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Antibes coat of arms
Antibes (France)
region Provence-Alpes-Cote d'Azur
Department Alpes-Maritimes
Arrondissement Grasse
Canton Antibes-1
Community association Sophia Antipolis
Coordinates 43 ° 35 '  N , 7 ° 7'  E Coordinates: 43 ° 35 '  N , 7 ° 7'  E
height 0-163 m
surface 26.48 km 2
Residents 72,999 (January 1, 2017)
Population density 2,757 inhabitants / km 2
Post Code 06600, 06160
INSEE code

Antibes old town

Template: Infobox municipality in France / maintenance / different coat of arms in Wikidata

Audio file / audio sample Antibes ? / i (Occitan Antíbol) is a municipality with 72,999 inhabitants (as of January 1, 2017) in southeasternFranceinthe Alpes-Maritimes(06)department of the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region. Antibes, together with the seaside resort ofJuan-les-Pins, isa popular holiday destination on theCôte d'Azur. For tourist reasons it is also marketed under the nameAntibes Juan-les-Pins. The city is very well connected in terms of transport. It is located at the foot of theAlpson theMediterranean coast, east ofCannesand west ofNice(Nice) and directly on theA8 autoroute(La Provençale), on the railway line fromMarseilletoMonacoand in the immediate vicinityof Nice airport. Within the narrow and winding old town you will find numerous restaurants, bistros and shops of all kinds. The sea and yacht harborPort Vaubanis famous.


Antibes is one of the oldest cities on the Côte d'Azur, it was founded around 340 BC. Founded by the Greeks . It originated from the Greek city ​​of Antipolis (Αντίπολις). Antipolis means "city opposite"; it is unclear against which other city or fortress . In the 4th century before Christ , the Greeks taught here a small trading post one consisting of warehouses, from which one outside the city walls trade with the coastal inhabitants operation. Antibes was later developed into an important city by the Romans and in late antiquity it was also a bishopric . A dedicatory inscription for the god Olloudius found here comes from Roman times .

In 1386 Antibes fell into the possession of the Grimaldi , who sold it to France in the 16th century . The French king had Antibes converted into a fortress after Nice fell to Savoy in the 14th century .

On March 1, 1815, Napoleon, who fled Elba , landed in Antibes. After a march on Paris his " rule of the hundred days " followed.

The seaside resort of Juan-les-Pins was founded in 1882. At the beginning of the 20th century, many writers and artists , including Pablo Picasso , settled in the city.

Population development

year 1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2006 2016
Residents 35,439 47,547 55,960 62,859 70.005 72,412 75,820 73,798
Sources: Cassini and INSEE


The city consists of several clearly distinguishable districts, the most important of which are Antibes itself and Juan-les-Pins.

Antibes has revived its ancient name Antipolis for an important industrial area in the hinterland, Sophia Antipolis , which is largely in the territory of the municipality of Valbonne ; here are mainly companies that are active in the research and development of new technologies.

Sophia Antipolis is also the name of the agglomeration ( communauté d'agglomération ) that was formed around Antibes and consists of 17 municipalities. The city is divided into four constituencies: Canton Antibes-1 , Canton Antibes-2 , Canton Antibes-3 and Canton Valbonne .

Typical Provencal street in Antibes
Staircase alley in the old town
Marché Couvert in the old town
Port Vauban with yacht berths (right) and Fort Carré (in the background)
Picasso lived in Château Grimaldi in 1946 .

Culture and sights

Port Vauban

The sea and yacht harbor Port Vauban was named after the town planner and builder Vauban. With around 1700 berths, it is one of the largest yacht harbors in Europe. The very largest yachts moor at this marina, which is also called the billionaire port. The two most expensive private charter yachts in the world ( Annaliesse and Alysia ) are there for the winter, as are the famous luxury yachts Kingdom 5KR and the Carinthia VII .

Fort Carré

Another highlight of Antibes is the Fort Carré at the harbor. The fortress was built on a small hill behind the harbor in 1553 to defend the city and the harbor. It was expanded by Vauban around 1680 and it was rebuilt and expanded again and again over the centuries that followed. Today Fort Carré is a listed building and can be viewed. This is also worthwhile because from the fortress you have a good view of the harbor and the old town behind.

