Menden (Sauerland)

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coat of arms Germany map
Coat of arms of the city of Menden (Sauerland)
Menden (Sauerland)
Map of Germany, location of the city of Menden (Sauerland) highlighted

Coordinates: 51 ° 26 '  N , 7 ° 48'  E

Basic data
State : North Rhine-Westphalia
Administrative region : Arnsberg
Circle : Märkischer Kreis
Height : 150 m above sea level NHN
Area : 86.1 km 2
Residents: 52,608 (Dec. 31, 2019)
Population density : 611 inhabitants per km 2
Postcodes : 58706, 58708, 58710
Primaries : 02373, 02378 , 02379Template: Infobox municipality in Germany / maintenance / area code contains text
License plate : MK
Community key : 05 9 62 040

City administration address :
Neumarkt 5
58706 Menden (Sauerland)
Website :
Mayor : Martin Wächter ( CDU )
Location of the city of Menden in the Märkisches Kreis
Dortmund Ennepe-Ruhr-Kreis Hagen Hochsauerlandkreis Kreis Olpe Kreis Soest Kreis Unna Oberbergischer Kreis Altena Balve Halver Hemer Herscheid Iserlohn Kierspe Lüdenscheid Meinerzhagen Menden (Sauerland) Nachrodt-Wiblingwerde Neuenrade Plettenberg Schalksmühle Werdohlmap
About this picture

Menden (Sauerland) is a middle district town in North Rhine-Westphalia , Germany . It is located in the north of the Sauerland and belongs to the Märkisches Kreis .

The city, first mentioned in the 9th century, has been rebuilt after numerous destruction. Due to its location on the border of the Duchy of Westphalia , which belongs to Kurköln , it was often involved in armed conflicts. In the historic center, many buildings dating from the Middle Ages and remains of the city wall with two defense towers bear witness to the history of the place. Menden has existed in its current form since the municipal reorganization in 1975.

Economically, Menden is mainly characterized by medium-sized companies in the metal industry. Because of its location on the Hönne, the city is unofficially known as the Hönnestadt .


Geographical location

Menden (Sauerland) lies in the northeast of the Märkisches Kreis . In the north, the Ruhr forms the border with the city of Fröndenberg / Ruhr and at the same time the district border with the Unna district . In the Luerwald in the east the city borders on the district of Soest , in the north and east on the Hochsauerlandkreis .

In addition to the Ruhr, the Hönne flows through the city in a north-north-westerly direction when coming from the south. Its most important tributaries are the Bieberbach and the Oese .

The Menden city area belongs to the Lower Sauerland , which is divided into the Mendener Platte in the west, the Luerwald in the east and the Fröndenberger-Schwerter Ruhraue in the north. This is also reflected in the height of the terrain. The Ruhr in the north reaches the city area at an altitude of 130  m above sea level. NN and leaves it at 114  m above sea level. NN . There is also the lowest point in town. To the south, the terrain rises to 380  m above sea level. NN at Ebberg . Another elevation is the 305 meter high Lahrberg .


The Hönne on the Upper Promenade

Menden is located in the Rhenish Slate Mountains and belongs to the Rhenohercynian of the European Variscides . At the northeastern end of the Remscheid-Altenaer saddle, the so-called Menden conglomerate is exposed, which is composed of red-colored fluvial deposits . This approximately eight square kilometers exposed formation was created in the Lower Permian and is surrounded by layers of rock from the Upper Carboniferous . Over a main layer about 100 meters thick is a second layer of red clay about 60 meters thick. This is covered by a third layer, about 50 meters thick. The direction of the river came from south-south-west, as can be seen from the arrangement of the deposits. This particular soil structure comes to light in a quarry in Schwitterberg in the north of Menden. The Menden conglomerate is now genetically regarded as a deposit in an intramontaneous molasses basin.

Expansion of the urban area

The 86.06 square kilometer urban area has a north-south extension of about 10 kilometers, from west to east of about 14 kilometers, and comprises 3249 hectares of agricultural land, 3176 hectares of forest, 1466 hectares of building, open and operating area, 544 hectares Traffic, recreation and cemetery areas and 172 hectares of other open spaces outside of settlement and traffic areas.

Neighboring communities

Menden borders in the north on the city of Fröndenberg / Ruhr in the Unna district , in the northeast on the municipality Wickede (Ruhr) in the district of Soest and in the east on the city of Arnsberg in the Hochsauerland district . The neighboring towns of Balve in the south, Hemer in the southwest and Iserlohn in the west belong to the Märkischer Kreis .

The former municipalities in the urban area of ​​Menden

City structure

The urban area is not politically divided into districts. The communities of Asbeck , Halingen , Holzen-Bösperde, Lendringsen , Oesbern and Schwitten , the east of Sümmern and the settlements of Barge , Berkenhofskamp , Böingsen , Brockhausen , Dahlhausen , Dahlsen, Frielingsen, Hassenbruch, Hüingsen , Lahrfeld , Landwehr , Liethen, which were independent until 1974 Lürbke , Oberrödinghausen , Obsthof , Papenbusch, Platte Heide , Rauherfeld , Sellhausen and Werringsen have retained their identity to a certain extent.


The city lies in a moderate climate zone in the climatic area of ​​northwest Germany, area of ​​the Sauerland hill country , between the Ruhr valley and the low mountain range threshold. There is a maritime climate. The annual average air temperature is between 8 and 9  degrees Celsius .

The long-term mean rainfall for Menden is 858 millimeters per year . In 11 of the 15 years measured on the following graph, the amount of precipitation was higher than the value measured over many years. In the past 11 years, with the exception of 1996, the air temperature was higher than the long-term average temperature of 8.6 ° C.


middle Ages

History column with fountain
St. Vincenz Church
Rentschreiber tower and octagonal stair tower
Small bourgeoisie row
Former rope factory

The favorable geographical location on the high paths of the Lenne and Ruhr valleys led to settlement by the Saxons and the development of farms early on .

The Villa Menethinna can be identified for the first time in a document from Werden Abbey in 818 . The main courtyard in Menden, together with two main courtyards in Hemer, was owned by the respective Archbishop of Cologne . The main courtyards in Sümmern and Eisborn belonged to the possession of the Cologne Cathedral Chapter . It is believed that this property complex came into the possession of the Cologne church before the 9th century. In 1072 the newly founded Grafschaft monastery received ten manses as a gift, which belonged to the main Menden courtyard. From around this time, the location has often been documented.

In the late Middle Ages, Menden was in the interests of various gentlemen, so that he was not spared armed conflicts. In the 12th and 13th centuries, the possessions of the Counts of Altena-Limburg were in the west of the Cologne territory around Menden . In the south and north was the sphere of influence of the Counts of Altena-Mark , later Grafschaft Mark , in the east the Grafschaft Arnsberg . Menden was only connected to Hellweg and Werl in Cologne via a narrow corridor. Above all, the Counts von der Mark destroyed the positions of power of the Cologne archbishops several times. Between 1246 and 1248 , the Rodenburg was built on the Rodenberg above the Althem court by order of Knight Goswin, a feudal man of the Archbishop of Cologne . It was first mentioned in a document in 1249. After Goswin von Rodenberg had received the bailiwick over Menden, he allowed himself to attack the residents of Menden. As a punishment he lost the bailiwick, was horrified from his other offices and had to give up the castle. This became the property of the Archbishops of Cologne. Siegfried von Westerburg issued several certificates there. The castle was destroyed in 1301 by Eberhard I. von der Mark and was never rebuilt afterwards.

In 1278 the Archbishop of Cologne built another castle on the nearby Fürstenberg, which was also conquered several times and therefore finally abandoned before the middle of the 14th century.

In 1250 and again in 1263, Count Engelbert II von der Mark destroyed the fortified village known as Villa munita . The development of the city can be dated between 1262 and 1289. In 1288, after the Battle of Worringen , Eberhard I von der Mark conquered and destroyed Menden. Archbishop Walram granted it city ​​rights in 1331 and granted it the same privileges as Attendorn already had. In 1343 Count Adolf IV von der Mark destroyed the city and the nearby moated castle. In 1344 it was rebuilt from scratch by Archbishop Walram of Cologne and fortified with trenches and twelve towers. The heavily fortified castle to the west of the city was included in the fortifications.

