|founding||1965 as University of Düsseldorf|
|Sponsorship||MKW NRW (state)|
|Students||36,464 (WS 2018/19)|
|including professors||342 (2017)|
|Annual budget||€ 406.8 million (2017)|
The Heinrich Heine University Düsseldorf ( HHU or HHUD for short ) is a German university and public corporation in the North Rhine-Westphalian state capital Düsseldorf and, due to its range of subjects, forms a full university . In 1965 it emerged from a medical academy under the name of Universität Düsseldorf and was named in 1988 after the Düsseldorf-born poet Heinrich Heine . It has consisted of five faculties since 1993. 36,464 students are enrolled in the 2018/19 winter semester.
A first attempt to establish a university in Düsseldorf failed around the middle of the 16th century under the sovereign Wilhelm V von Jülich-Kleve-Berg in connection with the religious conflicts in the region at that time. There was a law faculty for about 95 years from 1715 to 1810 in the Düsseldorf Law Academy . 250 years later, the French Emperor Napoleon Bonaparte revived the plan for a university. At that time, Düsseldorf was the seat of government of the Grand Duchy of Berg , a satellite state within the Rhine Confederation that emerged from the old Duchy of Berg . The university should develop an administrative elite to consolidate the Grand Duchy. In December 1811, following his inspection trip, Napoleon issued decrees that ordered the establishment of a university with five faculties, including a theological one, in the Düsseldorf Palace, which was to be rebuilt. In honor of the emperor, the new university was to be named Napoleona Augusta . The plans, which the Bergische Staatsrat Georg Arnold Jacobi refined and submitted to the emperor in Paris in 1812, failed in view of the imminent Russian campaign and the end of Napoleon's rule in 1815. In Prussian times, the capital Düsseldorf was ultimately not considered to establish a university , but in 1818 the city of Bonn with the Rheinische Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität .
Medical Academy (1907/1923 to 1965)
The upgrading of Düsseldorf to a university city took place indirectly. In 1907, with the new construction of the municipal clinics, the “Düsseldorf Academy for Practical Medicine” was founded. Further training events for practicing physicians were held at it. A medical degree was initially not possible. It was not until 1919 that the academy began teaching clinical lessons temporarily, mainly for combatants. After this trial phase, the Prussian government and the Lord Mayor of Düsseldorf signed a contract in 1923 under which the “Academy for Practical Medicine” was renamed “Medical Academy in Düsseldorf”. The academy received a rectorate constitution and the right to clinical training of students. The pre-clinical training had to continue to take place at other universities. The academy was still municipal, but the training was recognized by the state. From the winter semester 1931/1932 the study of dentistry could be started. In 1935 the "Medical Academy in Düsseldorf" was granted the right to award doctorates . It was thus on an equal footing with the other German medical training centers. After the Second World War , the academy gained a worldwide reputation in heart research, especially when in 1952 the heart surgeon and head of the surgical clinic Ernst Derra had the first open heart operation with the help of a heart-lung machine .
Foundation and development
Founding years and campus construction (1962/1965 to approx. 1979)
On July 3, 1962, the state of North Rhine-Westphalia and the city of Düsseldorf signed a contract to transfer the academy into the care of the state. "With effect from January 1, 1962, North Rhine-Westphalia assumes responsibility and financing for the Medical Academy, while the General Municipal Hospitals continue to be owned by the City of Düsseldorf." In 1965, the state government decided to convert to the University of Düsseldorf and to set up both preclinical studies Winter semester 1965/1966, as well as a natural science - philosophy faculty . The date of foundation is November 16, 1965.
Initially, the institutes and seminars of this faculty were widely spread across the city: on Cecilienstraße, Haroldstraße, Kavalleriestraße, Uhlenbergstraße and Mettmanner Straße. The Institute for Physical Chemistry was even located on the Henkel site . The city of Düsseldorf provided a 42.8 hectare site south of the hospitals, which was then built on in several construction phases. The first buildings, including those for the university administration, were completed in 1968.
After several commissions under the direction of Wilhelm Kuchen and others dealt with the planning, construction and establishment of the institutes for natural sciences still to be founded as well as the establishment of a mathematical and natural science faculty and the introduction of a mathematical and natural science course at the new university In 1969 the philosophy faculty was separated from the natural science faculty. The previous municipal hospitals were transferred from the city of Düsseldorf to the sponsorship of the state of North Rhine-Westphalia (university clinics) on January 1, 1973.
By 1973, most of the humanities and natural sciences institutes were able to move into new buildings in the northern area of the campus. For the Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, this was only an interim solution. After completion of the second construction phase, at the beginning of the winter semester 1975/76 the faculty moved to its final building in the south of the campus, which was designed for 3800 study places. The Düsseldorf Botanical Garden was opened in the eastern neighborhood a year earlier . The newly established subject pharmacy began teaching in the 1976/77 winter semester.
In the third and, for the time being, last construction phase, the central and eastern area of the university campus was built on. In the center of the campus , the spacious new building of the university library was built , which opened its doors in November 1979. The Institute for Sports Science (closed in 2008) and the university sports facilities on the eastern edge of the campus were opened in 1980/1981. On April 1, 1980, the Neuss University of Education was incorporated into the university. At that time, 12,000 students were enrolled.
The name dispute over Heinrich Heine (1968 to 1988)
When the question of its name arose in the early years of the still young university, a group of 122 members of the then University of Düsseldorf advocated naming the university after Heinrich Heine as part of the work of the statutes . They failed with this application, so that it remained in the draft statutes of the University of Düsseldorf . Shortly afterwards, the PEN Club and the Heinrich Heine Society initiated a major event to rename the university to Heinrich Heine University in the old cafeteria of the university, which was moderated by the then chairman of the constitutional convention, Helmut Weber . Because of the vote that had already taken place in the constitutional convention, a vote against him was initiated as part of a no-confidence vote. However, this failed.
