The death of George Floyd in the United States led to protests against racially motivated police violence worldwide. In the United States, this case led to days of unrest, some of it severe, and night curfews in over 40 cities.
|2020 in other calendars|
|From urbe condita||2773|
|- era||4716-4717 or
|- 60 year cycle|
- CCXXVIII CCXXIX
|- Vikram Sambat||2076-2077|
|- Shaka Samvat||1942-1943|
|- Nengō (era):||Reiwa 2|
|- Dangun era||4353|
|- Juche era||109|
|Thai solar calendar||2563|
The year 2020 is the current leap year with 366 days. It started on Wednesday January 1st and ends on Thursday December 31st . So far, the year has been dominated by the global COVID-19 pandemic , which has resulted in numerous social and economic restrictions.
Politics and world events
- German-Danish year of friendship
- January 1 to June 30: Croatian EU Council Presidency
- January 1: Simonetta Sommaruga becomes President of Switzerland again .
- January 3: Iranian General Qasem Soleimani is killed in a US drone attack.
- January 7th: Swearing-in of the new black - green government in Austria - Federal Government Brief II
- January 16: After the resignation of Dmitri Medvedev , Mikhail Mishustin becomes the new Russian Prime Minister
- January 21 to 24: World Economic Forum in Davos
- January 26th: Municipal council elections in Lower Austria and regional elections in Burgenland
- January 31: The United Kingdom comes in the wake of the United Kingdom and Gibraltar European Union membership referendum from the European Union from
- February 4th to 5th: European Police Congress in Berlin
- February 14-16: Munich Security Conference
- February 23: State election in Hamburg . The ruling red-green coalition under Peter Tschentscher ( SPD ) was able to retain its majority.
- March 15th: Local elections in Bavaria
- March 16: National shutdown begins in the United States due to the COVID-19 pandemic.
- March 22: 75th anniversary of the founding of the Arab League
- March 27: North Macedonia joins NATO as the 30th member .
- April 1: United States Census 2020 , the 24th census in the United States
- April 10: 50th anniversary of the dissolution of the Beatles
- April 15: General election in South Korea 2020
- April 28: Colombia becomes the 37th member state of the OECD .
- May: The German Daycare Prize 2020 is awarded.
- May 8: 75th anniversary of the end of World War II in Europe; one-time holiday in Berlin
- May 25: Police officer killing of African American George Floyd in Minneapolis
- May 27: Protests against racist police violence begin in Minneapolis following the death of George Floyd . In the days that followed, they spread to numerous states in the United States and subsequently to many other countries.
- May 29: US President Donald Trump announces the United States' exit from the World Health Organization after criticizing its actions in the outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic in China . The resignation will take effect on July 6, 2021.
- June 26: 75th anniversary of the founding of the United Nations (UN)
- June 28th: Municipal elections in Styria
- July 1 to December 31: Germany holds the presidency of the Council of the European Union .
- August 6: 75th anniversary of the atomic bomb being dropped on Hiroshima
- September 4th: Opening of the Ceneri Base Tunnel
- September 13: Local elections in North Rhine-Westphalia
- September 13: Municipal council and mayoral elections in Vorarlberg
- September 19: 71st Ordinary Federal Party Congress in Berlin
- September 19: 75th anniversary of the founding of the State of Hesse
- October 3: 30th anniversary of German reunification with the capital Berlin and the re-establishment of the states of Brandenburg , Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania , Saxony , Saxony-Anhalt and Thuringia .
- October 11: Election to the state parliament and municipal council in Vienna
- October 31: planned opening of Berlin Brandenburg Airport
- November: G20 summit in Riyadh , Saudi Arabia
- November 3rd: US presidential election
- November 8: 60th anniversary of the election of John F. Kennedy as President of the United States
- Dec. 7: 50th anniversary of the knee Falls of Willy Brandt in Warsaw
Exact date unclear
- 13th Asia-Europe Meeting (ASEM) in Phnom Penh
- The GSM (2G) mobile communications standard will be switched off throughout Switzerland by the end of 2020
Terrorist attacks (selection)
- February 19: Attack in Hanau
- Bush fires in Australia 2019/2020
- Drought in the Czech Republic: The Czech Republic is experiencing an exceptional drought that is judged to be the worst in 500 years.
- January 24: 41 people die in a magnitude 6.7 earthquake in eastern Anatolia ; over 1600 are injured. The epicenter is in Elazığ Province .
- May 20: Cyclone in Bangladesh and India
- August 11: Eruption of the Sinabung volcano on the Indonesian island of Sumatra
- The California wildfires are becoming one of the largest disasters in recent American history.
- January 1st: More than 50 animals, including many great apes, die in a major fire in the monkey house at Krefeld Zoo . The cause of the fire was a Chinese sky lantern .
- January 8: Ukraine International Airlines Flight 752 is shot down a few minutes after take-off from Tehran ( Iran ) due to the tense situation in Iran as a result of the fatal attack on Iranian General Qasem Soleimani . The plane was on its way to Kiev ( Ukraine ). All 176 people on board, including 167 passengers and nine crew members, died.
- May 22: Pakistan International Airlines Flight 8303 crashes into a residential area in Karachi, killing 97.
- May 29: Diesel oil disaster near Norilsk
- August 4th: Blast disaster in the port of Beirut , Lebanon. Over 220 people die and over 6,000 are injured.