Despite being destroyed several times, Menden was retained as the property of the Archbishops of Cologne. With the consolidation of the various territories in this area, it was on the border with the area of ​​the Counts of the Mark and Limburg and had the function of a border fortress. Menden in the Electorate of Cologne has been spoken of since around this time .

In 1437 Menden took part in the first country association in the Duchy of Westphalia . In 1446 the city was conquered by the Duke of Cleves during the Soest feud .

Early modern age

The attempts of the Cologne Archbishops Hermann V. von Wied and Gebhard I. von Waldburg to introduce the Protestant denomination during the Reformation had no lasting effect.

Witch hunts

Between 1592 and 1631 witch hunts took place in Menden , the files of which are in the parish archives of St. Vincenz Church. Numerous people were sentenced to death. While a woman was executed in 1592, there were 18 people in 1628 and another 22 from the village between 1630 and 1631. In addition to these 17 men and 24 women, 36 other cases (14 men and 22 women) of executions of non-residents , including those from Wimbern, are mentioned, including Blesien Billi , the Frohne, and Franz Hellmich , the Lame. 1631 defied Dorte Hilleke in a witch trial of torture . The city library was named after her. The city council of Menden unanimously decided on December 14, 2011 to rehabilitate the victims of the witch trials convicted in Menden.

Thirty Years War and Economic Development

In the Thirty Years' War Menden was besieged three times and in 1634 conquered by the Hesse and plundered. The plague raged in the city in 1662.

There were several devastating city fires in the 17th century. A first fire destroyed the city in 1637, in which the church tower, the school and the town hall along with numerous residential buildings were also affected. The next fire took place in 1652, which destroyed the entire city except for about ten buildings. During this time, the city's archives were probably lost, so that there are only a few documents from the time before. The city fire of 1663 was just as devastating. At the request of the citizens, the sovereign granted the city 1,500 Reichstaler for the reconstruction. In return, the residents had to undertake to only use stone roof tiles, widen the streets and buy fire extinguishers.

In 1725, the sovereign, Archbishop Clemens August von Köln, gave a manorial estate owner who was wealthy near Menden permission to set up a wire drawing shop on the Hönne. The Prussians in the neighboring Altena in Brandenburg , who claimed the monopoly for this production, protested against it. The electoral Cologne authorities in Arnsberg did not comply with the request to demolish the wire smithy again. Thereupon the Prussians sent soldiers across the border who carried out the destruction by force. However, Menden's economy as a whole benefited from the economic exchange with the neighboring, economically advanced county of Mark. In addition to the commercial development, the grain market experienced a considerable boom.

19th century

In September 1802, troops of the Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt, who was allied with Napoleon, occupied the Duchy of Westphalia and with it Menden. This ended the rule of the Archbishop of Cologne over town and country. The city council protested against the billeting of 142 soldiers. Police regulations were enacted that stipulated high penalties even for minor offenses. The forced dissolution of the guilds in 1811 led to the end of the so-called Great Guild in Menden. The latter was the most important association of traders and craftsmen in the early modern period, in particular consisting of linen weavers in Menden. During the Hessian period, a new, larger Menden office was created in place of the Menden office in Cologne.

After the end of Napoleonic rule, Prussia received the land and with it Menden in 1816. In 1817 Menden was added to the Iserlohn district. Initially, this decision was viewed with skepticism by the population and in 1830 this question was debated at the provincial parliament in Münster. In 1856 Menden adopted the Prussian town order.

Under the leadership of the doctor Fritz Bering (* 1817 in Menden), around 200 Menden democrats moved to Iserlohn in the second phase of the revolution of 1848/49 in May 1849 to support the rebels there against the government troops. After the bloody Ascension Day in Iserlohn , Bering was first captured and released a year later.

In 1872 it was connected to the railway network. This was a crucial requirement for industrial development. The first railway line that reached Menden was the one from Letmathe to Fröndenberg of the Bergisch-Märkische Eisenbahn-Gesellschaft . Later the connection to the Hönnetalbahn of the Prussian State Railways was added.

The labor movement found its way primarily in the form of the Christian trade unions . At the beginning of the 20th century there was a local branch of the Sauerland trade association . Later the Christian Metalworkers Association was strong there. In contrast to the overall decline in the willingness to strike in the area of ​​West German industry, there was a prolonged strike in Menden between autumn 1912 and spring 1913. The Christian Metalworkers' Association hoped that this would strengthen its association in Menden.

Weimar Republic and National Socialism

In 1919, nuns of the Order of St. Mary Magdalene Postel founded the Catholic Lyceum. The needs after the First World War also led to social unrest in Menden and the surrounding area. Conservative forces and the labor movement faced each other. In 1923 in particular there were protests. The extreme right also made itself felt at the beginning of the 1920s. According to a National Socialist chronicler, there should have been a local group of the NSDAP as early as 1921/22 , which disguised itself as the reading society of the Völkischer Beobachter after a temporary party ban in 1922 . A short time later, a local group of the Anti-Semite Association and other National Socialist-oriented organizations emerged. With the Völkischer Sportbund a forerunner of the SA was formed . The NSDAP local group , which was probably re-established in 1923, claimed to have been one of the first in Westphalia. After the ban as a result of the Hitler putsch , the party disguised itself as the National Socialist Freedom Party .

Immediately after the start of National Socialist rule, the National Socialists in Menden called for a boycott of Jewish shops, which was often followed. The synagogue was desecrated and set on fire during the November pogroms on November 9, 1938. 24 Jewish Mendeners died in National Socialist camps , another 45 fell victim to displacement and fled abroad. At least around 25 people born and / or resident in Menden were deported as "gypsies" to the Auschwitz-Birkenau concentration camp; at least 20 of them did not survive the extermination camp. Others were deported to other camps. Their fate is unknown.

The first incendiary bombs fell on Menden on the night of June 14, 1941. Twelve people died. There was considerable destruction. In another bombing raid on Fröndenberg and Menden on February 1, 1945, 23 Menden residents died. The number of foreign forced laborers who died in bombing is unknown.

Numerous local companies employed slave labor during the war . From a labor education camp set up for forced laborers in Sanssouci near Balve came the workers who, under the direction of the Todt organization , had to build tunnels in the Oberrödinghausen district for the underground hydrogenation plant project “ Schwalbe I ”. The persecution of political opponents continued in Menden until the last phase of the war. After the failed assassination attempt on July 20, 1944 , several people were arrested in the course of the " Operation Grid ".

During the war, an alternative hospital for wounded and sick people from Dortmund and Bochum was built in Wimbern under the direction of Karl Brandt . A mass grave in Menden-Barge was initially associated with the euthanization murders (Action T4) . The public prosecutor's investigations could not confirm this.

post war period

Menden has been part of the state of North Rhine-Westphalia since 1946. On April 30, 1974, the area change agreement between the city of Menden and the municipalities of the Menden office was concluded and signed by the individual mayors and office directors. The municipal reorganization took place on January 1, 1975 . The previously independent communities of Asbeck from the office of Balve , Halingen, Holzen-Bösperde, Lendringsen, Oesbern, Schwitten and a part of Sümmern were incorporated into Menden. Wimbern was already separated from the Menden office on July 1, 1969 due to the law on the reorganization of the Soest district and parts of the Beckum district and allocated to the municipality of Wickede (Ruhr) , Soest district . Since October 17, 1992, the Menden historical pillar has been commemorating the history of Menden .


The Christianization and creation of an original parish in Menden took place around the year 800. The parish of Menden, with Saint Vincent as the patron of the church, belonged to the Attendorn deanery. In 1243 the church in Menden, which had previously belonged to the archbishop, was handed over to the Cologne cathedral chapter. The cathedral dean has been entitled to collation rights and the investiture of the pastor since then. The bailiwick of the court and church in Menden was temporarily owned by the Counts of Dassel before it passed into the possession of the Counts of Arnsberg in 1232 . Count Gottfried III. von Arnsberg sold it to the knight Goswin von Rodenberg in 1272. His descendants were the Romberg family . The bailiwick of the possessions remained in the hands of the Counts of Arnsberg. The parish branches included Sümmern, Fröndenberg and Bausenhagen. During the Reformation, the connection to the previous branches in the Protestant communities of Hemer, Hennen, Deilinghoven and Dellwig was broken.

