Marianne Moore

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Marianne Moore 1935

Marianne Craig Moore (born November 15, 1887 in Kirkwood , Missouri , † February 5, 1972 in New York ) was an American poet and writer of the modern age .


Marianne Moore was born on November 15, 1887 in Kirkwood, Missouri, a suburb of St. Louis , to John Milton Moore and his wife Mary Warner . She and her brother grew up with their maternal grandfather. Her father, with whom she had never had contact, suffered a nervous breakdown before she was born and was admitted to a mental hospital. In 1894 she moved with her brother and mother to Carlisle , Pennsylvania , where she attended the private girls' school Bryn Mawr in Pennsylvania from 1905. Marianne Moore was not an outstanding student, but she helped create the school's literary magazine. Friendships existed, among others, with Peggy James, the daughter of the psychologist William James . In 1909 Marianne Moore graduated in biology and tissue science and taught writing, accounting and English in Carlisle for four years. One of her students was the athlete Jim Thorpe .

In 1915 she published her first poems and came into contact with other young emerging poets and writers such as Wallace Stevens and William Carlos Williams . When Marianne Moore was 34 years old, her first book appeared, which was published without her knowledge by fellow writers Hilda Doolittle and Robert McAlmon .

From 1925 to 1929 she worked as the editor in charge of The Dial magazine in New York. She received several awards. Among other things, the Pulitzer Prize in 1952 and the National Book Award for the work Collected Poems . In 1947 she was elected to the American Academy of Arts and Letters and in 1962 to the American Academy of Arts and Sciences and was a member of the Pen and Brush Club , an organization for women artists and writers. Marianne Moore died on February 5, 1972 in New York at the age of 84.


  • 1921: Poems
  • 1924: Observations
  • 1935: Selected Poems
  • 1936: The Pangolin and Other Verse
  • 1941: What Are Years?
  • 1944: Nevertheless
  • 1951: Collected Poems
  • 1956: Like a Bulwark
  • 1959: O to Be a Dragon
  • 1964: The Arctic Fox
  • 1966: Tell Me, Tell Me
  • 1967: The Complete Poems of Marianne Moore
  • 1955: Predilections.
  • 1961: A Marianne Moore Reader.
  • 1987: The Complete Prose of Marianne Moore.


  • Marianne Moore: No swan so beautiful. Poems, translated by Jürgen Brôcan , Urs Engeler editor . Engeler, Basel; Because on the Rhine; Vienna 2001, ISBN 3-905591-30-8 .
  • Marianne Moore. American modernist poet. ›Marriage‹ as its ›desert land‹. Rimbaud 2002, ISBN 3-89086-749-9 (contains the English and German versions of Marriage / Die Ehe , the notes on marriage , commentary, biography, essay, bibliography - works and secondary literature).
  • Marianne Moore: poetica platonica. by Matteo Tuveri, Literary Review Prospektiva, no. 41, 2007, Siena (Italian).
  • Marianne Craig Moore , in: Internationales Biographisches Archiv 16/1972 of April 10, 1972, in the Munzinger archive ( beginning of article freely available)
  • Linda Leavell: Holding on upside down: the life and work of Marianne Moore , New York, NY: Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 2013, ISBN 978-0-374-10729-1

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Members: Marianne Craig Moore. American Academy of Arts and Letters, accessed April 16, 2019 (with awards notes).
  2. ^ Pen + Brush History. In: October 23, 2005, accessed May 10, 2020 .