Javelin throw

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Eric Lemming , three-time Olympic champion, is considered to be the inventor of modern javelin throwing technology.

Javelin throwing is a discipline of athletics in which a javelin has to be thrown as far as possible after a run-up. Six attempts are available for this in the competition.

The best javelin throwers reach over 90 meters (world record: 98.48 m) for men and approx. 70 meters (world record: 72.28 m) for women. In the 1980s, different spears were common than in the present, with which much greater distances could be achieved (world records: 104.80 m for men, 80.00 m for women). For safety reasons, however, in 1986 (for men) and 1999 (for women) the standards for the nature of the spears were changed (shifting the center of gravity) so that they flew less far.

The javelin was already part of the Olympic Games in antiquity and in modern times it was first introduced into the program of the Olympic Intermediate Games in 1906 as a "freestyle javelin throw" . The javelin throw, which is common today, has been part of the Olympic Games for men since 1908 and for women since 1932 . In addition, two-handed javelins were thrown at the Olympic Games in 1912 .

Waiting for a clear path before starting
Auguste Hargus (1927)


A scene with javelin throwers and other pentathletes. Originally found on a Panathenaic amphora from ancient Greece, around 525 BC. British Museum.

The spear is the oldest hunting weapon known to man. When for the first time a worked stone tip was attached to a stick used for hunting, is lost in the darkness of prehistory, as is the first occasion when this tool was also used for a sporting test of strength. The oldest fully preserved finds are the Schöninger spears from the Paleolithic , whose age is estimated at 270,000 to 400,000 years.

According to Greek mythology , Heracles was already an excellent spear thrower. The enchanted, dwarf-forged spear of the Norse god Odin is called Gungnir . The Olympic Games of Antiquity v 708th It is said to have been part of the Olympic program for the first time as a pentathlon discipline . However, in the sub- disciplines long and target throw , the javelin was thrown with the help of a sling , the so-called ankyle . It was a string that was wound several times around the spear and at the end tied into a noose into which the thrower inserted two fingers. During the throw it unwound and gave the spear a twist and thus a smoother flight. In fact, modern experiments have shown that inexperienced javelin throwers can achieve greater distances with this technique than without a throwing loop.

In the 18th century it was again very popular in Scandinavia . For the Finns in particular , the spear, and thus the throwing of the javelin, became a national symbol of independence.

In its almost unchanged form (the long throw), the javelin was returned to the Olympic program in 1906 in Athens (men) and 1932 in Los Angeles (women).

Javelin throwing only became known in Germany after the inventor of modern javelin throwing technology, Eric Lemming , demonstrated it in May 1906 at the SC Komet Swedish meeting. The first German record was set by Ernst Mallwitz from Berlin with 37.70 m (world best at that time: Eric Lemming from Sweden, 53.90 m).

While Scandinavian throwers dominated the men's competitions for a long time, the picture was less homogeneous for women. Since the 1970s and 1980s, athletes from the Eastern Bloc have increasingly pushed themselves to the top of the world. As in all Olympic sports, athletes from the GDR were disproportionately represented.

At a top-class international sports festival in Berlin in 1984 , Uwe Hohn from Potsdam exceeded the 100-meter mark with 104.80 m for the first time so clearly that the IAAF changed the regulations and shifted the focus of the javelin. The associated shortening of the widths had become necessary for safety reasons - the stadiums were too small. Hohn's spear got stuck not far from the parallel jumping competitions and the running track.

In 1988 Petra Felke from Jena also set an all-time world record with exactly 80.00 m. In 1999 the IAAF also prescribed a modified spear for women.

Major athletes and advancement


Women's spear (left) and men's spear (right)
  • Mauritz Mexmontan ( FIN ) set the first record of modern times in 1883 with 30.58 m. However, the spear was lighter than 750 grams.
  • Eric Lemming ( SWE ) set the first official record in 1899 with 49.32 m and dominated the development for about 15 years. Its 62.32 m from 1912 lasted until 1919.
  • With his aluminum hollow spear, Franklin Held ( USA ) set record lengths in series in the 1950s - and for technical regulations. In 1953 he was the first to throw more than 80 meters: 80.41 m.
  • With 91.72 m, the Norwegian Terje Pedersen broke the 90-meter barrier in 1964.

But as tangible as it seemed - it was not until the 1970s that the world's best throwers, with standard ranges well over 90 meters, slowly approached. In 1973 the German Klaus Wolfermann threw 94.08 m. Athletes like the Finn Seppo Räty , Steve Backley ( GBR ), Jan Železný (then still TCH ) competed in the 80s with the Germans Klaus Tafelmeier ( FRG ), Uwe Hohn and Detlef Michel ( GDR ) for the best distances. The latter was world champion in 1983 with "only" 89.48 m.

  • Uwe Hohn finally shocked the competition in 1984. Spectators and officials at the Olympic Day in Berlin stared in amazement at the display board, which showed 4.80 m - it was only prepared for double-digit widths. The officials then decided to shift the focus forward. The new regulation came into force in 1986.
  • Klaus Tafelmeier ( FRG ) set the first world record with the new device in September 1986: 85.74 m, but was only able to look forward to it for a few months.
  • With 87.66 m, Jan Železný set a new record with the new spears in May 1987. The Czech - the most successful javelin thrower in history with three Olympic victories and three world championship titles - continuously raised the record to the value of 98.48 m that is still valid today until 1996. Always on his heels until the end of the 1990s, the old masters Räty and Backley remained.


