Lev Ivanovich Yashin

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Lev Yashin
Ron Kroon : Lev Yashin (1965)
Surname Lev Ivanovich Yashin
birthday October 22, 1929
place of birth MoscowSoviet Union
date of death March 20, 1990
Place of death Moscow, Soviet Union
size 189 cm
position goalkeeper
Years station Games (goals) 1
1950-1970 Dynamo Moscow 326 (0)
National team
Years selection Games (goals)
1954-1970 Soviet Union 78 (0)
1 Only league games are given.
Igor Netto and Lev Yashin (1961)

Lev Ivanovich Yashin ( Russian Лев Иванович Яшин ; English transcription Lev Yashin ; born October 22, 1929 in Moscow ; † March 20, 1990 ibid) was a Soviet football and ice hockey goalkeeper . The 1960 European football champions were voted the best goalkeeper of the 20th century by the IFFHS .

Career start

Lev Yashin was born in Bogorodskoye in eastern Moscow to a family of industrial workers . He almost didn't even stand in the soccer goal. For a long time he hoped to be able to replace world chess champion Mikhail Botvinnik one day , at the same time he also practiced fencing and basketball , tennis and water polo and guarded the ice hockey goal . When Yashin started playing football , he first played as a striker .

During the Second World War , Yashin moved with his family to Ulyanovsk in 1941 , where he began an apprenticeship as a locksmith in the Red October aircraft engine plant, which had been evacuated there . In 1944 the family returned to Moscow. He played football in a factory team in what was then the Moscow suburb of Tuschino .

In 1947 Yashin was drafted into the Soviet Army . He served in Moscow as a mechanic in the Air Force, where he also played as a goalkeeper in the Air Force Team Krylya Sovetov ("Wing of the Soviets"). In 1948, at the age of 19, he joined FK Dynamo Moscow , where he was retrained as a goalkeeper at the affiliated sports academy for young talents under the leadership of head coach Tschernyschow, who was enthusiastic about his reflexes.


Despite all the early praise, Yashin was only left with one place on the reserve bench. Therefore, he initially continued to pursue a two-pronged approach - in summer he played football for FK Dynamo Moscow, in winter he guarded the gate of HK Dynamo Moscow , the club's ice hockey team, between 1951 and 1953 . In the football club it was not until 1953 before he was finally allowed to leave the bench as a 23-year-old and finally replaced his predecessor Alexei Chomitsch and substitute goalkeeper Walter Sanaja in goal. In the same year Dynamo became cup winners and 1954 Soviet football champions . After local rivals Spartak Moscow , Dynamo became the most successful Soviet team of the 1950s.

At the international level, Yashin made his debut on September 8, 1954, when he guarded the goal of the Soviet national football team in a 7-0 win over Sweden in Stockholm .

In 1956 he won the gold medal with the USSR at the Olympic Games in Melbourne . Since the professionals from the western states were not allowed to take part, the so-called " state amateurs " from Eastern Europe dominated the tournament.

Football World Cup 1958

In 1958 he took part in his first world championship . Although the Soviet team were eliminated in the quarter-finals against hosts Sweden, Yashin was voted the tournament's best goalkeeper.

After winning the fourth national championship title in 1959 with Dynamo, the triumph at European level followed a year later. With Yashin as backing the USSR defeated in the final of the first European Championship , the then European Cup of Nations was called Yugoslavia in Paris with 2: 1.

Football World Cup 1962

At the 1962 World Cup in Chile , Yashin was frenetically celebrated by the South American audience with his conception of the "playing along" goalkeeper, the prototype of the modern goalkeeper . Again, he was voted the best goalkeeper of the tournament. In the early 1960s, Yashin was at the height of his career and was voted Europe's Footballer of the Year in 1963 , making him the only goalkeeper to date to receive this honor. In the same year he conceded only six goals in 27 championship games and Dynamo became champions again.

While his huge tee-offs were far into the opponent's half of the game, often legendary right into the goal area , Yashin enjoyed the greatest admiration among fans and experts because of his forward-looking style of play: he expanded his radius of action beyond the penalty area, organized his defense and acted in his attacks Team as an additional defending field player. His ability to foresee moves did not make his trips into risky actions, he was rarely surprised by long-range shots.

Football World Cup 1966

Jaschin's third World Cup participation in England in 1966 only ended in the semi-finals when Yashin could not prevent the 1: 2 semi-final defeat against Germany . A year later, on July 16, 1967 in the 4-0 victory in the European Championship qualification in Tbilisi against Greece, he said goodbye after 74 games from the Soviet national football team, where he had only conceded 70 goals.

Football World Cup 1970

He took part in his fourth World Cup in 1970 , but was no longer used.

End of career

On May 27, 1971, Yashin, the “Black Panther” (or “Black Spider” and “Black Octopus”), as he was called because of his black dress, celebrated his farewell game in front of 104,000 spectators. In total, he was in 813 games, including 326 point games for Dynamo in goal. In the point games he only had to accept 207 goals. His other successes include a USSR runner-up as an ice hockey goalkeeper.

Yashin was the football faithful and joined the official level . From 1971 to 1974 he was the team leader (team leader) of the footballers of Dynamo. From 1974 to 1975 and from 1985 he was chairman of Dynamo Moscow and vice-president of the Soviet Football Association .

Lev Yashin, who is a strong during his goalkeeper Career smoking was and suffered in 1982 two strokes, died March 20, 1990 from stomach cancer after him because of a so-called early as 1984 Smoking leg right leg at the thigh and 1989 the other leg amputated had been. He was buried in the Wagankowoer cemetery .

The advertising poster for the football World Cup 2018 shows a graphic representation of the "best goalkeeper in football history".

Awards and honors


Statue of Lev Yashin in Rio de Janeiro


with Dynamo Moscow
  • Soviet champion : 1954, 1955, 1957, 1959, 1963
  • Soviet runner-up: 1950, 1956, 1958, 1962, 1967, 1970
  • Soviet cup winner : 1953, 1967, 1970
  • Soviet cup finalist: 1955

National team

As an ice hockey goalkeeper

Web links

Commons : Lev Yashin  - collection of pictures, videos and audio files


  • Dietrich Schulze-Marmeling, Lew Yashin The Lion of Moscow, Verlag Die Werkstatt GmbH, Göttingen 2017, ISBN 978-3-7307-0331-1 .

Individual evidence

  1. World goalkeeper of the century on iffhs.de ( Memento from September 26, 2012 in the Internet Archive )
  2. ^ Matthias Arnhold: Lev Ivanovich Yashin - International Appearances . Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation. December 13, 2012. Retrieved January 2, 2013.
  3. ^ Sports information from the Soviet Union , accessed June 9, 2012
  4. Why is it so retro? Poster of the Football World Cup 2018 (November 30, 2017)