|Community association||Sophia Antipolis|
|surface||26.48 km 2|
|Residents||72,999 (January 1, 2017)|
|Population density||2,757 inhabitants / km 2|
|Post Code||06600, 06160|
Antibes old town
Occitan Antíbol) is a municipality with 72,999 inhabitants (as of January 1, 2017) in southeasternFranceinthe Alpes-Maritimes(06)department of the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region. Antibes, together with the seaside resort ofJuan-les-Pins, isa popular holiday destination on theCôte d'Azur. For tourist reasons it is also marketed under the nameAntibes Juan-les-Pins. The city is very well connected in terms of transport. It is located at the foot of theAlpson theMediterranean coast, east ofCannesand west ofNice(Nice) and directly on theA8 autoroute(La Provençale), on the railway line fromMarseilletoMonacoand in the immediate vicinityof Nice airport. Within the narrow and winding old town you will find numerous restaurants, bistros and shops of all kinds. The sea and yacht harborPort Vaubanis famous.(
Antibes is one of the oldest cities on the Côte d'Azur, it was founded around 340 BC. Founded by the Greeks . It originated from the Greek city of Antipolis (Αντίπολις). Antipolis means "city opposite"; it is unclear against which other city or fortress . In the 4th century before Christ , the Greeks taught here a small trading post one consisting of warehouses, from which one outside the city walls trade with the coastal inhabitants operation. Antibes was later developed into an important city by the Romans and in late antiquity it was also a bishopric . A dedicatory inscription for the god Olloudius found here comes from Roman times .
In 1386 Antibes fell into the possession of the Grimaldi , who sold it to France in the 16th century . The French king had Antibes converted into a fortress after Nice fell to Savoy in the 14th century .
|Sources: Cassini and INSEE|
The city consists of several clearly distinguishable districts, the most important of which are Antibes itself and Juan-les-Pins.
Antibes has revived its ancient name Antipolis for an important industrial area in the hinterland, Sophia Antipolis , which is largely in the territory of the municipality of Valbonne ; here are mainly companies that are active in the research and development of new technologies.
Sophia Antipolis is also the name of the agglomeration ( communauté d'agglomération ) that was formed around Antibes and consists of 17 municipalities. The city is divided into four constituencies: Canton Antibes-1 , Canton Antibes-2 , Canton Antibes-3 and Canton Valbonne .
Culture and sights
- Port Vauban
The sea and yacht harbor Port Vauban was named after the town planner and builder Vauban. With around 1700 berths, it is one of the largest yacht harbors in Europe. The very largest yachts moor at this marina, which is also called the billionaire port. The two most expensive private charter yachts in the world ( Annaliesse and Alysia ) are there for the winter, as are the famous luxury yachts Kingdom 5KR and the Carinthia VII .
- Fort Carré
Another highlight of Antibes is the Fort Carré at the harbor. The fortress was built on a small hill behind the harbor in 1553 to defend the city and the harbor. It was expanded by Vauban around 1680 and it was rebuilt and expanded again and again over the centuries that followed. Today Fort Carré is a listed building and can be viewed. This is also worthwhile because from the fortress you have a good view of the harbor and the old town behind.
- More Attractions
- There are remains from Roman times on the Cours Masséna .
- The rosary altar in Antibes Cathedral (around 1515, the bell tower dates from the 12th century) is believed to have been made by Louis Bréa .
- The Marché Couvert on the Cours Masséna
- The marine aquarium Marineland d'Antibes
- The Juan-les-Pins Jazz Festival takes place annually in July.
- The Villa Eilenroc on the south coast of Cap d'Antibes is a neoclassical villa built according to plans by Charles Garnier with a very beautiful park.
- The Notre-Dame-de-la-Garoupe chapel (13th to 16th centuries) in Cap d'Antibes was restored after 1944 and frescoed by Emile Colin .
- The Saint-Bernardin chapel of the “White Penitent Brothers” from the 16th century
- The Jardin Botanique de la Villa Thuret is also located in Cap d'Antibes.
- There is a casino in Juan-les-Pins
- The Picasso Museum in the Château Grimaldi
- The Musée de la Carte Postale on avenue Tournelli
- The Musée Peynet on the Place Nationale
- The Musée archéologique du Bastion Saint-André
- The Musée naval et napeléonien (Maritime and Napoleon Museum) in La Batterie du Graillon in Cap d'Antibes with the return of Elba as its focus
- The Hartung-Bergmann Foundation , a museum for contemporary art. Works by the artist couple Hans Hartung and Anna-Eva Bergmann are shown in the former home with a studio.
