|coat of arms||Germany map|
|State :||North Rhine-Westphalia|
|Administrative region :||Arnsberg|
|Circle :||Märkischer Kreis|
|Height :||240 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||96.75 km 2|
|Residents:||25,237 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||261 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postal code :||58840|
|Area code :||02391|
|License plate :||MK|
|Community key :||05 9 62 052|
|LOCODE :||DE PLE|
City administration address :
|Mayor :||Ulrich Schulte (independent)|
|Location of the city of Plettenberg in the Märkisches Kreis|
Plettenberg is located in the west of the Sauerland , between the Lennegebirge in the north and the Ebbegebirge in the south, at the confluence of the Else and the Lenne . The city is traversed by the Greens and Oesterbach . That is why it was given the name "Four Valleys City".
Plettenberg is not officially divided into districts.
The former municipality of Ohle (2,981 inhabitants) and other places in Plettenberg such as Böddinghausen , Bremcke , Eiringhausen (5,892 inhabitants), Elhausen , Eschen (3,045 inhabitants), Frehlinghausen , Grimminghausen , Himmelmert , Holthausen / upper Elsetal (4,033 inhabitants) Köbbinghausen , Kückelheim , Lettmecke , Oestertal (3,071 inhabitants), Pasel , Selscheid , Siesel , Teindeln and the city center itself (14,012 inhabitants) can still be found in topographic maps today.
It is very likely that the core of today's urban area was inhabited by Saxon tribes even before the Carolingian era . In the Elsetal, place names such as Holthausen , Frehlinghausen or Köbbinghausen ( -husen ) indicate an early settlement in Saxon times. In a topographically protected plain not far from the confluence of the Else and Oesterbach rivers, a settlement called Heslipho ( meaning : located on the Elsebach) was built. It became the nucleus of the later city. The role of a spring with particularly good water seems unclear, but the field name Offenborn refers to this.
Plettenberg was first mentioned in 1072 in a document from the Grafschaft monastery as Heslipho . The original noble family von Plettenberg had their headquarters here at the beginning. The Plettonbrath court was mentioned between 1063 and 1078 in a document from the Werden Abbey.
In 1368 Plettenberg was sold to the Duke of Kleve . In 1397 the settlement was granted city rights by Count Dietrich II von der Mark . Ten years earlier, Plettenberg had received a letter of freedom from Count Engelbert III. received from the mark . Despite the city elevation, Plettenberg remained forbidden as a bone of contention for the Cologne archbishops, the construction of a city wall as a clearly sovereign complex. It was not until 1500 that the fortification of Plettenberg (until then a moat and wall system with wooden palisades) was replaced by a city wall. At the same time, the settlement was significantly enlarged towards the north (today the area of the Alter Markt and Untertor). The city fortifications had two gates. The Obertor led over a bridge over the Oesterbach onto the road towards Attendorn (today Maiplatz), the Untertor led onto the road towards Arnsberg (today Bahnhofstrasse). After the great fire of 1725, the gates and large parts of the city wall were torn down and the old moat was built over. Only in the area of Neue Straße was an old gate until about 1800, probably the lower gate from the 14th century.
Little remains of the original structure. In the center there is a small historical core around the Christ Church from the 13th century, in the district of Ohle the old village church. Schwarzenberg Castle is only preserved as a ruin . The dark mill from the 13th century existed until the 1950s.
In 1622/23, during the Thirty Years' War , which claimed many victims in Plettenberg, the city was occupied by Spaniards who had to be supplied for 38 weeks. In a raid in 1634, Plettenberg was devastated and looted. In 1666 the city of Brandenburg-Prussia was struck. One year after the outbreak of a Dutch-French war , Plettenberg received a letter of protection from the Electorate of Cologne- Munster-French in 1673 . Nevertheless, French troops invaded the Brandenburg region in 1679, and Plettenberg had to pay large taxes.
On April 12, 1725, a city fire destroyed 94 percent of the buildings, and even all of the buildings within the city wall were destroyed. After that, the residents rebuilt the city as true to the original as possible.