  • The first recorded record for women comes from the Czech Božena Šrámková in 1922. She carried the 600 gram device to a width of 25.01 m.
  • In 1928 Guschi Hargus threw 38.39 m, in the previous year, at the age of 18, at the international women's competitions in Berlin, she improved the world best in the javelin thrown by Lonta from Poland and became the youngest world record holder, and established a long tradition of successful German throwers, which she followed u. a. Ellen Braumüller , who in 1930 was the first to reach over 40 meters (40.27 m) and Annelie Steinheuer (47.24 m).
  • The next two decades after World War II saw an overwhelming dominance of Soviet female athletes. Natalja Smimitskaja exceeded Steinheuer's 1942 record by more than 6 meters and clearly conquered the 50 mark: 53.41 m.
  • In the following years, almost exclusively Soviet female throwers drove the record towards 60 meters. At 62.40 m, it was Jelena Gorchakova who broke this barrier in 1964.
  • Ruth Fuchs from the GDR continued the German tradition in the 1970s and helped shape the top of the world for around a decade. She improved the world record twice in a row. There were eight years in between. Nevertheless, it was not granted to her to break the next sound barrier. At 69.96 m in 1980, she missed this by four centimeters. In the same year Tatyana Birjulina threw the spear to 70.08 m and once again set a historic record for the Soviet Union.
  • But Fuchs' worthy successor for the GDR was already at the start. The fight between Petra Felke and the Finn Tiina Lillak for the top of the world determined the 80s. The Briton Fatima Whitbread , world champion in 1987 , also intervened. Felke first took the intermediate hurdle at 75.40 m in 1985 with a huge 5-meter step on Birjulina's mark, took 78.90 m in 1987 and set a barrier with a precisely fitting 80.00 m in 1988 that has never been reached again. With the Olympic victory in 1988 she crowned her career (width: 74.68 m).
  • Since the 1990s there has been no getting around the Norwegian Trine Hattestad . The world champion from 1993 and 1997 still had to hand over the Olympic victory to the Finn Heli Rantanen in 1996 and be satisfied with bronze. The Germans Silke Renk and Karen Forkel first came over from Petra Felke and won among other international medals at the Olympic Games 1992 gold and bronze, respectively, but were able to compete in the long term nor with the exceptional Norwegian later Steffi Nerius and Tanja Damaske .
  • In 1999, the International Athletics Federation also prescribed a modified javelin for women and thus moved Felke's record into an almost unattainable distance. The double world champion Osleidys Menéndez (Cuba) dominated the scene since her world record of 71.54 m in 2001 to 2005, when she was able to improve it to 71.70 m at the World Championships . After her European records in 2005 and 2007, the German Christina Obergföll seemed to be the next dominant thrower, but was already defeated at the 2007 World Championships by the Czech Barbora Špotáková , who not only achieved the Olympic victory in 2008 , but also the European record with 71.42 m and finally also the world record with 72.28 m.

If the strict doping controls enforced by all international associations since the 1990s are maintained and there are no drastic changes in materials and in the regulations, the historical records of Felke and Hohn are likely to last for many years to come.

Another world record development

After Uwe Hohn's record throw , the spear was modified to limit the rapidly growing distances that occurred due to new materials and improved flight characteristics. The changes were controversial, as they make it difficult to compare the record development and after a few years each would achieve distances of the same order of magnitude.

In 1992 the Briton Steve Backley threw the "new" javelin again over 91 meters. The exceptional Czech athlete Jan Železný , who was already among the best in the world in Hohn's time, improved the world record in series since 1993 up to the still current record of 98.48 m in 1996. Four female athletes have more than 70 Meters thrown, the first was the Cuban Osleidys Menéndez 2001 with 71.54 m, then Christina Obergföll, the current world record holder Barbora Špotáková with 72.28 m and the Russian Marija Abakumowa.

Technology and rules

Technology when dropping

The javelin is one of the most technically demanding disciplines. In contrast to other throwing disciplines, a short run-up is permitted, from which the phases of swinging and throwing are synchronized with each other.

The spear is a slim stick made of wood, metal, carbon or a combination of these, tapering at both ends. The length is in the men up in the ladies up . The mass of the spears is , respectively . All spears have a metal tip that is long or long. In the middle, at the grip point, there is a textile wrapping, including the diameter of which is no more than that of the men and women. The spears used in the youth and senior sector are lighter and, accordingly, shorter.

The throwing area is a sector of a circle with an opening angle of 29 ° and a length of . It is limited at the drop point by a long, arched drop bar, which the thrower must not touch or cross. For a valid throw, the inrun may only be left when the spear has touched the ground in the sector.

According to the regulations, the javelin must be held in the middle and the tip must point in the direction of the throw when it is thrown. In the 1950s, the Spaniard Félix Erausquin showed that this cannot be taken for granted with a turning technique that enabled distances of up to . It must hit head first and within the sector, but it need not get stuck. The measurement is made from the point of the first impression to the inside edge of the beam.

All throwers initially complete three throws in the competition. The eight best have three more attempts and determine the top positions among themselves.

Handle styles

There are several types of grip. What these slightly different types of grip have in common is that two fingers enclose the grip at the rear end and ensure contact during the throw. The most common type of grip is the thumb-forefinger grip . Here the thumb and forefinger lie behind the textile winding of the spear. All other fingers are on the binding. At the time of the throw, the use of this type of grip can make it easier for the spear to move sideways. Other types of grip are the thumb-middle finger grip and the pincer grip . In contrast to the thumb-index finger grip, the wrapping of the spear is grasped from behind with the thumb and middle finger. The index finger stabilizes the spear by resting it slightly stretched below the coil. With pincer grips, the index and middle fingers form the point of contact with the handle. Here the thumb is used to stabilize the handle on the side.

The use of resin or magnesia is allowed to improve the contact between the fingers and the winding .

