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Soviet soldiers in the destroyed city center, February 2, 1943
The defeat of the German Wehrmacht in the Battle of Stalingrad marked the turning point in World War II .
Casablanca Conference: Seated: American President Franklin D. Roosevelt and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill;  Standing, 1st row from left to right: General Arnold, Admiral King, General Marshall, Admiral Pound, Air Chief Marshal Portal, General Brooke, Field Marshal Dill and Admiral Mountbatten
At the Casablanca Conference , the Allies formulated their war goals for the first time.
Hamburg after the air raids in 1943
The Royal Air Force flies several air raids on Hamburg under the name Operation Gomorrah .
From the Stroop report of 1943 to Heinrich Himmler from May 1943. The original caption reads "Bringed out of bunkers by force"
The uprising in the Warsaw ghetto
is put down by the SS after a month .
1943 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 1391/92 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1935/36 (September 11-12)
Baha'i calendar 99/100 (March 20/21)
Bengali solar calendar 1347/48 (April 14 or 15)
Buddhist calendar 2486/87 (southern Buddhism); 2485/86 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 77th (78th) cycle

Year of the Water Sheep癸未 ( since February 5th , before that Water Horse壬午)

Chuch'e ideology (North Korea) Chuch'e 32
Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 1305/06 (turn of the year April)
Dangun era (Korea) 4276/77 (October 2/3)
Iranian calendar 1321/22 (around March 21)
Islamic calendar 1361/ 1362 /1363 (7-8 January. // 27/28 December)
Japanese calendar 昭和Shōwa 18;
Koki 2603
Jewish calendar 5703/04 (September 29-30)
Coptic calendar 1659/60 (September 11-12)
Malayalam calendar 1118/19
Minguo calendar (China) Year 32 of the republic
Seleucid era Babylon: 2253/54 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 2254/55 (turn of the year October)

Suriyakati Calendar (Thai Solar Calendar) 2485/86 (April 1)
Tibetan calendar 1689
Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1999/2000 (April)


Politics and world events

Second World War

Political and diplomatic developments
The Berlin Sports Palace on February 18th
Manifesto of the founding assembly of the "National Committee Free Germany"
Quadrant conference group photo with key military advisors
Tito (left) at the second AVNOJ meeting in Jajce
From left to right: Chiang Kai-shek, Franklin Delano Roosevelt and Winston Churchill
From left to right: Stalin, Roosevelt and Churchill on the terrace of the Soviet embassy in Tehran
Roosevelt, Inönü and Churchill (from left to right) in Cairo, 1943
  • 4. bis 6. December : Roosevelt and Churchill meet again in Cairo together to talks with the Turkish President İsmet İnönü to lead about a possible entry of his country into the war against Germany, but bring these talks without results.
  • December 24th : The last Christmas ring broadcast by Großdeutscher Rundfunk on the "connection between the front and home" is broadcast.
German-Soviet War
Soviet soldiers in Stalingrad
  • January 10th : The Red Army begins its last major offensive in Stalingrad under the name of Operation Kolzo to destroy the 6th Army. On the one hand, the ring around the trapped is drawn closer, on the other hand the immediate front moves further to the west, which cuts the 6th Army even further from its own troops. The Soviet troops also managed to capture the two airfields Pitomnik on January 16 and Gumrak on January 22 . From then on, Wehrmacht planes only take off and land at the “Stalingradski” emergency airport, until this too falls into Soviet hands and supplies can only be dropped over the boiler.
  • January 25 : The German units in Stalingrad are split up into a southern basin and a northern basin.
  • January 30th : Friedrich Paulus is promoted to Field Marshal General by radio message from the Fuehrer's headquarters .
Friedrich Paulus in Soviet captivity
Situation development on the Eastern Front from July to December 1943
The war in the west / Italy
Map of the Allied landings in Sicily
British soldiers on one of the landing beaches in Sicily on July 10, 1943
  • July 10th : The Allied Operation Husky begins and with it the Allied Italian campaign : British, American and Canadian troops under General Dwight D. Eisenhower land in Sicily . The landings take place in a storm, which makes the operation considerably more difficult, but also means an element of surprise. The British Army lands on the southeast coast, the US on the southwest coast. The invasion force consists of almost 3,000 floating units - including six battleships and two aircraft carriers - and a good 2,500 aircraft. At the end of the first landing phase, there are around 181,000 Allied soldiers with 1,800 guns, 600 tanks and 14,000 other vehicles on the island.
  • July 14 : During the capture of Biscari , the Biscari massacre by US troops of Italian and German prisoners of war occurs. 74 Italian and two German soldiers are shot after being captured.
  • July 22nd : The Allies capture Palermo .
  • August 1 : Under the code name Fallachse , the Wehrmacht occupied northern Italy and positions around Rome despite protests by the Italians, who were officially allied at the time.
Landings in Italy in September 1943
The various defense lines in 1943 (Gustav line in red)
Mussolini with German paratroopers shortly after his liberation
The Italian Social Republic and the German operational zones at the end of 1943
British aircraft dummy (October 1943)
  • The Operation Fortitude to conceal the Operation Overlord begins: The Allies ask for their operations in Scotland and at the narrowest point of the English Channel between England and France at Dover dummies of tanks, aircraft, artillery guns and other war material of wood or rubber as a distraction and practice Landing maneuvers in the Thames.
The war in North Africa
Copy of the Casablanca Directive
The badly damaged Edertalsperre
The US weekly newsreel United News reported on the destruction of Hamburg in August
Boeing B-17 over Schweinfurt
Submarine warfare in the Atlantic
Southeast Asia and Pacific War
Second Sino-Japanese War
The “ final solution to the Jewish question ” / persecution of other population groups / resistance to National Socialism
Clouds of smoke over the burning Treblinka II during the uprising, 1943