In 1972 university members again campaigned for a name after Heinrich Heine, but failed at the university's senate. In the period that followed, those in favor of the renaming relied on the Heinrich Heine University citizens' initiative with its initiator and spokesman Otto Schönfeldt . However, there were no immediate consequences. Only the AStA insisted on what it believed to be legitimately renamed Heine and had his picture in its letterhead since 1975. Although supporters and opponents of the renaming generally differed in their basic ideological views in the phase of the late student movement , the fault line between the parties was by no means uniform. In 1982 the convention at that time applied for a new nomination on the occasion of the renewal of the constitution of the university, but the proponents failed again in a vote with 41 to 44 votes. It was only on the initiative of Rector Gert Kaiser , who was in office from 1983 to 2003 , that the renaming , which was now part of the competence of the Senate, could be enforced. On December 20, 1988, his resolution was passed that the university should in future be called "Heinrich Heine University Düsseldorf". This ended a 23-year-long dispute over the name of the city's greatest son.
|Number of students since the 2004/05 winter semester|
In retrospect, the renaming to Heinrich Heine can also be seen as an obvious act of opening up the university to the city and the citizens. One consequence in the following years was to adapt the development of the university more strongly than before to the realities of the economic metropolis and the place of jurisdiction in Düsseldorf. The Faculty of Business and Economics was founded in March 1990. The Faculty of Law was not officially founded until November 1993, but it was possible to start studying in October 1992. The law faculty was located in the meanwhile demolished study house in Unterbilk near the state parliament building and in October 1996 moved into its own building (“Juridicum”) in the central area of the campus. This building was expanded in 2006 with a separate extension. In 2010, the Faculty of Business and Economics received a separate building with the “Oeconomicum” on the basis of a donation from the Honorary Senator of the University of Schwarz-Schütte . Its outstanding architectural form is a definite landmark of the university. At the same time, the faculty has set up an economics department that deals in research and teaching with issues of competition economics.
The university attracted nationwide interest from autumn 2012 when it processed a plagiarism of the then Federal Minister of Education, Annette Schavan , which had become public due to the work of the VroniPlag Wiki research network . The Faculty Council of the Philosophical Faculty followed the recommendation of the doctoral committee on January 22, 2013 and opened a main procedure for the revocation of Schavan's doctoral degree. This was confirmed by the Faculty Council on February 5, 2013 and Schavan's doctoral thesis was declared invalid. Schavan declared that he would take legal action against this decision on the same day. Under these circumstances, she resigned from her ministerial office four days later and denied in her resignation that she had copied or cheated. On February 20, 2013, Schavan brought an action for annulment at the Düsseldorf administrative court, which was dismissed by the court on March 20, 2014 after more than a year. As a result, Schavan did not appeal the judgment and thus legally lost her doctoral degree.
The faculties (research, teaching, studies)
The institutes, seminars, scientific facilities, chairs, departments and working groups at Heinrich Heine University each belong to one of five faculties.
The connection between research, teaching and patient care that is characteristic of medical faculties is reinforced at Heinrich Heine University by the spatial connection between the university and the clinic: both campus areas are directly adjacent to one another. The conversion of the university clinic into an institution under public law in 2001 created separate responsibilities for research and teaching on the one hand and patient care on the other. However, the university and the hospital remain intertwined. A cooperation agreement regulates this relationship.
The medical faculty comprises the subjects medicine and dentistry , which had already formed the medical academy. After the transition from the academy to a university, the faculty was able to build on existing structures, but is now more differentiated. The further development of the faculty under state control was closely linked to the systematic expansion of the university hospital. This followed a “general plan” drawn up by the Ministry of Science in 1972 and characterized by efficiency considerations. In structural terms , the Medical-Neurological-Radiological Clinic (MNR-Klinik) , which opened in 1985 and currently houses two medical centers of the clinic with internal medicine and neurology as well as radiology, is evidence of this .
The prerequisite for the development of Düsseldorf university medicine was the differentiation of the subject itself: the academy was founded in 1907 with the areas of surgery , internal medicine , pediatrics , gynecology and obstetrics , ophthalmology , ear, nose and throat medicine , dermatology and psychiatry .
In the specialization of basic, disease and patient-oriented research, the division of internal medicine was of great importance, in Düsseldorf the departments of cardiology , diabetology , neurosciences as well as hepatology and infection biology were formed . Central personalities formed the basis for profiling heart research in particular, including Franz Grosse-Brockhoff ( internist and former Academy President ), Sven Effert (pioneer of cardiological ultrasound diagnostics ), Erich Boden (internist), Ernst Derra (cardiac surgeon) and Franz Loogen (cardiologist and Founder of the cardiac catheter examination ), who followed the call to the first cardiology chair in Germany in 1967. Under Loogen Düsseldorf heart research promoted ( "Düsseldorf School") already in 1968 one of the very first Collaborative Research Centers of the German Research Foundation (DFG) under the name "Cardiology", which survives to this day.
Clinical endocrinology and diabetology as a further research focus were originally linked to the founding rector Karl Oberdisse, at whose instigation a center for research into diabetes was established in 1965 in the immediate vicinity of the university campus. Since it was accepted into the Leibniz Association in 2004, it has operated as the German Diabetes Center (DDZ). In collaboration with the Medical Faculty, Düsseldorf Diabetes Research carried out two special research areas from 1970 to 1998. Another affiliated institute is the Institute for Environmental Medicine Research (IUF), founded in 2001 and also part of the Leibniz Association since 2011 .
A third focus at the medical faculty emerged with neurology, which was made independent as a clinical area in 1955. From the beginning, brain research has played a major role in this. The takeover of the Institute for Brain Research and General Biology from 1964 with funds from the Academy’s Society of Friends contributed significantly to this . After conflicts with the Nazi rulers in 1936 , Oskar Vogt and his wife Cécile ran the institute independently until his death as part of a “German Society for Brain Research” supported by the Krupp family . The institute thus continues the Max Planck Institute for Brain Research founded by Vogt at the end of the 19th century . Adolf Hopf, a student of Vogt, became the first director of the institute at the university in 1965 and the first professor of brain research in Germany in 1967. Under his leadership, the Institute for Brain Research developed into a research center for the development of the nervous system of international standing. Since 1990, under the direction of the neurologist Hans-Joachim Freund, the department has been recruiting two special research areas from the German Research Foundation. In the area of basic brain research, the cooperation between university medicine and parts of Forschungszentrum Jülich is also very important.
Recently , hepatology at the Clinic for Gastroenterology , Hepatology and Infectious Diseases under Dieter Häussinger has developed into one of the successful research fields with numerous third-party funded therapy studies . In Medical Microbiology , the Infectious and hygiene research by Klaus Pfeffer represented.