Due to its affiliation with the Electoral Cologne Duchy of Westphalia, Menden is a city with a predominance of Catholicism. In the course of the 19th century, the number of Protestant Christians increased, so that a separate congregation was formed in 1835 and a separate church was built between 1861 and 1863. While there were 39 Protestants in 1816, their number rose to 715 by 1871. At the beginning of 2007, Menden had 33,659 (58.24%) Catholic and 13,069 (22.61%) Protestant residents. 1,167 (19.15%) belonged to another or no religious community. The catholic parishes belong to the deanery Märkisches Sauerland with seat in Hemer .; the Protestant parish is a member of the Evangelical Church District Iserlohn.

Memorial stone at the place of remembrance

Up until the time of National Socialism there was an active Jewish community in Menden . The number of Jews increased from 47 in 1816 to 62 in 1871. The synagogue of the Menden synagogue community was built in 1821 and destroyed in the pogrom night on November 9, 1938. In 1952 it was demolished. With the inauguration of the place of remembrance since November 9, 2008 in Hochstrasse in the immediate vicinity of the former synagogue, the city has been commemorating the atrocities of the Nazi tyranny and the destruction of the Jewish community. The Menden Jewish cemetery has been partially preserved.


On January 1, 1975, the municipalities of Asbeck , Bösperde , Halingen , Lendringsen , Oesbern and Schwitten as well as Ostsümmern became part of the administrative and territorial reform according to the law for the reorganization of the communities and districts of the Sauerland / Paderborn area (Sauerland / Paderborn law) part of the former municipality of Sümmern incorporated into the city of Menden (Sauerland).

Population development

Population development of Menden from 1816 to 2017 according to two territories as in the adjacent tables

For the period before the beginning of the 19th century, only little reliable population figures are available. In 1781 there were 235 houses. This roughly corresponded to the number in Arnsberg. The number of houses was only half as high as that of Geseke with 450 houses and an estimated 2385 inhabitants. If the population increased significantly after the Thirty Years' War, there was a demographic saturation in the second half of the 18th century, before a phase of growth began again in the 19th century. The population of Menden increased almost tenfold between 1816 and 1939 and exceeded the 50,000 mark in 1975 after the municipal reorganization. As described under the heading incorporations, several previously independent communities were incorporated into Menden on January 1, 1975. For this reason, a comparison of the annual population figures is only possible for the period 1975 to 2008. The figures show that Menden had the lowest population in 1984 with 51,951 inhabitants and the highest in 1999 with 59,285. Since 1999 the number of inhabitants has been decreasing steadily from year to year.

The population structure on December 31, 2008 consisted of 10,233 under 18-year-olds (18 percent), 34,611 over 18 to under 65-year-olds (61 percent), and 11,781 inhabitants aged 65 and over (21 percent). 28,722 people were female (51 percent), 27,903 male (49 percent).

Menden according to the territorial status at that time

year Residents source
1816 1,806
1819 1,632
1835 2,450
1871 4,435
1890 6,654
1900 7,509
year Residents source
1925 13,677
1933 15,072
1939 17,180
1961 27,526
1970 30.103
1974 30,531

Menden according to the current territorial status

year Residents
000000.June 6, 1961 45.162
00000.May 27, 1970 51,805
00000.June 30, 1974 55,471
December 31, 1975 53,244
December 31, 1976 53,517
December 31, 1977 53,087
December 31, 1978 53,078
December 31, 1979 53.097
December 31, 1980 53,326
December 31, 1981 53,072
December 31, 1982 52,602
December 31, 1983 52,355
December 31, 1984 51,951
December 31, 1985 52,072
December 31, 1986 52,167
December 31, 1987 54.208
December 31, 1988 54,899
December 31, 1989 55,500
December 31, 1990 56,527
December 31, 1991 56,525
December 31, 1992 57.084
year Residents
December 31, 1993 57,538
December 31, 1994 58,064
December 31, 1995 58,424
December 31, 1996 58,848
December 31, 1997 58.901
December 31, 1998 58,983
December 31, 1999 59,285
December 31, 2000 59,239
December 31, 2001 59,183
December 31, 2002 59,075
December 31, 2003 58,745
December 31, 2004 58,342
December 31, 2005 57,984
December 31, 2006 57,599
December 31, 2007 57.207
December 31, 2012 53,876
December 31 2013 53,354
December 31, 2016 53,315
December 31, 2017 53,046
December 31, 2018 52,912

Population census results (1961 and 1970) and updates by the State Office for Data Processing and Statistics North Rhine-Westphalia in 1974 on the occasion of the upcoming regional reform and from 1975

Local politics

During the Electoral Cologne period, the citizens elected the mayor, eight councilors and 16 councilors. The Hessians abolished local self-government at the beginning of the 19th century and appointed a mayor responsible to the central government . This remained so for a long time in Prussian times, until the revised town order was introduced in Menden in 1836. City councilors and the magistrate have been elected since then. However, the census was higher than the city code of 1808.

City council

The City Council of Menden is made after the local elections on 25 May 2014 of 48 honorary council members and the full-time mayor together. After this election, the seats are distributed as follows with a turnout of 42.32%:

Party / list CDU SPD FDP Green 1 UWG left USF 2
Seats 2014 22nd 13 3 6th 1 2 1

The following list shows the results of the local elections since 1975 by share of the votes. Only parties and voter communities that received at least 1.95% of the votes in the respective election are listed.

year CDU SPD Green 1 FDP left USF 2 UWG
1975 50.8% 31.1% 02.3% 15.1%
1979 46.3% 33.5% 03.1% 17.1%
1984 49.3% 35.1% 02.2% 13.4%
1989 41.8% 35.9% 05.5% 04.0% 12.6%
1994 46.4% 36.5% 07.4% 03.4% 06.4%
1999 61.0% 26.1% 07.2% 05.7%
2004 46.1% 23.0% 11.6% 10.8% 8.1%
2009 39.8% 23.0% 12.6% 15.6% 3.8% 03.9%
2014 46.2% 25.8% 12.9% 06.2% 4.1% 2.4% 02.2%

1 1989: Greens, from 1994: Bündnis 90 / Die Grünen     2 Independent Social Fair Voting Community


Old Town Hall , built in 1914 based on a design by Carl Moritz

Since the municipal reorganization, the following mayors have been in office in the city:

  • January 4, 1975 to October 17, 1979: Max Schmitz, CDU (March 1, 1899 - July 29, 1992)
  • October 17, 1979 to September 30, 1984: Ernst Eisenberg, SPD (born April 12, 1916)
  • September 30, 1984 to 1989: Dr. Volkhard Wrage, SPD
  • 1989 to October 16, 1994: Otto Weingarten, CDU (* May 18, 1921; † January 19, 2006)
  • October 16, 1994 to August 29, 2009: Rudolf Josef Düppe , CDU (* July 23, 1947) (full-time from October 1, 1999)
  • August 30, 2009 to October 20, 2015: Volker Fleige , SPD (born June 14, 1957), won the mayoral election against Rudolf Josef Düppe and became the second full-time mayor on October 21, 2009.
  • since October 21, 2015: Martin Wächter , CDU (born November 15, 1960), won the mayoral election in the runoff election against Volker Fleige and became the third full-time mayor on October 21, 2015.

coat of arms

Coat of arms of the city of Menden (Sauerland)

In black a white (silver) tinned gate tower with bay windows attached to both sides, in the archway a yellow (gold) portcullis, in front of it a white (silver) drawbridge.


The coat of arms was approved on December 2, 1975. The city of Menden (Sauerland) had had the same coat of arms since June 16, 1911. It represents an earlier tower of the city fortifications and appears in a similar form on old seals that go back to 1316. The older seals didn't have the portcullis yet. In the Arnsberg coat of arms collection from 1700 the coat of arms is also handed down, but there with a golden tower in a red field. Black and silver, established since 1911, refer to the colors of the former rulers of the Electorate of Cologne.

Town twinning

The earliest town twinning was founded in 1964 by the rector of the Oesbern elementary school, Karl-Heinz Dürwald, or its official establishment was forced. Menden's first and therefore oldest sponsorship was between the communities of Oesbern (his hometown) and Locon in France . Through his mediation followed: 1965 Lendringsen with the partnership to Aire-sur-la-Lys (France) and 1971 Schwitten with Lestrem (France). Shortly before the municipal reorganization, Halingen agreed a partnership with Ardres , also France, in 1974 . These partnerships were continued after the municipal reorganization.

