The first phase of medical training with a standard study period of four semesters is referred to as the pre-clinical phase . Training takes place at universities in the subjects of biology , chemistry , physics , anatomy , physiology , medical psychology , sociology and biochemistry . There are also internships in occupational research , an introduction to clinical medicine and medical terminology . At the end of the pre-clinical studies there is the first section of the medical examination .
Medical training at German universities is currently undergoing a profound change that will also change the pre-clinical setting. With the new licensing regulations , more clinical references as well as smaller seminar and internship groups should contribute to an improvement of the pre-clinical studies. In particular, the new license to practice medicine prescribes at least 56 hours of seminars with clinical relevance in the pre-clinical study section.
As part of the model and reform clauses of the new license to practice medicine, some medical faculties have followed the example of foreign faculties and have replaced the preclinical with problem-based learning (PBL) from the first day of their studies.
- Robert F. Schmidt, Klaus Unsicker (ed.): Textbook preclinical. Integrated representation in four parts. 4 volumes. Deutscher Ärzte-Verlag, Cologne 2003, ISBN 3-7691-0440-4 ;
- Volume A: Anatomy, Biochemistry and Physiology of the Cell. From the molecule to the cell biological function.
- Volume B: Anatomy, biochemistry and physiology of the nervous system, the sensory organs and the musculoskeletal system.
- Volume C: Anatomy, Biochemistry, and Physiology of Internal Organs. Mass transfer, homeostasis, reproduction.
- Volume D: Medical Psychology and Medical Sociology.
- Jesko Priewe, Daniel Tümmers (Ed.): Compendium Preclinical - GK1. Springer, Heidelberg 2007, ISBN 978-3-540-32877-3 .