Dieter Langewiesche

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Dieter Langewiesche at his farewell symposium on January 26, 2008.

Dieter Langewiesche (born January 11, 1943 in St. Sebastian near Mariazell ) is a German historian . Langewiesche is one of the leading experts on the history of nationalism and liberalism .


Dieter Langewiesche did not come from a family of scholars. In 1959 he graduated from secondary school with the secondary school leaving certificate in Essen and began an apprenticeship as an industrial clerk. From 1962 he worked as a commercial clerk for three years, while in 1966 he made up his Abitur at the evening grammar school in Gelsenkirchen . From 1966 to 1971 he studied history, political science and German in Heidelberg . In 1970 he passed his state examination. From 1971 to 1978 he held a research assistant position with Eberhard Kolb for modern history at the University of Würzburg . During this time he received his doctorate in 1973 on liberalism and democracy in Württemberg between the revolution and the founding of an empire and completed his habilitation in 1978/79 at the University of Würzburg.

Langewiesche had held a professorship for modern history at the University of Hamburg since 1978 . From 1985 to 2008 Langewiesche taught Medieval and Modern History at the University of Tübingen . He turned down appointments to Bochum, Munich and Erfurt. From 1997 to 2000, Langewiesche was on leave of absence in Tübingen to work as prorector in the development of the University of Erfurt . As an academic teacher, Langewiesche supervised 67 dissertations (Hamburg 7, Tübingen 59, Erfurt 1). Langewiesche's academic students include Ulrike von Hirschhausen , Sylvia Paletschek and Ute Planert . His successor to the chair in Tübingen is Ewald Frie .

Research priorities

Langewie's work focuses on the bourgeoisie and liberalism, workers and labor movement, nation and nationalism. He published studies on the revolutions of 1848 and on the developments that gave rise to nation-states in the 19th and 20th centuries. He argues that nationalism in all phases of national movements at the same time participation and aggression includes. He considers xenophobia and war to be an integral part of nation building. His research and publication priorities in German and European history include liberalism and the bourgeoisie, labor movement and working-class culture, the European revolutions of 1848/49, nation and nationalism, wars, historical thinking. Langewiesche made important individual contributions on nation, nationalism and the nation state, which were published in 2008 in aggregate. Langewiesche worked from 1999 to 2008 at the Collaborative Research Center 437 "War Experiences - War and Society in Modern Times". In 2019 published the sum of his research on Europe's wars in modern times. He asks “why they [the ancestors] felt they had to wage war and what kind of war. Has he changed your attitudes, your actions, your way into the future? ”. His thesis is that wars had a particularly important “creative power in history”. Wars play a special role for revolutions and for national education.

Langewiesche is one of the AfD's critics, whom he accuses of abusing national symbols.

Honors and memberships

Langewiesche is a full member of the Heidelberg Academy of Sciences (since 1997), the Erfurt Academy of Nonprofit Sciences (since 1998), the German Academy of Natural Scientists Leopoldina (since 2010), the Commission for Historical Regional Studies in Baden-Württemberg and the Commission for the History of Parliamentarism and political parties . He was also a member of the German-Czech and German-Slovak historians' commissions and from 1998 to 2010 a full member of the historical commission at the Bavarian Academy of Sciences . In 1994/95 Langewiesche became a fellow at the Wissenschaftskolleg zu Berlin. Langewiesche received the Wolf-Erich-Kellner Prize in 1974 for his dissertation; later he was a member of the board of trustees of the Wolf-Erich-Kellner Memorial Foundation . In 1996 he was awarded the Leibniz Prize of the German Research Foundation for his achievements . In 2001 he and Wolfgang Schluchter received the Erwin Stein Prize from the Erwin Stein Foundation. The Philosophical Faculty of the University of Erfurt awarded him an honorary doctorate in 2009 . In 2013 Langewiesche was awarded the Federal Republic of Germany's Cross of Merit on Ribbon . In 2019, he received the Ludwig Uhland Prize for his research on southwest German liberalism .