In honor of Karl-Heinz Dürwald, for his commitment to the European concept, the hiking trail between Oesbern and Menden was named after him.

The partnership with Braine-l'Alleud ( Belgium ), 1980 with Flintshire ( Wales ), 1984 with Marœuil ( France ) and 1992 with Plungė ( Lithuania ) were added in 1978 . Menden has had friendly relations with Eisenberg in Thuringia since 1991 and with Chalkida ( Greece ) since 2000 .

Culture and sights

Protected areas for nature

The urban area is partly part of the Sauerland-Rothaargebirge Nature Park . Areas outside the built-up districts and the scope of a development plan are designated as landscape protection areas, unless there is a higher protection status such as a nature reserve (NSG). The four nature reserves Luerwald and Bieberbach with 534.54 hectares, Abbabach with 38.60 hectares, Rothenberg with 51 hectares and Auf dem Stein with 30.58 hectares were designated in the urban area.


Städtischer Saalbau Wilhelmshöhe: part of the building with ballroom

In Menden, after the Second World War, choirs with their own performances declined sharply. At first a city association was founded, but the local clubs did not join. In 1947 the Hönne-Ruhr singers' group was founded in Menden. In 2007 it was renamed the Hönne-Ruhr Choir Association and is a member of the North Rhine-Westphalia Choir Association . Performance singing of the North Rhine-Westphalia Singing Association V. were organized in 1999, 2001, 2006 and 2010 by the Hönne-Ruhr Choir Association in cooperation with the amante della musica menden choir in the Städtisches Saalbau on Wilhelmshöhe. The Hönne-Ruhr-Verband has 27 Menden choral societies, almost half of which have achieved performance singing awards.

So-called “stick music” is played in Menden by five marching bands. Menden's oldest marching band is the Schwitten marching band , which was founded in 1899 and played club music for the first time in 1900. The miners 'march in Halingen was founded in 1902 and the miners' march in the Kolping family in 1909.

Concert, classical and modern brass music is played by the Schützenkapelle Oesbern. The club was founded in 1913 and is a founding member of the Volksmusikerbund North Rhine-Westphalia . The concert strength is around 40 musicians. The youth orchestra belonging to the association made its first public appearance in 2002.


The shooting scene in Menden has spawned a large number of clubs. The oldest rifle club is the Mendener Bürger-Schützen-Verein from 1604 . The first shooting festival was celebrated in 1837 at the Schützenhof under the Rothenberge in Menden for 15 silver groschen rent . Before that there was a folk festival with target shooting in 1785 and in 1883 a shooting festival approved by the district administrator with statutes for the Menden shooting festival outside the city at the time on the meadows along the Hönne . In 2004, on the occasion of its 400th anniversary, the club hosted the national shooting festival of the Sauerland shooting association . Other old clubs are the Bürgererschützenverein Lendringsen 1857, the Schützenbruderschaft Sankt Sebastianus 1848 Schwitten and the Schützenverein Holzen-Bösperde-Landwehr 1857.


The Theater am Ziegelbrand is run by the city of Menden. An annual program is implemented with a voluntary ensemble. This includes two plays and offers from the lesBar, a form of scenic literature presentation, every season. A cabaret and a jazz series, the school culture, concerts by the municipal music school and offers by the art school round off the program.

A former factory building is home to the oldest theater in town, the MAT Mendener Amateur Theater, which was founded in 1958 as the "Laienspielschar der Katholischen Jugend St. Vincenz", has called itself "Laienspielschar Mendener Jugendbühne" since the 1960s and has been since 1970 bears the name "Mendener Amateur Theater". When the theater association decided in 2000 to rent its own space in a former factory, it added the subtitle "Theater from the factory". In 2017 the MAT moved into a new theater space, again in a former factory. With more than 10,000 hours of voluntary work, a new theater with 78 seats and a smaller theater, the "MATchen", were created. With more than 150 voluntary members, the MAT offers children's theater, fairy tales, youth theater (Young MAT), boulevard theater, crime plays and crime dinners.

In the room theater Scaramouche of the disaster culture under the Menden indoor swimming pool with 99 seats, there are self-productions and external appearances. Traditionally, the Christmas matinee takes place there on Christmas Day in the morning and the Christmas performance, a self-production, in the evening. There is a kids club for children. The puppeteer Bodo Schulte took his first steps on stage there.

The Halinger Dorftheater has been playing in the Halingen district since 1988 . The hall is located behind a restaurant and has a rustic ambience. The first performance was the comedy The Lost Inheritance ; Every year a Schwank is performed and presented in over 30 performances from January to April.

In many districts of the city, groups have repeatedly found themselves who offer their own theater performances.


Municipal Museum

The Menden Museum was founded in 1912 and is characterized by collecting activities in various directions. It documents life in the medieval city and shows the furnishings of a typical rural and patrician house as well as an old pharmacy. Among other things, bone finds from the prehistoric times with a completely preserved skeleton of a cave bear are exhibited.

The Schmarotzerhaus , which was built in 1710, is a listed building and has been lavishly restored , has been showing a needleworker's workshop, furniture and household appliances from around 1840 since 2018.

At the end of 2019, a small industrial museum was opened in the manor house of the Rödinghausen estate .

The Westphalian Carnival Museum has been located in the listed Teufelsturm since 1981 .


Main article: List of architectural monuments in Menden (Sauerland)

There are over 150 architectural monuments in the city. The ruins of Rodenberg Castle are the oldest preserved structure in the city of Menden. It was a spur castle and ancestral seat of the Lords of Rodenberg. After the destruction in 1301 it was not rebuilt. Between 1951 and 1955 the remains of the wall were excavated.

There are also a number of historical sacred buildings in Menden, such as the Catholic Parish Church of St. Vincenz , a three-bay hall church from the 14th century with a massive west tower. The church was extended from 1868 to 1871 by a transept and a choir in the late Gothic style. The interior contains a wooden altar structure from 1628 and a Mother of God from the second half of the 15th century. The Heilig-Geist-Kirche was built from 1861 to 1864 according to the plans of the architect Heyden. It is a neo-Gothic hall church with a west tower and clover leaf choir. Among other things, the organ front has been preserved from the contemporary furnishings.

Old pastorate

The chapel of the St. Vincenz nursing home is a gothic hall building with a turret, the interior of which is provided with ribbed vaults. Remnants of the contemporary furnishings are present. The residential building of an aristocratic court from 1717 was included in the complex of the adjoining retirement home. It is a heavily converted plastered building with a simple baroque portal. It was used by the St. Vincenz community as a hospital from 1862, as an orphanage from 1910 and has been used as a retirement home since 1974.

The former Hospital of the Holy Spirit (municipal music school) is said to have been built around 1290. The oldest parts of the building were probably built in the 14th and 15th centuries. It is a plastered building with a high pitched roof that was changed in the 17th century. A half-timbered gable is marked 1667. A two-lane tracery window from the former chapel is still visible on the east side. The old pastorate is a two-storey eaves-standing quarry stone building with a half-timbered gable. The parish building was rebuilt during the tenure of Pastor Stracke (1623–1650) after the first town fire in 1637. In the devastating city fire of 1663, the building burned down again. Reconstruction began in the same year. The building was not completed until 1666. The half-hip roof dates from 1733.

The old town hall was built in 1911/1912 by the master builder Carl Moritz . It has three floors and has a prominent tower in the middle. Stylistically, the building belongs to the second phase of Art Nouveau . Inside, the state has largely been preserved, for example the curved artificial stone staircase in the elliptical staircase. Today the building houses municipal institutions, including a. City library and city archive.

The former archbishop's office was built around 1350 and later expanded like a castle. In 1789 it was bought by the city and largely demolished in 1791. The house built in its place around 1800 for the Amecke family was demolished in 1979 for the construction of the town hall complex. Before that, the castle distillery Amecke Mönninghoff was located there . Only the Rentschreiber tower from the 14th century, which was incorporated into a new building, remained of the complex. The square quarry stone building has a renewed half-timbered upper floor. The polygonal stair tower was added in the 16th century.

Castle mill with mill pond

The castle mill is a two-story plastered building with a high hipped roof. The top floor has a wooden porch with pulley. The mill was probably built in the 14th century. The current building dates from the beginning of the 16th century. It was endowed with a ban right ; the residents of the city and the parish had to have their grain ground in the mill. Today the building houses a gastronomic experience.

