Hans Pemmer

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Hans Pemmer (born July 22, 1886 in Vienna , † May 5, 1972 ibid) was an Austrian teacher and local researcher . He founded the first Viennese district museum and the Pratermuseum and campaigned for the preservation of the Sankt Marxer Friedhof .

Teacher and homeland researcher

Hans Pemmer was a teacher and later also a director at a secondary school in Vienna until he was given early retirement in 1938 for political reasons. Even during his time as a teacher he was intensively involved in local research, his primary interest always being in his hometown Vienna. Over the decades he wrote several hundred publications, mainly on the subject of local history and Vienna, including books on the Viennese cemeteries and the Prater .

The Sankt Marxer Friedhof , the last remaining Biedermeier cemetery in Vienna, owes its preservation and continuation as a park to the work of Hans Pemmer. In the interwar period he succeeded in convincing the Viennese authorities that the cemetery was worth preserving, so that it was placed under monument protection and opened as a park in 1937. After the Second World War , it was again Pemmer who - partly with his own hand - ensured that the cemetery, which had been damaged by bombs, was restored.

District museums and Pratermuseum

After Pemmer founded the first Viennese district museum in Meidling together with Karl Hilscher in 1923 , he supported the establishment of further district museums in other districts of Vienna . As a result of his work, the Simmering , Hernals and Favoriten district museums were opened in 1934 . The idea of ​​the district museum was gradually taken up by the other districts and parts of the district and created interest in the district's history among the population. After Pemmer had already started to work in the Landstrasse district museum before the Second World War , he was given its management in 1949. In 1945 the "Arbeitsgemeinschaft der Wiener Heimatmuseen" was founded, of which Hans Pemmer became director in 1949 and remained until 1960. The aim of this working group was to dedicate a district museum to each district. However, this was only achieved by his successor Ludwig Sackmauer in the 1960s.

In 1933, Hans Pemmer founded the “ Pratermuseum ” in his apartment , which was supposed to give an insight into the history of Vienna's largest amusement park, the Wurstelprater . He donated the collection to the City of Vienna in 1964, which housed the Pratermuseum together with the new Vienna Planetarium in a new building opened in 1964 next to the Ferris wheel on the main avenue of the Prater.

He rests in an honorary grave in the Vienna Central Cemetery (group 40, number 5).


Works (selection)

  • The Vienna Central Cemetery. Its history and its monuments . Austrian school book publisher, Vienna 1924.
  • The Vienna Prater then and now . together with Ninni Lackner . Youth and People, Vienna 1935.
  • The St. Marx cemetery in Vienna. His dead, his grave monuments . Office for Culture and Public Education, Vienna 1959.
  • Writings on local history of Vienna . Youth and People, Vienna 1969.
  • Prater. From the beginning to the present . Jugend und Volk, Vienna 1974, ISBN 3-7141-6210-0 .

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Inscription Deutschordenshof, Singerstraße: Hans Pemmer 1955 (accessed on June 11, 2014)

Web links