Since 1735 the town and the office of Plettenberg was subordinate to the Altena district . There was a homeless shelter in Plettenberg as early as 1750. Between 1807 and 1815, the city and office were occupied by France and were incorporated into the Grand Duchy of Berg . In 1816, Plettenberg was assigned to the Arnsberg administrative district and the Altena district.
During the industrialization , the first metalworking companies developed in the valleys on the rivers, which processed the local ore with water power . Heavy industry in particular benefited from the construction of the Ruhr-Sieg railway line from 1860 . Only eight years before that, the Plettenbergers had gone through an economic crisis.
Plettenberg was largely spared from the Second World War ; In 1944 a bomber crashed just beyond the city. In 1945 Plettenberg was occupied by the US Army's 75th Infantry Division .
In the 1960s, the city was completely redeveloped. B. the historic city center and the Plettenberger Kleinbahn lost. They had to give way to large streets and a pedestrian zone.
In 1891 the municipality of Ohle was transferred from the Neuenrade office to the Plettenberg office. On April 1, 1941, the municipalities of the office (Ohle and Plettenberg-Land ) and the city of Plettenberg merged to form the new city of Plettenberg as part of a municipal reorganization .
In the 14th century Plettenberg had 500 inhabitants. Due to several major plague epidemics and the Thirty Years War , the population decreased again over the years.
The population figures refer to today's city center until 1933, from 1998 (reference date December 31st) also to the districts that have since been incorporated.
According to the 2011 census , the majority of the population in 2011 were 39.7% Protestant and 28.2% Roman Catholic ; 32.1% declared themselves non-denominational , belonged to another religious community or did not provide any information. The number of Protestants and Catholics has fallen since then. As of December 31, 2018, of the 25,773 inhabitants, 34.4% are Protestant, 26.6% Roman Catholic and 39.0% have no denomination or belong to another religious community.
The local elections on May 25, 2014 resulted in the following distribution of the 36 council seats:
|Party / list||Share of votes||Seats||+/-|
- 1902–1924: Rudolf Emil Gottlob Köhler (born April 26, 1865 in Schleusingen )
- 1925–1930: Ludwig Schneider ( DVP )
- 1934–1938: Engelbert Wahle
- 1945–1948: Wilhelm Ding (SPD)
- 1948–1951: Karl Halfmann (CDU)
- 1951–1954: Emil Arndt (SPD)
- 1954–1956: Paul Thomee (FDP)
- 1956–1960: Heinz Chmill (SPD)
- 1960–1964: Wilhelm Wicker (CDU)
- 1964–1983: Heinz Baberg (SPD)
- 1984–1986: Udo Scheepers (SPD)
- 1986–1999: Otto Klehm (SPD)
- 1999–2004: Walter Stahlschmidt
- 2004–2015: Klaus Müller (SPD)
- since 2015: Ulrich Schulte (independent)
The Protestant parishes in Plettenberg belong to the Lüdenscheid-Plettenberg parish of the Evangelical Church of Westphalia .
Culture and sights
- Sauerland Kleinbahn , a museum railway between Plettenberg, Köbbinghauser Hammer and Herscheid- Huinghausen
- Heimathaus Plettenberg
All architectural monuments are listed in the list of architectural monuments in Plettenberg .
- The Protestant Christ Church in the city center was built around 1230 and was first consecrated to St. Lambertus . In 1725, after a city fire, corner turrets on the west tower and a crossing tower were dismantled, so that today only two choir towers remain. The church is a jewel of sacred architecture from the Middle Ages and is a model for many Westphalian hall churches of the Brandenburg type. The west tower (around 1100) comes from the previous building, a small hall church . The interior shows typical forms of the local architecture - with pillars and half-column templates, bulbous capitals and domed ridge vaults. The Gothic choir vault is decorated with the coat of arms of Pope Pius II , the coat of arms of ten cardinals and a representation of Deësis . The choir windows made by the Frankfurt glass painter Otto Linnemann date from 1923.
- The Böhler Church is located on a hill not far from the city center. First documented mention around 1153. It was expanded in 1422 by Gerhard Mummert in connection with a Heilig-Geist-Spital. The last renovation was in 1907. The original organ from 1921 has been preserved. The choir windows are by Otto Linnemann (1921).
