City of Iserlohn
|Height :||135 (122-441) m|
|Area :||35.41 km²|
|Residents :||25,240 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||713 inhabitants / km²|
|Incorporation :||1st January 1975|
|Postcodes :||58642, 58644|
|Area code :||02374|
Location of Letmathe in North Rhine-Westphalia
Letmathe [ ˈlɛtmatə , regionally also ˈlɛpmatə ] is a district of Iserlohn in North Rhine-Westphalia . The city of Iserlohn is located in the northwest of the Sauerland and belongs to the Märkisches Kreis .
Letmathe is located in the lower Lennetal in a mountain range crossed by mass limestone. The lowest point is the Lenne on the city limits of Hagen-Hohenlimburg , the highest point is the Hilkenhohl near Lössel.
Divided into the twelve (former) districts
- Letmathe, Stübbeken , Genna
- Oestrich , (Unter-) Grüne , Lasbeck , Stenglingsen, Dröschede , Grürmannsheide
- Lössel , Roden , Pillingsen.
Letmathe is mentioned in a document for the first time in a list of goods from the Werden monastery from the year 1036. Although this document has since been exposed as a forgery, the content is still considered genuine, especially since Genna was mentioned as early as 980. Genna means "beyond the water", and where there is an afterlife, there must also be a here (namely Letmathe).
In the 8th century at the earliest, but certainly in the 9th and 10th centuries, a (wall) castle stood on Oestricher Burgberg . In 1220 the district of Grüner was first mentioned. The farm on the Honsel is mentioned in 1395. In 1573, Letmathe was marked in Christian Sgrothen's atlas .
The Lords of Letmathe ruled over House Letmathe until the late 14th century . Various gentlemen followed, including the von Brabeck family from Kirchhellen near Bottrop in the late 16th century . In 1812 the entrepreneur Friedrich Wilhelm Ebbinghaus became master of Letmathe. In 1818 he built a paper mill on the Lenne, which in the 19th century was one of the largest paper mills in Germany.
In addition to the opening of the first paved road to Iserlohn in 1813, the construction of the Hagen – Siegen railway contributed to the enormous economic boom in the 19th century. Letmathe received its station on the southern bank of the Lenne in 1859.
In 1816 Letmathe came to the new Limburg office with Oestrich , (Hohen-) Limburg, Elsey and Reh . In 1903, in connection with the incorporation of Elsey into Hohenlimburg, the municipalities Letmathe and Oestrich left the district association and formed the Letmathe-Oestrich office. The St. Kilian Church was built between 1914 and 1917 by the cathedral builder Joseph Buchkremer . In 1921, the municipality of Oestrich and the municipality of Lössel formed the Oestrich office, and Letmathe became independent. On December 15, 1935 Letmathe received city rights.
In the early 1930s, the 14 acre “Klusenwiese” was redesigned into a park and opened in 1934. Initially called " Schlageterpark ", the park has been called "Volksgarten" since 1945. The first Letmath nursing home was built in 1946 in the villa of the entrepreneur Wilhelm Ebbinghaus on Oeger Straße.
In 1954, the communities of Oestrich and Lössel decided to form a new town Letmathe with the town of Letmathe. But the new town of Letmathe was not founded until October 1, 1956, although the municipality of Oestrich had to cede large parts to Iserlohn. In 1975 Letmathe became a district of Iserlohn. As part of the reorganization of the communities and districts of the Sauerland / Paderborn area, Iserlohn, Letmathe, Hennen , Kesbern and Sümmern merged to form the new town of Iserlohn.
In the late 1960s and early 1970s, the A 46 was built on the northern edge of Letmathes and opened in 1974. The soil (1.3 million m³) accumulated during construction was heaped up along the Lenne and the Lennedamm road was built as a bypass road until 1976. In the years that followed, the shopping street became a pedestrianized area.
Thanks to the strong commitment of the noble von Brabeck family , who were lords of Haus Letmathe at the time of the Reformation , Letmathe is the only municipality in the county of Limburg and one of the few municipalities in the surrounding area that has remained predominantly Catholic. Letmathe was now in the diocese of Paderborn so become more important that in the division of large deanery Iserlohn 1922 Letmathe seat of a new dean's office with the communities Altena , Hohenlimburg, Letmathe, Lüdenscheid town and country, Nachrodt , Oestrich, Plettenberg town and country and Werdohl was . Today the catholic community belongs to the deanery Märkisches Sauerland .