The Faculty of Medicine is the faculty with the highest third-party funding for the university (over 32 million euros in 2010/2011). The current faculty development is characterized by focal points in molecular and clinical hepatology, in cardiovascular research as well as in environmental medicine and aging research. Oncology , diabetology and metabolism research as well as infection medicine and immunology are considered funding areas, while stem cell research , oncology and health and society are defined as development areas. In almost all fields there are collaborations with the Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, which are coordinated by the University's "Biological-Medical Research Center" (BMFZ), among others.
The development of the faculty and the clinic can also be seen on the basis of numerous construction projects. These modernize or replace the existing building stock, some of which dates from the first half of the 20th century. The most striking new buildings include the “Liver and Infection Center” with a highly infection unit and four special outpatient departments (opened in 2011), the “Center for Clinical Research” (opened in spring 2012 ) and the “Center for Operative Medicine II” (“ZOM II ", Planned opening in spring 2012). The opening was delayed, however, as fire protection regulations were not partially observed during construction. According to a press release dated September 9, 2014, ZOM II was opened.
In terms of teaching, the faculty offers further education courses in Public Health , Toxicology and Endodontology , which are completed with a Master’s degree , in addition to the subjects to be completed with the state examination . In addition, the faculty is involved in a continuing education course in health management at the Faculty of Economics.
Due to the high demand for university places, the faculty began to establish connections with teaching hospitals in the region from the mid-1970s , but the main focus of medical training remained with the faculty. In 2011, 133 professors worked there in research and teaching. The number of students was 3,169 (winter semester 2011/12). Until 2015 , an increase of places is planned by state funds and planned a restructuring of teaching practice and new construction of the "OASIS" ( "place of exchange, study and development"). The teaching reform also includes the structuring of the doctoral process by the “Medical Research School Düsseldorf”, which aims to help improve the quality of medical dissertations .
The medical faculty of the Heinrich Heine University is regularly criticized for the animal experiments carried out there. In particular, the refusal of the university management to provide information about the species, number and experimental animals is publicly criticized. The German Animal Welfare Association also sharply criticizes the housing of the test animals that is not in keeping with animal welfare from their point of view. Controversial tests with dental implants on dogs and neurological animal tests on rats are particularly criticized for the evaluability of the test results. Local animal welfare associations founded the Düsseldorf Tierversuchsfrei initiative in response to the university's practice.
The Philosophical Faculty is the Faculty of Humanities, Cultural and Social Sciences at the HHU. It comprises 13 institutes and offers around 25 different courses leading to a Bachelor of Arts, Master of Arts and doctorate degree ( Dr. phil. ).
The faculty was separated from the natural sciences and philosophy faculty and made independent in 1969 under the decisive influence of the philosophy professor and later rector Alwin Diemer. The founding dean was the Romanist Ludwig Schrader. In 1980 the faculty was significantly expanded both institutionally and in terms of staff by the addition of the Neuss department of the Rhineland University of Education ("PH Neuss").
With more than 7,900 students, this faculty is the largest: In the winter semester 2011/12, 38.8% of the students were enrolled there. In 2011, the faculty had 72 professorships. In 2002, however, the faculty suffered a considerable loss and, as part of the restructuring of teacher training by the North Rhine-Westphalian Ministry of Science, lost the teaching degree in the grammar school branch. In the course of this, the institutes for sports sciences (2008) and educational sciences (transitioned to social sciences in 2010 ) were dissolved and the master’s degree programs were converted to bachelor’s and master’s degrees as part of the Bologna process : a total of 45 core and integrated study programs were implemented . In 2009, the Rectorate set up a committee made up of equal students, which carried out a critical analysis of the Bologna Process. As a result, the faculty made fundamental changes to the examination regulations in 19 Bachelor's degree programs. In the meantime, most of the courses have already been re-accredited .
In the early years, the faculty offered all the classical humanities disciplines, but has now specialized: subjects today include Jewish Studies (since 1994 including a department for Yiddish Studies ), Modern Japan (since 1985) and literary translation (since 1987, since 2008 Master’s offer) and - since 2009 - the English-language course European Studies , which brings together students from the Middle East ( Israel , Palestinian Territories , Jordan ) on a scholarship basis. Since 2011, the subjects previously known as “seminars” have consistently been called institutes . At the same time, research focuses on linguistics, media and cultural studies and social sciences were expanded. This has recently been reflected in the internal structure of the faculty, which has been organized into three interdisciplinary associations:
- "Society" ( social sciences , history and modern Japan )
- "Culture, Art and Media" ( English and American Studies , German Studies , Romance Studies , Art History , Jewish Studies , Classical Philology and Media and Cultural Studies )
- "Philosophy and Language" ( philosophy as well as language and information )
2011, the Faculty was in composite "philosophy and language" a Collaborative Research Center , in association "company" means any research group and joined "Culture, Arts and Media" a graduate program of the German Research Foundation solicit.
In addition to the DFG-funded research activities, the work positions for the publication of the works of Max Weber and the German-Jewish religious philosopher Martin Buber are particularly noteworthy. The Institute for German and International Party Law and Party Research is operated together with the Faculty of Law .
The Faculty's most important science award is the Meyer-Struckmann Prize for research in the humanities and social sciences , which goes back to Fritz Meyer-Struckmann and is endowed with 20,000 euros.
Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences
The Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences consists of the subjects Biology , Chemistry , Computer Science , Mathematics , Pharmacy , Physics and Psychology . Biology represents the largest, computer science the smallest and youngest subject , founded after geography was abandoned in the winter semester 2002/2003.
A large part of the institute's buildings, which were put into operation from 1975, are located in the south of the campus, where the university's botanical garden , which was opened to the public in 1979, is also located. The institute buildings of the faculty have been fundamentally modernized or partially rebuilt since 2012 on the basis of the North Rhine-Westphalian university modernization program.
The faculty, which was originally heavily committed to teacher training and preclinical medical training, has been geared towards research and the training of young scientists as a result of its structural change since the late 1990s. The evolutionary biologist William Martin and the physicist Hartmut Löwen were awarded the “Advanced Grants” of the European Research Council (ERC) in 2008 and 2010 respectively. The faculty regularly creates spin-offs. The most successful was the establishment of the biotechnology company Qiagen in 1984 by the emeritus biophysicist and current member of the University Council Detlev Riesner .