- The also Protestant village church in Ohle functioned as the house chapel of Ohle's house after its construction (between around 1050 and 1100). The steeple was built in 1750, and the sacristy was renovated in 1882. In the meantime, around 600 skeletons were found, which were then buried in the old cemetery. It belongs to the rare Westphalian type of the choir tower church .
- The Schwarzenberg castle was built in 1301 and is now only receive a ruin.
- The Brüninghausen castle was first mentioned in 1311 and is now the residence of the noble family Wrede . The city of Plettenberg has declared it a monument worthy of protection.
- Grimminghausen Castle
- The building of the local court at An der Lohmühle was built in the Wilhelmine era and is now a listed building.
- Stephansdachstuhl, built for Graewe & Kaiser , on the Alter Markt
The Oester dam is located on the upper reaches of the Oester and contains 3.1 million m³ of water. The dam, which was built between 1904 and 1906, is around 2300 m long.
For sporting activities, the city has artificial turf pitches in the city center (Elsewiese) and in the districts of Böddinghausen and Oesterau (Oestertal). There is a natural grass pitch in the Ohle district. Further sports facilities are available at the Lied in Holthausen (small sports facility) and at the old indoor swimming pool. The total area of the facilities is around 55,000 square meters . In 2003, the AquaMagis Plettenberg adventure pool was built in Böddinghausen , and Germany's first looping slide was put into operation in September 2008 .
The city's largest football clubs are SC Plettenberg, founded in 1889, and TuS Plettenberg, founded in 1891. The men of TuS Plettenberg will play in the district league in the 2019/2020 season.
For activities in athletics , the athletics community Plettenberg / Herscheid was founded in 1984 in the Herscheid district of Grünenthal. The athletics community is sponsored by the Plettenberger Sportclub e. V. (PSC), TSV Oestertal 1894 and TuS Jahn Ohle 1904 e. V. 1887, the TV Jahn Plettenberg founded for the latitude and recreational sports gymnastics , canoeing , basketball , juggling and dancing . According to its own statements, TV Jahn is one of the clubs with the largest number of members in Plettenberg with over 1000 athletes. At the local swimming club "SV Plettenberg", which was founded in 1951, volleyball, badminton, beach volleyball, step aerobics and mountain biking are offered in addition to swimming. Badminton is also possible at the Plettenberg "Badminton Club 1963". Darts "P-DARTER first dart Sports Club (DSC) Plettenberg TEAM" is the TuS Plettenberg played since 2015 when.
The sport shooters are involved in the eight local shooting clubs and associations.
The "Fliegergruppe Plettenberg / Herscheid", founded in 1932, uses the Plettenberg-Hüinghausen airfield for its aviation sports, gliding and microlight .
Shooting festivals are also firmly rooted in the population in Plettenberg, those in the city center and the districts of the shooting clubs Plettenberger Schützengesellschaft 1836, shooting club Plettenberg-Oestertal 1877, shooting club Eiringhausen 1899, shooting club Plettenberg-Grünetal 1924, shooting club Landemert 1927 and the shooting club Blau-Weiß 1951 Plettenberg Sundhelle to be aligned.
Club events, public events such as concerts and festivals, but also private events take place regularly in the Schützenhalle Plettenberg .
The 40th PleWo city festival in the city center took place in 2018. The cultural summer (from 2020 Vier-Täler-Sommer), which will take place over several weeks, includes the Plettenberg summer break, varied stage programs, summer theater, summer cinema and theater performances for children.
Since 2004, the "P-Weg marathon weekend" has been taking place on a hiking trail around Plettenberg. The organizer is the P-Weg team of the city of Plettenberg.