Society, culture, economy
- January 5: The 2020 Golden Globe Awards ceremony in Beverly Hills
- 17th to 26th January: International Green Week Berlin
- January 25: First flight of the ultra-long-haul version of the Boeing 777-9 wide-body aircraft
- February 2nd to 5th: International confectionery fair in Cologne
- February 7th: Dresden Semper Opera Ball
- February 9th 2020 Academy Awards in Los Angeles
- February 20 to March 1: Berlin International Film Festival 2020 ( Berlinale )
- March 29th: Broadcasting of the last episode of the German ARD television series Lindenstrasse
- April 24th: German Film Award in Berlin
- May 14th to 31st: Theater der Welt in Düsseldorf
- Jan 1st: Peter Wright wins the PDC World Darts Championship
- January 9th to 26th: 2020 European Handball Championship in Norway , Austria and Sweden
- Jan 10th to 19th: Winter Youth Olympic Games 2020 in Lausanne ( Switzerland )
- Jan. 29 to Feb. 2: German Masters ( Snooker ) 2020 in the Tempodrom in Berlin
- Feb 2: Super Bowl LIV at Hard Rock Stadium in Miami Gardens , Florida
- Feb. 26 to Mar. 1: UCI Track World Championships 2020 in the Velodrom in Berlin
- Apr 5: WWE WrestleMania 36 at the WWE Performance Center (without audience)
- June 27: last matchday of the Bundesliga 2019/20 (without audience); The German champions are FC Bayern Munich for the 8th time in a row .
- August 21: Final of the 2019/20 UEFA Europa League in Cologne ; The winner is Sevilla FC for the sixth time .
- 23 August: 2019/20 UEFA Champions League final in Lisbon ; The winner is FC Bayern Munich , which won the second triple after 2013 .
- September 13: ISTAF in Berlin
- January 2: 100th birthday of the British writer Isaac Asimov
- January 20th: 100th birthday of the Italian film director Federico Fellini
- January 24: 100th anniversary of the death of the Italian painter Amedeo Modigliani
- March 20: 250th birthday of the German writer Friedrich Hölderlin
- March 30: 200th birthday of the British writer Anna Sewell
- April 6: 500th anniversary of the death of the Italian painter Raffael
- April 15: 100th birthday of the German politician Richard von Weizsäcker
- May 11th: 300th birthday of the German writer Hieronymus Carl Friedrich von Münchhausen
- May 12: Florence Nightingale's 200th birthday
- May 18: 100th birthday of John Paul II.
- June 2: 100th birthday of the German literary critic Marcel Reich-Ranicki
- June 14: 100th anniversary of the death of the German sociologist Max Weber
- August 27: 250th birthday of the German philosopher Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel
- September 12: 100th birthday of the German cabaret artist Lore Lorentz
- September 24th: 100th anniversary of the death of Russian goldsmith Peter Carl Fabergé
- October 31: 100th birthday of the German soccer player Fritz Walter
- November 9: 100th birthday of the Iranian physicist and astronomer Alenoush Terian
- November 28: 200th birthday of the German philosopher Friedrich Engels
- December 17th: 250th birthday of the German composer Ludwig van Beethoven
science and technology
Astronomy, cosmology and space travel
- January 3 - Scientists prove that there are active volcanoes on Venus . They found that lava flows previously dated to be 250,000 years old or less are likely only a few years old. Since 1963, extraterrestrial microorganisms have been considered as a possible explanation for UV absorption in the Venusian atmosphere . These could exist in the lower clouds of Venus and get nutrients supplied by volcanoes.
- January 7th - Astronomers discover the "Radcliffe Wave" - the largest known gas cloud in the Milky Way , in which stars are formed. It could be the origin of the sun . This will cross the cloud again in approx. 13 million years.
- January 10 - penumbral eclipse ( lunar eclipse )
- January 15 - Scientists reveal the origin of the available phosphorus on earth: it was formed in star-forming gas clouds such as "AFGL 5142" during the formation of stars and then reached the earth via fusible comets - such as Churyumov-Gerasimenko - in the form of phosphorus monoxide . The chemical element is essential for all known living things.
- February 3 - First discovery of a periodicity in one of the mysterious Fast Radio Bursts reported - FRB 180916 emits radio waves in a ~ 16-day cycle
- February 22nd - Scientists find a protein called "hemolithin" inside the meteorite "Acfer 086" found in 1990. Proteins are essential components for the creation of life . If their controversial study is confirmed in the peer review , this would support the panspermia hypothesis. The protein could have originated in protoplanetary or interstellar gas.
- February 27th - Astronomers report that a cavity in the gas cloud of the Ophiuchus galaxy supercluster is the result of the largest known explosion in the universe. A formerly active galaxy core with the mass of several billion suns - a supermassive black hole - caused the cavity, in which approx. 15 Milky Way galaxies fit next to each other, to arise through the emission of radiation and particles .
- March 10th - Discrepancy in measurements of the Hubble constant could be explained by a large "bubble" with a different density.
- March 12 - The interstellar comet 2I / Borisov breaks apart.
- April 8 - Scientists publish a study that the universe is no longer expanding in all directions at the same rate . For this purpose, the X-rays from galaxy clusters were examined. The study data challenges the standard cosmological model of the isotropic equality of the universe and suggests that there may be directions in the universe. The study confirms earlier studies that have already indicated this and are often referred to as the "crisis of cosmology" .
- April 13 - Discovery of the most luminous known Supernova SN 2016aps published
- April 20 - Scientists report that interstellar comet 2I / Borisov contains a lot of CO and probably originates from the cold, outer region of a protoplanetary disk .
- April 24th - Scientists report to have confirmed discrepant measurements of the fine structure constant . The “constant”, which determines the strength of the electromagnetic force between charged particles, varied in four measurements of the second most distant quasar ULAS J1120 + 0641 from previous measurements. Your study confirms the theory that physical laws in the universe can vary in "directions" and that it is therefore anisotropic. This would have implications for theories about the emergence of the habitability of space .
- May 30 - First manned mission of the US spacecraft Crew Dragon of the SpaceX company to the ISS .
- June 21 - Annular Solar Eclipse - Visible in western Congo , Sudan , Ethiopia , Eritrea , Yemen , Saudi Arabia , Oman , Pakistan , India , the People's Republic and the Republic of China
- July - China, the United Arab Emirates and the US launch probes to Mars . Due to the favorable position of the planets with a short distance between Mars and Earth, they started only a few days apart. The arrival times are in spring 2021.
- July 19 - After 20 years of working with the Sloan Foundation Telescope, astrophysicists from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey publish the most complete 3D map of the universe, filling an 11 billion year gap in the universe's history of expansion. Their results support the theory of a “flat” universe and confirm discrepancies in the speed of the expansion of space in different spacetime regions.
