The university radio (also called university radio or campus radio) is a non-commercial radio and is operated by students at a university . In Germany it is only available as a separate license class in some federal states . In the federal states in which Uniradio is not permitted on its own frequency , university groups only broadcast on an hourly basis, occasionally only pre-produced on frequencies from other providers, or they have to limit themselves to broadcasting via the Internet .
The first active university radio for university radio (today: radio hsf ) was created in 1950 in the GDR at the Ilmenau Engineering School , today's Ilmenau Technical University . In West Germany, several student associations tried in parallel to establish a student radio station. The ags broadcast its first broadcasts on amateur radio frequencies as early as 1953 at the TU Braunschweig. Due to the legislation in West Germany ( interstate broadcasting agreements ), it was not legally possible for any student association to operate a radio station until it was liberalized in the 1980s.
As a pure internet radio there is:
There is also student radio in Baden-Württemberg as part of the so-called learning radios:
- LernRadio ( Karlsruhe )
- HoRadS ( Stuttgart )
- Uniradio Freiburg / echo-fm 88.4 ( Freiburg im Breisgau )
University radio in Bavaria mainly takes place in the context of window programs designed by students in local radio stations:
- Kanal C ( Augsburg ) on Radio Fantasy
- Radio Pegasus ( Eichstätt ) on Radio Galaxy Ingolstadt
- Radio Leporello ( Rosenheim ) on ( Radio Regenbogen (Bavaria) )
Furthermore, there are two " training and further education channels " in Bavaria , in which Uniradio is an essential part, but other groups and institutions also broadcast:
The following seven self-financed internet radio stations are run by students from Otto Friedrich University Bamberg , University of Bayreuth , Friedrich Alexander University Erlangen-Nuremberg , University of Applied Sciences Munich , University of Passau , University of Regensburg , Julius Maximilians University of Würzburg and the Technical University Deggendorf operated:
- Uni-Vox.de ( Bamberg )
- schalltwerk.org ( Bayreuth )
- Funklust ( Erlangen )
- Radio Microwelle ( Munich )
- Campus crew ( Passau )
- Student radio Regensburg ( Regensburg )
- UR Würzburg ( Würzburg )
- Radio WebWelle ( Deggendorf )
As part of the tests for the new digital radio standard DRM , three independent university transmitters went on air via shortwave. Some of the projects have since been discontinued.
- bit eXpress ( Erlangen , meanwhile parallel digital on medium wave, test mode also on FM and DAB + in Erlangen)
- Campus Radio Nürnberg ( Nürnberg ) / ( Georg-Simon-Ohm University , project ended)
- radio fine tune ( Munich ) / ( TUM )
Berlin / Brandenburg
The uniRadio Berlin-Brandenburg was founded in 1995 and until February 2005 broadcasted two hours every evening via VHF on the Star FM frequency as an independent provider in Berlin . However, the station was no longer allocated its own airtime and broadcast one hour of programming on Alex Offener Kanal Berlin on 97.2 MHz and via live stream on the Internet every day from 5 to 6 p.m. In the meantime, however, this station no longer exists.
In the summer semester of 2005, a campus radio was founded at the TU Berlin . Participants are students from Berlin universities and the University of Potsdam, who broadcast their programs via internet radio . The studio is located in the broadcast studio of the TU Berlin and is equipped with digital radio technology. The program first went on air in January 2006, but is not operated regularly.
Since the summer semester 2009 there is the campus radio funkUP in Potsdam . The program consists of a podcast that appears twice a week and includes various broadcast formats - from music, themed and magazine programs to radio plays and features. In addition, since May 2011 you can also hear the student team every two weeks in Berlin and Potsdam for one hour at 88vier . (As of January 2012)
In the winter semester 2010/11, the concept for couchFM , the Berlin campus radio, which is designed as a training radio and the students from all Berlin universities for collaboration , was developed at the Humboldt University Berlin as part of a course at the Institute for Media Studies under the direction of Wolfgang Mühl-Benninghaus is open. Since October 2012 couchFM has been broadcasting once a week, since 2013 twice a week on Mondays and Fridays from 5 to 6 p.m. at 88vier. The music show Klangkompott and the science talk Studentenfutter run on Mondays, while the magazine show runs on Fridays with music as well as student and Berlin-related topics.
Since 2016 couchFM has been broadcasting daily from 5 to 6 p.m. on the new frequency of the open channel ALEX Berlin . This changed in 2016 from the 88vier to the 91.0 MHz. In the same year, on October 13th, couchFM celebrated its 5th anniversary with a 5-hour live broadcast.
There is no university radio frequency in the state of Bremen . In the 1990s, Radio Bremen 2 broadcast a “Campus Radio ” program in cooperation with the University of Bremen and the University of Oldenburg . This has been discontinued. Since the 2004/2005 winter semester there has been a student-organized project Campus Radio Bremen . The regular magazine broadcasts can be heard in Bremen , Bremerhaven and the surrounding area on the Bremen public broadcasting service . Articles can also be accessed at any time via the Internet. The Campus Radio project has not been offered by the university since 2012.