Economy and Infrastructure
The Plettenberg economy has its origins in iron processing , which in turn is based on mining in the Sauerland . Many of the old companies used the Lenne's hydropower directly in Hammerschmieden or later via run-of-river power plants , of which there are two in Plettenberg: the Siesel hydropower plant and the Ohle hydropower plant . Many companies are closely linked to the automotive industry and machine and vehicle construction , including Seissenschmidt , which was founded in 1846, Schmiedetechnik Plettenberg GmbH & Co.KG as well as Rasche Umformtechnik GmbH & Co KG as a supplier to the automotive industry and Ohler Eisenwerk, which operates under the Plettenberg honorary citizen Walter Pfeiffer with 1,200 employees was Plettenberg's largest company. Otherwise, small and medium-sized structures predominate. The area of steel deformation is dominant ( cold rolling mills , hammer forging, drop forging ). The scaffolding builder Plettac AG was for a long time the most successful and best-selling company in the city and initially achieved high capitalization through the successful IPO in the early 1990s. As a result, the company , which has since been listed in the DAX , got into trouble and in 2000 was one of the biggest capital destroyers on the German stock market. Most of the jobs at the Plettenberg site were retained due to the bankruptcy initiated in 2003. Today at Dura Automotive Systems owned company Wilhelm Schade Metallwarenfabrik was from Anne Rose Iber-pity led.
67 percent of those in employment in Plettenberg work in manufacturing, 32 percent in the service sector and only about one percent in agriculture . Out of a thousand inhabitants, 280 are employed in industry (national average 85, state average NRW 95).
The connection in the direction of Werdohl and Lüdenscheid with the motorway connection there to the A 45 takes place via the federal road 236 to Werdohl and then the federal road 229 . Finnentrop and Lennestadt can also be reached via federal highway 236.
The west bypass, a project to bypass Bahnhofstrasse, which includes two bridges and the 734 meter long Hestenberg tunnel, was opened on November 10, 2006.
Originally, a federal motorway A 54 (also formerly known in part as A 208) was supposed to run from the Dutch border at Brunssum via Puffendorf , Bergheim , Langenfeld , Solingen , Remscheid , Radevormwald , Halver , Lüdenscheid and Werdohl to Plettenberg in the Sauerland . The crossing point with the then already existing A 45 motorway would have been south of today's exit 13 Lüdenscheid-Nord. Except for two sections, today's A 542 and the state road 141n running through the Solingen city area, the A 54 was never completed.
The train station, its surroundings and the pedestrian underpass were rebuilt between 2005 and 2010 for around eight million euros. In addition, elevators have been integrated into the infrastructure and the platforms have been completely renewed. This makes the station barrier-free .
From 1896 to 1962, the urban area was opened up for passenger and goods traffic by a steam-powered small train, the Plettenberger Straßenbahn AG .
From 1915 to 1996 the Deutsche Bundesbahn or its predecessor companies operated the Plettenberg – Herscheid railway line , which also opened up the western part of the city area. However, passenger traffic was stopped as early as 1965. As a Sauerland small railway , museum operations take place here in sections today.
At the beginning of the 20th century there were plans to link the Volmetalbahn (Hagen – Dieringhausen railway) with the Plettenberg – Herscheid railway over a route in the urban area of Lüdenscheid and Herscheid, thus creating a connection between the Volme and Lennetal. However, this failed due to the high construction costs. The earthworks would have already been carried out beyond Herscheid. In the course of the First World War, however, the plans were not pursued further because the necessary financial resources were lacking. In the 1920s, the municipality of Herscheid tried to revive the construction of the railway. But at the latest with the onset of rapid inflation in the course of the global economic crisis, the topic of railway construction was done. And later, motor traffic finally became established on the roads in Germany. The section would have covered around 33.9 kilometers. Due to the mountainous topography in the Sauerland , the planning envisaged mighty tunnels, bridges or underpasses, such as on the ridge between the Verse and the Ahetal, where a tunnel with a length of 650 meters was planned. Another tunnel with a length of approx. 300 meters would have run in Herscheid from the Helle to below the Schützenhalle. A total of four tunnels with a total length of 2175 meters were planned. The estimated costs for the tunnels amounted to 1.84 million marks. The Royal Railway Directorate put the total cost of the route at 9.8 million marks, which would have been 289,100 marks per rail kilometer.
The regional daily newspaper is the Süderländer Tageblatt . The local radio for North Rhine-Westphalia is carried out in Plettenberg by Radio MK , which is assigned the broadcasting location no. 72, frequency 99.5, by the State Agency for Media.
Plettenberg is the seat of a district court that is not only responsible for the city of Plettenberg, but also for the municipality of Herscheid and is subordinate to the district court of Hagen . Basic medical care is provided by the Plettenberg Hospital . There is also a branch of the Iserlohn Employment Agency .