- Aug 17 - Astronomers report that the interstellar object ʻOumuamua is unlikely to be made of frozen hydrogen, according to a study published in May suggested it. The composition, the strange shape, and the observed acceleration of the object remain a mystery.
- September 14 - The Royal Astronomical Society publishes a study in which scientists report the discovery of monophosphane in Venus' atmosphere in June 2017. In the concentration found, this was known to be a strong indicator of extraterrestrial microbial life . According to researchers, the gas could be traced back to abiotic chemistry, atmospheric or geological processes that were still unknown and unexplained until the study was published, the result of incorrect data from the two relevant observatories, or a biosignature for extraterrestrial life . Further studies on this have already been published and announced. The ESA BepiColombo space probe may be able to further confirm the measurements in mid-October.
- December 14th - Total Solar Eclipse - Visible in the Pacific, Chile, Argentina and the South Atlantic
- December 21st - Great conjunction
Environmental science and paleontology
- January 13th - Scientists report that the oldest known material on earth is particles of the Murchison meteorite : they are about 7 billion years old (the earth about 4.5 billion years).
- Jan 16 - Scientists show that the dinosaur extinction was caused by the meteorite impact, not volcanism.
- Jan 21 - Researchers show that ozone-depleting substances (ODS) caused most of the Arctic warming between 1955 and 2005. To do this, they used a climate model with which they examined two scenarios: ODS and all natural and man-made emissions were fed into one, and only the latter into the other. ODS caused about half of the Arctic ice loss. ODS have been banned since 1989 , causing the ozone hole to recede.
- January 28 - Researchers examine over 100 tropical forests and coral reefs disrupted by extreme weather events and local human activities.
- January 21st - Scientists use dating and simulations to show that the Yarrabubba impact is the oldest known asteroid impact , occurred about 2.2 billion years ago and could have ended the Ice Age at that time.
- January 21 - According to a study, the highest emissions of the greenhouse gas fluoroform were measured.
- January 23 - Scientists show that epaulette sharks ("running sharks") are the newest shark species.
- February 24 - According to a study, over 20% of Australian forests burned down in the 2019-20 Australian bushfires . The extent is new and has not occurred in the last 20 years. A connection with climate change was not sufficiently proven at the time of publication. One author of the study points out that this at least amplified the extreme heat waves of summer. The fires differ in several ways from previous fires of this magnitude.
- February 24th - Study for the discovery of the oldest green plant ( Chlorophyta ): approx. 1 billion years old alga Proterocladus antiquus with a size of approx. 2 mm and the ability to photosynthesize
- February 25th - Researchers report the first finding of an animal that produces its energy without mitochondria or oxygen. The <10-cell salmon parasite Henneguya zschokkei has lost the ability to convert oxygen (aerobic cell respiration) in the course of evolution , which proves that even multicellular organisms can survive without oxygen or oxygen cell respiration and that evolution can lead to apparently less complex organisms.
- March 4th - A study of around 100 institutions over a period of 30 years shows that the ability of tropical forests to absorb CO 2 is dwindling due to climate change and deforestation . In the study, scientists use data and models to project a long-term decline in the African CO 2 sink - 14% by 2030 - and a change in the Amazon rainforest to a CO 2 source - instead of a sink - by the mid-2030s.
- March 4 - Scientists report that climate change affected the 2019/2020 bush fires in Australia , increasing the risk of such large-scale fires by> 30%.
- Mar 10 - Researchers show larger ecosystems collapse faster - even if they transition to collapse more slowly. According to their study, large ecosystems could completely collapse faster than previously thought. The Amazon rainforest - to a savanna - in ~ 50 and the coral reefs of the Caribbean in ~ 15 years.
- April 1 - A scientific review of data and studies on earlier interventions concludes that the ecosystems of the oceans can be restored to the 2050th You can choose between the legacy of an irreversibly disturbed and a pulsating, resilient ocean within a narrow time frame. UN Sustainability Goal # 14 can be achieved if climate change is limited sufficiently .
- April 7 - After examining the coral reefs of the Great Barrier Reef , scientists report that a third mass coral bleaching has occurred in 5 years, affecting all three regions of the reef on the northeast coast of Australia for the first time.
- April 20 - Scientists expect a severe impairment of brain performance in rooms by CO 2 concentrations of up to 1400 ppm by the end of the century.
- August 1 - The number of fires in the Amazon increased 28% in July compared to July 2019 , according to satellite data.
- August 13 - Scientists report that the melting of the Greenland Ice Sheet has passed the reversal point. This ice melt is the largest contributor to sea level rise , which threatens coastal regions and island states, and makes storms and floods more frequent and more violent. A large-scale decline in 2000-2005 led to the transition to a stage of sustained mass loss dynamics.
- August 20 - Scientists report that the Greenland Ice Sheet lost a record mass of ice in 2019. They provide explanations for the anomalous, lower ice loss in 2017 and 2018.
- August 24th - Researchers show that around 300 million people live on tropical forest restoration opportunity land.
- Aug 26 - Scientists report that the Last Ice Age was ~ 6.1 ° C colder than average temperatures at the start of the Industrial Age.
- August 31 - Ice losses in Greenland and Antarctica correspond to worst-case scenarios of projections of sea level rise in the Fifth Assessment Report of the IPCC .
- January 15 - After twelve years of research, microbiologists successfully report that they have isolated the slowly reproducing Lokiarchaeota from deep-sea mud and then cultivated it. The Prometheoarchaeum syntrophicum strand MK-D1 has long "tentacles" in which partner microbes nest, which, as "proto mitochondria " , could possibly give it improved chances of survival with increasing oxygen and were enclosed and endogenized by the tentacles - as ancestors of the mitochondria. According to their E 3 model, this is how eukaryogenesis took place.
- January 24 - Researchers discover cellless mitochondria in human blood. Mitochondria are the "powerhouses" of most cells in most eukaryotes - they generate their source of chemical energy, ATP . According to the researchers, these loose mitochondria could be involved in many physiological - including disease-related - processes.
