Basic research

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The basic research (English mostly: basic research , partly also fundamental research ) in the narrower sense is the scientific establishment , examination and discussion of the principles of a science, for example in the natural sciences , in medicine and mathematics .

The humanities, cultural and social sciences such as psychology , anthropology , pedagogy or linguistics provide fundamental knowledge about cultural, economic and social developments as well as about social structures. You create a basis for decisions about current anthropological or social problems and challenges.

Basic research creates elementary knowledge for further research and in this respect differs from applied research and industrial research , which in some cases work on similar fields of research, but consider them with a different focus and other, for example business-oriented objectives. The concept of basic research became popular through the report Science - The Endless Frontier by the American engineer Vannevar Bush . This report also marked the beginning of modern science policy . The term basic research was first used by the US Secretary of State Henry C. Wallace .

In problem-oriented basic research - in contrast to contract research - the questions are developed from problems that can be of a scientific or practical nature.


Web links

Wiktionary: Basic research  - explanations of meanings, word origins, synonyms, translations

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Roger Pielke Jr .: In Retrospect: Science - The Endless Frontier , in: Nature 466, 922-923 (August 2010), doi : 10.1038 / 466922a .