Residential buildings

Several half-timbered buildings from the 18th and 19th centuries have been preserved in the old town, including one in Vinzenzstrasse and Pastoratsstrasse. There are also some older solid buildings. At Apothekergasse 4 there is a single-storey gabled house with a hall, built around 1800, and at Gerberstraße 22 a gabled house with a porch built before 1770. A classicist gable house with a mansard roof, slated on the front, was built in 1801 by the councilor and cloth maker Engelbert Lillotte (Brandstrasse 5). In the vicinity of this structure there is a half-timbered eaves house (Brandstrasse 23), which was probably built in 1712 and is said to be even older in its core.

Old pharmacy

The old pharmacy is a two-story quarry stone building with a half-hip roof. A renovation of the building between 1995 and 1997 brought new details to the history of the house to light. The building does not date from 1710, as originally assumed. During the renovation, five main construction phases were identified. The oldest finding probably comes from the Middle Ages. Apparently the house was badly damaged by a city fire. Johan Caspar Biggeleben enlarged the built-up area in 1710 and built the structure that still exists today on five vaults.

A quarry stone building with half-timbered gable and baroque portal at Kirchplatz 4, the so-called Schmittmann House , was built in 1571 by the judge Peter Schmittmann and converted in the 17th century. It was the seat of the town hall from 1864 to 1886. At the city wall 5 there is one of the few buildings that are called parasite houses , as the entire rear wall consists of the former medieval defensive wall. The half-timbered house built in 1709 was a typical poor man's house that at least temporarily belonged to a poor day laborer. After the restoration of the building by the Menden Monument and Culture Foundation founded by Peter Hoppe, a historical shoemaker's workshop, a tailor's workshop as well as a kitchen and bedrooms from around 100 years ago will be set up there in addition to the documentation of the building history.

City fortifications

Teufelsturm: Hostel Westphalian Carnival Museum

The first documentary mention of the Poenigeturm (Tormentor Tower) also took place in 1344 . There was also the Kumpeturm, the Düfelsturm (Teufelsturm), the Graueturm, the Widdenhoveturm, the Trumpeturm, the Schmalenturm, the Pulverturm, the Fillerturm, the Uedingturm and the Rentschreiber tower. The city had three gates, the Obristentor, the Niederstentor and the Mühlthor. In the late Middle Ages, the St. Vincenz Church , the Kornhaus , the Rentmeisterhaus and the Menkenwagd were built .

There is only a small, free-standing piece of the medieval city wall with an arrow slit between the houses at An der Stadtmauer 3 and 5 . Of the former twelve towers, the Devil's Tower with a mansard roof, the Poenige Tower and the Rentschreiber Tower , which is clamped between two half-timbered eaves houses , have been preserved. The fortification was demolished between 1790 and 1813.


There are several handball clubs in Menden. The SG Menden Sauerland wolves organizes every year in early January with the Sauerland Cup one of the most important youth tournaments in Germany from.

In football, the BSV Menden plays in the district league. There are also other clubs playing in the district league. The Hönne Cup, held for the third time by VfL Platte Heide in December 2007 with international U-10 soccer teams such as KRC Genk, FC Basel, HBSC Berlin and Werder Bremen, has established itself across Germany.

The city's athletes are organized in the athletics community ( LG Menden ) or at the Menden Marathon Club (MCM). Three cooperating clubs organize regular competitions, especially for schoolchildren and young people, in the Huckenohl Stadium on Oesberner Weg. There are also numerous clubs for other sports such as tennis, swimming and diving. Fistball is practiced at TB Bösperde. The sport of inline skater hockey is represented at the Mendener Skater Club Mambas . The first men's team and the first women's team each play in the first division. The club in Iserlohn - Sümmern plays its games because Menden does not have a suitable sports facility for inline skater hockey .

In Menden-Barge the Luftsportgruppe Menden e. V. settled. It was founded in 1928 and is one of the first gliding clubs in Germany. With eleven modern gliders, it has one of the best aircraft parks in the Sauerland. For swimming enthusiasts, the Leitmecke outdoor pool and the natural pool in Lendring's Biebertal are available in the summer months.

Hiking and biking trails

Menden has an extensive network of hiking trails that is looked after by the local department of the Sauerland Mountain Association . The long-distance hiking trails include the 126-kilometer Christine-Koch-Weg ( main hiking route X18), which begins in the center of Menden and ends in Bad Laasphe . The main XR hiking route of the 245-kilometer Ruhrhöhenweg leads through the historic town center . The regional hiking trails marked with ┻, △,> and ◇ lead from Menden to the southern and eastern Sauerland.

The local hiking trails include the motorist circular hiking trails A1 to A10, many of which run in the Waldemei forest area, as well as other circular hiking trails throughout the city, which are marked with the signposts ① to ⑥. The supraregional RuhrtalRadweg leads through the city.

Regular events

Carnival parade 2005

The first major regular event of the year is the carnival parade . Carnival was mentioned in a document in Menden before 1700. The carnival , the oldest folk customs are considerably older. Every year on Tulip Sunday the traditional parade through the city center with motif wagons, bands, dance groups and foot groups takes place.

Also in the first half of the year, Lendringsen organizes the Lendring Spring , a district festival that first took place in 1988. It is organized by the Lendring advertising association and is usually associated with a Sunday shopping. Traditionally, the festival begins with tapping the barrel.

The Good Friday procession Menden cross costume is a custom that goes back to the 17th century. From the St. Vincenz Church, you walk along the Way of the Cross through the city to the St. Antonius Chapel on the Rodenberg, past 14 stations with holy houses and memorial stones. In 2008 the processions took place every hour from Maundy Thursday at 9 p.m. to Holy Saturday at 6 a.m. The crossing route was about 2.5 kilometers long.

It is not known when the first Whitsun fair took place in Menden. It is believed that it originated from the Menden Krammarkt, which developed on the occasion of the Whitsun processions around the 18th century. The annual fair in the entire city center begins on the Saturday before Pentecost and ends on Tuesday with a fireworks display . In connection with the long tradition, a six hundredweight nostalgic bronze carousel horse was erected as a fun fair monument next to the old town hall during the Whitsun Fair 2009.

The Menden Summer cultural series consists of several outdoor events by various national and international music artists and groups. The free events organized by the cultural office mainly take place in the center in July and August. The first cultural summer in 1984 was initially controversial because of the concept.

For the fifteenth time in 2009, the Menden Center took place à la carte . This summer festival is culturally and culinary, takes place from Friday to Sunday and is organized by the Mendener Wirtschaft initiative group.

The Menden spring and medieval market as well as the Menden autumn (a craft, arts and crafts and junk market) are also regular events in Menden. The first city festival of this kind took place in 1982. Both festivals are organized by the City Marketing of WSG Menden. Until 2019, these events were organized by the Menden advertising association with the organizational support of the city of Menden. A farmers market has been attached to Menden autumn since 1994.

Economy and Infrastructure


There were close economic ties with the County of Mark early on. In metalworking in particular, models from the Brandenburg region were followed in many cases. In the early modern period , the manufacture of needles was widespread in Menden. This trade went back to Johann Heinrich Törnig from Cologne, who established himself in Menden in 1695. At times, 300 needlers worked partly for dealers from Iserlohn and Altena. Due to industrial competition in Menden, this trade had largely disappeared in the early 19th century.

In 1789/90 the Iserlohn factory owner Adolf Friedrich Basse founded a silk production company in Menden with 180 workers and 45 looms and spinning chairs in 1801. Around 1800 about 100 people were employed in needle manufacture. In addition, there was a flourishing textile industry until around 1820.

In the middle of the 19th century there were 27 mining operations licensed by the mining authorities, 16 of them in the Lendring area. However, it can be assumed to have a rather insignificant economic significance, as there is hardly any news about it.

The rolling mill in Rödinghausen was built in 1826, the new rolling mill in Bösperde in 1827 and the puddling and rolling mill on the Hönne in 1835. The Schmöle & Romberg company (Carl Schmöle & Wilhelm Romberg) built a rolling and wire mill for sheet brass in Menden am Hönnenwerth in 1834 in order to utilize the water power of the Hönne. In June 1998 this factory area was demolished. Mid 19th century (1850), the company in Menden by Henry Kissing Kissing founded, which is now in its fifth generation for over 150 years, among other medals , religious devotional develops and host baking equipment and produced.