- Cap d'Antibes
Cap d'Antibes , the peninsula south of the town is a bastion of wealth and exclusivity, which mainly by F. Scott Fitzgerald's novel Tender is the Night ( Tender is the Night ) became known; the Hôtel des Étrangers des Romans is modeled on the Hôtel du Cap-Eden-Roc , one of the most expensive hotels in the world.
- Antibes : At the eastern beginning of the Cap d'Antibes peninsula between the Ilette and the small port of Port de la Salis is the Plage de la Salis beach . This quite wide and sandy family beach is public. Directly in the old town, in a bay at Port Vauban , behind the harbor walls is the Plage de la Gavotte , another public but considerably smaller beach, which is also fine sand, but interspersed with stones and rocks. Behind the harbor, from the soccer field below Fort Carré to the La Brague district with its campsites, a wide pebble beach stretches for several kilometers. However, this is accompanied by the railway and the national road.
- Juan-les-Pins : The beach promenade of Juan-les-Pins is typical of the Côte d'Azur: residential developments until just before the shore, national road, palm-lined promenade, finally the narrow but fine sandy beach (which is mostly rented out to loungers), crowd in a confined space. The best beaches, because they are the least affected by road traffic, are to be found in the east of Juan-les-Pins between the casino and Port de Gallice (marina). The beach of Golfe-Juan, which is further to the west , already belongs to the neighboring municipality of Vallauris .
- Cap d'Antibes : the rocky peninsula has hardly any beaches. There is only the small beach Plage de la Garoupe with its private beaches .
The Envibus buses connect Antibes with the surrounding area. The fares for line 200 of the Rapides Côte d'Azur to Cannes and Nice were set at € 1.50 (as of 2014) in order to relieve the roads.
Antibes is connected to the French rail network via its central station on the Cannes – Nice – Ventimiglia line . TGV, InterCity and regional trains stop at Antibes station. In addition, the Juan-les-Pins district has its own train station on the same route, which only serves regional traffic.
Antibes is twin city of
- Aalborg in Denmark since June 1975
- Schwäbisch Gmünd in Baden-Württemberg (Germany), since 1976
- Eilat in Israel since February 1982
- Kinsale in Ireland since March 1990
- Newport Beach in California (USA), since April 1990
- Desenzano del Garda in Lombardy , Italy, since July 2001
- Archea Olymbia in the Peloponnese , Greece, since October 2003
sons and daughters of the town
- Laurent Achard (* 1964), film director, producer and screenwriter
- Jacques Audiberti (1899–1965), writer, playwright, poet and journalist
- Christophe Gans (* 1960), director, producer and screenwriter
- Phoebe Killdeer (* 1977), singer
- François Victor Masséna (1799–1863), amateur ornithologist and natural history collector
- Honoré-Charles Reille (1775–1860), general, marshal and peer of France
- Honoré Vial (1766–1813), infantry general
Personalities related to Antibes
- Maximilian Ulysses Browne (1705–1757) besieged Antibes in 1746
- Charles Louis Auguste Fouquet de Belle-Isle (1684–1761) lifted the siege in 1746
- Jean-Étienne Championnet (1762–1800) died in Antibes
- Gustave Adolphe Thuret (1817–1875) founded a marine biological research station and the Jardin Botanique de la Villa Thuret
- Guy de Maupassant (1850–1893) wrote Sur l'Eau here in 1885
- Pablo Picasso (1881–1973) had a studio in Antibes from July to December 1946
- Nikos Kazantzakis (1883–1957) lived here since 1948
- Claude Autant-Lara (1901–2000) died in Antibes
- Hans Hartung (1904–1989), honorary citizen, died in Antibes
- Graham Greene (1904–1991) novelist last lived in Antibes from 1966 to 1990 in the same house as Jean-Maurice Bosc before
- Lilian Harvey (1906–1968) German-British actress died in Juan-les-Pins
- Georg Solti (1912–1997), conductor, died in Antibes
- Nicolas de Staël (1914–1955) committed suicide on March 16, 1955 by jumping from the balcony of his studio in Antibes
- Jean-Maurice Bosc (1924–1973) died in Antibes
- Herbert Zangs (1924–2003) lived in Antibes and won an art prize in 1952 with a painting by Antibes
- Liselott Linsenhoff (1927–1999) died in Antibes
- Le Patrimoine des Communes des Alpes-Maritimes . Flohic Editions, Volume 1, Paris 2000, ISBN 2-84234-071-X , pp. 37-63.
- Hans Samuel: Cannes: Antibes / Juan-les-Pins and surroundings; the current manual on the heart of the Côte d'Azur- Édition Marianne & Michel, Juan-les-Pins 2000, ISBN 2-912272-09-2 , p. 142 f.
- RCA tariffs (fr.)