Fonts (selection)


  • Liberalism and democracy in Württemberg between revolution and the founding of an empire (= contributions to the history of parliamentarism and political parties. Vol. 52). Droste, Düsseldorf 1974, ISBN 3-7700-5077-0 (also: Würzburg, University, dissertation, 1973).
  • For the worker's leisure time. Educational efforts and leisure activities of Austrian workers in the Empire and in the First Republic (= Industrial World. Vol. 29). Klett-Cotta, Stuttgart 1980, ISBN 3-12-911960-4 (also: Würzburg, University, habilitation paper, 1978/1979).
  • Europe between Restoration and Revolution 1815–1849 (= Oldenbourg Outline of History . Vol. 13). Oldenbourg, Munich 1985, ISBN 3-486-48881-3 .
  • Liberalism in Germany (= Edition Suhrkamp. Vol. 1286 = NF Bd. 286. New historical library ). Suhrkamp, ​​Frankfurt am Main 1988, ISBN 3-518-11286-4 ( online ; in English: Liberalism in Germany. Translated by Christiane Banerji. Princeton University Press, Princeton NJ 2000, ISBN 0-691-01032-3 ).
  • Nation, nationalism, nation-state. In Germany and Europe (= Beck's series. Vol. 1399). CH Beck Verlag, Munich 2000, ISBN 3-406-45939-0 ( online ).
  • Liberalism and Socialism. Images of society - visions of the future - educational concepts. (selected contributions) (= Series Political and Social History. Vol. 61). Published by Friedrich Lenger . Dietz, Bonn 2003, ISBN 3-8012-4132-7 ( online ).
  • Central state - federal state. Nation-State Models in Europe in the 19th and 20th Centuries. = Państwo centralistyczne - państwo federalne. Modele państw narodowych w Europie XIX i XX wieku. Wykład ku czci Willy Brandta 2003 (= Willy Brandt Lecture. 2003). Fundacja im. Friedricha Eberta - Przedstawicielstwo w Polsce, Warsaw 2003, ISBN 83-86088-70-2 (In German and Polish).
  • Liberalism and democracy in state thinking by Theodor Heuss (= Federal President Theodor Heuss House Foundation. Small series. Issue 16). Federal President Theodor Heuss House Foundation, Stuttgart 2005, ISBN 3-9809603-0-7 .
  • Turning point. History thinking today. Edited by Nikolaus Buschmann and Ute Planert . Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, Göttingen 2008, ISBN 978-3-525-36378-2 .
  • Empire, nation, federation. Germany and Europe (= Beck series. Vol. 1873). CH Beck Verlag, Munich 2008, ISBN 978-3-406-57376-7 .
  • State, Nation and Federation in European History. Gerda Henkel lecture. Rhema, Münster 2008, ISBN 978-3-930454-85-3 .
  • La época del estado-nación en Europa. Universitat de València, València 2012, ISBN 978-84-370-9017-7 .
  • The monarchy in the century of Europe. Self-assertion through change in the 19th century (= writings of the Philosophical-Historical Class of the Heidelberg Academy of Sciences. Vol. 50). Universitätsverlag Winter, Heidelberg 2013, ISBN 978-3-8253-6160-0 .
  • with Niels Birbaumer : Neurohistory. A new branch of science? Past Publishing, Berlin 2017, ISBN 978-3-86408-217-7 .
  • The violent teacher. Europe's wars in modern times. CH Beck Verlag, Munich 2019, ISBN 978-3-40672-708-5 .



  • Inaugural address by Dieter Langewiesche at the Heidelberg Academy of Sciences on July 11, 1998. In: Yearbook of the Heidelberg Academy of Sciences for 1998 , Heidelberg 1999, pp. 117–119.

Web links


  1. ^ Dieter Langewiesche: Nation, Nationalism, Nationstaat. In Germany and Europe. Munich 2000. See the review by Moritz Föllmer in: Zeitschrift für Geschichtswwissenschaft 50 (2002), pp. 644–646.
  2. ^ Dieter Langewiesche: The violent teacher. Europe's wars in modern times. Munich 2019, p. 12. See the reviews of Alexander Querengässer in: Zeitschrift für Geschichtswwissenschaft 67 (2019), pp. 956–958; Jost Dülffer in: H-Soz-Kult March 28, 2019, ( online ); Frank Becker in: sehepunkte 19 (2019), No. 11 (November 15, 2019), ( online ); Karen Hagemann in: Historical magazine. 310 (2020), pp. 445-449; Bernhard Theil in: Journal for Württembergische Landesgeschichte 79 (2020), p. 482 ( online ); Martin Moll in: Military History Journal 79 (2020), pp. 164–167.
  3. How the AfD hijacks national symbols .
  4. Text of the award certificate to both award winners (accessed on June 30, 2014).
  5. Dieter Langewiesche receives the Ludwig Uhland Prize 2019 , Leopoldina, National Academy of Sciences, February 6, 2019