There are six community elementary schools in Plettenberg: Elementary School Ohle, Hall School, Eschenschule, Martin Luther School, Holthausen and Oestertal. Furthermore, the secondary schools “Im Böddinghauser Feld” and the Zeppelin School, the “Städtische Geschwister-Scholl-Realschule” and the “Städtische Albert-Schweitzer-Gymnasium” are located in Plettenberg. The "Vier-Täler-Schule" is a special school of the city with a special focus on learning.
The Lennetal Music School with its headquarters in Werdohl also has classrooms in Plettenberg.
- Wilhelm Emde
- Fritz Hesmer
- Carl Meuser
- Walter Pfeiffer (1891–1971), Ohler Eisenwerke
- Carl Arnold Wilhelm Reinländer
sons and daughters of the town
- Christoph Friedrich Steffen von Plettenberg zu Lenhausen Stockum (1698–1777), Prussian lieutenant general
- Carl Brockhaus (1822–1899), elementary school teacher and leading figure in the Christian Assembly , editor of the Elberfeld Bible
- Carl Stahlschmidt (1831–1902), chemist, privy councilor and university professor
- William Edenborn (1848–1926), American entrepreneur, was called Wilhelm Emde before emigrating
- Wilhelm Winzer (1878–1957), trade unionist, cooperative and social democratic politician
- Carl Schmitt (1888–1985), constitutional lawyer and political philosopher
- Erik Nölting (1892–1953), university lecturer, politician ( SPD ), Member of the Bundestag , Member of the Bundestag ( Prussia , North Rhine-Westphalia ), Minister of Economics of North Rhine-Westphalia
- Herbert Hesmer (1904–1982), forest scientist
- Ruth Eweler (1913–1947), actress
- Helga Radener-Blaschke (1922–2015), painter, illustrator and graphic artist
- Willi Bartels (1927–2005), automobile racer
- Heinz Eckert (1929–2015), musician and composer
- Reinhold Mendritzki (1931–2014), entrepreneur and philanthropist
- Dieter Buttgereit (1932–2010), entrepreneur
- Eike Wilm Schulte (* 1939), opera singer
- Detlef Bald (* 1941), historian, political scientist and publicist
- Rolf Steininger (* 1942), contemporary historian
- Gerhard Hirschfeld (* 1946), historian
- Hans Fröhlich (1947–2016), geodesist, university professor, historian of land surveying
- Mark vom Hofe (* 1952), journalist and conservationist
- Joachim Weckmann (* 1953), entrepreneur
- Udo Weinbörner (* 1959), writer
- Max Otte (* 1964), economics professor, publicist and financial entrepreneur
- Michael Bartels (* 1968), automobile racer
- Heike Schmidt (* 1971), German handball player
- Vera Schoenenberg (* 1973), opera singer
- Markus Dworrak (* 1978), football player
- Jean Pierre Kraemer (* 1980), presenter and entrepreneur, became known through the docu-soap Die PS-Profis - Mehr Power aus dem Pott , which has been broadcast on Sport1 since 2009 .
- Martin Becker (* 1982), author and journalist
- Hüsni Tahiri (* 1983), Albanian football player
- Sven Meyer (* 1985), cycling coach
- Gudula Mueller-Töwe , actress and director
- Plettenberg town history . 7 vol., Plettenberg: City of Plettenberg, 1997
- Ludwig Erbeling: The Bommecketal in Plettenberg (Sauerland): natural history monograph of a nature reserve , Lüdenscheid: Natural Science Association, 2003, ISBN 3-00-012819-0
- Wolf Dietrich Groote: The Plettenberger Kleinbahn , Nordhorn: Kenning, 2002, ISBN 3-933613-56-6
- Gerold Schmidt: The (blue-dyed) Claus / Klaus family from Siegerland, Sauerland (Plettenberg and Altena) and Münster (Westf.), In: German Family Archives, Neustadt ad Aisch, Volume 82/1983, pp. 199-261.
