Oskar Fischer

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Oskar Fischer (1989)
Oskar Fischer (right) with the Dutch Prime Minister Joop den Uyl , 1977

Oskar Fischer (born March 19, 1923 in Asch , Czechoslovakia , † April 2, 2020 in Berlin ) was a German politician ( SED ). From 1975 to 1990 he was Minister for Foreign Affairs of the GDR .


Fischer, the son of a worker, trained as a tailor from 1937 to 1940 , then served in the Wehrmacht in World War II and was a Soviet prisoner of war from 1944 to 1946 .

After his return to Germany he joined the FDJ and the SED and was initially a functionary of the FDJ district association Spremberg and the FDJ state association Brandenburg . After the state elections in the GDR in 1950 , he was a member of the Brandenburg state parliament and chairman of the committee for youth, culture and popular education until 1951 . From 1951 to 1952 he was secretary of the Central Council of the FDJ and secretary of the World Federation of Democratic Youth , since 1952 also a member of the World Youth Council .

From 1955 to 1959, Fischer was the GDR's ambassador in Bulgaria , and then a sector leader at the SED Central Committee . From 1962 to 1965 he studied at the party college of the CPSU in Moscow (graduate social scientist ). He was then Deputy Minister, State Secretary and, from 1975 to 1990, as successor to Otto Winzer, Minister for Foreign Affairs. He was also a member of the Central Committee of the SED from 1971 to 1989 and a member of the People's Chamber from 1976 to 1990 . In 1973, Fischer received the Patriotic Order of Merit , in 1979 the Gold Medal for the Patriotic Order of Merit and in 1983 the Karl Marx Order . He kept the office of Minister for Foreign Affairs in the Modrow government . After the first free election on March 18, 1990 , Fischer handed the official business over to Markus Meckel (SPD) on April 12, 1990 . The then 67-year-old then withdrew completely into private life for a decade; He declined interview requests.

In 2000, Gabi Zimmer , the PDS boss at the time, appointed Fischer to the PDS council of elders. Before the 2002 Bundestag election , he participated in a PDS call for elections.

He died on April 2, 2020, two weeks after his 97th birthday in Berlin.


  • The main tasks of Lenin's foreign policy and their implementation by the Central Committee of the CPSU , Berlin 1973
  • Most urgent task: avert the danger of a nuclear war. Position of the GDR at the UN special meeting. Declaration of principle , Dresden 1982
  • Reduce the military confrontation in Europe - make the relations between the states politically predictable again. Position of the GDR at the Stockholm Conference. Oskar Fischer's declaration of principles on the GDR peace policy , Dresden 1984
  • Speech by the Minister for Foreign Affairs of the German Democratic Republic, Oskar Fischer, before the plenary session of the Vienna CSCE follow-up meeting , Berlin 1987


Web links

Commons : Oskar Fischer  - Collection of Images

Individual evidence

  1. a b Ex-GDR Foreign Minister has died , tagesschau.de, April 3, 2020, accessed on April 3, 2020.
  2. Oskar Fischer in Monika Zimmermann (ed.): What does ... actually? 100 GDR - celebrities today , CH. Links, Berlin, 1994, ISBN 978-3-86153-064-0 .
  3. Zimmer's old squad , in: Der Spiegel 27/2001 , accessed online on October 23, 2015.
  4. Late Pacifists , in: Der Spiegel 38/2002 , accessed online on October 23, 2015.