|Province (län):||Västerbotten County|
|Historical Province (landskap):||Västerbotten|
|SCB code :||8372|
|Residents :||83,249 (December 31, 2015)|
|Area :||32.2 km²|
|Population density :||2585 inhabitants / km²|
|Postal code :||900 01 - 908 50|
|List of perpetrators in Västerbotten County|
ˈʉːmeoː ] (localdialect: [ ˈʉːmə ]),Umesamisch Ubmeje, is a city in theSwedish province of Västerbotten Countyand thehistorical province of Västerbotten. Umeå is located at the mouth of theUme älvRiveron theGulf of Bothniaand is the seat of the province and capital ofthe municipality ofthesame name.[
Umeå is the largest city in Norrland and the thirteenth largest crime scene in Sweden with 83,294 inhabitants in 2015. The population has more than doubled since the middle of the 20th century, making Umeå one of the fastest growing cities in Sweden. The Umeå municipality had in 2011 115.229 inhabitants. The aim of the community is to grow to 200,000 inhabitants by 2050.
Umeå is also called the city of birches since around 3000 birches were planted in the city after a devastating fire in 1888. After Luleå, it is Sweden's northernmost university town with two universities and a total of around 37,000 students.
In 2010 Umeå was selected together with Riga as the European Capital of Culture 2014. On January 31, 2014, the starting shot for the European Capital of Culture Umeå was given, to which the patrons Crown Princess Victoria and Prince Daniel came among others .
Stone Age traces can be found in the Norrfors rock carvings .
Umeå was granted town charter in 1588 , but the founding of the town near Umeå Church and the associated trading post failed. Another attempt was made in 1622, but it was not until 1640 that the city began to develop. Umeå became the seat of the Västerbotten Province. During the Great Northern War at the beginning of the 18th century, the city was burned down by Russian troops in 1714. However, it recovered afterwards and by 1800 had about 1,000 inhabitants. In 1809 the last armed conflicts on Swedish soil were fought near the city and the city was conquered again by Russians.
In 1885 Umeå had 2,930 inhabitants. A fire on June 25, 1888 destroyed the city again. 2,500 of the 3,000 or so residents lost their homes. The birch avenues, for which the city has been famous ever since, were laid out after the fire to make it difficult for the flames to spread. The city is therefore known throughout Sweden as the “City of Birches”. Today there are around 3000 birch trees in Umeå. Due to their northern location, they do not start to sprout until May 25th and lose their leaves again in the second half of September.
In the 20th century the city developed into a service and cultural center for northern Norrland, also in connection with the establishment of Umeå University in 1965.
coat of arms
The first city coat of arms of Umeås consisted of three reindeer heads and appeared twenty years after the city was founded in 1622. In 1646 Queen Kristina decided that the city should display the heads as coats of arms. The motif has been changed slightly to this day, but it was always three heads. They have their origins in the coat of arms of the historic Västerbotten landscape, which depicts a reindeer.
Umeå has several museums, including the Umedalen Sculpture Park , the Gammlia open-air museum , which also houses the Provincial Museum (Länsmuseum) , the Bildmuseet Umeå , which moved to the Umeå University's art campus in May 2012 , and the instrument museum Guitars - the Museum, founded in 2014 .
The 301-meter-long Gamla bron (Old Bridge) , built in 1863, is the oldest surviving bridge in the city. The Gamla bankhuset was built in 1877 in the neo-renaissance style; The Von Ahnska magasinet on Storgatan dates from 1887, the town church from 1894.
The region is not only suitable for bike excursions because of the spacious bike paths in the city. Among other things, the Sverigeleden 4 (Rusksele-Holmsund with 195 km) leads through the city. There are also nature reserves, hiking trails, cross-country skiing trails , the beautiful archipelago on the coast and other opportunities for winter sports in the region.