- January 27 - Researchers develop a nanoparticle that induces immune system cells - monocytes and macrophages - within the body to eat plaques in the layers of arterial blood vessels. The particle contains carbon nanotubes, which contain a drug that deactivates the SHP1 gene in blood cells. Such plaques - mostly stored fats - cause atherosclerosis , currently the leading cause of death worldwide.
- 30./31. January - Summaries of research on the novel coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 and its outbreak are published. They contain information on the transferability , the fatality , the incubation time before the onset of symptoms (approx. 2 to 14 days), the worldwide capacity for and the course of containment to date, the time until a vaccine is available (probably over 1 year) and similar outbreaks ( SARS ).
- March 4 - Scientists use CRISPR-Cas9 in a human body for the first time . They are trying to restore the eyesight of a patient with Leber's congenital amaurosis using genome editing , after tests in human cells, mice and monkeys were successful and they received official approval. To do this, you inject three drops under the patient's retina. The change in DNA is permanent and - unlike human germline engineering - not inheritable .
- March 5 - Neuroscientists show that rats perceive the suffering of other rats as negative and that the same brain region is activated as in humans. Most stopped choosing their favorite candy when it resulted in an electric shock to a neighbor rat. An anesthetic of the brain region or a higher amount of the candy changed this behavior. Morality could therefore have old evolutionary roots.
- March 14th - Scientists develop a CRISPR -Cas13d-based system ("PAC-MAN") that can find and destroy viruses such as SARS-CoV-2 and could be further developed into a system that can be quickly adapted to new viruses .
- March 16 - Scientists develop an open source platform for the design of RNA target sequences in order to be able to edit viruses or human RNA - for more temporary edits than DNA.
- March 16 - The first phase I clinical trial of a SARS-CoV-2 vaccine begins.
- March 20 - WHO announces a large-scale study (the "Solidarity trial") to test four potential drugs to treat COVID-19 .
- March 23 - Researchers report that squid by RNA editing by ADAR2 - enzyme protein templates outside of brain cells (their squid giant axon change). In other organisms - such as humans - RNA "blueprints" of the templates in the DNA are only "post-processed" to a significantly smaller extent and exclusively within the cell nucleus. The ability could enable them to better adapt to changing environments and also be relevant to more flexible, lower-risk RNA editing technologies .
- April 6 - Scientists report the discovery of metabolic genes in non-metabolism viruses ( nucleocytoviricota ), suggesting that they alter the metabolism of their host cells.
- April 27th - Scientists manage to make plants shine independently and permanently brighter than ever before by means of gene editing . To do this, they inserted genes from a bioluminescent fungus into the plant genome.
- July 8th - Scientists edit the genes of mitochondria for the first time using a novel, CRISPR-free, gene editor.
- July 28th - Marine biologists report the discovery of 101.5 million year old microorganisms in a kind of hibernation about 70 m below the sea floor. The microbes were resurrected in the laboratory two years earlier and could be the longest-lived organisms found to date .
- August 26th - Scientists report that extremophilic bacteria on earth ( Deinococcus radiodurans ) were able to survive in space for three years in an experiment on the ISS , which, for example, supports the panspermia hypothesis.
- February 12 - Scientists confirm discovery of “ghost population” DNA in the DNA of modern-day West Africans . According to their estimates, this population split off from the ancestors of the Neanderthals and modern humans 360,000 to 1 million years ago and crossed with them within the last 124,000 years . Up to almost 20% of the West African DNA examined is made up of this DNA.
- April 1 - Scientists report the finding and dating of the oldest remains of a Homo erectus . The fossils are 2 million years old and show that this species lived in South Africa during the same period as other, sometimes upright, hominini genera Paranthropus and Australopithecus .
- April 1st - Scientists gain genetic information on Homo antecessor ~ 0.8 million years ago and Homo erectus 1.8 million years ago through proteome analysis . The data show that H. antecessor was a closely related sister branch to the subsequent hominini, including modern humans and Neanderthals.
- August 14 - Scientists report the discovery of a grass bed of more than 200,000 years ago - much older than the previously oldest known bed. The remains of insect-repellent plants and ashes found underneath - often remains of previously burned beds - could have been used for a dirt-free, insulating and insect-repellent foundation, according to the authors of the study.
- March 26th - After one of the first and largest public volunteers - distributed system projects SETI @ home announced its end on March 31, 2020 and due to increased interest due to the COVID-19 pandemic , the distributed system Folding @ home will be the first Computing system that achieves an exaFLOPS . The system simulated protein folding for research on COVID-19 and on April 13th reached a speed of approximately 2.43 x86 exaFLOPS - several times faster than the previous record holder, Supercomputer Summit .
- April 20 - Researchers develop a " memristor " that works with biological voltages below 100 mV. The "memory transistor" made of conductive microbial nanowires of the Geobacter sulfurreducens bacterium allows operation through action potentials of natural neurons and can process biosensor signals locally. The technology could be used for brain-inspired computing and direct communication with biological brain cells .
- August 17th - Researchers show in a new experimental model, which Schrödinger's cat and Wigner's friend are further developing , that if the quantum theory is also valid on more macroscopic levels of "observers", one of three conclusions to be drawn are those with the modern understanding of reality are very difficult to reconcile and thus deepen the conclusion of Bell's inequality .
The announcement of the Nobel Prize winners for 2020 took place from October 5th to 12th. The award ceremony is to take place on December 10, the anniversary of Alfred Nobel's death , in Stockholm and Oslo (only Nobel Peace Prize ).
- Physiology or Medicine : Harvey J. Alter , Michael Houghton, and Charles M. Rice
- Physics : Roger Penrose , Reinhard Genzel and Andrea Ghez
- Chemistry : Emmanuelle Charpentier and Jennifer Doudna
- Literature : Louise Glück
- Peace : United Nations World Food Program
- Alfred Nobel Memorial Prize in Economics : Paul R. Milgrom and Robert B. Wilson
In 2020, the global COVID-19 pandemic with the novel coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 began in Wuhan , China . On January 30, 2020, the WHO classified COVID-19 as a health emergency of international concern , and on March 11, the disease was officially declared a pandemic. At the same time, numerous states around the world responded with restrictions on public life such as curfews and the cancellation of major events in order to slow the spread of the virus. By the end of September 2020, the number of infected people rose to over 33 million worldwide; around a million sick people had died at this point in time. With over 7 million infected people at the time, the USA accounted for almost a quarter of the cases registered worldwide.