In 2010/2011 the inflow of third-party funds amounted to 17.3 million euros and took a top position financially in scientific research in North Rhine-Westphalia.
The faculty currently has eight structured research programs (including three special research areas with a spokesperson function), which are primarily financed by the German Research Foundation (DFG), as well as by corresponding programs from the state of North Rhine-Westphalia and the European Union, or by private donors. Biology, with its sub-disciplines integrative cell biology , plant biology and technology and industrial biotechnology, accounts for a high proportion of the collaborative research funded by third parties . In physics, plasma physics , statistical physics and research into soft matter are in the foreground. Chemistry has a focus on biochemistry and research into the interactions of light with complex systems ( synergetics ).
In-depth cooperations exist with the Medical Faculty of the HHU, the campus-related affiliated institutes German Diabetes Center (DDZ) and the Institute for Environmental Medicine Research (IUF). The personnel, conceptual and technical cooperation with Forschungszentrum Jülich (FZJ), with which the university appoints a number of professors jointly (“Jülich model”) and whose institutes accommodate some of the faculty's large facilities, is also important. In addition, there are diverse regional connections that were bundled by the “Bioeconomy Science Center” founded in October 2010 with the participation of 54 research institutes (BioSC). One of the faculty's special international ties is the “iGRAD-Plant” graduate college in the field of plant sciences with Forschungszentrum Jülich: Cooperation partner in the USA is the plant genetics department at Michigan State University in East Lansing .
In terms of study and teaching, the faculty offers ten undergraduate courses (some with numerus clausus ) and nine Master of Science courses . In 2010/2011 there were 103 professors (excluding junior professors ) working at the faculty . After the conversion of the diploma courses to the Bachelor and Master degrees, the Pharmacy course remains with the state examination . The medical physics and business chemistry courses are also offered across faculties . In a pilot project “Biology PLUS / International”, the bachelor's degree is being extended from three to four years. In addition, the faculty is planning to introduce a bachelor's degree in "Quantitative Biosciences". With the “Interdisciplinary Graduate and Research Academy” (iGRAD), the faculty takes on a pioneering role in the spectrum of structured graduate training at the university.
The Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences currently counts more women (3,283) than men (3,175) among its students. The trend is even clearer in the number of new students. However, there are still clear differences between the subjects in the preferences of women and men, which the faculty tries to balance. In general, there is the greatest demand for psychology, where a total of 7513 students applied for a place in the Bachelor of Science program in Psychology in 2011. The subject with the most students (winter semester 2011/12) is biology (1686 students and doctoral candidates), followed by psychology (842) and computer science (758). In order to promote the nationwide still insufficient interest in studying in the so-called “MINT” subjects, the faculty is taking a variety of measures (internships, “taster studies”, children's university and lecture series and the “zdi-Schülerlabor” student research center visited in July 2011 by Federal President Christian Wulff " Etc.).
Faculty of Business and Economics
The economics faculty was officially founded as the fourth faculty three years after the start of lectures in spring 1992. In a nationwide comparison, the faculty is thus one of the youngest of its kind. The decision to establish it was a consequence of the business location Düsseldorf and the very high regional demand for study places in business administration . The founding dean was Hans Jörg Thieme .
Almost 20 years after its creation, the faculty experienced a turning point: thanks to a notable donation from the Schwarz-Schütte Funding Foundation of the entrepreneur and honorary senator of the university, Rolf Schwarz-Schütte , the faculty was able to move into the "Oeconomicum" in late autumn 2010, an architecturally outstanding one New building opposite the Düsseldorf University and State Library based on a design by Düsseldorf architect Christoph Ingenhoven . At the same time, an economics branch was set up at the faculty , which started teaching in the summer semester 2011. The faculty's workforce was almost doubled.
In business administration, the faculty covers the classic fields of finance, accounting, management and marketing. In the course of the expansion of the faculty to include economics, the faculty deals empirically and analytically with questions of the theory and practice of market competition (competitive economics). In this context, the “Düsseldorf Institute for Competition Economics” (DICE) was set up in the department with the help of the Schwarz-Schütte-Förderstiftung. The founding director is Justus Haucap, an economist who was appointed to Düsseldorf in 2009 and chairman of the monopoly commission of the German federal government .
The business administration and economics courses have been consistently coordinated with the Bologna process and offer the Bachelor of Science as well as the Master of Science. The interdisciplinary course in business chemistry is also run as a bachelor's and master's degree. All courses at the faculty are heavily used and have been rated several times well in rankings . In 2011/2012 15 full-time professors (W3 / W2) were available for teaching . In the 2011/2012 winter semester, 879 students were studying business administration (Bachelor and Master), 169 economics (the Master was introduced in the 2011/2012 winter semester) and 267 business chemistry (the Master was introduced in the 2011 summer semester).
On the initiative of the faculty, the “Düsseldorf Business School” (DBS) was founded as a privately-run limited liability company for further professional development , which is mainly financed by tuition fees. DBS, initially located in the orangery of Schloss Benrath , which moved to the faculty building of the Faculty of Business and Economics in 2016, currently offers master’s courses for Master of Business Administration in “General Management” (in German and English).
The Law Faculty was founded in 1993 as the youngest faculty to date and began lecturing in 1994. With the “Juridicum” built in 1996 and 2005, it has its own building complex for its employees as well as for teaching and the specialist library.
Earlier attempts to establish a law faculty in Düsseldorf had failed in the 1970s, among other things due to financial problems at the state level. At the beginning of the 1990s, it was largely thanks to the perseverance of the then Rector Gert Kaiser , who pushed through the establishment of the faculty, which was connected with reallocations within the university. The main point of view here was the importance of the state capital Düsseldorf as a place of jurisdiction of supra-regional, partly also international importance (as in European patent law ). As a result, the need for trained lawyers has increased significantly. Conversely offers the variety of cuisines in Dusseldorf (for example, the Higher Regional Court , District and Regional Courts , Financial Court , Regional Labor Court ) very good conditions for the training site.
Accordingly, the faculty practices practical teaching in cooperation with the institutions mentioned. In addition to the 15 full-time professors (W2 / W3), three junior professorships (W1) and the academic mid-level staff , more than 100 judges , state attorneys and lawyers are active as lecturers and honorary professors in training. In the 2011/2012 winter semester, 1114 students were enrolled at the faculty in the standard period of study.