Approach and return of the spear

The run-up is an escalation run. In order to prepare the throwing display, the javelin position is changed during the approach; at first the spear is carried loosely above the head. Then the spear is led up and back before the last five steps in order to achieve the greatest possible twisting of the body.

This process ( usually over two to four steps) is called spear withdrawal . There are two common procedures here: the Finnish (arching from top-front over bottom to top-back) and the Swedish withdrawal (straight-line return next to the head).

The last three steps (impulse step and caulking step - left / right / left for the right thrower) are very important and form the basis for good bow tension and a powerful throw.

Physics of the javelin throw

The trajectory that the spear travels during a throw is subject to the laws of physics . There are two effects to consider:

  1. The trajectory parabola : If the air resistance is neglected, the spear describes a parabola as a flight path. This is slightly asymmetrical because the drop point is slightly higher (approx. Shoulder height of the athlete) than the point of impact. Therefore, at a given speed, the maximum possible throw is achieved with a throw angle of just under 45 °.
  2. Aerodynamics of the javelin throw
    Aerodynamics: Due to its shape, the spear is subjected to a lift force caused by the air flow (similar to that of an airplane wing). This buoyancy force starts at the center of gravity of the form , which in this case coincides with the geometric center point (i.e. the bisecting point of the spear). The more the axis of the spear deviates from the direction of flight, the greater the force. In order to keep the lift smaller, the center of gravity of the new spears was placed further in front of the center of the spear (about 2 cm). As a result, the spear tips down faster with the tip during flight and experiences less lift.


Olympic Games medalist


year gold medal Silver medal Bronze medal
1908 SwedenSweden Eric Lemming NorwayNorway Arne Halse SwedenSweden Otto Nilsson
1912 SwedenSweden Eric Lemming FinlandFinland Juho Saaristo Hungary 1867Hungary Mór Kóczán
1920 FinlandFinland Jonni Myyra FinlandFinland Urho Peltonen FinlandFinland Pekka Johansson
1924 FinlandFinland Jonni Myyra SwedenSweden Gunnar Lindström United States 48United States Eugene Colonel
1928 SwedenSweden Erik Lundqvist Hungary 1918Hungary Béla Szepes NorwayNorway Olav Sunde
1932 FinlandFinland Matti Järvinen FinlandFinland Matti Sippala FinlandFinland Eino Penttila
1936 German Reich NSGerman Reich (Nazi era) Gerhard Stock FinlandFinland Yrjö Nikkanen FinlandFinland Kalervo Toivonen
1948 FinlandFinland Tapio Rautavaara United States 48United States Steve Seymour Hungary 1946Hungary József Várszegi
1952 United States 48United States Cy Young United States 48United States Bill Miller FinlandFinland Toivo Hyytiäinen
1956 NorwayNorway Egil Danielsen PolandPoland Janusz Sidło Soviet Union 1955Soviet Union Viktor Zybulenko
1960 Soviet Union 1955Soviet Union Viktor Zybulenko Germany team all GermanAll-German team Walter Kruger Hungary 1957Hungary Gergely Kulcsár
1964 FinlandFinland Pauli Nevala Hungary 1957Hungary Gergely Kulcsár Soviet Union 1955Soviet Union Jānis Lūsis
1968 Soviet Union 1955Soviet Union Jānis Lūsis FinlandFinland Jorma Kinnunen Hungary 1957Hungary Gergely Kulcsár
1972 GermanyGermany Klaus Wolfermann Soviet Union 1955Soviet Union Jānis Lūsis United StatesUnited States Bill Schmidt
1976 Hungary 1957Hungary Miklós Németh FinlandFinland Hannu Siitonen Romania 1965Romania Gheorghe Megelea
1980 Soviet Union 1955Soviet Union Dainis Kūla Soviet Union 1955Soviet Union Alexander Makarov Germany Democratic Republic 1949GDR Wolfgang Hanisch
1984 FinlandFinland Arto Härkönen United KingdomUnited Kingdom David Ottley SwedenSweden Kenth Eldebrink
1988 FinlandFinland Tapio Korjus CzechoslovakiaCzechoslovakia Jan Železný FinlandFinland Seppo Räty
1992 CzechoslovakiaCzechoslovakia Jan Železný FinlandFinland Seppo Räty United KingdomUnited Kingdom Steve Backley
1996 Czech RepublicCzech Republic Jan Železný United KingdomUnited Kingdom Steve Backley FinlandFinland Seppo Räty
2000 Czech RepublicCzech Republic Jan Železný United KingdomUnited Kingdom Steve Backley RussiaRussia Sergei Makarov
2004 NorwayNorway Andreas Thorkildsen LatviaLatvia Vadim's Vasiļevskis RussiaRussia Sergei Makarov
2008 NorwayNorway Andreas Thorkildsen LatviaLatvia Ainārs Kovals FinlandFinland Tero Pitkämäki
2012 Trinidad and TobagoTrinidad and Tobago Keshorn Walcott FinlandFinland Antti Ruuskanen Czech RepublicCzech Republic Vítězslav Veselý
2016 GermanyGermany Thomas Röhler KenyaKenya Julius Yego Trinidad and TobagoTrinidad and Tobago Keshorn Walcott

Freestyle Javelin Throw, Men (1906, 1908)

year gold medal Silver medal Bronze medal
1906 SwedenSweden Eric Lemming SwedenSweden Knut Lindberg SwedenSweden Bruno Söderström
1908 SwedenSweden Eric Lemming GreeceGreece Michalis Dorizas NorwayNorway Arne Halse