The organ of the World Health Organization (WHO), the World Health Assembly (WHA) , declared 2020 the International Year of the Nursing and Midwife, as this year marks the 200th birthday of Florence Nightingale .
- The film V for Vendetta is set in dystopian , futuristic London in 2020.
- The film Mission to Mars is set in 2020.
- The plot of the film 2020 - Texas Gladiators takes place in 2020.
- The plot of the film The Reign of Fire essentially takes place in 2020.
- The plot of the film Valerian - The City of a Thousand Planets begins in 2020.
- The action of the video game Crysis begins in 2020.
For the detailed list of the deceased see Nekrolog 2020 .
- January 1 : Don Larsen , American baseball player (born 1929 )
- January 1 : David Stern , American basketball official (* 1942 )
- January 2 : Veronika Fitz , German folk actress (* 1936 )
- January 2 : John Baldessari , American artist (* 1931 )
- January 3 : Qasem Soleimani , Iranian general (* 1957 )
- January 5 : Hans Tilkowski , German football goalkeeper and coach (* 1935 )
- January 7th : Neil Peart , Canadian drummer and lyricist for the rock band Rush (* 1952 )
- January 8th : María del Pilar of Spain , Spanish noblewoman (* 1936 )
- January 10 : Wolfgang Dauner , German musician (* 1935 )
- January 10 : Alun Jones, Baron Chalfont , British politician (* 1919 )
- January 10 : Guido Messina , Italian racing cyclist (* 1931 )
- January 10 : Qaboos ibn Said , Omani Sultan (* 1940 )
- January 15 : Ferdinand Schmidt-Modrow , German actor (* 1985 )
- January 16 : Christopher Tolkien , British medievalist and author (* 1924 )
- January 17 : John Hine , British racing driver (* 1933 )
- January 17 : Oswald Oberhuber , Austrian painter and sculptor (* 1931 )
- January 20 : Wolfgang J. Fuchs , German non-fiction author, freelance journalist and comic book expert (* 1945 )
- January 20 : Joseph Hannesschläger , German actor and musician (* 1962 )
- January 21 : Hédi Baccouche , Tunisian politician (* 1930 )
- January 21 : Terry Jones , British comedian, film director and writer (born 1942 )
- January 21 : Tengis Sigua , Georgian politician (* 1934 )
- January 23 : Gudrun Pausewang , German writer (* 1928 )
- January 24th : Rob Rensenbrink , Dutch football player (* 1947 )
- January 24 : Pete Stark , American politician (* 1931 )
- January 26 : Kobe Bryant , American basketball player (* 1978 )
- January 27 : Lina Ben Mhenni , Tunisian university lecturer, blogger and journalist (* 1983 )
- January 27 : Olaf Bernstengel , German puppeteer (* 1952 )
- January 31 : Anne Cox Chambers , American diplomat and entrepreneur (* 1919 )
- January 31 : Mary Higgins Clark , American writer (* 1927 )
- February 2 : Mike Hoare , Irish mercenary and author (born 1919 )
- February 2 : Mike Moore , New Zealand politician (* 1949 )
- February 3 : Walentyna Shevchenko , Soviet-Ukrainian politician (* 1935 )
- February 4 : Kamau Brathwaite , Barbadian writer (* 1930 )
- February 4th : Daniel arap Moi , Kenyan politician (* 1924 )
- February 5 : Stanley Cohen , American biochemist and Nobel Prize winner (* 1922 )
- February 5 : Kirk Douglas , American actor (born 1916 )
- February 6 : Jhon Jairo Velásquez , Colombian hit man (* 1962 )
- February 7 : Orson Bean , American actor (born 1928 )
- February 7 : Lucille Eichengreen , American Holocaust survivor (* 1925 )
- February 7th : Nexhmije Pagarusha , Yugoslav or Kosovar singer (* 1933 )
- February 11 : Joseph Vilsmaier , German film director (* 1939 )
- February 15 : Karl Ludwig Schweisfurth , German entrepreneur and pioneer of organic food production (* 1930 )
- February 17th : Sonja Ziemann , German actress, dancer and singer (* 1926 )
- February 18 : José Fernando Bonaparte , Argentine paleontologist (* 1928 )
- February 19 : Inessa Koslowskaja , Russian neurophysiologist and aerospace specialist (* 1927 )
- February 24 : Mario Bunge , Argentine philosopher (* 1919 )
- February 24 : Diana Serra Cary , American film actress (* 1918 )
- February 24 : Katherine Johnson , American mathematician (* 1918 )
- February 25 : Dmitri Yasov , Soviet politician and military (* 1924 )
- February 25 : Husni Mubarak , Egyptian politician and President (* 1928 )
- February 25 : Marie-Luise Nikuta , German dialect singer (* 1938 )
- February 26 : Nexhmije Hoxha , Albanian politician (* 1921 )
- February 27 : Burkhard Driest , German actor and author (* 1939 )
- February 28 : Freeman Dyson , British-American physicist and mathematician (* 1923 )
- March 1 : Ernesto Cardenal , Nicaraguan politician and poet (* 1925 )
- March 1 : Eberhard Figgemeier , German sports journalist (* 1947 )
- March 2 : Ulay , German artist (* 1943 )
- March 4 : Javier Pérez de Cuéllar , Peruvian diplomat and politician (* 1920 )
- March 4 : Robert Schawlakadze , Soviet athlete and Olympic champion (* 1933 )
- March 6 : Henri Richard , Canadian ice hockey player (* 1936 )
- March 6 : McCoy Tyner , American musician (* 1938 )
- March 8 : Max von Sydow , Swedish actor (* 1929 )
- March 11th : Burkhard Hirsch , German politician (* 1930 )
- March 13 : Dana Zátopková , Czech javelin thrower and wife of Emil Zátopek (* 1922 )
- March 15 : Vittorio Gregotti , Italian architect (* 1927 )
- March 17th : Horst Felbermayr senior , Austrian entrepreneur and racing car driver (* 1945 )
- March 17 : Eduard Weniaminowitsch Limonow , Russian writer (* 1943 )
- March 17th : Manuel Serifo Nhamadjo , Guinea-Bissau politician (* 1958 )
- March 17 : Betty Williams , Northern Irish peace activist and Nobel Prize winner (* 1943 )
- March 18 : Alfred Worden , American astronaut (* 1932 )
- March 20 : Kenny Rogers , American country singer and songwriter (* 1938 )
- March 20 : Borislav Stanković , Yugoslav basketball official (* 1925 )
- March 21 : Hellmut Stern , German musician and author (* 1928 )
- March 24th : Alfred Gomolka , German politician (* 1942 )
- March 24 : Terrence McNally , American playwright (* 1938 )
- March 24th : Albert Uderzo , French draftsman (* 1927 )
- March 26 : Michel Hidalgo , French football player and coach (* 1933 )
- March 26 : Jimmy Wynn , American baseball player (born 1942 )
- March 27 : Hamed Karoui , Tunisian politician (* 1927 )
- March 27 : Joseph Lowery , American pastor and civil rights activist (* 1921 )
- March 28 : Barbara Rütting , German actress, author and politician (* 1927 )
- March 28 : Thomas Schäfer , German politician (* 1966 )
- March 29 : Philip Warren Anderson , American physicist and Nobel Prize winner (* 1923 )
- March 29 : Krzysztof Penderecki , Polish composer (* 1933 )
- March 30th : Manolis Glezos , Greek politician and resistance fighter (* 1922 )
- March 30 : Hau Pei-tsun , Taiwanese-Chinese politician and military man (* 1919 )
- March 30th : Bill Withers , American singer (* 1938 )
- March 30th : Joachim Yhombi-Opango , Congolese politician (* 1939 )
- March 31 : Abd al-Halim Chaddam , Syrian politician (* 1932 )
- April 1 : Only Hassan Hussein , Somali politician (* 1938 )
- April 1 : Rüdiger Nehberg , German activist for human rights (* 1935 )
- April 1 : Adam Schlesinger , American musician (* 1967 )
- April 2 : Oskar Fischer , German politician (* 1923 )
- April 2 : Astrid N. Heiberg , Norwegian psychiatrist (* 1936 )
- April 4 : Rafael Leonardo Callejas , Honduran politician (* 1943 )
- April 5 : Honor Blackman , British actress (born 1925 )
- April 5 : Margaret Burbidge , British-American astrophysicist (* 1919 )
- April 5 : Mahmud Jibril , Libyan politician (* 1952 )
- April 6 : William R. Polk , American historian and political advisor (* 1929 )
- April 8 : Valeriu Muravschi , Moldovan politician (* 1949 )
- April 9 : Ernst-Georg Schwill , German actor (* 1939 )
- April 11 : John Horton Conway , British mathematician (* 1937 )
- April 11 : Justus Dahinden , Swiss architect (* 1925 )
- April 11th : Edem Kodjo , Togolese politician (* 1938 )
- April 12 : Stirling Moss , British racing car driver (* 1929 )
- April 14 : Markus Raetz , Swiss artist (* 1941 )
- April 15 : Allen Daviau , American cameraman (* 1942 )
- April 15 : John Houghton , British climate researcher (* 1931 )
- April 15 : Horst Müller , German educator, amateur play director, theater director and author (* 1929 )
- April 16 : Ulrich Kienzle , German journalist, publicist and Middle East expert (* 1936 )
- April 16 : Luis Sepúlveda , Chilean writer and political activist (* 1949 )
- April 18 : Leon Boden , German actor and voice actor (* 1958 )
- April 19 : Richard Wadani , Austrian deserter of the Wehrmacht and political activist (* 1922 )
- April 20 : Hein Bollow , German jockey and gallop trainer (* 1920 )
- April 21 : Abdel Rahim el-Kib , Libyan politician (* 1950 )
- April 21 : Donald Kennedy , American biologist and editor (* 1931 )
- April 21 : Florian Schneider-Esleben , German musician (* 1947 )
- April 21 : Teruyuki Okazaki , Japanese karateka, holder of the 10th Dan (* 1931 )
- April 21 : Laisenia Qarase , Fijian politician (* 1941 )
- April 22nd : Hartwig Gauder , German athlete (walker) and Olympic champion (* 1954 )
- April 23 : Norbert Blüm , German politician (CDU) and publicist (* 1935 )
- April 25 : Per Olov Enquist , Swedish writer (* 1934 )
- April 26 : Otto Mellies , German actor and voice actor (* 1931 )
- April 29th : Giacomo Dalla Torre del Tempio di Sanguinetto , Grand Master of the Order of Malta (* 1944 )
- April 29 : Denis Goldberg , South African civil rights activist (* 1933 )
- April 29 : Irrfan Khan , Indian actor (* 1967 )
- April 29 : Jānis Lūsis , Soviet javelin thrower and Olympic champion (* 1939 )
- April 29 : Maj Sjöwall , Swedish writer and translator (* 1935 )
- April 30th : Tony Allen , Nigerian musician (* 1940 )
- April 30th : Sam Lloyd , American actor (* 1963 )
- May 1st : Sabine Zimmermann , German TV presenter (* 1951 )
- May 5 : Millie Small , Jamaican musician (* 1946 )
- May 8 : Roy Horn , German magician and tamer (* 1944 )
- May 9 : Pascal FEOS , German disc jockey and music producer (* 1968 )
- May 9 : Little Richard , American rock 'n' roll singer and pianist (born 1932 )
- May 11 : Jerry Stiller , American actor (born 1927 )
- May 12 : Astrid Kirchherr , German photographer and artist (* 1938 )
- May 12 : Michel Piccoli , French theater and film actor (* 1925 )
- May 13 : Rolf Hochhuth , German playwright (* 1931 )
