National Academy of Sciences
The National Academy of Sciences (NAS), German "National Academy of Sciences", is part of the US National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine .
The National Academy of Sciences was established with Abraham Lincoln's signature on March 3, 1863. The initiative was mainly taken by physicists , among other things with the intention of supporting the president in the American Civil War as a scientific advisor.
The NAS is an honorary society and consists of leading scientists from various disciplines who advise the US government and its agencies on scientific questions and conduct research. The tasks of the NAS were defined by the "Act of Incorporation" passed by the US Congress in 1863 and some amendments that have been passed since then.
Marcia McNutt has been President since July 1, 2016 .
The official publication medium is the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS).
It awards various prizes, including the Public Welfare Medal .
- 1863–1867 Alexander Dallas Bache
- 1868–1878 Joseph Henry
- 1879-1882 William Barton Rogers
- 1883–1895 Othniel Charles Marsh
- 1895-1900 Wolcott Gibbs
- 1901–1907 Alexander Agassiz
- 1907–1913 Ira Remsen
- 1913–1917 William Henry Welch
- 1917-1923 Charles Doolittle Walcott
- 1923–1927 Albert Abraham Michelson
- 1927-1931 Thomas Hunt Morgan
- 1931-1935 William Wallace Campbell
- 1935–1939 Frank Rattray Lillie
- 1939–1947 Frank Baldwin Jewett
- 1947–1950 Alfred Newton Richards
- 1950–1962 Detlev Wulf Bronk
- 1962–1969 Frederick Seitz
- 1969–1981 Philip Handler
- 1981-1993 Frank Press
- 1993-2005 Bruce Michael Alberts
- 2005-2016 Ralph J. Cicerone
- since 2016 Marcia McNutt