|Original title:||The clever|
|Libretto :||Carl Orff|
|Premiere:||February 20, 1943|
|Place of premiere:||Frankfurt am Main|
|Playing time:||about an hour and 20 minutes|
|Place and time of the action:||Fairytale time|
The Kluge is an opera in one act by Carl Orff , which the fairy tales of the Brothers Grimm " The wise farmer's daughter " (KHM 94) to the original. The work is subtitled "The story of the king and the wise woman". The world premiere took place on February 20, 1943 in Frankfurt am Main .
3 large (also small ) flutes , 3 oboes (also English horn ), 3 clarinets (also bass clarinet ), 2 bassoons , 1 contrabassoon , 4 horns , 3 trumpets , 3 trombones , 1 tuba , timpani , percussion for 4 players ( large drum , 2 small drums , tenor drum, tambourine , triangle , stone game , sand rattles , various pools , fanfare , ratchet , clamp , castanet , tubular bells , xylophone , glockenspiel ), harp , celesta , piano , strings . Incidental music : Various drums, 1 small, brightly sounding drum, small bells, 3 trumpets, organ .
One day a farmer brings home a golden mortar without a pestle that he found in the king's field. He wants to take it to the king in anticipation of a reward. But his daughter warns him that the king would certainly ask for the pestle and accuse the finder of embezzlement. The prediction comes true, the farmer will be thrown into the dungeon, and in his desperation he keeps exclaiming (and the opera begins): Oh, if I had only believed my daughter! This comes to the ears of the ruler and he asks for the daughter. When she easily solves three puzzles he has asked, he releases the farmer and makes the daughter, “the clever one”, his wife. But this only works until she tries to help a donkey owner who has been treated unfairly by the king and is expelled from the castle for it. She is allowed to take whatever her heart is most attached to in a chest and chooses the king after she has given him a sleeping potion ( shoe-shoe, the king's eyes close ). In this way she succeeds in saving herself and completely defeating the ruler.
Orff received the newly created National Prize of the GDR III in 1949 for Die Kluge . Art and literature class. Orff later returned the award.
- Elisabeth Schwarzkopf - Marcel Cordes - Gottlob Frick - Philharmonia Orchestra - Wolfgang Sawallisch . Prologue and epilogue spoken by Carl Orff. EMI 1956
- Lucia Popp - Thomas Stewart - Gottlob Frick - Munich Radio Orchestra - Kurt Eichhorn . Director: Carl Orff. Ariola Eurodisc 1970
- Karl Heinz Stryczek - Reiner Suss - Magdalena Falewicz - Horand Friedrich - Leipzig Radio Symphony Orchestra - Herbert Kegel . ETERNA 1982
- In 1974 the Munich Marionette Theater produced this opera as a puppet show. In the recording shown on ZDF, the musical recording with the Munich radio orchestra was used for this purpose, while current performances in their theater use the recording with the Philharmonia Orchestra.
- Kurt Pahlen , Rosemarie König: Carl Orff. The moon. The clever. Opera guide. Goldmann, Munich 1981, ISBN 3-442-33040-8 .
- Andreas Liess: Carl Orff. Idea and work. Revised edition. Goldmann, Munich 1980, ISBN 3-442-33038-6 .
- Werner Thomas: Das Rad der Fortuna ─ Selected essays on the work and impact of Carl Orff. Schott, Mainz 1990, ISBN 3-7957-0209-7 .
- Werner Thomas: Orff's fairy tale pieces. The moon ─ the clever one. Schott, Mainz 1994, ISBN 3-7957-0266-6 .
- Brothers Grimm: "The clever farmer's daughter" at Zeno.org .
- Work data for Die Kluge based on MGG with discography at Operone
- Excerpts from the production of the Munich Marionette Theater on Youtube