Two-handed javelin throw, men (1912)

year gold medal Silver medal Bronze medal
1912 FinlandFinland Juho Saaristo FinlandFinland Väinö Siikaniemi FinlandFinland Urho Peltonen


year gold medal Silver medal Bronze medal
1932 United States 48United States Mildred Didrikson German EmpireGerman Empire Ellen Braumüller German EmpireGerman Empire Tilly Fleischer
1936 German Reich NSGerman Reich (Nazi era) Tilly Fleischer German Reich NSGerman Reich (Nazi era) Luise Kruger PolandPoland Maria Kwaśniewska
1948 AustriaAustria Herma Bauma FinlandFinland Kaisa Parviainen DenmarkDenmark Lily Carlstedt
1952 CzechoslovakiaCzechoslovakia Dana Zátopková Soviet Union 1923Soviet Union Alexandra Tschudina Soviet Union 1923Soviet Union Jelena Gorchakova
1956 Soviet Union 1955Soviet Union Inese Jaunzeme ChileChile Marlene Ahrens Soviet Union 1955Soviet Union Nadeshda Konyaeva
1960 Soviet Union 1955Soviet Union Elvīra Ozoliņa CzechoslovakiaCzechoslovakia Dana Zátopková Soviet Union 1955Soviet Union Birutė Kalėdienė
1964 Romania 1952Romania Mihaela Penes Hungary 1957Hungary Márta Rudas Soviet Union 1955Soviet Union Jelena Gorchakova
1968 Hungary 1957Hungary Angéla Németh Romania 1965Romania Mihaela Penes AustriaAustria Eva Janko
1972 Germany Democratic Republic 1949GDR Ruth Fuchs Germany Democratic Republic 1949GDR Jacqueline Todten United StatesUnited States Kate Schmidt
1976 Germany Democratic Republic 1949GDR Ruth Fuchs GermanyGermany Marion Becker United StatesUnited States Kate Schmidt
1980 CubaCuba María Caridad Colón Soviet Union 1955Soviet Union Saida Gunba Germany Democratic Republic 1949GDR Ute Hommola
1984 United KingdomUnited Kingdom Tessa Sanderson FinlandFinland Tiina Lillak United KingdomUnited Kingdom Fatima Whitbread
1988 Germany Democratic Republic 1949GDR Petra Felke United KingdomUnited Kingdom Fatima Whitbread Germany Democratic Republic 1949GDR Beate Koch
1992 GermanyGermany Silke Renk United teamUnited team Natalia Schikolenko GermanyGermany Karen Forkel
1996 FinlandFinland Heli Rantanen AustraliaAustralia Louise McPaul NorwayNorway Trine Hattestad
2000 NorwayNorway Trine Hattestad GreeceGreece Mirela Maniani CubaCuba Osleidys Menéndez
2004 CubaCuba Osleidys Menéndez GermanyGermany Steffi Nerius GreeceGreece Mirela Maniani
2008 Czech RepublicCzech Republic Barbora Špotáková GermanyGermany Christina Obergföll United KingdomUnited Kingdom Goldie Sayers
2012 Czech RepublicCzech Republic Barbora Špotáková GermanyGermany Christina Obergföll GermanyGermany Linda Stahl
2016 CroatiaCroatia Sara Kolak South AfricaSouth Africa Sunette Viljoen Czech RepublicCzech Republic Barbora Špotáková

World Championships medalist


year gold medal Silver medal Bronze medal
1983 Germany Democratic Republic 1949GDR Detlef Michel United StatesUnited States Tom Petranoff Soviet UnionSoviet Union Dainis Kūla
1987 FinlandFinland Seppo Räty Soviet UnionSoviet Union Viktor Jewsyukov CzechoslovakiaCzechoslovakia Jan Železný
1991 FinlandFinland Kimmo Kinnunen FinlandFinland Seppo Räty RussiaRussia Vladimir Sassimovich
1993 Czech RepublicCzech Republic Jan Železný FinlandFinland Kimmo Kinnunen United KingdomUnited Kingdom Mick Hill
1995 Czech RepublicCzech Republic Jan Železný United KingdomUnited Kingdom Steve Backley GermanyGermany Boris Henry
1997 South AfricaSouth Africa Marius Corbett United KingdomUnited Kingdom Steve Backley GreeceGreece Konstandinos Gatsioudis
1999 FinlandFinland Aki Parviainen GreeceGreece Konstandinos Gatsioudis Czech RepublicCzech Republic Jan Železný
2001 Czech RepublicCzech Republic Jan Železný FinlandFinland Aki Parviainen GreeceGreece Konstandinos Gatsioudis
2003 RussiaRussia Sergei Makarov EstoniaEstonia Andrus Värnik GermanyGermany Boris Henry
2005 EstoniaEstonia Andrus Värnik NorwayNorway Andreas Thorkildsen RussiaRussia Sergei Makarov
2007 FinlandFinland Tero Pitkämäki NorwayNorway Andreas Thorkildsen United StatesUnited States Breaux Greer
2009 NorwayNorway Andreas Thorkildsen CubaCuba Guillermo Martínez JapanJapan Yukifumi Murakami
2011 GermanyGermany Matthias de Zordo NorwayNorway Andreas Thorkildsen CubaCuba Guillermo Martínez
2013 Czech RepublicCzech Republic Vítězslav Veselý FinlandFinland Tero Pitkämäki RussiaRussia Dmitri Tarabin
2015 KenyaKenya Julius Yego EgyptEgypt Ihab Abdelrahman FinlandFinland Tero Pitkämäki
2017 GermanyGermany Johannes Vetter Czech RepublicCzech Republic Jakub Vadlejch Czech RepublicCzech Republic Petr Frydrych
2019 GrenadaGrenada Anderson Peters EstoniaEstonia Magnus Kirt GermanyGermany Johannes Vetter


