A working group is an association of several natural or legal persons to achieve common goals.
The benefit of a working group usually lies in the coordinated , i.e. coordinated and informative collaboration and collaboration . To this end, the material (financial means, equipment, etc.) and immaterial (knowledge, relationships, etc.) resources of the members are shared.
A working group (also mostly as a pure working method ) is founded and used by the various forms of society listed below.
The union of individuals, groups, companies, parties, economic, political and also state organizations, institutions, clubs, associations, units, communities, (school) classes, pupils, students, etc. characterizes the working group.
Advantages of working groups
The (common) advantages for the individual member of a working group are:
- More specialist knowledge of the individual member of a working group about the existing problem is made known through the plenary (joint meeting point of the working group for the members).
- The reason or the cause of the existing problem, which is being addressed by the working group, can be recognized by all members of the working group. The range of considerations for the problem addressed is usually expanded.
- The effects that the problem has on either one or all members of the working group (problematic) can and will be discussed and dealt with jointly. Every member of a working group has several pieces of information about the other components that led to the creation of the working group.
Types of study groups
Economic working group
Association of public bodies
The former working groups of local authorities and the Federal Employment Agency (ARGE) , which were set up according to § 44b SGB II old version by private or public law contracts in order to perform the respective tasks according to SGB II (the basic security for job seekers ) uniformly, has declared the Federal Constitutional Court unconstitutional. With the introduction of GG, these were replaced by the job centers .
Working groups in schools
At most schools in Germany, working groups (abbreviated AG ) are offered, which can be attended voluntarily outside of compulsory lessons. Working groups can be founded on almost any conceivable topic, traditionally most schools have working groups for music (e.g. school choir, school band), sport (e.g. athletics) and working groups that deal with living together in the school community such as school newspapers . One differentiates AGs, which are led by students, and AGs, which are led by teachers.
In the GDR , working groups were groups of students with common interests, e.g. B. technology, photo, nature conservation, which are usually carried out weekly under the guidance of a teacher or specialist in schools, but often also in pioneer houses and the like. Ä. Facilities met.
Working groups at universities
At universities , some courses are held as a working group - abbreviation: AG. The aim is to deepen the material imparted in the lecture in smaller groups or to practice it using tasks. This is done as well in the form of so-called revision courses before the exams offered by older students or commercially oriented tutors.
Working groups of parties
Working groups in sport
In sport, associations of clubs to realize common goals are called working groups. This can be done regionally, e.g. B. the amalgamation of several clubs in a municipality or a district in order to jointly develop and use the sports infrastructure and to better assert their interests in the municipal structures. There are also working groups of clubs involved in the same sports, for B. to employ joint staff or to carry out joint training camps or competitions.
- BVerfG, 2 BvR 2433/04 of December 20, 2007