It was not until the end of the 19th century that many Protestant citizens came to Letmathe in the course of industrialization. The Letmath Evangelicals have been part of the Oestrich parish since 1845, and it wasn't until 1877 that their own parish was founded in Letmathe. The majority of the population remained Catholic until, after the Second World War, around 6,000 displaced people from the eastern regions - mainly of Protestant faith - moved to Letmathe.
Today the relationship between the faiths is balanced.
- December 1, 1890 - The areas west of the Grüner Bach are reclassified to Iserlohn.
- June 16, 1933 - The Nussberg and the northern Dördel come to the independent city of Iserlohn.
- January 1, 1941 - Kuhlo and the western Dröscheder Feld are ceded to the neighboring town of Iserlohn.
- October 1, 1956 - Oestrich (without Iserlohner Heide , Gerlingsen , Hombruch) and Lössel come to Letmathe. The Iserlohner Heide, Gerlingsen and Hombruch are reclassified from Oestrich to Iserlohn.
- April 1, 1971 - The forest area north of Hombruch and east of the Refflingser Bach as well as a parcel in the “Vor'm Heu” area are awarded to Iserlohn.
- Jan. 01, 1975 - Letmathe becomes a district of Iserlohn.
coat of arms
The coat of arms of the former city goes back to the coat of arms of the Lords of Letmathe and was confirmed as a coat of arms in 1936 on the occasion of the granting of city rights.
Description of the coat of arms: In silver shields covered with ermine, a three-rowed red-gold bar with a red lion growing above it. It is about the lion of the County of Limburg and indicates Letmathes earlier belonging to Limburg. In the middle field there is a red-yellow nested bar (3: 8), the symbol of the county of Mark , which had feudal rights in Letmathe.
The ermine tails are also called tadpoles or koles . The Külinge are the family mark of a line of those von Letmathe (Letmathe-Küling).
Since 1966 there has been a twinning with the French city of Auchel . Among other things, there has been regular student exchanges between the German and French schools since the 1970s. Since Letmathe was incorporated into Iserlohn in 1975, the town twinning has been continued by the town of Iserlohn.
Culture and sights
- Municipal museum in the Letmathe house
- German Cave Museum Iserlohn
- East German Heimatstuben and local history museum Ohlau
- The house Letmathe is an old manor house where - which the Lords of Letmathe and - together with other owners Brabeck resided. Today the building is owned by the city of Iserlohn.
- The most striking building is the parish church of St. Kilian , also known as "Lennedom" , a neo-Gothic hall church consecrated in 1917 .
- The Letmath town hall was built in 1903/1904 with neo-Gothic and Art Nouveau elements and was initially the office building of the Letmathe-Oestrich office. From 1936 it was the town hall of Letmathe.
- Also worth mentioning are some streets in Letmathe and Oestrich, including old half-timbered houses: Bachstrasse in Letmathe and Kirchstrasse in Oestrich.
- On the small northwest of Letmathe Humpfertturm , a 10 m high, since 1941, Carl-Hassel-tower called lookout tower . high Humpfert is since 1908 the
The Kilian fair takes place every year on the third weekend in July. It goes back to the patronage festival of St. Kilian and was celebrated for the 555th time in 2006. The fair is traditionally opened on Friday afternoon by the mayor of Iserlohn and is attended by citizens from near and far. Fireworks always conclude on Monday evening. A special feature is that the city of Iserlohn is the direct organizer of the fair. Not least because of this, representatives of the city administration and local politics traditionally meet with citizens in the festival tent for a morning pint on Monday.
After the restoration of the old Lenne bridge leading to the Letmath train station, the bridge festival was held for the first time in 2002 . The festival, which has taken place every year in early September since then, also attracts visitors from surrounding cities. The program includes a gourmet mile, a car salon, two stages with live bands, various rides, a flea market, show exercises by the volunteer fire brigade and, as a highlight, a final fireworks display.
The festival of lights in the Volksgarten is also an integral part of the district. Pictures can be placed on the meadows with candles. The park is lit with different colored lamps and torches and there is a final fireworks display.
On two weekends in December there is the opportunity to visit the Christmas market in the park of Haus Letmathe.