- May 15 : Fred Willard , American actor (born 1933 )
- May 16 : Henny Brenner , German writer (* 1924 )
- May 17 : Peter Thomas , German film composer, conductor and arranger (* 1925 )
- May 21 : Markus Klaer , German politician (* 1968 )
- May 21 : Gerd Strack , German soccer player (* 1955 )
- May 21 : Oliver E. Williamson , American economist (born 1932 )
- May 22 : Albert Memmi , Tunisian-French writer and sociologist (* 1920 )
- May 22nd : Mory Kanté , Guinean musician (* 1950 )
- May 22 : Jerry Sloan , American basketball player and coach (born 1942 )
- May 25 : George Floyd , American victim of police violence (* 1973 )
- May 25 : Renate Krößner , German actress (* 1945 )
- May 26 : Irm Hermann , German actress (* 1942 )
- May 27 : Larry Kramer , American author and playwright (* 1935 )
- May 27 : John D. Gearhart , American stem cell researcher (* 1943 )
- May 29 : Alfred Kolleritsch , Austrian writer (* 1931 )
- May 29 : Abderrahmane Youssoufi , Moroccan politician (* 1924 )
- May 31 : Christo , Bulgarian-American performance artist (* 1935 )
- June 2 : Werner Böhm , German musician (* 1941 )
- June 2 : Wes Unseld , American basketball player (born 1946 )
- June 8 : Klaus Berger , German theologian (* 1940 )
- June 8 : Bonnie Pointer , American singer (born 1950 )
- June 8 : Pierre Nkurunziza , Burundian politician (* 1964 )
- June 11 : Emmanuel Issoze-Ngondet , Gabonese politician (* 1961 )
- June 14 : Keith Tippett , British jazz pianist (* 1947 )
- June 17th : Willie Thorne , English snooker player (born 1954 )
- June 18 : Claus Biederstaedt , German actor and voice actor (* 1928 )
- June 18 : Sergei Nikititsch Khrushchev , Russian-American aerospace engineer and political scientist (* 1935 )
- June 18 : Vera Lynn , British singer (born 1917 )
- June 19 : Ian Holm , British actor (born 1931 )
- June 19 : Carlos Ruiz Zafón , Spanish writer (* 1964 )
- June 21 : Jürgen Holtz , German actor and visual artist (* 1932 )
- June 22nd : Joel Schumacher , American film director and screenwriter (* 1939 )
- June 25 : Peter Toschek , German physicist (* 1933 )
- June 29 : Gernot Endemann , German actor and voice actor (* 1942 )
- June 29 : Carl Reiner , American actor, comedian and film director (* 1922 )
- July 1 : Heinrich Fink , German theologian, university professor and politician (* 1935 )
- July 1st : Georg Ratzinger , German priest and church musician. Brother of Benedict XVI. (* 1924 )
- July 2 : Tilo Prückner , German actor and author (* 1940 )
- July 3 : Lore Krainer , Austrian cabaret artist, singer, composer and author (* 1930 )
- July 4th : Frithjof Vierock , German actor (* 1943 )
- July 5 : Willi Holdorf , German athlete (decathlon) and football coach (* 1940 )
- July 6 : Ennio Morricone , Italian composer and conductor (* 1928 )
- July 8 : Amadou Gon Coulibaly , Ivorian politician (* 1959 )
- July 8 : Finn Christian Jagge , Norwegian ski racer (* 1966 )
- July 8 : Naya Rivera , American actress, singer and model (* 1987 )
- July 8 : Flossie Wong-Staal , Sino-American virologist and molecular biologist (* 1946 )
- July 8 : William Wolff , German-British journalist and rabbi (* 1927 )
- July 9 : Park Won-soon , South Korean lawyer and politician (* 1956 )
- July 10 : Miloš Jakeš , Czechoslovak politician (* 1922 )
- July 13 : Grant Imahara , American engineer and television presenter (* 1970 )
- July 13 : Zindzi Mandela , South African poet and politician (* 1960 )
- July 14 : Noël Martin , British-Jamaican building contractor, victim of right-wing violence in Germany (* 1959 )
- July 14 : Gabriele Buschmeier , German musicologist (* 1955 )
- July 16 : Delphine Zanga Tsogo , Cameroonian author and politician (* 1935 )
- July 17 : John Lewis , American politician and civil rights activist (* 1940 )
- July 20 : Viktor Alexandrowitsch Tschischikow , Russian illustrator (* 1935 )
- July 21 : Andrew Mlangeni , South African anti-apartheid activist (* 1925 )
- July 22nd : Stephan Trepte , German rock musician (* 1950 )
- July 24th : Benjamin William Mkapa , Tanzanian politician (* 1938 )
- July 24 : Regis Philbin , American television presenter (* 1931 )
- July 25th : Peter Green , British blues rock guitarist (* 1946 )
- July 26 : Olivia de Havilland , British-American actress (born 1916 )
- July 26th : Hans-Jochen Vogel , German politician (* 1926 )
- July 27 : Owen Arthur , Barbadian politician (* 1949 )
- July 28 : Gisèle Halimi , French lawyer and politician (* 1927 )
- July 30th : Lee Teng-hui , Taiwanese politician (* 1923 )
- July 31 : Alan Parker , British director and screenwriter (born 1944 )
- August 3 : John Hume , Northern Irish politician and Nobel Peace Prize Laureate (* 1937 )
- August 4th : Frances E. Allen , American computer scientist (* 1932 )
- August 7th : Adin Steinsaltz , Israeli rabbi (* 1937 )
- August 9 : Fips Asmussen , German comedian and solo entertainer (* 1938 )
- August 11th : Trini Lopez , American pop singer (born 1937 )
- August 24 : Pascal Lissouba , Congolese politician (* 1931 )
- August 24 : Erika Richter , German dramaturge (* 1938 )
- August 24th : Wolfgang Uhlmann , German chess player (* 1935 )
