National Academy of Sciences

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National Academy of Sciences building in Washington

The National Academy of Sciences (NAS), German "National Academy of Sciences", is part of the US National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine .


The National Academy of Sciences was established with Abraham Lincoln's signature on March 3, 1863. The initiative was mainly taken by physicists , among other things with the intention of supporting the president in the American Civil War as a scientific advisor.

The NAS is an honorary society and consists of leading scientists from various disciplines who advise the US government and its agencies on scientific questions and conduct research. The tasks of the NAS were defined by the "Act of Incorporation" passed by the US Congress in 1863 and some amendments that have been passed since then.

Marcia McNutt has been President since July 1, 2016 .

The official publication medium is the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS).

It awards various prizes, including the Public Welfare Medal .


See also

Web links

Commons : National Academy of Sciences  - collection of pictures, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Johannes-Geert Hagmann: How physics made itself heard. American physicists engaged in “practical” research during World War I. In: Physik Journal , Vol. 14 (2015), No. 11, pp. 43–46, here p. 14.
  2. See the National Academy of Sciences self-description on their website