Scripps Institution of Oceanography

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Scripps Institution of Oceanography at La Jolla Shores
Scripps and pier

The Scripps Institution of Oceanography in La Jolla , San Diego , California is one of the oldest, largest, and most important marine research centers in the world. It has been located right on the Pacific coast above La Jolla Shores since 1907 .

It was founded in 1903 by zoology professor William Emerson Ritter as an independent research institute of the Marine Biological Association of San Diego. Ritter was supported by the philanthropist Ellen Browning Scripps (1836-1932) and her brother EW Scripps. The Old Scripps Building was created in 1909 by the architect Irving Gill and is now a listed building (National Historic Landmark from 1982). In 1912 the Scripps Institution became part of the University of California, San Diego and has since been called the Scripps Institution of Biological Research .

According to Ritter, the directors were from 1924 to 1936 T. Wayland Vaughan , 1936 to 1948 Harald Ulrik Sverdrup , 1948 to 1951 Carl Henry Eckart , followed by Roger Revelle , 1965 to 1986 William Leberberg , 1986 to 1996 Edward Frieman , 1998 to 2006 Charles Kennel and since 2006 the chemist Tony Haymet . The most famous employees include Charles David Keeling , who created the Keeling curve named after him , and Veerabhadran Ramanathan , who has been researching the causes of global warming since the mid-1970s and was the first to point out the dangers of chlorofluorocarbons .

With the ships R / V Roger Revelle , R / V Melville , R / V New Horizon and R / V Robert Gordon Sproul, the institute maintains four of its own research vessels . It also maintains the Birch Aquarium . In 2011, more than 1,300 employees worked at the institute, including around 100 faculty members and 300 other scientists. The institute has a budget of around $ 150 million (2011).

The facility has been a leader in the Ocean Drilling Program .

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Coordinates: 32 ° 51 '56.5 "  N , 117 ° 15' 14.3"  W.