The sculpture Grön eld is in front of the train station .
education and Science
In September 1965, Umeå Sweden's fifth university, the Umeå University (Umeå universitet), was inaugurated. It emerged from the previously established medical university. Umeå maintained its rank as Sweden's northernmost university until the 1990s when Luleås Technical University was founded. In addition to Umeå University, there is a site for the Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SLU) in the city.
Umeå is an important service center for Norrland. Umeå is not only home to the municipal administration, but also the provincial administration and the administration of the provincial council. There are also state and military authorities in Umeå. Norrlands Universitetssjukhus University and University Hospital are among the city's major employers.
Umeå is on European routes 4 and 12 . The latter begins in the port of Holmsund, 18 kilometers south, and leads over the Skanden to Norway . Both streets are in the south of the city with the Kolbäcksbron over the Ume älv .
In the Alvik district, around 4.5 kilometers south of the city center, there has been an airport since 1962 .
At the end of August 2010, the Botniabana , a railway line from Nyland in the municipality of Kramfors to Umeå, opened. There is a second train station (Umeå Östra) in the east of the city, at the university clinic.
Ferry to Finland
Umeå is known for an active music scene, in particular many hardcore bands come from the city , the most important of which are refused . Other bands from Umeå include AC4 , Cult of Luna , Final Exit , The (International) Noise Conspiracy , Khoma , Meshuggah , Naglfar , Nocturnal Rites , The Perishers and Ye Banished Privateers .
The NorrlandsOperan is located in Umeå and is u. a. The venue for the annual MADE Festival, a festival for music, dance and culture directed in 2012 by musician David Moss . Other music festivals in Umeå are the Umeå Jazz Festival , Umeå Open , Umeå Kulturnatta , Umefolk , and the Visfestival on the island of Holmön. There is also the Umeå film festival and the international literature festival Littfest .
Umeå is also known in Sweden as the center of the vegan and straight edge movements of the 1990s.
The best-known sports clubs from Umeå are the women's soccer team Umeå IK , which won the Swedish championship and the UEFA Cup several times and was home to the Brazilian world soccer player Marta from 2004 to 2008 , and the IF Björklöven ice hockey team , which was very successful in the 1980s.
Other sports clubs are:
Umeå is divided into five larger districts, which are divided into smaller districts (stadsdelar) . The districts are Centrala Umeå , the center, as well as Östra Umeå , Norra Umeå , Västra Umeå and Södra Umeå , which are named after the cardinal points east, north, west and south.
- Centrala Umeå is divided into the districts of Centrum, Öst på Stan, Väst på Stan, Östermalm and Öbacka Strand, which is being planned.
- Norra Umeå : Västra Ersboda , Östra Ersboda, Sandbacka, Haga, Umestan, Gammlia, Marieberg, Mariedal
- Västra Umeå : Backen, Umedalen, Grisbacka, Grubbe, Rödäng, Västerslätt, Västerhiske
- Södra Umeå : Teg, Väst-Teg, Öst-Teg, Böleäng, Röbäck, Röbäcksdalen, Ön
- Östra Umeå : Ålidhöjd, Ålidhem , Mariehem, Universitetsområdet, Olofsdal, Berghem, Mariestrand, Nydalahöjd, Carlshem, Sofiehem, Tomtebo, Gimonäs
sons and daughters of the town
- Petrus Kenicius (1555–1636), Lutheran theologian and Archbishop of Uppsala
- Astrid Väring (1892–1978), writer
- Gus Forslund (1906–1962), ice hockey player
- Gunnar Wåhlberg (1910–1995), military patrol runner
- Bengt Ljungquist (1912–1979), fencer and dressage rider
- Stig Lindberg (1916–1982), designer
- Lars Widding (1924–1994), writer, journalist and screenwriter
- Assar Lindbeck (* 1930), economist
- Gun Röring (1930-2006), gymnast
- Ola Ullsten (1931–2018), politician and diplomat
- Staffan Normark (* 1945), microbiologist
- Thommy Abrahamsson (born 1947), ice hockey player
- Stieg Larsson (1954–2004), journalist and author
- Stefan Persson (* 1954), ice hockey player
- Lena Micko (* 1955), politician
- Åke Sandgren (* 1955), Danish-Swedish film director, screenwriter and film producer
- Eva Dahlgren (* 1960), singer and author
- Roger Hägglund (1961–1992), ice hockey player
- Jens Fjellström (* 1964), football player
- Elisabet Gustafson (* 1964), curler
- Mats Gustafsson (* 1964), musician and composer
- Elisabeth Persson (* 1964), curler
- Mikael Jansson (* 1965), politician and former party leader of the Sverigedemokraterna
- Jonas Knutsson (* 1965), jazz musician and composer
- Per Helander (* 1967), physicist
- Mathias Dahlgren (* 1969), cook, winner of the Bocuse d'Or
- Karl Backman (* 1970), musician and artist
- Fredrik Thordendal (* 1970), guitarist and composer
- Björn Berg (* 1972), beach volleyball player
- Dennis Lyxzén (* 1972), singer and musician
- Eva-Karin Westin (* 1972), biathlete
- Mats Lindmark (* 1974), German-Swedish ice hockey player
- Ylva Lindberg (* 1976), ice hockey player and trainer
- Daniel Tjärnqvist (* 1976), ice hockey player
- Per Elofsson (* 1977), cross-country skier
- Per-Anton Lundström (* 1977), ice hockey player
- Love Larson (* 1978), makeup artist and hairdresser
- Hanna Ljungberg (* 1979), soccer player
- Mathias Tjärnqvist (* 1979), ice hockey player and coach
- Anja Pärson (* 1981), ski racer
- Sofia Lundgren (* 1982), soccer player
- Mikael Dahlberg (* 1985), soccer player
- Johanna Holma (* 1985), biathlete
- Amanda Kernell (* 1986), Swedish-Sami film director
- Mikael Lustig (* 1986), soccer player
- Maria Pietilä Holmner (* 1986), ski racer
- Frida Nevalainen (* 1987), ice hockey player
- Daniel Rahimi (* 1987), Iranian-Swedish ice hockey player
- Emma Berglund (* 1988), soccer player
- Kristofer Berglund (* 1988), ice hockey player
- Teodor Peterson (* 1988), cross-country skier
- Tove Styrke (* 1992), singer
- Lucas Wallmark (* 1995), ice hockey player
- Sebastian Aho (* 1996), Swedish ice hockey player
- Statistiska centralbyrån : Land area per crime scene, folkmängd och invånare per square kilometer. Vart femte år 1960 - 2015 (database query)
- Daniel Andersson: Indigenous Place-Names in (Post) colonial Contexts: The Case of Ubmeje in Northern Sweden . In: Scandinavian Studies . tape 92 , no. 1 , 2020, ISSN 2163-8195 , p. 104–126 (English, jhu.edu [accessed on March 13, 2020] Swedish-language summary: Därför borde Ubmeje godkännas som officiellt samiskt namn för Umeå ).
- Statistiska Meddelanden. (PDF) Retrieved December 9, 2015 (Swedish).
- Kommunfolkmängd efter ko November 1, 2011 ( Memento of the original from March 27, 2012 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Umeå växer - en tidning om stadsplanering och stadsbyggnad ( Memento of the original from June 10, 2012 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- of royal splendor in Umea . Travel EXCLUSIV magazine website, accessed January 14, 2014.
- MSN Väder: Umeå
- Ticket väderguide (SMHI) ( Memento of the original from January 1, 2011 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Umeå Tourist Information Office
- 2.1 - 1.5 2020. Retrieved December 4, 2019 (American English).
- Umeå hardcore och veganrörelse arkiveras
- We'll never be that young again on faz.net ; Retrieved January 25, 2014
- Information on the Würzburg website ( memento of the original from January 6, 2014 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. , accessed January 6, 2014