Other events worldwide

  • January 1st : The Christian Democrat Enrico Celio becomes the new Federal President of Switzerland .
  • January 1 : At the suggestion of the German Standards Committee , the week in Germany begins on Sundays at midnight and ends on the following Saturday at midnight. It was not until 1976 that the start of the week was changed to “Monday”.
  • January 15 : In Arlington , Virginia, the Pentagon , headquarters of the US Department of War and one of the largest office buildings in the world, is completed after 16 months of construction.
  • May 15th : The Executive Committee of the Communist International adopts the resolution to dissolve the Communist International on June 10th . Its publication comes as a complete surprise even to Comintern functionaries and is probably due to a decision by Josef Stalin . In an interview with the Reuters agency on May 28, he explained that with the dissolution in front of the world, two moments should be underlined: that Moscow does not interfere “in the life of other states” and that the communist parties “in the interests of their own people ”And not“ on orders from outside ”. In general, the dissolution of the Comintern is seen as a concession by Stalin to the western allies, the USA and Great Britain, on whose support Stalin depends after Hitler's attack on the Soviet Union.
  • July 1 : With the Tōkyō-tosei , the city ​​of Tokyo is dissolved as a political unit. It is combined with the old Tokyo prefecture to form the capital city of Tokyo .
Flag of lebanon


science and technology

the hierarchy of needs


Visual arts

Charlotte Salomon: Self-Portrait , 1940
  • Immediately prior to her arrest on September 24 , the German-Jewish artist passes Charlotte Salomon in Villefranche-sur-Mer a tied bundle labeled property from Mrs. Moore to her familiar Dr. Georges Moridis. It contains her artistic life's work with the sheets of the series Life? Or theater? and other work. Moridis hides the remains in his house cellar on Avenue Maréchal-Joffre.



Music and theater



Minor accidents are listed in the sub-articles of Catastrophe .

nature and environment

Ash cones from the Paricutín 1943


Nobel Prizes

A Nobel Prize for Literature and a Nobel Peace Prize are not awarded.





Ratko Mladić, 1993
Mario Monti, 2012
John Major, 1996




Poul Nyrup Rasmussen
Vinton Cerf, 2010
Klaus von Klitzing
Florence Ballard



Robert De Niro, 2008
Pino Presti in Munich
Wolfgang Nordwig, 1965





John Kerry, 2013
Renate Schmidt, 2009
Keith Richards, 2008
Silvia of Sweden, 2012
Ben Kingsley 2010

Exact date of birth unknown


January February

Nikola Tesla, around 1890
David Hilbert, 1912
Alexandre Yersin

March April

Sergei Rachmaninov, 1901

May June

Karl Landsteiner's bronze bust

July August

September October

November December

John Harvey Kellogg, around 1910

Exact date of death unknown

Web links

Commons : 1943  - collection of pictures, videos and audio files