archeology.
Cannes has a train station with a direct TGV connection to Paris (around five hours); the city is connected to the SNCF railway network via the Marseille – Ventimiglia railway and the Cannes – Grasse railway . The places Antibes , Nice and Monaco can be reached. The route to Ventimiglia leads directly along the sea. Until the Second World War , Cannes train station was the destination of many luxury trains such as the Riviera Express or the Vienna-Nice-Cannes Express . Until 2007, the station was served by the Train Bleu , which had been in service since 1883 and was the most important night train between Paris and the Riviera for many years .
Bus Azur operates public bus services in Cannes as well as Le Cannet and Mandelieu la Napoule . The Rapides Côte d'Azur intercity buses connect Cannes with Nice and Grasse .
The Cannes-Mandelieu airfield is located west of the city and can only be approached by planes up to the size of an ATR 72 due to the hilly surroundings . Until the Second World War it was the most important airport on the Côte d'Azur.
Tourism is an important industry for the city. Cannes receives around 2 million visitors annually, 54.8% of whom are foreigners. There are over 100 hotels here with more than 5,500 rooms, including six five-star hotels with 1,442 rooms. Cannes ranks second in France as a business travel destination after Paris.
Other important economic sectors are trade and the aeronautical industry, which have existed here since 1929. The Center spatial de Cannes-Mandelieu employs around 2000 people at the Cannes location. The company Thales Alenia Space produces satellites there.
sons and daughters of the town
- Jean Gougoltz (1875–1917), Swiss cyclist
- Maria Christina of Bourbon-Sicily (1877–1947), daughter of Alfonso Maria and Maria Antonietta di Borbone
- Charles Isaac Ginner (1878–1952), French-British painter
- Alain Campbell White (1880–1951), American chess composer and botanist
- Aimé Vassiaux (1890–1967), French racing driver
- Robert Ramillon (1909–?), Tennis player
- Gaspard Rinaldi (1909–1978), professional cyclist
- Anne Spoerry (1918–1999), French-Kenyan doctor and pilot
- Gisèle Pascal (1921–2007), actress
- Gérard Philipe (1922–1959), theater and film actor
- Paul Revel (1922–1983), painter and engraver
- Víctor Merenda (1923–1968), film director, screenwriter and actor
- René Saorgin (1928–2015), organist
- Claude Bolling (* 1930), jazz musician (piano), composer and music producer
- Pilar de Borbón (1936–2020), Infanta of Spain and Duchess of Badajoz
- Jean Sobieski (* 1937), actor and painter
- Emmanuel Hocquard (1940–2019), poet and editor
- François Léotard (* 1942), politician
- Jean-Jacques Kantorow (* 1945), violinist and conductor
- Max Delys (1951–1983), actor
- Olivier Winterstein (1951–2004), musicologist and orchestra director
- Norbert Turini (* 1954), Roman Catholic Bishop of Perpignan-Elne
- Brigitte Aubert (* 1956), writer
- Paolo Barzman (* 1957), French-American director
- Michel Dussuyer (* 1959), soccer goalkeeper and coach
- François Smesny (* 1968), actor
- Yann Bonato (* 1972), basketball player
- Johan Micoud (* 1973), football player
- Sébastien Vieilledent (* 1976), Olympic champion in rowing
- Jean-René Lisnard (* 1979), tennis player from Monaco
- Karina Testa (* 1981), actress
- Hamed Namouchi (* 1984), soccer player
- Sarah Bouhaddi (* 1986), soccer player
- William Accambray (* 1988), handball player
- Anthony Modeste (* 1988), football player
- Victor Dubuisson (* 1990), professional golfer on the European Tour
- Johann Zarco (* 1990), motorcycle racing driver
- Romain Arneodo (* 1992), Monegasque tennis player
- Norman Nato (* 1992), racing car driver
- Brandon Maïsano (* 1993), racing car driver
The following people lived in Cannes:
- Louis Blanc (1811–1882), founder of social democracy in France
- Victor Cousin (1792–1867), French philosopher and cultural theorist
- Jean-Gabriel Domergue (1889–1962), French painter and poster artist
- Friedrich Franz III. (1851–1897), Grand Duke of Mecklenburg
- Jules Girard (1825–1902), French literary scholar
- Benjamin Godard (1849–1895), French composer
- Charles Grant, Baron Glenelg (1778–1866), Scottish politician
- Nikolai Judenitsch (1862–1933), Russian general
- Klaus Mann (1906–1949), German writer, son of Thomas Mann (1875–1955), is buried in Cannes
- Prosper Mérimée (1803-1870), French writer
- Jacques Monod (1910–1976), French biochemist and officer in the Legion of Honor
- Édith Piaf (1915–1963), French chanson singer
- Auguste Regnaud de Saint-Jean d'Angely (1794–1870), general, statesman and marshal of France
- Eduard Rhein (1900–1993), German inventor, publicist and writer
- Stephan Sulke (* 1943), Swiss songwriter, keyboardist and guitarist
- Léon-Philippe Teisserenc de Bort (1855–1913), discoverer of the stratosphere
- Barzan Ibrahim at-Tikriti (1951–2007), ex-Iraqi politician and half-brother of Saddam Hussein
- Alexis de Tocqueville (1805-1859), publicist and politician
- Jens Ferdinand Willumsen (1863–1958), Danish painter and sculptor, died in Cannes on April 4, 1958
- Zinédine Zidane (* 1972), world footballer, began his career at Cannes
- Madrid , Spain , since 1957
- Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea , United Kingdom , since 1970
- Beverly Hills , USA , since 1986
- Shizuoka , Japan , since 1991
- Tel Aviv , Israel , since 1993
- Sanya , PR China , since 1997
- Acapulco , Mexico , since 1998
- Saanen , Switzerland
- Le Patrimoine des Communes des Alpes-Maritimes . Flohic Editions, Volume 1, Paris 2000, ISBN 2-84234-071-X , pp. 221-246.
- Jens Rosteck : Instructions for use for Nice and the Côte d'Azur. Piper-Verlag, Munich 2007, 2010, 2013 ISBN 978-3-492-27554-5 (literary-cultural-historical portrait of the region including a chapter on Cannes.)
- Ralf Nestmeyer : Provence and Côte d'Azur: Literary travel pictures from the Midi. Klett-Cotta-Verlag, Stuttgart 2005, ISBN 3-608-93654-8
- ↑ The Lérins Islands on the Côte d'Azur France.fr, accessed on August 9, 2017.
- ↑ Le musée de la Castre Site officiel de la ville de Cannes, accessed on August 9, 2017.
- ^ Aéroport Cannes Mandelieu - Historique. (No longer available online.) Archived from the original on December 8, 2015 ; Retrieved November 29, 2015 (French). Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- ↑ Cannes en chiffres Site officiel de la ville de Cannes, accessed on August 10, 2017.
- ↑ Thales Alenia Space Site officiel de la ville de Cannes, accessed on August 10, 2017.
- ↑ Insee.Retrieved August 10, 2017.