In teaching, the Faculty of Law is primarily concerned with ensuring the legal studies that conclude with the "First Legal Examination". This is partly taken in front of the faculty itself, otherwise in one of the judicial examination offices affiliated to the higher regional courts in Düsseldorf , Hamm and Cologne . According to the current CHE ranking , the study situation at the Faculty of Law is judged to be above average by the students.
As part of the core course, the Faculty has been offering an integrated German-French basic course in law for 15 German and French students each year since the 2005/2006 winter semester, in cooperation with the Law Faculty of the University of Cergy-Pontoise near Paris , followed by the German-French University in Saarbrücken is funded. The graduates of the three-year basic course complete their studies with the German intermediate legal examination and the French license mention droit (French LL. B.). In addition, a two-year postgraduate course in economic, labor and social law has been offered since the winter semester 2008/2009, which concludes with the French Master 2 "mention droit de l'entreprise (M 2)" and the German legal specialization examination. Graduates of the postgraduate course are therefore entitled to take the first state examination and to take part in an entrance examination at a French law school (École de formation de barreau - EFB) without a certificate.
An accompanying course in Anglo-American law is also offered. There is also an exchange with foreign universities, in particular with the “Radzyner School of Law” at the private Interdisciplinary Center (IDC) in Herzliya ( Israel ), with Suffolk University in Boston (USA) and with some European universities as part of the Erasmus program . The faculty is also involved in inter-faculty courses.
The faculty's research focuses on business law and European and international law. These special legal disciplines are also designated as development areas. The faculty has research centers and institutes, particularly in the fields of intellectual property, information law , medical law , corporate law and insurance law . Associated with the faculty is the Institute for German and International Party Law and Party Research, which is run as the central institute .
The Düsseldorf Law School (DLS), founded in 2007, was an independent training unit of the law faculty. The postgraduate master’s programs in industrial property and medical law that she founded have been offered by the university itself since the DLS was dissolved. Since 2017 the program has been expanded to include an LL.M. in insolvency and restructuring law expanded.
Sponsorship and self-administration
Heinrich-Heine-Universität is a public corporation supported by the state of North Rhine-Westphalia and manages itself in accordance with Section 2 (1) of the Higher Education Act of North Rhine-Westphalia (HG NW).
Central organs of the Heinrich Heine University Düsseldorf are according to § 3 of the constitution of March 17, 2015:
- the Senate
- the university council
- the university election meeting
- the rector
- the rectorate
The Senate is the most legitimized body of the university and has members of all status groups, making it a forum for questions of importance for the entire university. The most important tasks of the Senate are to legislate through regulations (e.g. constitution, appointment rules) and the election of various committees and offices at the university (e.g. the central equal opportunities officer or commissions ). In addition, he has u. a. the right to make recommendations and statements on various university matters (Section 22 (1) HG NW). In practice, these statements have a binding effect on the rectorate. According to the constitution (§ 4), the Senate at the HHU has voting members, including fifteen representatives from the group of university lecturers , five representatives from the group of academic staff , five representatives from the group of students and four members from the group of staff in technology and administration . The chairman of the Senate has been the surgeon Wolfram Trudo Knoefel (* 1962) since January 2016 .
According to § 21 Paragraph 1 Clause 1 HG NW, the University Council is defined as a body that is responsible for advising the Rectorate and “overseeing its management”. This includes, in particular, the supervision of the rectorate's economic management (Section 21 (1) No. 4 HG NW). According to the law (Section 21, Paragraph 1, No. 5, 6), the University Council is also granted recommendations and statements on university development in general and on structurally relevant individual decisions. In this respect, the University Council plays a role in the strategic direction of the university. According to the HHU constitution of March 17, 2015 (§ 5), the University Council has eight members, of which at least two must be internal. In October 2007 the first university council of the HHU was constituted from three internal and five external members.
The university council consists of the following people:
- External members:
- Anne-José Paulsen (Chair) (Lawyer and President of the Düsseldorf Higher Regional Court )
- Simone Bagel-Trah ( Chairwoman of the Supervisory Board and Chairwoman of the Shareholders' Committee of the Henkel Group )
- Avi Primor ( Ambassador of Israel to Germany from 1993 to 1999)
- Patrick Schwarz-Schütte ( entrepreneur and CEO of Schwarz Pharma AG from 1992 to 2006)
- Karl-Walter Jauch (* 1952, Medical Director of the Hospital of the Ludwig-Maximilians University in Munich )
- Internal members:
- Vittoria Borsò (literary scholar at the Institute for Romance Studies since 1992, Vice-Rector for International Affairs from 2003 to 2007)
- Johannes Siegrist ( medical sociologist emeritus at the HHU in 2012 and member of the Leopoldina's scientific commission "Demographic Change")
- Detlev Riesner (emeritus biophysicist in 2006 and co-founder of the Qiagen diagnostics company in 1984 )
The rectorate runs the university; its members are elected by the university electoral assembly, which consists of members of the senate and the university council . The Rectorate consists of the Rector, the Vice Rectors and the Chancellor. Since October 1, 2017, it consists of the following people:
- the lawyer Anja Steinbeck as rector (since November 2014)
- the Anglist Martin Goch as Chancellor (since February 2014)
- the art historian Andrea von Hülsen-Esch as prorector for international affairs (since November 2014)
- the biologist Peter Westhoff as Vice Rector for Research and Transfer (since November 2014)
- the physician Klaus Pfeffer as Vice Rector for Strategic Management and Equal Opportunities (since November 2014)
- the economist Christoph Börner as Vice Rector for Study Quality and Personnel Management (since October 2017)
Deans of the faculties
By the faculty councils elected deans manage the departments and represent them in relation to the university management. The following deans have been in office since 2002:
- –2002: Dieter Häussinger
- 2002–2003: Alfons Labisch
- 2003-2006: Wolfgang HM Raab
- 2006–2008: Bernd Nürnberg
- 2008–2016: Joachim Windolf
- 2016– : Nikolaj Klöcker
- Philosophical Faculty:
Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences:
- Gerd Fischer –2004:
- 2004–2007: Peter Westhoff
- 2007–2011: Ulrich Rüther
- 2011–2015: Christel Marian
- 2015– : Martin Mauve
- Faculty of Business and Economics:
- Law Faculty:
The student body is responsible for representing the students . It regulates its own affairs independently within the framework of student self-administration and, as a constituent student body, is a legal body under public law and a member of the university. The organs of this self-administration include the student parliament , the General Student Committee (AStA) and the student councils .
The student parliament (SP) is the highest decision-making body of the student body, i.e. all students enrolled at the university.
The composition of the student parliament after the elections in summer 2017 (voters: 32,817, turnout: 9.0), autumn 2016 (voters: 33,797, turnout: 10.1%), summer 2015 (voters: 29,987, turnout: 6.7%) ), Summer 2014 (eligible voters: 27,721, turnout: 7.22%) and 2013 (eligible voters: 23,225, turnout: 9.5%) can be found in the following table:
|University Political Group||Seats 2013||Seats 2014||Seats 2015||Seats 2016||Seats 2017||Seats 2018||Seats 2019|
|Juso University Group (Juso-HSG)||5||4th||4th||6th||5||4th||4th|
|Ring of Christian Democratic Students (RCDS)||3||3||3||5||4th||4th||4th|
|The left. Socialist-Democratic Student Association (Die Linke.SDS)||./.||./.||1||2||2||2||2|
|Liberal University Group (LHG)||2||3||2||1||2||2||2|
|Campus Alternative (CA)||./.||./.||./.||1||1||./.||./.|
|Student council list||2||2||2||./.||./.||./.||./.|
General Student Committee (AStA)
The General Student Committee (AStA) is elected by the student parliament and implements its resolutions. He is also the contact person for many areas of student life. It consists of the board and presentations.
The AStA board represents the student body (Section 55, Paragraph 1, Clause 1 HG NW) within the university and externally, in and out of court. It is currently composed as follows:
- Lara Volkmer (Campusgrün), Chairwoman
- Rebecca Sieckendieck (listless), first deputy chairman
- Marlon Konstantin (listless), second deputy chairman
The departments of the AStA offer students help in many areas (e.g. social department), organize student events (e.g. cultural department) or serve to educate and represent students (e.g. university policy department or department for sustainability and mobility). There are also so-called autonomous departments , which mostly work for a specific group of students (e.g. student council department, women's department, LesBi department, department for gay and bisexual students, department for accessibility or department for international students). The autonomous units are re-elected once a year at their respective general election meetings and then confirmed in the student parliament.
Campus and clinic grounds
It is between two spatial units necessary for university operations - the site of the former municipal hospitals, which opened in 1907, on which all the clinical buildings of the university hospital are housed, and the campus for the preclinical and non-medical institutes , which was only partially put into operation in 1968 University seminars - differentiated.
All buildings have the postal address Moorenstraße 5 or Universitätsstraße 1 in 40204 Düsseldorf . For a more precise localization of the locations, a key made up of four two-digit numbers separated by dots is required and used. The first number determines the area, the second number the building, the third number the floor and the last number the room number on the floor concerned (e.g. building area 23, building 01, floor U1, room 25, i.e. 23.01.U1.25). The area numbers start with 1 on the clinic premises (with the exception of the preclinical facility, which forms building area 22) and with 2 on campus.
For the location and development and the areas and buildings of the clinic premises → Section: Clinic premises in the article about the University Hospital Düsseldorf .
Location and development of the campus
The campus forms a triangle in the southeastern corner of Düsseldorf-Bilk and thus connects to the south of the university clinic site . This connection of the university campus with that of the clinic to form a spatially closed area of around 130 hectares is still a specialty today: the university and clinic thus form a kind of “science city” in the south-west of Düsseldorf.
In the east, the campus borders the Brückerbach with the botanical garden . The campus is connected to the road network via Universitätsstraße. It branches off in the north from Werstener Strasse at the level of the Südpark , first crosses the northern part of the campus in an east-west direction, then turns in a curve to the south, then runs parallel to Himmelgeister and Münchener Strasse and is limited in this section also the campus to the west. Its southern end point is a junction with the four-lane Münchener Straße. The Düsseldorf-Bilk motorway junction is also located on the northwestern edge, which connects the campus with the city center and the A 46 . The “Unitunnel”, the course of which can be guessed at by a non-buildable open space, divides the two campus areas (the rectorate and university administration are above).
All campus parking spaces are not far from Münchener Straße. The busiest public transport stops are at the two ends of the cross-connection: In the east to the north of the Botanical Garden is the terminus for tram and tramway University East / Botanical Garden on lines U73, U79 and 704 (only on weekends). At the other end of Universitätsstraße is the Universität Mitte bus stop for bus lines 735, 827, 835, 836 and NE7. Other bus stops are University Mensa , University West , University South and University Southeast .
The backbone of the development is a pedestrian zone running north-south through the entire campus, which continues north through the clinic grounds to gate A, and a shorter cross-connection, also only for pedestrians and cyclists. Both pedestrian zones intersect in the middle of the campus at the university and state library and in this way divide it into the four central areas 22, 23, 25 and 26. The surroundings of the library form its own area 24. Further north, the north crosses South pedestrian zone the Universitätsstrasse over a pedestrian bridge. The main cafeteria of the campus is also located in this area with its own number 21 (a second, smaller cafeteria is located in area 25).
The allocation of individual subject groups to clearly defined campus areas was planned from the start, but was already weakened in the earliest construction phase, as individual institute buildings not only for preclinical medicine, but also for the natural sciences were relocated to the humanities (building group 23.01-03) . However, this did not call into question the basic principle of order: the preclinical areas of the medical faculty are on the left, those of the philosophical faculty on the right of the north-south axis, the departments of the mathematics and natural sciences faculty in the south and south-east. The law and economics faculties are located at the same level as the university and state libraries and the university pond (Juridicum and Oeconomicum).
Areas on campus
|Area||location||Central facilities||Faculties and subjects|
Campus north / |
|27||Campus outskirts south||
|28||Campus outskirts northeast||
|29||Campus outskirts southeast|
Central and cross-faculty institutions
University and State Library
The University and State Library (ULB) has been the bearer of the university's single-layer library system since the University of Düsseldorf took over the historical State and City Library of the City of Düsseldorf in 1970 and merged it with the central library of the former Medical Academy. The service function for the university is linked to the importance of the library as one of three North Rhine-Westphalian state libraries alongside Bonn and Münster . As such, the ULB is entrusted with the collection, archiving, preservation and provision of regional literature. Due to the richness of its holdings and its highly developed service standard, the ULB is one of the leading and most innovative libraries in Germany.