- August 28 : Chadwick Boseman , American actor (born 1976 )
- August 29 : Uli Stein , German cartoonist and photographer (* 1946 )
- August 31 : Pranab Mukherjee , Indian politician (* 1935 )
- September 2 : David Graeber , American anthropologist (* 1961 )
- September 3 : Birol Ünel , German actor (* 1961 )
- September 5 : Jiří Menzel , Czech director and actor (* 1938 )
- September 9 : George Bizos , South African human rights attorney (* 1927 )
- September 10 : Diana Rigg , British actress (* 1938 )
- September 11th : Christian Poncelet , French politician (* 1928 )
- September 14 : William H. Gates, Sr. , American attorney, philanthropist, and author (born 1925 )
- September 15 : Moussa Traoré , Malian President (* 1936 )
- September 18 : Ruth Bader Ginsburg , American lawyer and judge at the Supreme Court (* 1933 )
- September 18 : Joachim Kunert , German director (* 1929 )
- September 19 : John Turner , Canadian politician (* 1929 )
- September 21 : Arthur Ashkin , American physicist and Nobel Prize winner (* 1922 )
- September 21 : Michael Lonsdale , French-British actor (* 1931 )
- September 22 : Michael Gwisdek , German actor and director (* 1942 )
- September 23 : Juliette Gréco , French chanson singer and actress (* 1927 )
- September 27 : Wolfgang Clement , German politician (* 1940 )
- September 29 : Hans Rudolf Güdemann , German architect and urban planner (* 1938 )
- September 29 : Sabah al-Ahmad al-Jabir al-Sabah , Kuwaiti Emir (* 1929 )
- October 4 : Günter de Bruyn , German writer (* 1926 )
- October 5 : Karlheinz Drechsel , German music journalist and jazz musician (* 1930 )
- October 6 : Herbert Feuerstein , German cabaret artist (* 1937 )
- October 6 : Ruth Klüger , German-American literary scholar and writer (* 1931 )
- October 6 : Johnny Nash , American singer (* 1940 )
- October 6 : Eddie Van Halen , Dutch-American musician (* 1955 )
- October 7 : Mario J. Molina , Mexican chemist and Nobel Prize winner (* 1943 )
- October 8 : Ali Khalif Galaid , Somali politician (* 1941 )
- October 8 : Charles Moore , American hurdler and Olympic champion (* 1929 )
- October 12 : Conchata Ferrell , American actress (* 1943 )
- October 14 : Herbert Kretzmer , South African songwriter (* 1925 )
- October 14 : Kuniwo Nakamura , Palau politician (* 1943 )
- October 15 : Bhanu Athaiya , Indian costume designer (* 1926 )
Gallery of the deceased
- (The years refer to the year of admission)
January 1: Don Larsen (2013)
January 1: David Stern (2007)
January 5: Hans Tilkowski (2005)
January 8th: María del Pilar of Spain (2013)
January 10: Wolfgang Dauner (1992)
January 10: Qaboos ibn Said (2013)
January 20: Joseph Hannesschläger (2011)
January 21: Terry Jones (2014)
January 23: Gudrun Pausewang (2008)
January 24: Rob Rensenbrink (1978)
January 26: Kobe Bryant (2012)
January 31: Mary Higgins Clark (2009)
February 2: Mike Hoare (1981)
February 4: Daniel arap Moi (1979)
February 5: Kirk Douglas (1969)
February 17th: Sonja Ziemann (2006)
February 24: Katherine Johnson (2008)
February 25: Husni Mubarak (2009)
February 25: Marie-Luise Nikuta (2006)
March 4th: Javier Pérez de Cuéllar (2015)
March 4: Robert Schawlakadse (1960)
March 8: Max von Sydow (2016)
March 13: Dana Zátopková (2007)
March 17: Betty Williams (1978)
March 17: Alfred Worden (1971)
March 20: Kenny Rogers (1997)
March 21: Hellmut Stern (2011)
March 24: Albert Uderzo (2012)
March 27: Joseph Lowery (2000)
March 28: Barbara Rütting (2014)
March 28: Thomas Schäfer (2019)
March 29: Philip Warren Anderson (1977)
March 29: Krzysztof Penderecki (2008)
March 30: Bill Withers (1976)
April 1: Rüdiger Nehberg (2014)
April 2: Oskar Fischer (1989)
April 5: Honor Blackman (2000)
April 9: Ernst-Georg Schwill (2013)
April 11: John Horton Conway (2005)
April 12: Stirling Moss (2014)
April 16: Ulrich Kienzle (2017)
April 18: Leon Boden (2008)
April 20: Hein Bollow (2011)
April 23: Norbert Blüm (2011)
April 29: Jānis Lūsis (2011)
April 29: Maj Sjöwall (2009)
May 8: Roy Horn (year unknown)
May 9: Little Richard (2007)
May 11: Jerry Stiller (2005)
May 12: Michel Piccoli (2011)
May 13: Rolf Hochhuth (2005)
May 26: Irm Hermann (2008)
May 29: Alfred Kolleritsch (2014)
May 31: Christ (2009)
June 8: Pierre Nkurunziza (2008)
June 18: Claus Biederstaedt (2010)
June 19: Ian Holm (2004)
June 19: Carlos Ruiz Zafón (2008)
June 29: Carl Reiner (2011)
July 2: Tilo Prückner (2018)
July 5: Willi Holdorf (1964)
July 6: Ennio Morricone (2007)
July 13: Grant Imahara (2007)
July 17: John Lewis (2006)
July 25: Olivia de Havilland (1945)
July 26: Hans-Jochen Vogel (2015)
August 9: Fips Asmussen (2012)
August 11: Trini Lopez (1963)
August 28: Chadwick Boseman (2016)
August 28: Uli Stein (2007)
September 10: Diana Rigg (1973)
September 15: Moussa Traoré (1989)
September 18: Ruth Bader Ginsburg (2016)
September 21: Michael Lonsdale (2013)
September 22: Michael Gwisdek (2015)
September 23: Juliette Gréco (2006)
September 27: Wolfgang Clement (2004)
September 29: Sabah al-Ahmad al-Jabir al-Sabah (2018)
October 6: Eddie Van Halen (1993)
October 12: Conchata Ferrell (2016)
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