year gold medal Silver medal Bronze medal
1983 FinlandFinland Tiina Lillak United KingdomUnited Kingdom Fatima Whitbread GreeceGreece Anna Verouli
1987 United KingdomUnited Kingdom Fatima Whitbread Germany Democratic Republic 1949GDR Petra Felke GermanyGermany Beate Peters
1991 China People's RepublicPeople's Republic of China Xu Demei GermanyGermany Petra Felke GermanyGermany Silke Renk
1993 NorwayNorway Trine Hattestad GermanyGermany Karen Forkel Belarus 1991Belarus Natalia Schikolenko
1995 BelarusBelarus Natalia Schikolenko RomaniaRomania Felicia Țilea-Moldovan FinlandFinland Mikaela Ingberg
1997 NorwayNorway Trine Hattestad AustraliaAustralia Joanna Stone GermanyGermany Tanja Damaske
1999 GreeceGreece Mirela Maniani RussiaRussia Tatiana Schikolenko NorwayNorway Trine Hattestad
2001 CubaCuba Osleidys Menéndez GreeceGreece Mirela Maniani CubaCuba Sonia Bisset
2003 GreeceGreece Mirela Maniani RussiaRussia Tatiana Schikolenko GermanyGermany Steffi Nerius
2005 CubaCuba Osleidys Menéndez GermanyGermany Christina Obergföll GermanyGermany Steffi Nerius
2007 Czech RepublicCzech Republic Barbora Špotáková GermanyGermany Christina Obergföll GermanyGermany Steffi Nerius
2009 GermanyGermany Steffi Nerius Czech RepublicCzech Republic Barbora Špotáková RomaniaRomania Monica Stoian
2011 Czech RepublicCzech Republic Barbora Špotáková South AfricaSouth Africa Sunette Viljoen GermanyGermany Christina Obergföll
2013 GermanyGermany Christina Obergföll AustraliaAustralia Kimberley Mickle RussiaRussia Maria Abakumova
2015 GermanyGermany Katharina Molitor China People's RepublicPeople's Republic of China Lu Huihui South AfricaSouth Africa Sunette Viljoen
2017 Czech RepublicCzech Republic Barbora Špotáková China People's RepublicPeople's Republic of China Li Lingwei China People's RepublicPeople's Republic of China Lu Huihui
2019 AustraliaAustralia Kelsey-Lee Barber China People's RepublicPeople's Republic of China Liu Shiying China People's RepublicPeople's Republic of China Lu Huihui

See also

World record development


Width (m) Surname date place
Old spear (type required before 1986)
62.32 SwedenSweden Eric Lemming September 29, 1912 Stockholm
66.10 FinlandFinland Jonni Myyra August 24, 1919 Stockholm
66.62 SwedenSweden Gunnar Lindström December 12, 1924 Eksjö
69.88 FinlandFinland Eino Penttila October 1, 1927 Viipuri
71.01 SwedenSweden Erik Lundqvist August 15, 1928 Stockholm
71.57 FinlandFinland Matti Järvinen August 8, 1930 Viipuri
71.70 FinlandFinland Matti Järvinen 17th August 1930 Tampere
71.88 FinlandFinland Matti Järvinen August 31, 1930 Vaasa
72.93 FinlandFinland Matti Järvinen September 14, 1930 Viipuri
74.02 FinlandFinland Matti Järvinen June 27, 1932 Turku
74.28 FinlandFinland Matti Järvinen May 25, 1933 Mikkeli
74.61 FinlandFinland Matti Järvinen June 7, 1933 Vaasa
76.10 FinlandFinland Matti Järvinen July 15, 1933 Helsinki
76.66 FinlandFinland Matti Järvinen September 7, 1933 Turin
77.23 FinlandFinland Matti Järvinen June 18, 1934 Helsinki
77.87 FinlandFinland Yrjö Nikkanen August 25, 1938 Karhula
78.70 FinlandFinland Yrjö Nikkanen October 16, 1938 Kotka
80.41 United States 48United States Bud hero August 8, 1953 Pasadena
81.75 United States 48United States Bud hero May 21, 1955 Modesto
83.56 FinlandFinland Soini Nikkinen June 24, 1956 Cow mines
83.66 PolandPoland Janusz Sidło June 30, 1956 Milan
85.71 NorwayNorway Egil Danielsen November 26, 1956 Melbourne
86.04 United States 48United States Al Cantello 5th June 1959 Compton
86.74 ItalyItaly Carlo Lievore June 1, 1961 Milan
87.12 NorwayNorway Terje Pedersen July 1, 1964 Oslo
91.72 NorwayNorway Terje Pedersen 2nd September 1964 Oslo
91.98 Soviet Union 1955Soviet Union Jānis Lūsis July 23, 1968 Saarijärvi
92.70 FinlandFinland Jorma Kinnunen June 18, 1969 Tampere
93.80 Soviet Union 1955Soviet Union Jānis Lūsis July 6, 1972 Stockholm
94.08 GermanyGermany Klaus Wolfermann May 5th 1973 Leverkusen
94.58 Hungary 1957Hungary Miklós Németh July 26, 1976 Montreal
96.72 HungaryHungary Ferenc Paragi April 23, 1980 Tata
99.72 United StatesUnited States Tom Petranoff May 15, 1983 los Angeles
104.80 Germany Democratic Republic 1949GDR Uwe Mockery July 20, 1984 Berlin
New spear (mandatory design since 1986)
85.74 GermanyGermany Klaus Tafelmeier September 20, 1986 Como
87.66 CzechoslovakiaCzechoslovakia Jan Železný May 31, 1987 Nitra
89.10 SwedenSweden Patrik Bodén March 24, 1990 Austin
89.58 United KingdomUnited Kingdom Steve Backley 2nd July 1990 Stockholm
91.46 United KingdomUnited Kingdom Steve Backley January 25, 1992 Auckland
95.54 Czech RepublicCzech Republic Jan Železný April 6, 1993 Pietersburg
95.66 Czech RepublicCzech Republic Jan Železný August 29, 1993 Sheffield
98.48 Czech RepublicCzech Republic Jan Železný May 25, 1996 Jena


