Gerhard Hirschfeld

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Gerhard Hirschfeld (born September 19, 1946 in Plettenberg in the Sauerland ) is a German historian .


Hirschfeld studied history, political science and German in Bochum and Cologne and passed his state examination in 1974 at the University of Cologne . He was then DAAD lecturer at University College Dublin and, since 1976, assistant to Wolfgang J. Mommsen at the University of Düsseldorf . In 1981 he received his doctorate summa cum laude from Heinrich Heine University in Düsseldorf . From 1978 to 1989 he was a research fellow ( Fellow ) at the German Historical Institute in London . He also had lectureships at the Universities of Birmingham and Warwick .

Hirschfeld has been honorary professor at the Historical Institute of the University of Stuttgart since 1997 . From 1989 to 2011 he was head and director of the Library of Contemporary History (since 2000 Library of Contemporary History in the Württemberg State Library , Stuttgart). Since 2016 he has been visiting professor at the Institute of International Relations at the University of Wuhan / China.

In 1996/1997 and again in 2006/2007 he was a Fellow of the Netherlands Institute for Advanced Study in the Humanities and Social Sciences (NIAS) in Wassenaar . From 1991 to 2000 he was chairman of the German Committee for the History of the Second World War . From 1999 on, Hirschfeld was in charge of the independent commission of historians to review the Wehrmacht exhibition " War of Extermination. Crimes of the Wehrmacht 1941 to 1944 " at the Hamburg Institute for Social Research . From 2000 to 2010 he was President of the Comité Internationale d'histoire de la Deuxième Guerre Mondiale / International Committee for the History of the Second World War .

Hirschfeld is or was a member of numerous scientific committees and advisory boards, including a. the Center de Recherche des Historial de la Grande Guerre , Péronne , the Royal Netherlands Academy of Sciences ( Nederlands Instituut voor Oorlogsdocumentatie ) , Amsterdam, the Comité Scientique du Mémorial de Verdun , memorial for the victims of Nazi euthanasia in Baden-Württemberg , Grafeneck , Landschaftsverband Rheinland : Forum Vogelsang and 1914: In the middle of Europe , the Fritz Bauer Institute , the German Historical Museum , and the Center for Second World War Studies , University of Birmingham ; also editorial board of the journals Zeithistorische Forschungen and the Tijdschrift voor Geschiedenis as well as the international online encyclopedia about the First World War, 1914-1918 online .

Research priorities

Hirschfeld's work includes numerous books and essays on the history of the two world wars, in particular social and cultural history, as well as on academic emigration from Germany after 1933 and on the history of the Netherlands in the 20th century. The great encyclopedia on the First World War has become an indispensable standard work.

Publications (selection)

as an author

as editor

  • with Wolfgang Mommsen : Social protest, violence, terror: Use of violence by political and social marginalized groups in the 19th and 20th centuries , Klett-Cotta, Stuttgart 1982. ISBN 978-3-12-915000-9 .
  • The Policies of Genocide: Jews and Soviet Prisoners of War in Nazi Germany . With a foreword by Wolfgang Mommsen. Routledge, London a. a. 1986. ISBN 978-1-138-80142-4 .
  • with Lothar Kettenacker : The "Führer State". Myth and Reality. Studies on the structure and politics of the Third Reich . Klett-Cotta, Stuttgart 1981. ISBN 978-3-12-915350-5 .
  • Exile in Great Britain. On emigration from National Socialist Germany . Klett-Cotta, Stuttgart 1983, ISBN 3-608-91142-1 .
  • with Patrick Marsh: collaboration in France. Politics, economy and culture during the National Socialist occupation 1940–1944 . S. Fischer Verlag, Frankfurt am Main 1991, ISBN 3-10-030407-1 .
  • with Irina Renz: the first Americans in the morning. Voices and pictures from the end of the war in 1945. Klett-Cotta, Stuttgart 2005. ISBN 978-3-608-94129-6 .
  • with Hans-Peter Ullmann u. a .: War experiences. Studies on the social and mental history of the First World War . Klartext Verlag, Essen 1997, ISBN 978-3-88474-538-0 .
  • with Stig Förster : Genocide in Modern History . LIT, Münster 1999. ISBN 978-3-8258-4018-1 .
  • with Tobias Jersak : Careers under National Socialism. Functional elites between participation and distance . Campus Verlag, Frankfurt am Main 2002, ISBN 3-593-37156-1 .
  • with Gustavo Corni : L 'umanità offesa. Stermini e memoria nell 'Europa del Novecento. Bologna 2003. ISBN 978-88-15-08320-3 .
  • with Gerd Krumeich and Irina Renz: Encyclopedia First World War . Schöningh, Paderborn 2003. 2., updated and ext. Study edition, Schöningh (UTB), Paderborn 2014, ISBN 978-3-506-76578-9 .
  • with Gerd Krumeich and Irina Renz: The Germans on the Somme 1914–1918. War, occupation, scorched earth . Klartext Verlag, expanded and revised edition, Essen 2016, ISBN 978-3-8375-1459-9 .

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. ^ German Historical Institute London: Former Staff .
  2. NIAS alumni: Gerhard Hirschfeld .
  3. Ullrich, Volker: Will Reemtsma have another project? In: DIE ZEIT 46/2000. DIE ZEIT, November 9, 2000, accessed October 9, 2018 .
  4. Presentation of the International Research Center / Scientific Advisory Board .
  5. ^ Members of the Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences / Experts / Gerhard Hirschfeld .
  6. ^ NIOD Institute for War, Holocaust and Genocide Studies / Organization .
  7. ^ Rhineland Regional Association: 1914 - In the middle of Europe: Scientific advisory board .
  8. German Historical Museum: Data and facts .
  9. Editorial Advisory Board. In: 1914-1918 online. Retrieved July 4, 2019 .