The Menden municipal utilities were founded in 1861 and the Rödinghausen Lendringsen (ERL) ironworks were founded in 1890, which was closed 108 years later, on May 21, 1998, and later demolished. From 1894 there were plans for the Horlecke waterworks, which later realized and in 1974 had to be shut down at the Hanke + Seidel company due to a chemical accident. The Hönnetal lime works, which has belonged to the Rheinisch-Westfälische Kalkwerke in Wuppertal-Dornap since 1889, is still in operation today. The Rheinisch-Westfälische Kalkwerke has been part of the Rheinkalk Group since 1999 .

The OBO Bettermann group of companies with around 2,300 employees was founded in the Menden district of Hüingsen in 1911 and to which more than 30 subsidiaries in Europe and overseas belong. OBO is a medium-sized company and is active in the field of electrical and building installation technology. Another major employer in Mendens is the fittings manufacturer Kludi , whose company history dates back to 1926.

BEGA administration building

BEGA, one of the largest manufacturers of outdoor lighting in Germany in 2009, began the first series production of lights with five employees in the north-western part of the city near the Halingen district at the end of 1945. In the 1980s the company already had 500 employees. In the following years the production facilities were expanded. The Menden-based company Amecke became known beyond the borders of Menden with its fruit juices . It was founded in 1947 as a production company for alcoholic beverages. Today, the medium-sized family business with around 70 employees produces juices for the German and Austrian markets. HJS Fahrzeugtechnik is part of a younger medium-sized company that employs around 400 people . In the 1980s, HJS was the first supplier to develop retrofit concepts for three-way catalytic converters .

In 1994, in the Platte Heide district of Menden, construction work began on the world's largest electric motor bearing in 2009. The 300 pallet spaces initially available increased in 15 years through the expansion of warehouses to 30,000 pallet spaces and 34,000 container spaces. Also in the Platte Heide district, the Bad Mergentheimer Bartec Group set up a production site for the safety switchgear and electrical engineering divisions for the mining industry in 1996.

In 2002 the city network was launched. This is an economic initiative north e. V. (WIN) called association, to which the towns of Balve, Hemer, Iserlohn and Menden belong and which sees itself as an alliance for the strengthening of the region in the north of the Märkisches Kreis through joint activities. The expansion of the region as an attractive business, leisure and cultural location is intended to ensure supraregional competitiveness.


Road traffic

The two federal highways 7 and 515 cross in Menden . As a north-south route, the B 515 connects the Hönnetal with the Ruhr area and the B 7 connects the larger towns to the west such as Hagen and Iserlohn with the Arnsberg to the east . Due to the heavy transit traffic through the city center, where the B 7 and B 515 intersect, the west bypass was built to relieve the traffic and the city center was declared a pedestrian zone. In the 1990s, the west bypass was extended to the south to keep truck traffic out of Lendringsen. For some years now, controversial discussions have been going on about closing the gap between the A 46 ending in Iserlohn and the A 445 / A 46 ending in Arnsberg . This motorway would result in a further fragmentation of the landscape , but would take up a large part of the through traffic of the inner-city B7.

Rail transport

railway station
Former station building

The two rail routes with the route numbers 2850 ( Hemer – Menden (Sauerland) –Fröndenberg / Ruhr ) and 2853 ( Menden (Sauerland) –Balve ) run in the city area. In the south of Menden, parallel to the route to Balve, there is an industrial track for a few kilometers for the removal of the limestone that is mined in the Hönnetal lime works in Oberrödinghausen . In addition, there is no other regular freight traffic by rail.

The Hönnetal-Bahn from Unna to Neuenrade is currently the only local rail passenger transport in the city. It runs in Menden along the Hönne and goes to four train stations in the city every hour : (from south to north) Lendringsen, Menden (Sauerland) Süd, Menden (Sauerland) and Bösperde.

Until 1989, the Letmathe – Fröndenberg railway was open to passengers from Menden via Hemer to Iserlohn and Letmathe . Operation of the line to Hemer was discontinued in 2007. Since autumn 2008 the Rhein-Sieg-Eisenbahn (RSE) has been considering reactivating the line, as the tracks had not yet been dismantled at the time. However, the city of Hemer has converted the route into a cycle path. The historic station buildings were demolished in 2012 and rebuilt based on the old buildings.

Bus transport

The city belongs to the Verkehrsgemeinschaft Ruhr-Lippe (VRL) . Bus traffic today is mainly carried out by the Märkische Verkehrsgesellschaft (MVG) and the Busverkehr Ruhr-Sieg (BRS) as well as the Menden public bus .


The waters in the urban area are not navigable. The next inland port is the port of Dortmund .


In the northeast of the urban area is the Menden-Barge glider airfield , around five kilometers northeast, behind the city limits of Arnsberg , is the Arnsberg-Menden airfield . The nearest airport is in Dortmund .


Since April 2010, the Westfalenpost has been the only local daily newspaper . The last edition of the Mendener Zeitung appeared on March 31, 2010.

Public facilities

The district court of Menden (Sauerland) is responsible for the cities of Menden (Sauerland) and Balve . It belongs to the Arnsberg regional court district . The Iserlohn Labor Court is responsible for labor law matters in Menden, and the Arnsberg Administrative Court for administrative law matters .

In Menden there is a police station of the district police authority Märkischer Kreis and in the same building block a branch of the department of health services and consumer protection of the district. There is also an office of the Iserlohn Employment Agency. The local hospital has 218 beds.


Day care facilities for children

In the area of ​​the city of Menden (Sauerland) there are a total of 26 day care centers for children, of which 16 are kindergartens and 10 are day care centers. 7 institutions are run by municipal authorities and 19 by independent organizations.

Elementary schools

There are six municipal primary schools in the area of ​​the city of Menden (Sauerland). According to school statistics, 2346 pupils were taught in 103 classes in 2008/2009.

Community primary schools are the primary school association An der Bieber with sub-locations Bischof-von-Ketteler-Schule Lendringsen and Adolf-Kolping-Schule Hüingsen, the Albert-Schweitzer-Schule Lahrfeld with the sub-location St. Michael-Schule Schwitten, the municipal community primary school Platte Heide with sub-locations Anne Frank School and Bodelschwingh School Platte Heide and the Nikolaus Groß School Bösperde.

The Josefschule Lendringsen and the Josefschule Menden are Catholic primary schools .

Further training

In the city area there is a comprehensive school, a municipal and a private high school, a secondary school and four vocational colleges. The comprehensive school as well as the secondary school and one of the two high schools run under the sponsorship of the city of Menden. Two vocational colleges are sponsored by the Märkischer Kreis. The Catholic religious order Sisters of St. Mary Magdalene Postel are the sponsors of the private high school Walburgisgymnasium Menden , which has also had a secondary school branch since 2012, as well as the Placida-Viel vocational college. There is also a branch of the Rahel-Varnhagen-Kolleg of the city of Hagen. In 2012 the city opened the Menden Municipal Comprehensive School.

In 2015 the Walram-Gymnasium and the Heilig-Geist-Gymnasium merged to form the municipal high school on the Hönne.

The Märkische Kreis is in the sponsorship of the vocational college for technology, social and health care, nutrition and housekeeping and the commercial vocational college. Until 2009 the rainbow school had a special school with a focus on language in Menden.

Municipal music school

Hospice to the Holy Spirit

Until 2015, the city's music school was housed in the former hospice Zum Heiligen Geist , a listed building that was built in the Gothic style at the end of the 13th century. After the fire of 1663 it was renewed and expanded. In 2015, the company moved to the former western school building. Almost 800 pupils are taught in the school. It is characterized by a committed ensemble work, regularly takes part in the Jugend musiziert competition and organizes partial competitions itself on this occasion.