More Attractions
  • There are remains from Roman times on the Cours Masséna .
  • The rosary altar in Antibes Cathedral (around 1515, the bell tower dates from the 12th century) is believed to have been made by Louis Bréa .
  • The Marché Couvert on the Cours Masséna
  • The marine aquarium Marineland d'Antibes
  • The Juan-les-Pins Jazz Festival takes place annually in July.
  • The Villa Eilenroc on the south coast of Cap d'Antibes is a neoclassical villa built according to plans by Charles Garnier with a very beautiful park.
  • The Notre-Dame-de-la-Garoupe chapel (13th to 16th centuries) in Cap d'Antibes was restored after 1944 and frescoed by Emile Colin .
  • The Saint-Bernardin chapel of the “White Penitent Brothers” from the 16th century
  • The Jardin Botanique de la Villa Thuret is also located in Cap d'Antibes.
  • There is a casino in Juan-les-Pins
View from the Musée archéologique du Bastion Saint-André
Shore at the Cap d'Antibes
  • The Picasso Museum in the Château Grimaldi
  • The Musée de la Carte Postale on avenue Tournelli
  • The Musée Peynet on the Place Nationale
  • The Musée archéologique du Bastion Saint-André
  • The Musée naval et napeléonien (Maritime and Napoleon Museum) in La Batterie du Graillon in Cap d'Antibes with the return of Elba as its focus
  • The Hartung-Bergmann Foundation , a museum for contemporary art. Works by the artist couple Hans Hartung and Anna-Eva Bergmann are shown in the former home with a studio.
Cap d'Antibes

Cap d'Antibes , the peninsula south of the town is a bastion of wealth and exclusivity, which mainly by F. Scott Fitzgerald's novel Tender is the Night ( Tender is the Night ) became known; the Hôtel des Étrangers des Romans is modeled on the Hôtel du Cap-Eden-Roc , one of the most expensive hotels in the world.

Villa Eilenroc


Beach in Antibes Bay
Sculpture "Le Nomade" ( Jaume Plensa )
Boule players on the seafront
  • Antibes : At the eastern beginning of the Cap d'Antibes peninsula between the Ilette and the small port of Port de la Salis is the Plage de la Salis beach . This quite wide and sandy family beach is public. Directly in the old town, in a bay at Port Vauban , behind the harbor walls is the Plage de la Gavotte , another public but considerably smaller beach, which is also fine sand, but interspersed with stones and rocks. Behind the harbor, from the soccer field below Fort Carré to the La Brague district with its campsites, a wide pebble beach stretches for several kilometers. However, this is accompanied by the railway and the national road.
  • Juan-les-Pins : The beach promenade of Juan-les-Pins is typical of the Côte d'Azur: residential developments until just before the shore, national road, palm-lined promenade, finally the narrow but fine sandy beach (which is mostly rented out to loungers), crowd in a confined space. The best beaches, because they are the least affected by road traffic, are to be found in the east of Juan-les-Pins between the casino and Port de Gallice (marina). The beach of Golfe-Juan, which is further to the west , already belongs to the neighboring municipality of Vallauris .
  • Cap d'Antibes : the rocky peninsula has hardly any beaches. There is only the small beach Plage de la Garoupe with its private beaches .



The Envibus buses connect Antibes with the surrounding area. The fares for line 200 of the Rapides Côte d'Azur to Cannes and Nice were set at € 1.50 (as of 2014) in order to relieve the roads.


Antibes is connected to the French rail network via its central station on the Cannes – Nice – Ventimiglia line . TGV, InterCity and regional trains stop at Antibes station. In addition, the Juan-les-Pins district has its own train station on the same route, which only serves regional traffic.

Town twinning

Antibes is twin city of


sons and daughters of the town

Personalities related to Antibes


  • Le Patrimoine des Communes des Alpes-Maritimes . Flohic Editions, Volume 1, Paris 2000, ISBN 2-84234-071-X , pp. 37-63.

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Hans Samuel: Cannes: Antibes / Juan-les-Pins and surroundings; the current manual on the heart of the Côte d'Azur- Édition Marianne & Michel, Juan-les-Pins 2000, ISBN 2-912272-09-2 , p. 142 f.
  2. RCA tariffs (fr.)

Web links

Commons : Antibes  - collection of images, videos and audio files