Fédération Sportive Féminine Internationale

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The Fédération Sportive Féminine Internationale (FSFI) was the leading organization of international women's sport from 1921 to 1936 .


The Fédération Sportive Féminine Internationale was founded on October 31, 1921 by representatives from Great Britain , France , Italy , Czechoslovakia and the USA and had the main aim of recognizing women in athletics . The most important results of their work are the organization of the Women's World Games (1922 to 1934) and the registration of world records . After Germany was approved in 1926, it was by far the most successful country in sport. In Germany, on the other hand, the various sports associations competed with one another and willingly adopted the men's training principles.

The president of the FSFI was the French Alice Milliat (1884–1957), the vice-president of the German Walter Bergmann.

Under pressure from the FSFI, women were allowed to participate in the athletics competitions of the 1928 Olympic Games , but the FSFI's request for ten athletics competitions for women at the Olympic Games was not met. The FSFI therefore organized further Women's World Games in 1930 and 1934 to compete with the Olympic Games. The fourth and last such event was held in London in August 1934.

In 1936 the FSFI was dissolved under pressure from the International Olympic Committee .

Most recently the FSFI belonged to 30 countries:

  • since 1921: France, Great Britain, Italy, Czechoslovakia, USA
  • since 1922: Switzerland
  • since 1924: Belgium, Yugoslavia, Canada, Lithuania
  • since 1925: Latvia, Sweden
  • since 1926: Germany, Japan, Luxembourg, Austria, Poland
  • since 1928: Argentina, Estonia, Greece, the Netherlands, Romania, South Africa
  • since 1930: Australia, New Zealand, Palestine, Poland, Hungary
  • since 1936: Ireland, Norway, Rhodesia

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Mary H. Leigh & Therese M. Bonin: The Pioneering Role of Madame Alice Milliat and the FSI in Establishing International Trade (sic!) And Field Competition for Women, in: Journal of Sport History 4 (1977), 72-83. http://library.la84.org/SportsLibrary/JSH/JSH1977/JSH0401/jsh0401f.pdf
  2. Antje Fenner: The first German Miss Miracle: the development of women's athletics in Germany from its beginnings to 1945. Helmer, Königstein / Ts. 2001, ISBN 3-89741-072-9 .
  3. Gertrud Pfister : The "great women" in the FSFI: Alice Milliat and Eliott Lynn: two extraordinary sportswoman biographies. Olympic Games: Balance and Perspectives in the 21st Century. ed. Michael Krüger . Münster: LIT Verlag 2001, 138-146
  4. Arnd Krüger : The seven ways to fall into oblivion. Arnd Krüger & Bernd Wedemeyer-Kolwe (eds.): Forgotten, suppressed, rejected. On the history of exclusion in sport . (= Series of publications by the Lower Saxony Institute for Sports History , Volume 21). Münster: LIT-Verlag, 4-16. ( ISBN 9783643103383 )