*: World record recognized by the women's sports organization FSFI , prior to the registration of women's world records by the International Athletics Federation IAAF

**: World best at the beginning of the introduction of the new spear design in 1999, not an official world record

Width (m) Surname date place
Old spear (type required before 1999)
25.01 * CzechoslovakiaCzechoslovakia Božena Šrámková August 6, 1922 Prague
25.325 * CzechoslovakiaCzechoslovakia Božena Šrámková August 13, 1922 Prague
27.24 * CzechoslovakiaCzechoslovakia Marie Janderová May 25, 1924 Ostrava
37.575 * German EmpireGerman Empire Guschi Hargus June 12, 1927 Berlin
38.39 * German EmpireGerman Empire Guschi Hargus August 18, 1928 Berlin
40.27 * German EmpireGerman Empire Ellen Braumüller July 12, 1930 Berlin
42.28 * German EmpireGerman Empire Elisabeth Schumann August 2, 1931 Magdeburg
44.64 * German EmpireGerman Empire Elisabeth Schumann June 12, 1932 Berlin
46.745 United States 48United States Nan Gindele June 18, 1932 Chicago
47.24 German Reich NSGerman Reich (Nazi era) Anneliese Steinheuer June 21, 1942 Frankfurt am Main
48.21 AustriaAustria Herma Bauma June 29, 1947 Vienna
48.63 AustriaAustria Herma Bauma September 12, 1948 Vienna
49.59 Soviet Union 1923Soviet Union Natalia Smirnitskaya July 25, 1949 Moscow
53.41 Soviet Union 1923Soviet Union Natalia Smirnitskaya August 5, 1949 Moscow
53.56 Soviet Union 1923Soviet Union Nadezhda Konjayeva 5th February 1954 Leningrad
55.11 Soviet Union 1923Soviet Union Nadezhda Konjayeva May 22, 1954 Kiev
55.48 Soviet Union 1923Soviet Union Nadezhda Konjayeva August 6, 1954 Kiev
55.73 CzechoslovakiaCzechoslovakia Dana Zátopková June 1, 1958 Prague
57.40 AustraliaAustralia Anna Pazera July 24, 1958 Cardiff
57.49 Soviet Union 1955Soviet Union Birutė Zalogaitytė October 30, 1958 Tbilisi
57.92 Soviet Union 1955Soviet Union Elvīra Ozoliņa May 3, 1960 Leselidse
59.55 Soviet Union 1955Soviet Union Elvīra Ozoliņa June 4th 1960 Bucharest
59.78 Soviet Union 1955Soviet Union Elvīra Ozoliņa 3rd July 1963 Moscow
62.40 Soviet Union 1955Soviet Union Jelena Gorchakova October 16, 1964 Tokyo
62.70 PolandPoland Ewa Gryziecka June 11, 1972 Bucharest
65.06 Germany Democratic Republic 1949GDR Ruth Fuchs June 11, 1972 Potsdam
66.11 Germany Democratic Republic 1949GDR Ruth Fuchs 7th September 1973 Edinburgh
67.22 Germany Democratic Republic 1949GDR Ruth Fuchs 3rd October 1974 Rome
69.12 Germany Democratic Republic 1949GDR Ruth Fuchs July 10, 1976 Berlin
69.32 United StatesUnited States Kate Schmidt September 11, 1977 Fuerth
69.52 Germany Democratic Republic 1949GDR Ruth Fuchs June 13, 1979 Dresden
69.96 Germany Democratic Republic 1949GDR Ruth Fuchs 04/29/1980 Split
70.80 Soviet Union 1955Soviet Union Tatyana Birjulina July 12, 1980 Podolsk
71.88 Bulgaria 1971Bulgaria Antoaneta Todorova August 15, 1981 Zagreb
72.40 FinlandFinland Tiina Lillak July 29, 1982 Helsinki
74.20 GreeceGreece Sofia Sakorafa September 26, 1982 Chania
74.76 FinlandFinland Tiina Lillak June 13, 1983 Tampere
75.26 Germany Democratic Republic 1949GDR Petra Felke June 4th 1985 Schwerin
75.40 Germany Democratic Republic 1949GDR Petra Felke June 4th 1985 Schwerin
77.44 United KingdomUnited Kingdom Fatima Whitbread August 28, 1986 Stuttgart
78.90 Germany Democratic Republic 1949GDR Petra Felke July 29, 1987 Leipzig
80.00 Germany Democratic Republic 1949GDR Petra Felke-Meier September 9, 1988 Potsdam
New spear (mandatory design since 1999)
68.19 ** NorwayNorway Trine Solberg-Hattestad July 28, 1999 Fana
68.22 ** NorwayNorway Trine Solberg-Hattestad June 30, 2000 Rome
69.48 ** NorwayNorway Trine Solberg-Hattestad July 28, 2000 Oslo
71.54 CubaCuba Osleidys Menéndez July 1, 2001 Rethymno
71.70 CubaCuba Osleidys Menéndez August 14, 2005 Helsinki
72.28 Czech RepublicCzech Republic Barbora Špotáková September 13, 2008 Stuttgart

World best list


All javelin throwers with a distance of or more (the list only includes throws with the "new" competition javelin, which has been mandatory since 1986). A = width achieved under altitude conditions.