Center for information and media technology
The Center for Information and Media Technology (ZIM) is a central operating unit of the Heinrich Heine University, which offers services within the framework of the Association for Information Communication Media (IKM) for research, teaching, study and administration and which are suitable for these purposes Maintains infrastructures. In accordance with the decision of the rectorate on February 1, 2007, the ZIM replaced the university computer center and is a service and competence center for all technical aspects of digital information supply and processing, digital communication and the use of digital media. The ZIM is divided into the areas of communication systems, information processing systems, multimedia and application systems and the joint establishment of the Center for Information and Media Technology and the University Hospital (multimedia center).
The student academy founded in the winter semester of 2012/13 bundles the interdisciplinary activities at the HHU. With its wide range of events and advice, the student academy complements the academic training at the five faculties. The spectrum ranges from cross-faculty lectures to offers for career orientation and language courses. The program is supported by five departments: Universale Studies Center, KUBUS (practical and professional orientation), Career Service, German as a Foreign Language Study Area and Language Center.
The HHU Botanical Garden in the south of the campus serves as a scientific facility for research and teaching and is open to visitors all year round. The focus of the outdoor area is an 18 m high, glass dome building as a cold house for around 400 plant species from areas with warm, dry summers and rainy winters. This is supplemented by a modern greenhouse as a show house for South African plants and a collection house that is used for plant cultivation and training. The greenhouse complex is rounded off by a 13 m high orangery, which functions as an exhibition space in the warm months and as a storage place for potted plants in the winter months.
Biological-medical research center
The activities of the Biological-Medical Research Center (BMFZ), which was opened in 1992, focus on the operation of service units in the molecular biological central laboratory , the protein-analytical central laboratory and the central laboratory for transgenic animals . It thus serves to network basic medical and natural scientific research in structural and material terms. The main research areas at the BMFZ are infection , tumor and neurobiology as well as cellular communication .
Institute for German and International Party Law and Party Research
The Institute for German and International Party Law and Party Research (PRuF), which was established at HHU in 2001, is an interdisciplinary institution of the Law and Philosophy Faculties of HHU. It is dedicated to basic research in the spectrum of German and international political parties and provides information and educational work to the public on issues of current political and social relevance.
Central university administration
Due to the autonomy of the university as a result of the North Rhine-Westphalian Higher Education Freedom Act , the Central University Administration (ZUV) has, in addition to its core duties in connection with the Rectorate, a large number of structurally important control tasks. This includes in particular the independent finance and personnel administration, the upcoming infrastructural modernization of the entire campus and the administrative support of the Bologna process.
The ZUV currently comprises five departments; Department 4 does not currently exist; The head of administration is the Chancellor:
- 1 - Student Affairs
- 2 - university development
- 3 - staff
- 5 - finance
- 6 - building management
There are also staff units subordinate to the rector
- Press and communication and
- Events and Marketing Service
and staff units subordinate to the Chancellor
- Occupational safety and environmental protection (SAUS),
- Internal audit,
- Legal Office and
- Chancellor's office and university council office.
The staff units are also subordinate to the individual departments
- iQu (2) and
- Taxes (5)
as well as Vice-Rector Klaus Pfeffer the assigned coordination office for diversity . At the end of 2013, the administration had 426 employees (permanent positions).
The current university development plan of the university puts the profile under the motto "Life • Nature • Society". It should reflect the university's long-term research results in the life sciences, natural sciences and the humanities and be the motto for future development.
The funding ranking of the “Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft” (DFG) placed the HHU in 32nd place in relation to the absolute DFG funding volume for the period from 2005 to 2007. This ranking among the 92 German universities is to be improved by 2015 through strategic measures based on the university development plan. For this purpose, the faculties have been assigned profile, funding and development areas to be developed by.
The participation of the HHU in the second round of the Excellence Initiative of the federal and state governments is also important . Together with its project partners, the University of Cologne , the Max Planck Institute for Plant Breeding Research and Research Center Jülich , the HHU was successful with its full application for the cluster of excellence CEPLAS (Cluster of Excellence on Plant Sciences) in the field of botany and will be up until 2017 promoted.
Currently funded projects
DFG Collaborative Research Centers
- Collaborative Research Center 728
- Environmentally induced aging processes
- Location: Düsseldorf
- Duration: since 2007
- Collaborative Research Center 974
- Communication and system relevance in liver damage and regeneration
- Location: Düsseldorf
- Duration: since 2012
- Collaborative Research Center 991
- The structure of representations in language, cognition, and science
- Location: Düsseldorf
- Duration: since 2011
- Transregio 12
- Symmetries and Universality in Mesoscopic Systems
- Location: Cologne, Bochum, Duisburg, Düsseldorf, Essen, Munich, Warsaw
- Duration: since 2003
- Transregio 18
- Relativistic laser-plasma dynamics
- Location: Düsseldorf, Berlin, Garching, Jena, Munich
- Duration: since 2004
Tuition fees and semester fee
Since the 2007 summer semester, HHU Düsseldorf has been charging general tuition fees of € 500 per semester. Students on leave of absence, doctoral students, medical students who are completing their practical year in accordance with the licensing regulations for doctors, and students of medicine or dentistry in their second degree within the standard period of study with the professional goal of maxillofacial surgery were excluded from this. There were exemptions for disabled students, parents and board members.
As a result of the abolition of tuition fees by the North Rhine-Westphalian state parliament in February 2011, no tuition fees have to be paid at the HHU since the winter semester 2011/2012. The funds lost will be compensated by so-called “quality improvement funds” on the basis of the “Law for the Improvement of Quality in Teaching and Study at North Rhine-Westphalian Universities” of March 1, 2011 (Study Quality Act).
