# Goal area

In various sports, for example soccer , handball , hockey or ice hockey , the goal area is the area around a goal.

## Soccer

Construction of a soccer field

Two rectangles marked by lines directly in front of the gates of a soccer field are referred to as goal area, colloquially also five-meter area .

The goal area is defined by two lines that are at right angles to the goal line at a distance of 5.5 m (6  yards ) from the respective goal post and extend 5.5 m into the field of play. In English it is therefore also referred to as the “6 yard box”.

The goal kick may be taken from any point inside the goal area.

A few additional rules apply within the goal area:

• The defending team may take a free kick from inside the goal area at any point inside the goal area.
• An indirect free kick to the attacking team taken inside the goal area will be taken at the point on the parallel line of the goal area closest to the scene of the crime, 5.5 meters from the goal line .
• A referee ball is also kicked at the point on the boundary line of the goal area that is parallel to the goal line and which is closest to the place where the ball was previously located.
• There is no special protection for the goalkeeper in the goal area (according to the FIFA Laws of the Game 2012/2013). This rumor, which is also widespread among commentators, results from the instruction contained in the DFB rule book until 2012 that the goalkeeper must not be jostled unless he is holding the ball .

## Handball

Dimensions of a handball field with drawn goal area
In orange: The goal area in handball

The goal area in front of the gates consists of a 3 × 6 meter rectangle and two quarter-circles adjoining each other with a radius of six meters each. It is created by drawing a line three meters long - parallel to the goal line and with a distance of six meters between the back edge of the goal line and the front edge of the goal area line. This line merges into a quarter circle on both sides, with the rear inner edges of the goal posts in question forming the center and the radius being six meters. The lines and quarter circles delimiting the goal area are called the goal area line. The distance between the outer edges of the intersections where the two quarter circles touch the outer goal line is 15 meters.

In the goal area, the goalkeeper boundary line is 4 meters in front of the goal (4-meter line). It is 150 mm long. It runs parallel to the goal line - at a distance of four meters, measured from the rear edge of the goal line to the front edge of the 4-meter line, i.e. including both lines themselves.

The goal line between the goal posts, like the goal posts themselves, is 80 mm wide. The line marking the arched goal area is 50 mm wide.

## hockey

In hockey , the goal area is called the shooting circle : a goal can only be scored within the shooting circle.

## ice Hockey

The goal area in ice hockey is a semicircle with a radius of 1.80 m around the goal. An attacker may only enter this room if the puck is in it. A goal does not count if the goal area is offside , ie if an attacker has entered the goal area beforehand.

## Individual evidence

1. Guidelines for playing areas and goals. handballregel.de, accessed on January 13, 2010
2. Ice Sports ABC: Ice Hockey and Goal Area. Retrieved April 14, 2012 .