Mario J. Molina

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Mario J. Molina (2011)

Mario José Molina (born March 19, 1943 in Mexico City ) is a Mexican chemist . In 1995 he was awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry for research into the destruction of the ozone layer, together with the chemist Frank Sherwood Rowland and the meteorologist Paul J. Crutzen .

Molina and Rowland discovered that some industrial gases destroy the ozone layer. When a region of stratospheric ozone depletion, the " ozone hole " over the Antarctic , was discovered in the 1980s , its research results were debated worldwide and the emission of chlorofluorocarbons ultimately restricted considerably in the late 20th century.


Molina studied industrial chemistry at the Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México in Mexico City and at the University of Freiburg im Breisgau (diploma 1967). He continued his education at the University of California, Berkeley , where he in 1972 George C. Pimentel with the work Vibrational population Through Chemical Laser Studies: Theoretical and Experimental Extensions of the Equal-gain Technique doctorate .

He then worked as a post-doc with F. Sherwood Rowland at the University of California, Irvine and was the lead author of the essay on the destruction of the ozone layer, which the two published in 1974 in the journal Nature .

Between 1974 and 2004, Molina held various teaching and research assignments at the University of California, Irvine, the Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, the Jet Propulsion Laboratory of the California Institute of Technology in Pasadena, California, and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in Cambridge, Massachusetts. Since July 2004, he has been with the Chemistry and Biochemistry Department at the University of California, San Diego , and the Center for Atmospheric Exploration at the Scripps Institution of Oceanography .

In 1976 Molina received a research grant from the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation ( Sloan Research Fellowship ). In 1993 he was elected to the National Academy of Sciences . Together with Paul Crutzen he received the Max Planck Research Award in 1994 , in 1998 he became a Fellow of the American Physical Society and in 2001 of the American Association for the Advancement of Science . He has been an elected member of the American Philosophical Society since 2007 . In 2003 he received a Heinz Award , in 2013 the Freedom Medal and in 2014 the Champions of Earth Award .

Publications (selection)

  • with FS Rowland : Stratospheric sink for chlorofluoromethanes: chlorine atom-catalysed destruction of ozone. In: Nature . Volume 249, No. 5460, 1974, pp. 810-812, doi: 10.1038 / 249810a0 .
  • 2002: with Luisa T. Molina: Airquality in the Mexico Megacity: An Integrated Assessment . Kluwert Academic Publications, Dordrecht / Boston, ISBN 1-4020-0452-4 .

Web links

Commons : Mario J. Molina  - Collection of pictures, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. On to the green plug in FAZ of March 18, 2013, page 32.
  2. ^ Biographical data, publications and academic family tree of Mario J. Molina at, accessed on January 3, 2019.
  3. Member History: Mario J. Molina. American Philosophical Society, accessed October 31, 2018 (with autobiographical notes).
  4. ^ President Obama Names Presidential Medal of Freedom Recipients | The White House: 2013 Medal of Freedom Recipient . Website The White House. Retrieved November 21, 2013.