List of European Capitals of Culture

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The list of European Capitals of Culture contains all cities that have been selected by the European Union (EU) since 1985 to hold the title of European Capital of Culture for one year (until 1998 European Capital of Culture ). The determination is made long in advance so that the applicant cities can prepare fully for the corresponding year. The EU also provides financial support for the alignment.

Past and current developments

In 2000, nine cities shared the title - once again - including four cities from non-EU countries for the first time.

Since 2001, mostly two cities have received the title, which became the rule from 2007. In 2010, however - the third - the city of a non-EU country was also represented, which is planned for 2021 and every third year thereafter. The last-mentioned cities should come from a (potential) candidate country for accession to the EU.

In autumn 2014, the Vienna University of Technology started a discussion platform for Austria's participation in 2024, which operated across universities, involved 100 students and which, from autumn 2015, communicated with interested parties with traveling exhibitions, discussion events, a website and a logo. The Rhine valley town of Dornbirn applied together with Feldkirch and Hohenems as well as the Bregenzerwald region . The Salzkammergut, under the leadership of the City of Bad Ischl , also submitted an application. In St. Pölten , an application was submitted through a citizens' initiative. On November 12th Bad Ischl was selected as the Austrian Capital of Culture for 2024.

In May 2016 - only - the EU countries for the selection of cities for the years up to 2033 have already been determined.

In November 2017, the EU Commission announced that the planned award of the title for 2023 to a city in the United Kingdom would not take place in the event of an exit from the EU . Since it was assumed at this point that the UK will have left the EU on March 29, 2019, the EU Commission considered it useful to cancel the application process - which is in the hands of the British Ministry of Culture.

In response to the COVID-19 pandemic , the EU Commission proposed in August 2020 that the Capitals of Culture Rijeka and Galway be given the opportunity to extend their year as European Capitals of Culture 2020 until April 30, 2021. Novi Sad is not set to become European Capital of Culture in 2021, but in 2022. A shift from 2021 to 2023 is under discussion for the cities of Timișoara and Elefsina .

Eight cities have applied for German participation in 2025: Chemnitz , Dresden , Hanover , Hildesheim , Magdeburg , Nuremberg , Gera and Zittau . Of these, Chemnitz, Hanover, Hildesheim, Magdeburg and Nuremberg received the second application round on December 12, 2019, from which a German participating city is expected to emerge at the end of November 2020.

Overview of all cultural capitals

The current cultural capitals are highlighted in green. If the cultural capital is also the capital of your country, it is highlighted in bold . !