The Iserlohn-Letmathe station is on the Ruhr-Sieg line (Hagen-Siegen) and the Letmathe-Iserlohn railway line . Scheduled traffic takes place every hour via the RE 16 and RB 91, so that by overlapping there is approximately every half hour to Siegen, Iserlohn and Hagen. The trains from Siegen and Iserlohn are combined in Iserlohn-Letmathe and continue together. Conversely, coming from Hagen there is a division into Iserlohn-Letmathe. Abellio Rail NRW is the operator of these lines . The RE 16 runs every hour from Hagen to Essen. Long- distance trains with the destinations Frankfurt am Main and Norddeich Mole with through coaches to and from Hagen used to stop in Letmathe .
Since July 2012 there has been no ticket sales in the station building, especially since the operating company Abellio offers ticket sales on the train. The building was renovated from 2013 to 2015 in order to set up a housing project for disabled people. The 'Iserlohner Werkstätten' have been running a café and a kiosk in the station under the name Bahnsteig 42 since April 2015, in which the disabled and non-disabled work as well as a newspaper editorial office ( caput ); cultural events also take place there.
Bus traffic is provided by the Märkische Verkehrsgesellschaft (MVG). There are bus routes to Iserlohn-Zentrum (lines S1, 1, 15, 16), Hemer (line 1), Altena and Lüdenscheid (lines S1, 37), Hohenlimburg (lines 1, 9) and Schwerte (line 5). Lines 6 and 8 and school buses run in town.
An MVG depot was in the Untergrüne until 2006. The depot was originally built by the Iserlohner Kreisbahn (tram).
Along the Lenne regional extends Lenneroute of winter mountain over Altena to Hagen and Hagen direction Iserlohn the Ruhr-Lenne roller . Since 2014, several new cycle path sections away from road traffic have been built along the Lenne. The cycle paths are continuous from Stenglingsen to Auf der Insel , although the Lennepromenade , built in 2015/2016, is open to cycle traffic but is not (yet) signposted in the cycle network. Further separate sections from Auf der Insel to Hohenlimburg and in the Stenglingsen area are planned.
In the cycle network, routes are signposted through the Untergrüne in the direction of Iserlohn ( Ruhr-Lenne-Achter ) and through the city center of Letmathe. Further routes are planned in the city of Iserlohn's cycle traffic concept, in particular through Nordfeld and via Berliner Allee to Oestrich and Dröschede .
- Julius von den Kuhlen (1848–1937), pastor
- Karl Heimann (1873–1955), honorary dean
- Richard Heetmann (1881–1972), main teacher
Sons and Daughters of Letmathe
- Jobst Edmund von Brabeck (1619–1702), Prince-Bishop of Hildesheim
- Norbert Ley (1903–1983), economist and regional planner
- Willy Haarmann (1912–1990), politician (CDU) and Mayor of Letmathe
- Franz Pöggeler (1926–2009), professor of education with a focus on adult education
- Horst Westkämper (* 1936), politician and Member of the Bundestag (CDU)
- Friedhelm Jürgensmeier (* 1936), Catholic theologian and church historian
- Ursula Reinhardt-Kiss (* 1938), opera singer with a coloratura soprano voice
- Edmund Arens (* 1953), Catholic theologian
- Dagmar Freitag (* 1953), politician and Member of the Bundestag (SPD)
- Michael Scheffler (* 1954), politician and Member of the Bundestag (SPD), Deputy Mayor 1984–1989 and since 1994
- Tom Redecker (* 1958), musician, producer and publisher
- Roland Wanek (* 1959), hill climber, European mountain champion 2010
- Uta Hohn (* 1960), geographer
- Karsten Oelze (1962–2016), sport climber and climbing book author
- Thomas Wrede (* 1963), photographer
- Carsten Breuer (* 1964), General in the Bundeswehr
- Dieter Wrobel (* 1968), German studies specialist and professor for didactics of German language and literature (University of Würzburg)
People who worked on site
- August Overweg (* 1836 in Iserlohn, † 1909 in Haus Letmathe, governor of the province of Westphalia )
- Carl Overweg (* 1805 in Unna, † 1876 in Letmathe House , politician and industrialist)
- Brabeck family
- ASSV Letmathe
- Letmather Gymnastics Club 1877
- TTV Letmathe 1954
- