|coat of arms||map|
|Administrative community :||Vaasa|
|Geographical location||63 ° 6 ′ N , 21 ° 36 ′ E|
|of which land area:||188.82 km²|
|of which inland waterways:||2.88 km²|
|of which sea area:||205.75 km²|
|Residents :||67,552 (Dec. 31, 2018)|
|Population density :||357.8 inhabitants / km²|
|Municipality number :||905|
|Language (s) :||Finnish , Swedish|
Vaasa [ ˈvɑːsɑ ] ( Swedish Vasa , from 1855 to 1917 officially Nikolaistad ) is a western Finnish port city on the Gulf of Bothnia . Vasa is a university town and one of the Finnish-Swedish cultural centers in Finland.
The city was founded in 1606 by the Swedish King Charles IX. Wasa founded under the Swedish name Vasa . In the 18th century, the city experienced an unprecedented boom. Not only did it become the seat of the court, it was also the first Finnish city to have a public library. In 1852, however, like many other Finnish cities at the time, Vaasa was hit by a major fire. One of the few spared buildings was the court court from 1780 to 1787, which was converted into a church in 1863.
The re-establishment took place seven kilometers to the west, as the old city had been cut off from the sea by land uplift since 1606 . Even before the railway was built in 1883, the new port was gaining in importance.
During the Finnish Civil War in 1918 Vaasa was the base of the White Brigades under General Mannerheim . Until the conquest of Helsinki , Vaasa served as the seat of the exile senate for ten weeks and thus as the de facto capital . During the Winter War and the Continuation War , various Soviet air strikes took place on the city, killing 22 civilians, 2.1% of the homes were destroyed and 2.2% badly damaged.
coat of arms
Description: A sheaf of gold wasa in red . A golden crown rests on golden-silver acanthus leaves on the shield. The Finnish Order of the Freedom Cross hangs around the shield.
Vaasa is an officially bilingual city with 71 percent of the population Finnish-speaking and 25 percent Swedish-speaking .
Vaasa has three universities. The largest is the University of Vaasa with around 5,200 students. There is also a branch of the Åbo Akademi in Vaasa and one of the two locations of the Hanken Commercial College .
The Wärtsilä Corporation ( Finnish : Oy Wärtsilä ), a manufacturer of marine diesel engines, marine propellers and power plants, operates a plant in Vaasa.
The ferry line to Umeå , which is the shortest ship route between Finland and Sweden , begins in Vaasa . The Vaasa Airport is 9 kilometers southeast of the city center.
The two soccer clubs Vaasan PS (VPS) and Vasa IFK are based in Vaasa . Both play their home games in the Elisa Stadium with 6,009 seats. It was last expanded from 2015 to 2016. The stadium was the venue for the 2018 U-19 European Football Championship . IFK won the Finnish football championship in 1944, 1946 and 1953, and VPS in 1945 and 1948. Vaasan Sport's ice hockey department plays in the Liiga , the top division in Finland.
Former Court in
Alt-Vaasa ( Korsholm ), today a church
Development of the population (as of December 31st):
Vaasa has twinned cities with
sons and daughters of the town
- Fanny Churberg (1845–1892), landscape painter
- Mathilda Wrede (1864–1928), aristocrat and benefactress
- Aarne Reini (1906–1974), wrestler
- Aulikki Rautawaara (1906–1990), singer
- Viljo Revell (1910–1964), architect
- Carita Nyström (1940–2019), writer and feminist
- Risto Björlin (* 1944), wrestler
- Leif Segerstam (* 1944), composer and conductor
- Gunilla Nyroos (* 1945), Swedish-speaking actress
- Pekka Puska (* 1945), health expert
- Monica Aspelund (* 1946), singer (pop)
- Susanna Alakoski (* 1962), social worker, journalist and writer
- Camilla Nylund (* 1968), opera singer, soprano
- Miapetra Kumpula-Natri (* 1972), politician
- Kai Hahto (* 1973), drummer and drum teacher
- Mikaela Ingberg (* 1974), track and field athlete
- Jani Toivola (* 1977), actor and politician
- Heikki Kallio (* 1980), chess grandmaster
- Håkan Nyblom (* 1981), Danish wrestler
- Maija Saari (* 1986), soccer player
- Oskar Osala (* 1987), ice hockey player
- Kaisa Alanko (* 1993), volleyball player
- Mikko Julkunen: Vaasa - Vasa . Vaasa, Vaasa 1982, ISBN 951-660-076-X (photo book with German text).
- ↑ Maanmittauslaitos (Finnish land surveying office): Suomen pinta-alat kunnittain January 1, 2010 (PDF; 199 kB)
- ↑ Statistical Office Finland: Table 11ra - Key figures on population by region, 1990-2018
- ↑ Software: Geoklima 2.1
- ^ Thiemig, Karl: Finland , p. 172. Munich 1974
- ↑ http://www.uva.fi/en/about/facts/
- ↑ site Vaasa - Ystävyyskaupungit , accessed on June 26, 2017