Go straight to year : 1990 - 2000 - 2010 - 2020 - 2030
year city country Website
European city of culture
1985 Athens GreeceGreece Greece
1986 Florence ItalyItaly Italy
1987 Amsterdam NetherlandsNetherlands Netherlands
1988 West Berlin GermanyGermany Germany
1989 Paris FranceFrance France
1990 Glasgow United KingdomUnited Kingdom United Kingdom
1991 Dublin IrelandIreland Ireland
1992 Madrid SpainSpain Spain
1993 Antwerp BelgiumBelgium Belgium
1994 Lisbon PortugalPortugal Portugal
1995 Luxembourg LuxembourgLuxembourg Luxembourg
1996 Copenhagen DenmarkDenmark Denmark
1997 Thessaloniki GreeceGreece Greece
1998 Stockholm SwedenSweden Sweden
year city country Website
European Capital of Culture
1999 Weimar GermanyGermany Germany
2000 Avignon FranceFrance France
Mountains NorwayNorway Norway
Bologna ItalyItaly Italy
Brussels BelgiumBelgium Belgium
Helsinki ("Knowledge, Technology and Future") FinlandFinland Finland
Krakow PolandPoland Poland
Prague ("Cultural Heritage") Czech RepublicCzech Republic Czech Republic
Reykjavík ("Culture and Nature") IcelandIceland Iceland
Santiago de Compostela ("Europe and the World") SpainSpain Spain
2001 postage PortugalPortugal Portugal
Rotterdam NetherlandsNetherlands Netherlands
2002 Salamanca SpainSpain Spain
Bruges ("Bruges Plus") BelgiumBelgium Belgium
2003 Graz ("Graz 2003") AustriaAustria Austria
2004 Lille FranceFrance France
Genoa ItalyItaly Italy
2005 Cork IrelandIreland Ireland
2006 Patras GreeceGreece Greece
2007 Luxembourg together with the greater region of Saar-Lor-Lux LuxembourgLuxembourg Luxembourg
Sibiu RomaniaRomania Romania
2008 Liverpool United KingdomUnited Kingdom United Kingdom
Stavanger NorwayNorway Norway
2009 Linz (" Linz09 ") AustriaAustria Austria
Vilnius LithuaniaLithuania Lithuania
2010 Essen together with the Ruhr area (" RUHR.2010 ") GermanyGermany Germany
Pécs (" Pécs2010 ") HungaryHungary Hungary
Istanbul TurkeyTurkey Turkey
2011 Turku FinlandFinland Finland
Tallinn EstoniaEstonia Estonia
2012 Guimarães PortugalPortugal Portugal
Maribor SloveniaSlovenia Slovenia
2013 Marseille FranceFrance France
Košice SlovakiaSlovakia Slovakia
2014 Umeå SwedenSweden Sweden
Riga LatviaLatvia Latvia
2015 Mons (mountains) BelgiumBelgium Belgium
Pilsen Czech RepublicCzech Republic Czech Republic
2016 Wroclaw PolandPoland Poland
San Sebastian SpainSpain Spain
2017 Aarhus DenmarkDenmark Denmark
Paphos Cyprus RepublicRepublic of Cyprus Cyprus
2018 Leeuwarden NetherlandsNetherlands Netherlands
Valletta MaltaMalta Malta
2019 Matera ItalyItaly Italy
Plovdiv BulgariaBulgaria Bulgaria
2020 Galway IrelandIreland Ireland
Rijeka CroatiaCroatia Croatia
2021 Timișoara RomaniaRomania Romania
Eleusis GreeceGreece Greece
Novi Sad SerbiaSerbia Serbia
2022 Kaunas LithuaniaLithuania Lithuania
Esch on the Alzette LuxembourgLuxembourg Luxembourg
2023 Veszprém HungaryHungary Hungary
still unknown United KingdomUnited Kingdom United Kingdom
2024 Tartu EstoniaEstonia Estonia
Bad Ischl AustriaAustria Austria
Bodø NorwayNorway Norway
2025 still unknown SloveniaSlovenia Slovenia
still unknown GermanyGermany Germany
2026 still unknown SlovakiaSlovakia Slovakia
still unknown FinlandFinland Finland
2027 still unknown LatviaLatvia Latvia
still unknown PortugalPortugal Portugal
still unknown a (potential) candidate country
2028 still unknown Czech RepublicCzech Republic Czech Republic
still unknown FranceFrance France
2029 still unknown PolandPoland Poland
still unknown SwedenSweden Sweden
2030 still unknown Cyprus RepublicRepublic of Cyprus Cyprus
still unknown BelgiumBelgium Belgium
still unknown a (potential) candidate country
2031 still unknown MaltaMalta Malta
still unknown SpainSpain Spain
2032 still unknown BulgariaBulgaria Bulgaria
still unknown DenmarkDenmark Denmark
2033 still unknown NetherlandsNetherlands Netherlands
still unknown ItalyItaly Italy
still unknown a (potential) candidate country
year city country Website


  1. a b c d e f g h Representative of an EU candidate country or a member of the EFTA or the EEA
  2. a b Because the United Kingdom leaves the EU , there will be no British Capital of Culture. The cities of Dundee , Nottingham , Leeds , Milton Keynes , Belfast , Derry and Strabane had originally applied.

Web links

Commons : European Capital of Culture  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. georg.leyrer: "Bad Ischl" is EU Capital of Culture 2024: joy and call for money. Retrieved November 13, 2019 .
  2. ↑ The British are outraged about the end of the European Capital of Culture., November 23, 2017, accessed on November 23, 2017 .
  3. Brexit: EU cancels British bids for European Capital of Culture 2023. Deutsche Welle, November 23, 2017, accessed on November 23, 2017 .
  4. Coronavirus: Commission proposes extension for the European Capitals of Culture 2020 to 2021. European Commission , August 18, 2020, accessed August 20, 2020 .
  5. Eight German cities in the running. Spiegel Online, October 1, 2019, accessed October 2, 2019 .
  6. Capital of Culture 2025: Applicant Chemnitz pushes the pace on , December 17, 2019, accessed on December 17, 2019.
  7. European Capital of Culture 2025 - The preselection on , December 12, 2019, accessed on December 12, 2019.
  8. Timişoara va fi Capitală Europeană a Culturii in 2021 . Report on from September 16, 2016, accessed on April 24, 2017.
  9. Eleusis will be European Capital of Culture in 2021 . News on of November 11, 2016, accessed on April 24, 2017.
  10. Novi Sad will be the European Capital of Culture in 2021 . Report on from October 14, 2016, accessed on April 24, 2017.
  11. Tartu is European Capital of Culture 2024. In: . August 28, 2019. Retrieved August 28, 2019 .
  12. jury's decision: Bad Ischl is Capital of Culture 2024. In: . November 12, 2019, accessed November 12, 2019 .
  13. Bodø: Norway's European Capital Of Culture For 2024. In: Forbes. September 25, 2019, accessed October 9, 2019 .