In Hamburg , the university radio does not function as an independent transmitter. For a few years, the student university radio broadcast on the frequency of TIDE 96.0, the Hamburg training and citizens' channel.
Every second, fourth and fifth Saturday of the month " UNIversal - the Campus Journal " ran live there from 2 to 3 pm. The show included comedy, news, interviews and studio guests on college topics. Musically, the Resoullouser DJ team designed the program with a live set, classically and directly from the turntable. The show was usually moderated by Fabian Pickel, Kristin Kolodzei and Julia Holzapfel.
University radio is only available in Hesse as part of programs on non-commercial local radio stations:
- AudioMax ( Darmstadt ) on Radio Darmstadt
- “Running Radio” (Darmstadt University of Applied Sciences), irregularly on Radio Darmstadt , as part of event radio stations and sometimes on SWR2. The radio project, which is part of the Media Department of the Darmstadt University of Applied Sciences, is particularly pursuing the idea of a “young” cultural radio program
- Campus radio Mainz on Radio RheinWelle 92.5 (Wiesbaden)
- Unihört (Marburg) on Radio Unerhört Marburg 90.1 or as a podcast
- Radio Permanent Wave ( Frankfurt am Main )
- 126.96.36.199 - experimental radio from the Braunschweig University of Fine Arts
- OHR - Ostfalia University Radio (Salzgitter)
- CAMPUSlife - The university radio for Wilhelmshaven on Radio Jade (Wilhelmshaven)
- Hangover breakfast - The university radio for Lüneburg on Radio ZuSa (Lüneburg)
- UFO - the magazine. Unifunk Osnabrück on osradio (Osnabrück)
- GöHört - The campus radio of the University of Göttingen on Stadtradio Göttingen 107.1
- Campus News International - The radio project of the Center for Foreign Languages at the University of Hanover on Radio Leinehertz 106.5 (Hanover)
- Ernst.FM - the campus radio for Hanover
- Campus radio of the AStA of the University of Hildesheim on Radio Tonkuhle (Hildesheim)
- Campus Radio Lingen on the Ems-Vechte-Welle (Lingen)
The state media authority of the state of North Rhine-Westphalia issues 24-hour licenses to university radio stations in a simplified procedure. This created a prerequisite for perceptible and viable transmitters with their own identity and strong identification potential. University radio stations have the opportunity to liven up the radio landscape with new formats and music programs and, in addition to public broadcasters and private radio, to achieve a significant audience share in the local markets.
When Uniradios were made possible in 1996 in North Rhine-Westphalia with an amendment to the state media law, "Radio ct", now called CT radio , was the first campus radio in North Rhine-Westphalia to receive a broadcast license for an unlimited live program and its own frequency in Bochum . Five more followed in Dortmund , Münster , Düsseldorf , Bielefeld and Cologne . In the meantime, East Westphalia and Bonn / Rhein-Sieg , Duisburg / Essen , Aachen and Siegen have also been added. In the former federal capital, several groups shared the transmission frequency until 2013.
The organization of these channels is based on registered associations , the employees are volunteers. The university radio stations are financed by university funds , contributions from association members and sponsorship . Advertising is not permitted. They broadcast live between two and ten hours a day. During the rest of the time, other stations are partly taken over or an automated music program is broadcast.
The following university radio stations are currently broadcasting in North Rhine-Westphalia:
- CampusFM (Essen / Duisburg)
- CT das radio (Bochum)
- eldoradio (Dortmund)
- Hertz 87.9 (Bielefeld)
- University radio Aachen
- University radio düsseldorf
- Kölncampus (Cologne)
- L'UniCo (Paderborn)
- Radio Q (Münster)
- Radio Triquency ( Ostwestfalen-Lippe University )
- radioFH! (University of Applied Sciences South Westphalia, Meschede)
- Radius 92.1 (Siegen)
There are currently two regular campus radios in Rhineland-Palatinate. The University of Mainz has been broadcasting since 2002 and can currently be received on Wednesdays under the frequency of Radio Rheinwelle on 92.5 MHz in Mainz and Wiesbaden. The University of Trier's campus radio was only founded in 2009 and has been broadcasting regularly via webcast ever since . At the University of Applied Sciences Kaiserslautern there is an annual one-day radio broadcast on the 87.6 MHz frequency on the day of the Open Campus, which can be received around Kaiserslautern.
At the end of January 2011 the newly founded campus radio Funkloch started , but the project is no longer offered.
There are five independent university radio stations in Saxony . In Leipzig , the university radio mephisto 97.6 broadcasts four hours on weekdays on the Leipzig frequency of R.SA , and since January 31, 2018 it can also be received continuously via Internet stream on the website of the university broadcaster and via DAB + .