Last change: April 27, 2020

  1. 98.48 m Jan Železný , Jena , May 25, 1996Czech RepublicCzech Republic 
  2. 94.44 m Johannes Vetter , Lucerne , July 11, 2017 ( German record )GermanyGermany 
  3. 93.90 m Thomas Röhler , Doha , May 5, 2017GermanyGermany 
  4. 93.09 m Aki Parviainen , Kuortane , June 26, 1999FinlandFinland 
  5. 92.72 m Julius Yego , Beijing , August 26, 2015KenyaKenya 
  6. 92.61 m Sergei Makarow , Sheffield , June 30, 2002RussiaRussia 
  7. 92.60 m Raymond Hecht , Oslo , July 21, 1995GermanyGermany 
  8. 92.06 m Andreas Hofmann , Offenburg , June 2, 2018GermanyGermany 
  9. 91.69 m Konstadinós Gatsioúdis , Kuortane , June 24, 2000GreeceGreece 
  10. 91.59 m Andreas Thorkildsen , Oslo , June 2, 2006NorwayNorway 
  11. 91.53 m Tero Pitkämäki , Kuortane , June 26, 2005FinlandFinland 
  12. 91.46 m Steve Backley , Auckland , January 25, 1992United KingdomUnited Kingdom 
  13. 91.36 m Cheng Chao-tsun , Taipei , August 26, 2017Chinese TaipeiChinese Taipei 
  14. 31.29m Breaux Greer , Indianapolis , June 21, 2007United StatesUnited States 
  15. 90.73 m Vadims Vasiļevskis , Tallinn , July 23, 2007LatviaLatvia 
  16. 90.61 m Magnus Kirt , Kuortane , June 22, 2019EstoniaEstonia 
  17. 90.60 m Seppo Räty , Nurmijärvi , July 20, 1992FinlandFinland 
  18. 90.44 m Boris Henry , Linz , July 9, 1997GermanyGermany 
  19. 90.16 m Keshorn Walcott , Lausanne , July 9, 2015Trinidad and TobagoTrinidad and Tobago 
  20. 89.73 m Jakub Vadlejch , London , 12 August 2017Czech RepublicCzech Republic 
  21. 89.21 m Ihab Abdelrahman , Shanghai , May 18, 2014EgyptEgypt 
  22. 89.17 m Edis Matusevičius , Palanga , July 27, 2019LithuaniaLithuania 
  23. 89.16 m A Tom Petranoff , Potchefstroom , March 1, 1991United StatesUnited States 
  24. 89.15 m Zhao Qinggang , Incheon , October 2, 2014China People's RepublicPeople's Republic of China 
  25. 89.10 m Patrik Bodén , Austin , March 24, 1990SwedenSweden 
  26. 89.06 m Bernhard Seifert , Offenburg , May 26, 2019GermanyGermany 
  27. 89.02 m Jarrod Bannister , Brisbane , February 29, 2008AustraliaAustralia 
  28. 88.98 m Antti Ruuskanen , Pori , August 2, 2015FinlandFinland 
  29. 88.90 m Aleksandr Ivanov , Tula , June 7, 2003RussiaRussia 
  30. 88.84 m Dmitri Tarabin , Moscow , July 24, 2013RussiaRussia 
  31. 88.75 m Marius Corbett , Kuala Lumpur , September 21, 1998South AfricaSouth Africa 
  32. 88.70 m Peter Blank , Stuttgart , June 30, 2001GermanyGermany 
  33. 88.36 m Matthias de Zordo , Brussels , September 16, 2011GermanyGermany 
  34. 88.34 m Vítězslav Veselý , London , 8 August 2012Czech RepublicCzech Republic 
  35. 88.32m Petr Frydrych , London , 12th August 2017Czech RepublicCzech Republic 
  36. 88.29 m Julian Weber (athlete) , Berlin , September 3, 2016GermanyGermany 
  37. 88.24 m Matti Närhi , Soini , July 27, 1997FinlandFinland 
  38. 88.22 m Juha Laukkanen , Kuortane , June 20, 1992FinlandFinland 
  39. 88.20 m Gavin Lovegrove , Oslo , July 5, 1996New ZealandNew Zealand 
  40. 88.09 m Marcin Krukowski , Bialystok , July 21, 2017PolandPoland 
  41. 88.06 m Neeraj Chopra , Jakarta , August 27, 2018IndiaIndia 
  42. 88.02 m Oliver Helander , Pietarsaari , 7 July 2018FinlandFinland 
  43. 88.01m Ioannis Kiriazis , Austin , April 1, 2017GreeceGreece 
  44. 88.00 m Vladimir Ovchinnikow , Togliatti , May 14, 1995RussiaRussia 
  45. 87.83 m Andrus Värnik , Valga , August 19, 2003EstoniaEstonia 
  46. 87.82 m Harri Hakkarainen , Kuortane , June 24, 1995FinlandFinland 
  47. 87.60 m Kazuhiro Mizoguchi , San José , May 27, 1989JapanJapan 
  48. 87.40 m Uladzimir Sassimowitsch , Kuortane , June 24, 1995BelarusBelarus 
  49. 87.34 m Andrei Morujew , Birmingham , June 25, 1994RussiaRussia 
  50. 87.23 m Teemu Wirkkala , Joensuu , July 22, 2009FinlandFinland 


All throwers with a performance of or more (the list only contains throws with the competition javelin, which has been prescribed since 1999).