Community College

In 1946 the adult education center in Menden was founded immediately after the end of the Second World War. The aim was to achieve a democratization of society and to qualify the population outside of formal education at schools and universities. In 1976, the Menden, Hemer and Balve adult education centers merged, with the three cities establishing a municipal association. Over the decades, the Menden-Hemer-Balve Adult Education Center has continuously differentiated its offer.


sons and daughters of the town

Personalities who have worked on site

  • Franz Dameris (1902–1991), philosopher and painter
  • Adalbert Düllmann (1930–2015), Catholic theologian
  • Reiner Feldmann (1933–2014), biologist, high school and university teacher
  • Mile Prerad (* 1946), Serbian-Bosnian-German wood sculptor
  • Karl-Heinz Wiesemann (* 1960), Bishop of Speyer; from 1994 to 1999 pastor of the parish of St. Maria Magdalena in Menden-Bösperde
  • Kathrin Heinrichs (* 1970), crime writer and cabaret artist
  • Dendemann (bourgeois ; Daniel Ebel , rapper with the hip-hop group * 1974) Eins Zwo known


  • Gisbert Kranz: On the history of the city of Menden (reprint of the 1926 edition). Museum Association Menden e. V., Menden 1987.
  • Heinz Röttgermann: The history of industry in the Menden-Fröndenberg economic area and its problems since the beginning of the 19th century. Home u. Museum Association, Menden 1952.
  • Albert K. Hömberg : Ecclesiastical and secular state organization (parish system and court system) in the original parish areas of southern Westphalia. Aschendorff, Münster 1967, pp. 38-50.
  • Hugo Banniza: Menden mining. Museum Association Menden e. V., Menden 1977.
  • Anton Schulte: Citizens and parties, council and administration in the changing political situation. Menden in the 19th and 20th centuries. Menden 1989.
  • Karl Hartung: Stories and history from Menden and Balve in the time of the Electorate of Cologne. , Museum Association Menden e. V., Menden 1994.
  • Jutta Törnig-Struck: Made of half-timbered, quarry stone and concrete: city history in art and buildings . Archive of the city of Menden (publisher), Menden (Sauerland) 1995, ISBN 3-930237-01-6 .
  • Theo Bönemann: City and Country in Transition, Building, Living and Business in the 18th and 19th Centuries in Menden and Lendringsen , Dissertation, Münster 1998 - Awarded by the Regional Association of Westphalia-Lippe 2001.
  • Rico Quaschny: "Disguised intolerance" and economic prosperity - Menden between Kurköln and Prussia. In: From the Kurkölnischer Krummstab over the Hessian lion to the Prussian eagle. Secularization and its consequences in the Duchy of Westphalia 1803-2003. Becker, Arnsberg 2003, pp. 156-159.
  • Theo Bönemann: Menden. In: The Märkische Kreis. (= Cities and municipalities in Westphalia, volume 10). Aschendorff, Münster 2005, ISBN 3-402-06274-7 .
  • Anthony Corns, Jutta Törnig-Struck, Christoph Severin: A city under the sign of the cross: Photos and texts of the cross costume in Menden . 1st edition. Daub (publisher), Menden (Sauerland) 2005, ISBN 3-928217-90-9 .
  • Wilfried Reininghaus: Menden (Sauerland) (= Historical Atlas of Westphalian Cities, Volume 8). Ardey, Münster 2017, ISBN 978-3-87023-390-7 .
  • Jürgen Hinzpeter: Makers, markets and machines. Industrial pioneers on the Hönne. Beier & Beran, Langenweißbach 2017, ISBN 978-3-95741-069-6 .
  • Jürgen Hinzpeter: 400 years of paper from Menden. The paper mill from 1621. History | Stories | Documentation . Beier & Beran, Langenweißbach 2019, ISBN 978-3-95741-101-3 .

Web links

Commons : Menden  - collection of images, videos and audio files
Wiktionary: Menden  - explanations of meanings, word origins, synonyms, translations