In Chemnitz , Radio UNiCC broadcasts daily from 6:00 p.m. to 7:00 p.m. on the frequency of Apollo radio (102.7 MHz), as part of the non-commercial local station Radio T , as well as via internet stream on the university station's website.
In Mittweida , the Media Department of the Mittweida University of Applied Sciences operates a student training channel. 99drei Radio Mittweida broadcasts 24 hours on its own frequency 99.3 and can be received in almost the entire area of the former Mittweida district. The station positions itself as a community broadcaster, less as a campus radio. The station can also be received via the Internet.
In 2009, Dresden started its own radio project under the name “Campusradio Dresden”. The radio produces four programs a month, including the magazine “Funkstube”, the music programs “Album of the Month” and “Tracks 'n' Talk”, and since February 2015 “Das Filmmagazin”. This means that 320 minutes of broadcasting per month on the community radio coloRadio are filled, and a large number of podcasts are produced for the company's own website.
In Saxony-Anhalt there is currently Guericke FM, the university radio of the Otto von Guericke University Magdeburg , on the Magdeburg Open Channel and on the Internet as a web stream. In addition, twice a month in Halle a broadcast from the Martin Luther University Unimono on Radio Corax .
- Campus radio Kiel on Kiel FM
- Campus Radio Lübeck on the Open Canal Lübeck
In Thuringia there are four university radios in Ilmenau, Jena, Weimar and Erfurt . While the frequency is used 24 hours a day in Ilmenau, the Jena campus radio broadcasts up to 4 hours a day and the Weimar program only three hours on Monday evening, while the non-commercial radio FREI and the open channel FUNKWERK broadcast the rest of the time . In Erfurt, the student editorial team at Radio FREI broadcasts every third Tuesday of the month from 8:00 p.m. to 9:00 p.m.
- radio hsf (Ilmenau)
- Bauhaus FM, formerly Studio B11 (Weimar)
- Campus radio Jena (Jena)
- UNIversal - Your student magazine for Erfurt (Erfurt)
The first Austrian university radio started in Salzburg in 1994 as a broadcast on the ORF program Radio Salzburg . An independently sending Hochschulradio there are twice in Austria: In Vienna Radio NJOY 91.3 as well as in St. Poelten , the campus radio station 94.4 .
However, since 1997 there has also been the “Student Radio Achwelle” at the Vorarlberg University of Applied Sciences, which has both a 24-hour web stream and two broadcast windows on ORF (Radio Vorarlberg) and “Radio Proton”.
Other student programs can be found on the free Austrian radio stations , as well as in Vienna Radio UTON and "Radio Dynamic" on the multicultural program Radio 1476 of the ORF . Radio X-Stream from the Salzburg University of Applied Sciences has established itself as an Internet radio station .
There are two independent university radio stations in Switzerland:
- Fréquence Banane , EPFL / UNIL University Radio , Lausanne
- Radio Radius , ETH student radio , Zurich
- Toxic.fm , founded at the University of St. Gallen
Furthermore, student radio initiatives broadcast as part of local radio:
- CampusRadio ( Lucerne ) on Radio 3fach . Airtime: Every Tuesday from 7:00 p.m. to 8:00 p.m.
- SIRUP - students radio broadcast from Uni and Poly - ( Zurich ) on Radio LoRa . Broadcast time: Every Friday from 9:00 p.m. to 10:00 p.m.
- UNIBOX ( Bern ) on Radio RaBe
- Unimix ( Freiburg im Üechtland ) on Radio Freiburg and Radio Friborg
- Tim Schneider: Article about ags. In: www.muenster.de. Retrieved March 29, 2019 .
- 50 years of university radio and TV at the TU Braunschweig | FKTG - Television and Cinema Technology Society. Retrieved March 29, 2019 .
- "TU students on broadcast" , TU Berlin, media information No. 8, January 5, 2006
- history of couchFM
- Archive link ( Memento of the original from July 11, 2010 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- 188.8.131.52/faq. Retrieved March 29, 2019 .
- 184.108.40.206: TIME. ROOM. KAPSEL: on November 6th from 22:00, live from Blumenstrasse on 220.127.116.11 @hbk_protest @HBK_BS #raum #zeit #kapsel #talk # audiostreampic.twitter.com / 8FBsDekqUY. In: @ 141_41_19_7. November 5, 2017. Retrieved March 29, 2019 .
- Campusradio Mainz website ( memento of the original from April 1, 2009 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- radio Trier website
- FH-Radio Kaiserslautern website ( memento of the original from October 12, 2015 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- "In January new campus radio starts at Saar-Uni" ( page can no longer be accessed , search in web archives ) Info: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. , Saarbrücker Zeitung, December 10, 2010
- "Students go on broadcast", Mein Saarland Online, December 7, 2010 ( Memento of the original from January 5, 2011 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link has been inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Internet presence of the Erfurt student magazine. Retrieved March 8, 2018 .