- Website of the city of Plettenberg
- List of Plettenberg mayors since 1419
- Alt-Plettenberg in pictures
- Plettenberg Lexicon
- Plettenberg in the Westphalia Culture Atlas
- Population of the municipalities of North Rhine-Westphalia on December 31, 2019 - update of the population based on the census of May 9, 2011. State Office for Information and Technology North Rhine-Westphalia (IT.NRW), accessed on June 17, 2020 . ( Help on this )
- Main statute of the city of Plettenberg
- Plettenberg , p. 268. In: Heinz Heineberg, Günter Rosenbohm, Klaus Temlitz (ed.): Der Märkische Kreis. Cities and municipalities in Westphalia 10. Aschendorff Verlag, Münster 2005, ISBN 3-402-06274-7
- Anton Joseph Binterim , Joseph Hubert Mooren : The old and new archdiocese of Cologne divided into deaneries . or The Archdiocese of Cologne with the foundations, deaneries, parishes and vicaries together with their income and collators. tape 1 . Simon Müller, Mainz 1828, p. 296 , urn : nbn: de: gbv: 9-g-3729452 (430 p.).
- William Crecelius : traditiones Werdinenses. Second part. In: Bergischer Geschichtsverein (Hrsg.): Journal of the Bergisches Geschichtsverein . tape 7 . Marcus, 1871, DNB 199234175 , , p. 9 (315 pp., Bsb-muenchen.de [accessed on August 15, 2017]).
- Stephanie Reekers: The regional development of the districts and communities of Westphalia 1817-1967 . Aschendorff, Münster Westfalen 1977, ISBN 3-402-05875-8 , p. 273 .
- City of Plettenberg Annual Statistical Report 2017, page 8
- City of Plettenberg Annual Statistical Report, page 8
- City of Plettenberg Religion , 2011 census
- City of Plettenberg Annual Statistical Report 2018 , accessed on March 17, 2020
- Local election city of Plettenberg, council election 2014
- Local election city of Plettenberg, council election 2009
- Entry Plettenberg on the Open Monument Day , German Foundation for Monument Protection
- Municipal Sports Fields. Accessed January 15, 2019.
- Westfälische Rundschau, online edition of September 17, 2008: Thrills on Germany's first looping water slide.Retrieved on January 15, 2019.
- TuS Plettenberg on the FUSSBALL.DE portal. Accessed on January 15, 2019.
- SC Plettenberg on the FUSSBALL.DE portal. Accessed on January 15, 2019.
- History of the Athletics Association Plettenberg / Herscheid.Retrieved January 15, 2020.
- associations of the Athletics Association Plettenberg / Herscheid Retrieved on January 15, 2020.
- offers on TV Jahn Plettenberg.Retrieved January 15, 2020.
- History of the darts department of the TUS Plettenberg.Retrieved January 15, 2020.
- Plettenberg rifle clubs and rifle associations. Accessed January 15, 2020.
- Schachbundesliga season 1997/98 ( Memento from November 29, 2014 in the Internet Archive )
- Chess League: Eternal Table. Accessed January 15, 2020.
- Cultural Summer of the City of Plettenberg.Retrieved January 15, 2020.
- The history of the P-way. Accessed January 15, 2020.
- Plettac shares come for DM 380 . Stuttgarter Zeitung, July 1, 1993.
- Lossbringer. DSW presents the 50 worst AGs . Der Spiegel , April 12, 2000.
- Investor protectors pillory “capital destroyers” . Handelsblatt , February 15, 2001.
- Map with motorway plans (part 09) from January 1, 1976 from autobahn-online.de
- Article from the Süderländer Tageblatt of February 13, 2011: "A motorway through the Versetal"
- Map with motorway plans (part 05) from January 1, 1976 from autobahn-online.de
- Article from the Westfälische Rundschau from March 4, 2011: "Verwahrlosung-Bahnhof not yet presentable."
- line project Bruges-Lüdenscheid-Plettenberg - order signature: Oberpräsidium Münster, No. 5830 . In: archive.nrw.de . 1905-1911. Retrieved on April 26, 2016. ( Page no longer available , search in web archives ) Info: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Andreas Wolf: Trains should go to Lüdenscheid | WAZ.de . In: derwesten.de . January 29, 2013. Retrieved April 26, 2016.