Individual evidence

  1. Population of the municipalities of North Rhine-Westphalia on December 31, 2019 - update of the population based on the census of May 9, 2011. State Office for Information and Technology North Rhine-Westphalia (IT.NRW), accessed on June 17, 2020 .  ( Help on this )
  2. City of Menden: ( Memento of the original from January 22, 2010 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was automatically inserted and not yet checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. , accessed November 17, 2009. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  3. Environmental report flora-fauna-biotopes: 3.1 Natural basics, biotope development potential (p. 6)  ( page no longer available , search in web archivesInfo: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.@1@ 2Template: Toter Link /  
  4. ^ Hermann Schmidt, Werner Plessmann: Sauerland. (= Geological Guide Collection, Volume 39). edited by Franz Lotze, Berlin 1961, pp. 16, 52.
  5. ^ Karl-Heinrich Heitfeld: The red layers of Menden (Menden conglomerate). (= Journal of the German Geological Society, Volume 106). Berlin 1954, pp. 387-401.
  6. Michael Bußmann, Reiner Feldmann: Animals of the South migrate into Westphalia - Witnesses or harbingers of climate change? ( Memento of the original from July 4, 2008 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. In: Geographical Commission for Westphalia, I / 2001, Landschaftsverband Westfalen-Lippe p. 7. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  7. Handbook of Historic Places. North Rhine-Westphalia. Stuttgart, 1970, pp. 504f.
  8. a b c d e f g h i A. Ludorff: The architectural and art monuments of the Iserlohn district. Reprint Warburg 1994, pp. 49-51.
  9. on the strategic position in detail recently: Cornelia Kneppe: Castles and cities as crystallization points of rule between 1100 and 1300. In: In: Harm Klueting (Hrsg.): Das Herzogtum Westfalen. Münster 2009, p. 228f.
  10. Hömberg, Landesorganisation p. 50, Handbook of Historic Places. North Rhine-Westphalia. Stuttgart, 1970, p. 505.
  11. ^ Carl Haase: The emergence of the Westphalian cities. 4th edition. Münster 1984, p. 78.
  12. a b Handbook of Historic Places. North Rhine-Westphalia. Stuttgart, 1970, p. 506.
  13. Names of the victims of the witch trials / witch persecution Menden (PDF; 19 kB), accessed on May 9, 2016.
  14. ^ Andreas Deutsch: Witch hunt against famine? On the irrational handling of problems using the example of the Thirty Years War (1618-1648) on YouTube , June 18, 2019 (video, Heidelberg University, 21:23 min., From 12:11 min.)
  15. Hartmut Hegeler : Werewolf from Wickede. Witch trial against Blesien Billi from Wimbern and Franz Hellmich from Oesbern. Witch trials in Menden. Bautz Verlag, Nordhausen, ISBN 978-3-88309-697-1 . Rainer Decker : The persecution of witches in the Duchy of Westphalia , in: Alfred Bruns (editor): Witches jurisdiction in the Sauerland region of Cologne , Fredeburg 1984, pp. 189-218.
  16. Westfalenpost from December 15, 2011.
  17. City history of Menden ( Memento of the original from July 22, 2009 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link has been inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. , Handbook of Historic Places. North Rhine-Westphalia. Stuttgart, 1970, p. 506.  @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  18. ^ Albert K. Hömberg: Economic history of Westphalia. Münster 1968, p. 121f.
  19. a b c d e f g h i j Quaschny pp. 156–159.
  20. ^ Eduard Belke, Alfred Bruns, Helmut Müller: Municipal coat of arms of the Duchy of Westphalia - Kurkölnisches Sauerland. Strobel-Verlag, Arnsberg 1986, ISBN 3-87793-017-4 , p. 165.
  21. ^ Achim Knips: German employers' associations of the iron and metal industry 1888–1914. Stuttgart 1996, p. 254
  22. Stefan Klemp: There were no real Nazis here. Berlin u. a. 2000, p. 28.
  23. Stefan Klemp: There were no real Nazis here. Berlin u. a. 2000, p. 36.
  24. Stefan Klemp: There were no real Nazis here. Berlin et al. 2000, p. 299.
  25. ↑ Understanding the fate of Jewish families in the museum, in: Westfalenpost, January 26, 2006.
  26. Memorial Book. The Sinti and Roma in the Auschwitz-Birkenau concentration camp. State Museum Auschwitz-Birkenau in cooperation with the Documentation and Cultural Center of German Sinti and Roma, Heidelberg (ed.), Editorial management Jan Parcer, 2 vols., Munich / London / New York / Paris 1993, passim.
  27., Menden volunteer fire brigade, accessed on April 21, 2009 ( memento of the original from November 7, 2007 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.  @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  28. List of companies that profited from forced labor during National Socialism ( Memento of December 29, 2009 in the Internet Archive )
  29. Hagen Historical Center for Forced Labor ( Memento of the original from July 28, 2011 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.  @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  30. Theo Bönemann: Ruling on procuratorial investigation in the case of grave findings in Barge / Wimbern / Menden. In: Sauerland. 1/2008 p.
  31. The town of Menden was the town director Dr. Franz Rips 1957–1975 and Dr. Veelken (Städt. Oberrechtsrat), at Bösperde around Mayor Bücker, for Halingen Mayor Pokroppa, at Lendringsen it was Mayor Weingarten, at Oesbern Mayor Jöhle, for Schwitten mayor Hillebrand, at Sümmern Mayor Koch, the office of Menden was appointed by District Director Vaßen and Administrative director Friedrich represented. Mayor Lenze from the office of Balve signed for Asbeck and the office director Kortenbusch for the office itself
  32. cf. to the bailiwick: manual of historical places. North Rhine-Westphalia. Stuttgart 1970, p. 505
  33. Hömberg, Landesorganisation p. 41 ff.
  34. City of Menden (Ed.): Numbers, data, facts (May 2007 edition)  ( page no longer available , search in web archivesInfo: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.@1@ 2Template: Toter Link /  
  35. ^ Pastoral associations in the deanery Märkisches Sauerland
  36. Iserlohn Church District: Evangelical Church Community Menden
  37. Heimat- und Verkehrsverein Menden (Sauerland) e. V .: “City tour through Menden. Monuments and sacred art. ”(Brochure, published in September 2007)
  38. Pictures from the Jewish cemetery ( Memento of the original from January 20, 2010 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  39. a b c d Federal Statistical Office (Hrsg.): Historical municipality register for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 333 .
  40. Jens Foken: Solidified Middle Ages. The cities and freedoms of the Duchy of Westphalia in the early modern period. In: Harm Klueting (Ed.): The Duchy of Westphalia. Münster, 2009, p. 391.
  41. Municipal profile: IT.NRW, state database, as of August 21, 2009 ( memento of the original from December 9, 2013 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was automatically inserted and not yet checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. (PDF file; 216 kB) @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  42. ^ A b c d Michael Rademacher: German administrative history from the unification of the empire in 1871 to the reunification in 1990. Province of Westphalia. City and district of Iserlohn. (Online material for the dissertation, Osnabrück 2006).
  43. a b Martin Bünermann, Heinz Köstering: The communities and districts after the local government reform in North Rhine-Westphalia . Deutscher Gemeindeverlag, Cologne 1975, ISBN 3-555-30092-X , p. 135 .
  44. State database NRW: Population update of the State Office for Data Processing and Statistics North Rhine-Westphalia (1975 to 2007), subject area: 12411
  45. Manfred Schöne: The Duchy of Westphalia under Hesse-Darmstadt rule 1802-1816, Olpe 1966, pp. 47-50.
  46. Peter Burg: The Stein city order and Westphalia
  47. City of Menden Council election overall result
  48. Directories of the results of the local elections for the State of North Rhine-Westphalia (LDS NRW) from 1975 to 2009.
  49. Elective profile of the State Office for Data Processing and Statistics NW ( Memento of the original from August 19, 2009 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was automatically inserted and not yet checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  50. Election results 1999  ( page no longer available , search in web archivesInfo: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. (PDF file; 5.6 MB)@1@ 2Template: Toter Link /  
  51. 2004 election results  ( page no longer available , search in web archivesInfo: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. (PDF file; 6.7 MB)@1@ 2Template: Toter Link /  
  52. Election results 2009  ( page no longer available , search in web archivesInfo: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. (PDF file; 3.3 MB)@1@ 2Template: Toter Link /  
  53. Report on
  54. Main statutes of the city of Menden  ( page no longer available , search in web archivesInfo: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.@1@ 2Template: Toter Link /  
  55. ^ Eduard Belke, Alfred Bruns, Helmut Müller: Municipal coat of arms of the Duchy of Westphalia - Kurkölnisches Sauerland. Strobel-Verlag, Arnsberg 1986, ISBN 3-87793-017-4 , pp. 76, 165.
  56. ^ The author is a member of the Dürwald family
  57. ^ Choir Association Hönne-Ruhr: History and Choirs
  58. MBSV1604: History of the Mendener Bürgererschützenverein 1604
  59. ^ City of Menden (Sauerland): Museum for City and Cultural History. Accessed on November 4, 2019.
  60. ^ City of Menden (Sauerland): Museum Schmarotzerhaus Menden. Accessed on November 4, 2019.
  61. ^ City of Menden (Sauerland): Menden Industrial Museum. Accessed on November 4, 2019.
  62. City of Menden (Sauerland): Teufelsturm - home of the Westphalian Carnival. Accessed on November 4, 2019.
  63. Theo Bönemann: town and country in transition. Building, living and business in the 18th and 19th centuries in Menden and Lendringsen, Catholic parsonage, old pastorate
  64. Jennifer Stracke: Luck for the old town hall in Menden . In: German Foundation for Monument Protection (Hrsg.): Monuments . Magazine for monument culture in Germany. No. 4 . Monuments publications, 2019, ISSN  0941-7125 , p. 26 .
  65. Theo Bönemann: town and country in transition. Building, living and doing business in the 18th and 19th centuries in Menden and Lendringsen, the old pharmacy
  66. VfL's 98ers: light and shadow at the Hönne Cup!
  67. The 20th spring in Lendring was a hit in the district festival
  68. Menden Good Friday Procession in words and pictures ( Memento of the original from December 19, 2005 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  69. ^ Regional Association Westphalia-Lippe: Westphalian Easter customs
  70. The Mendener Kreuzweg ( Memento of the original from January 8, 2010 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  71. City of Menden (Sauerland) (Hrsg.): Mendener Pfingstkirmes ( Memento of the original from February 26, 2017 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  72. Kirmesdenkmal in Menden (Sauerland)  ( page no longer available , search in web archivesInfo: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.@1@ 2Template: Toter Link /  
  73. Westfalenpost (July 4, 2007): A beautiful summer even when it rains
  74. Stadtmarketing Menden: Menden à la carte  ( page no longer available , search in web archivesInfo: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.@1@ 2Template: Toter Link /  
  75. City Marketing of WSG Menden: Organizer of the city festivals Menden Spring and Medieval Market and Menden Autumn. Accessed on March 4, 2020.
  76. Mendener Herbst  ( page no longer available , search in web archivesInfo: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.@1@ 2Template: Toter Link /  
  77. Ludwig Jacobi: The mining, smelting and trade of the administrative district of Arnsberg. Iserlohn, 1857, p. 96.
  78. ^ Elisabeth Schumacher: The Cologne Westphalia in the Age of Enlightenment, Olpe 1967, p. 181.
  79. Hugo Banniza: Mining in Menden ( Memento of the original from August 26, 2009 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was automatically inserted and not yet checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.  @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  80. Our company history. The KISSING company was founded in 1850 under the name HEINRICH KISSING. Uta Kissing, accessed March 5, 2020 .
  81. ^ Spiegel-online Wirtschaft: Success against Habitat
  82. ^ Bega: company history
  83. Deutsche Bundesstiftung Umwelt: Soot Particulate Filter for Diesel ( Memento of the original from October 18, 2007 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.  @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  84. Westfalenpost (October 30, 2009): Largest electric motor warehouse in the world
  85. BARTEC Menden location: History of product areas
  86. “Menden newspaper is discontinued” (article by the Menden editorial team on the newspaper's website) ( Memento of the original from March 16, 2010 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was automatically inserted and not yet checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  87. ^ District police authority Märkischer Kreis: Police Maerkischer Kreis. Departments. ( Memento of the original from October 29, 2009 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was automatically inserted and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  88. Employment Agency: Iserlohn ( Memento of the original dated November 22, 2008 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  89. City of Menden (Sauerland) (Hrsg.): Child day care facilities ( Memento of the original from April 16, 2009 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was automatically inserted and not yet checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.  @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  90. City of Menden (Sauerland) (Ed.): Day care facilities for children ( Memento of the original from April 17, 2009 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was automatically inserted and not yet checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.  @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  91. City tour: Monuments and sacred art. P. 2, No. 21 ( Memento of the original from July 30, 2009 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was automatically inserted and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.  @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  93. Homepage of Jutta-Maria Offzarek
  94. Laura Narjes makes a career in Greece in: DerWesten , accessed on October 30, 2011
This version was added to the list of articles worth reading on December 28, 2009 .