In the winter semester 2014/15, as in the previous summer semester, a semester fee of € 246.61 was levied. This is divided into the semester ticket (NRW ticket), the social contribution for the student union and the social contribution for the AStA and student body. Compared to the winter semester 2013/14, the contribution increased only slightly by around 1% from the previous € 244.07. On the other hand, it increased from € 231.10 to € 244.07 and thus by 5.6% from the 2012/13 winter semester to the 2013/14 winter semester.
|summer semester||€ 246.61||€ 251.81||€ 273.67||€ 280.83||€ 288.22||€ 303.33||€ 309.78|
|Winter semester||€ 231.10||€ 244.07||€ 246.61||€ 265.91||€ 273.67||€ 280.98||€ 296.22||€ 304.28||€ 311.43|
Internationality of studies and research
The proportion of foreign students at Heinrich Heine University is comparatively high at 15%. A third of them are foreign students with education , mostly of Turkish nationality . The most important countries of origin of foreign students are Russia , China , Bulgaria , Georgia , Ukraine and Poland . The tutors of the “International Student Orientation Service” support foreign students and prospective students in organizing the start of their studies. The HHU is committed to the Code of Foreign Studies of the University Rectors' Conference and is a member of the GATE consortium for the international marketing of German universities.
As a member of the Franco-German University , administered from Saarbrücken , the HHU has several Franco-German courses in law, media and cultural studies. English-language courses can be found in particular in the social sciences (e.g. in the master’s program “European Studies”) and in the graduate colleges of the Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences. Bi- and tri-national doctoral programs (“Doctor europaeus”) can be completed at the HHU. The proportion of foreign doctoral students is particularly high in the university's structured doctoral programs.
The international mobility of German students at HHU has increased in recent years. In 2009 around 25% of BA students spent more than 21 weeks abroad. It is particularly important to the HHU that academic achievements made abroad are recognized so that stays abroad are even more attractive. In the 2011/12 winter semester, 264 international doctoral students were enrolled at HHU, most of them from India , China and Russia .
The focus regions in the context of the internationalization of the HHU are Europe , USA , Japan and the Middle East . In 1973 the HHU signed its first partnership agreement with the Université de Nantes , with which there has been a lively exchange of people to this day. In 2011, the HHU had 11 partnerships at the university-wide level, mainly with universities in Europe, the USA and Japan. In addition, there are over 80 research and teaching collaborations with international partner universities at faculty and institute level as well as around 140 Erasmus partnerships .
The HHU was involved in 35 projects in the 6th EU Research Framework Program and expects an annual funding volume of around 4 million euros until 2015. She was successful in the competition "EU project management structures for universities in North Rhine-Westphalia" and in 2010 set up the "European Project Office Düsseldorf".
On behalf of the state government, HHU is the project sponsor of a state-wide short-term scholarship program for students from Israel , Palestine and Jordan . It administers a fellowship program financed by the state of North Rhine-Westphalia for teaching stays by German scientists in the Middle East. The “European Studies” master’s course, established in 2009, is aimed primarily at students from the Middle East and is in great demand.
Equality and family support
The equality of women and men with regard to their working conditions and professional opportunities, combined with the optimization of the work-life balance , is one of the core objectives of the university, which is also set out in the university development plan.
The equal opportunities officer at the university is elected - together with their deputies in the faculties - for a four-year term. Anja Vervoorts has been the central equal opportunities officer at HHU since January 1, 2016 . According to Section 24 of the University Act, the equal opportunities officer represents the interests of women who are members of the university and works towards the inclusion of aspects relevant to women in the fulfillment of the university's tasks. To this end, she can participate in the meetings of the Senate and the Rectorate, the Faculty Councils, the Appointment Committees and other bodies with the right to propose and speak.
The equal opportunities officer initiates and oversees various measures and programs, such as the SelmaMeyer mentoring program named after the Düsseldorf pediatrician Selma Meyer , qualification measures for female scientists and coaching for female professors. In 2009, the COMEBACK program was also introduced for re-entry into an academic career after a family phase .
The FamilienBeratungsBüro (FBB) was opened in 2006. It serves as an advice and mediation point for university employees who want to better combine family and work. The FBB arranges caregivers in childcare emergencies, organizes holiday camps and also supports busy fathers through father-child campaigns. In 2007 and 2010, the HHU was awarded the Total E Quality rating . In addition, the HHU was certified as an “audit family-friendly university” in 2008. The re-auditing was successfully implemented in 2011.
With almost 60%, female students make up the majority of the student body at HHU, although the proportion of women varies between the individual faculties and between the departments. The aim of the HHU is to increase the number of women in the scientific field as well as in general managerial positions. In the academic year 2010, the proportion of female doctoral candidates (completed doctorates) was 39% (183 of 354), and that of post-doctoral candidates was 16% (4 of 25). 16.3% of the full-time professorships (44 of 269) were held by women.
University culture and public relations
Organizations, institutions and working groups
The following student associations and connections, student and university groups from NGOs , initiatives and working groups are active at the HHUD:
- www.aegee.org - local antenna www.aegee-dusseldorf.eu
- AIESEC Local Committee Düsseldorf
- Federal Association of German Economists and Business Economists (bdvb) - University Group Düsseldorf
- debate! Debating club at the Heinrich Heine University
- Erasmus Student Network Düsseldorf,
- European Law Students' Association (ELSA) - Düsseldorf branch
- Evangelical Student Community (ESG) Düsseldorf
- Heine Committee - A student association
- hochschulradio düsseldorf - The student campus radio of the four Düsseldorf universities
- IPPNW Germany - International Doctors for the Prevention of Nuclear War, Doctors in Social Responsibility e. V. (IPPNW) - Düsseldorf student group
- Juso University Group : Red-Green List
- Catholic university community Düsseldorf
- Model United Nations Society e. V. ( MUN )
- OASE magazine, free media initiative at the HHU
- Rock Your Life
- SMD university group of the Düsseldorf universities
- UNICEF University Group
Since September 2013 the house of the university at Schadowplatz 14 in Düsseldorf-Stadtmitte has been available for public events, conferences, exhibitions and student advice .
Personalities who have rendered outstanding services to the university as a whole can be appointed "honorary senators" at the suggestion of the rectorate or the faculties and with the approval of the senate. In addition, it is at the discretion of the faculties to award honorary doctorates to personalities . Prominent holders of honorary doctorates from the university were Johannes Rau (1985) and Paul Spiegel (1985 and 2004, respectively, from the Faculty of Philosophy).
Currently honorary senators of the university are (in chronological order of their appointment):
- Paul Mikat (1978)
- Rolf Schwarz-Schütte (1994)
- Esther Betz (1997)
- Günther Wille (1999)
- Hans-Heinrich Grosse-Brockhoff (2005)
- Gustav Adolph von Halem (2005)
- Bernd Hebbering (2005)
- Harry Radzyner (2007)
- Udo van Meeteren (2007)
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