Last change: January 10, 2020

  1. 72.28 m Barbora Špotáková , Stuttgart , September 13, 2008Czech RepublicCzech Republic 
  2. 71.70 m Osleidys Menéndez , Helsinki , August 14, 2005CubaCuba 
  3. 70.53 m Marija Abakumowa , Berlin , September 1, 2013RussiaRussia 
  4. 70.20 m Christina Obergföll , Munich , June 23, 2007 ( German record )GermanyGermany 
  5. 69.48 m Trine Hattestad , Oslo , July 28, 2000NorwayNorway 
  6. 69.35 m Sunette Viljoen , New York , June 9th 2012South AfricaSouth Africa 
  7. 68.92 m Kathryn Mitchell , Gold Coast , April 11, 2018AustraliaAustralia 
  8. 68.43 m Sara Kolak , Lausanne , July 6, 2017CroatiaCroatia 
  9. 68.34 m Steffi Nerius , Elstal , August 31, 2008GermanyGermany 
  10. 67.98 m Lü Huihui , Shenyang , August 2, 2019China People's RepublicPeople's Republic of China 
  11. 67.90 m Christin Hussong , Berlin , August 10, 2018GermanyGermany 
  12. 67.70 m Kelsey-Lee Barber , Lucerne , July 9, 2019AustraliaAustralia 
  13. 67.69 m Katharina Molitor , Beijing , August 30, 2015GermanyGermany 
  14. 67.67 m Sonia Bisset , Salamanca , July 6, 2005CubaCuba 
  15. 67.51 m Mirela Maniani , Sydney , September 30, 2000GreeceGreece 
  16. 67.47 m Tazzjana Chaladowitsch , Oslo , June 7, 2018BelarusBelarus 
  17. 67.40 m Nikola Ogrodníková , Offenburg , May 26, 2019Czech RepublicCzech Republic 
  18. 67.32 m Linda Stahl , New York City , June 14, 2014GermanyGermany 
  19. 67.30 m Wira Rebryk , Adler , February 19, 2016RussiaRussia 
  20. 67.29 m Hanna Hazko-Fedussowa , Kirovohrad , July 26, 2014UkraineUkraine 
  21. 67.21 m Eda Tuğsuz , Baku , May 18, 2017TurkeyTurkey 
  22. 67.20 m Tatjana Schikolenko , Monaco , August 18, 2000RussiaRussia 
  23. 67.16 m Martina Ratej , Doha , May 14, 2010SloveniaSlovenia 
  24. 67.12 m Liu Shiying , Osaka , May 20, 2018China People's RepublicPeople's Republic of China 
  25. 67.11 m Maria Andrejczyk , Rio de Janeiro , August 16, 2016PolandPoland 
  26. 66.91 m Tanja Damaske , Erfurt , July 4th 1999GermanyGermany 
  27. 66.83 m Kimberley Mickle , Melbourne , March 22, 2014AustraliaAustralia 
  28. 66.80 m Louise Currey , Runaway Bay , August 5, 2000AustraliaAustralia 
  29. 66.67m Kara Winger , Des Moines , June 25, 2010United StatesUnited States 
  30. 66.53 m Marcelina Witek , Białogard , May 5, 2018PolandPoland 
  31. 66.25m Li Lingwei , London , 8th August 2017China People's RepublicPeople's Republic of China 
  32. 66.18 m Madara Palameika , Brussels , 9 September 2016LatviaLatvia 
  33. 66.17m Goldie Sayers , London , July 14th 2012United KingdomUnited Kingdom 
  34. 66.00 m Haruka Kitaguchi , Kitakyushu , October 27, 2019JapanJapan 
  35. 65.91 m Nikola Brejchová , Linz , August 2, 2004Czech RepublicCzech Republic 
  36. 65.47 m Zhang Li , Incheon , October 1, 2014China People's RepublicPeople's Republic of China 
  37. 65.30 m Claudia Coslovich , Ljubljana , June 10, 2000ItalyItaly 
  38. 65.29 m Xiomara Rivero , Santiago de Cuba , March 17, 2001CubaCuba 
  39. 65.17 m Karen Forkel , Erfurt , July 4th 1999GermanyGermany 
  40. 65.08 m Ana Mirela Țermure , Bucharest , June 10, 2001RomaniaRomania 
  41. 64.90 m Paula Tarvainen , Helsinki , 10 August 2003FinlandFinland 
  42. 64.89 m Jekaterina Iwakina , Oslo , July 28, 2000RussiaRussia 
  43. 64.87m Kelly Morgan , Birmingham , July 14, 2002United KingdomUnited Kingdom 
  44. 64.87 m Līna Mūze , Shanghai , May 18, 2019LatviaLatvia 
  45. 64.83 m Christina Scherwin , Stuttgart , September 9, 2006DenmarkDenmark 
  46. 64.83 m Elizabeth Gleadle , Kawasaki , May 10, 2015CanadaCanada 
  47. 64.75m Brittany Borman , Kawasaki , May 10, 2015United StatesUnited States 
  48. 64.62 m Joanna Stone-Nixon , Runaway Bay , August 5, 2000AustraliaAustralia 
  49. 64.62 m Nikolett Szabó , Patras , July 22, 2001HungaryHungary 
  50. 64.61 m Oxana Makarowa , Paris , June 19, 1999RussiaRussia 


  • Javelin Throw All Time - Eternal world best list of the IAAF, javelin throw men
  • Javelin Throw All Time - Eternal world best list of the IAAF, javelin throw women
  • Progression of World best performances and official IAAF World Records. 2003 edition. Monaco, 2003, pp. 201 ff. And 330 ff. (English)

See also

Web links

Commons : Javelin  - Collection of images, videos and audio files
Wiktionary: javelin  - explanations of meanings, word origins, synonyms, translations