District Museum

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

A Bezirksmuseum (also Bezirksmuseum ) is an institution , which is a collection of exhibits, preferably from a localized District ( District of ) or ( municipality [area] ), makes available to the public. The term in the first meaning is mainly used in Austria . In rural areas one speaks more of a local museum .

Most of the time, visitors are charged an entrance fee that is used to preserve the exhibits and the rooms in which they are housed. The aim of a district museum is always to inform visitors about a district or district.

District museums preferably show antiquarian writings, books, pictures and everyday objects from bygone times and thus offer a lively impression of the way of life at that time and the development of a district.


District museums were established in Vienna at the beginning and middle of the 20th century. At that time they were the first of their kind. These museums were mainly run on a voluntary basis and mostly by teachers to support teaching. These were institutions that very often consisted of private collections and were sometimes exhibited in private rooms. In 1936 the Viennese magistrate issued an ordinance that only those district museums are funded that are maintained by an association. On the one hand, this led to the abandonment of a few small museums, but on the other hand, smaller collections were also merged and exhibited in more orderly fashion.

The first museum that set itself the task of professionally representing the history of a district as a real district museum was opened in Vienna in 1923 by Hans Pemmer and Karl Hilscher .

In 1964 the association “Arbeitsgemeinschaft der Wiener Bezirksmuseen” was established as an umbrella organization and legal entity for 23 district museums and six special museums.

Today there are district museums, at least in German-speaking countries, very often.

District museums in Germany, Austria, Switzerland




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