Juso university groups
Johanna Dangloff (Kassel)
Laura Loew (Leipzig)
Jule Miklis (Oldenburg)
Oliver Nerger (Berlin)
Charlotte Sonneborn (Munster)
Lukas Thum (Düsseldorf)
Benjamin Weiss (Erfurt)
|Federal Management:||Max Meisenheimer|
Queer * - / Feminism
The Juso-HSGn did not arise from a nationwide start-up initiative, but rather through decentralized foundations at the individual universities - often in cooperation with the local Juso division . The first Juso university group was founded in 1969 at the University of Giessen . The founding date of today's federal association is March 1973, when Juso groups from five universities met for a joint seminar.
The Juso university groups were founded at the individual universities in contrast to the Socialist University Association (SHB) , which has represented social democracy at universities since the SPD separated from the Socialist German Student Union (SDS) in 1960 . In the course of the expiring 1968 movement , the SHB had made the Marxist concept of state monopoly capitalism (SMK) the basis of its policy. This was rejected by both the SPD and the Juso university groups initiated there. Its basic unit of action with the DKP -related MSB Spartakus , i.e. the cooperation with communists and the strategy of “trade union orientation” , was also rejected . Marxist concepts that classify themselves as “undogmatic” or deviate from the strategy of the Hanoverian SOAK (see: Karl Nolle , Gerhard Schröder ), the following young socialists in the SPD therefore felt in many places no longer represented by the SHB. The five founding university groups decided not to form an independent student organization, as the SDS had been and the SHB was, but to be an integral part of the SPD organization as part of the Young Socialists. This enabled a close connection to the party's student and university policy, which in the past had repeatedly led to major conflicts with the SDS and SHB. As early as 1973, with Ottmar Schreiner ( Saarland University ), a Juso representative was elected to the board of the Association of German Student Unions for the first time . In the following years the Juso university groups became one of the largest student associations in Germany. To this day, with around 80 active groups nationwide, they have remained a constant.
In December 1974 the Juso Federal Committee recognized the university groups as a project group of the Jusos and at the same time issued guidelines for their organization. The Juso districts should decide on naming and revocation. The highest decision-making body should be a twice-yearly federal coordination meeting (BKT), the Juso federal executive committee set up a “university working group”, whose members were elected by the BKT and which practically performed the task of a federal executive committee for university groups. At the end of the 1980s the working group was renamed the “Federal Coordination Committee (BuKA)”, and at the end of the 1990s it was finally renamed the Federal Executive Board.
In 1975 some SHB groups joined the Juso university groups and organized themselves as the Freudenberger Kreis, which continued to advocate the Stamokap theory. This meant that all three left Juso currents - the undogmatic, reform-socialist majority wing , the anti-revisionist and the Stamokap wing - were represented in the university groups. In 1989/1990, other SHB members and groups joined the Juso university groups - partly as a protest against the half-hearted position taken by the SHB leadership against the Tiananmen massacre , and partly as part of the dissolution of the SHB after the fall of the Berlin Wall in 1989.
In 1991, the Union of Social Democratic Students (BSDS) , which was formed in December 1989 in the course of the reunification in the GDR , joined forces with the Juso university groups.
The Juso university groups are formally not an independent association, but a subdivision of the SPD or its youth association, the Jusos . They are organized locally at the individual universities and send up to two delegates to the Federal Coordination Meeting (BKT) twice a year . They can cast a vote there on behalf of their university group. The same principle applies to the state level. Membership in the Juso university groups is not tied to an SPD party membership, but the proportion of SPD members in the Juso university groups is large.
For coordination at the federal level and for representation vis-à-vis the public, the federal coordination meeting elects a five to nine-member federal board once a year, which until the end of the 1990s was known as the “federal coordination committee”. The BKT elects an advisory board made up of representatives from related organizations and the SPD parliamentary group, including former Science Minister Edelgard Bulmahn, to provide support and advice on content . The full-time federal manager is also elected by the BKT.
The Federal Association of Juso University Groups receives funds, premises and a staff position at the SPD Federal Association. The Juso university groups are also supported by the Verein Demokratie und Hochschule (VDUH) . The association consists of former members of the Juso university groups and supports the association with know-how and money. Membership in this association is not tied to membership in the SPD or the Juso university groups.
A so-called “hard” quota for women applies within the association. H. Speech lists, boards of directors and delegations must have as many women as men.
The Juso university groups not only campaign for educational, social and scientific policy changes, but also consider the overall social context. For example, they advocated “employee-oriented science” and in the 1980s the initiative “Social Scientists for the 35-Hour Week ” was founded.
The main focus of today's association work is the commitment to free studies, more permeability in the entire education system, the expansion of BAföG (three-basket model), gender equality , the democratization of universities and a qualitative study reform.
In addition to the classic university policy issues, the association is also open to new developments in society, such as B. in positioning on animal welfare and animal rights issues or refugee policy.
- Philipp Breder, Marieke Reiffs, Kerstin Rothe, Mareike Strauss (eds.): Studies, StuPa, strike! The Juso university groups and their history . Schüren Verlag , Marburg 2018, ISBN 978-3-7410-0261-8 .
- Juso University Groups: Federal Executive Retrieved December 13, 2019.
- Juso university groups: Federal Association. Retrieved December 13, 2019 .
- Federal coordination meeting of the Juso university groups: Stand up, change the world! The work program of the Juso university groups 2016/2017. 2016, accessed November 15, 2017 .
- See: Results of the 13. o. BDV, 3.5. Nov. 1972. Program of principles - Declaration of principles - Statutes - Resolutions, Bonn 1972, p. 28f .; Critical to this: Johannes Nikolaus Rückher, The Sixty-Eight Movement and the Medical Faculty of the University of Bonn, Göttingen 2013, p. 244.
- See e.g. E.g .: SOAK (ed.), Theses on the strategy of the Juso: Young Socialists in the SPD, Hanover district, Wunstorf 1972.
- Juso University: Who We Are. Accessed December 11, 2018.
- Birk Grüling: The Agony of the University Choice was published on January 14, 2013 on ZEIT ONLINE, accessed on September 30, 2013.
- Juso university groups: Advisory Board. Retrieved December 11, 2018 .
- Association democracy and university. Retrieved December 31, 2012.
- Resolution: Promote studies and animal welfare at universities! Retrieved November 3, 2013.
- Resolution: Rethinking begins with us: Less meat consumption in the Juso university groups. Accessed on November 3, 2013.
- Resolution: Strengthening vegan food - We want universities that are more animal-friendly. Retrieved August 5, 2014.
- Juso University: Our Campaigns. Retrieved March 6, 2020 .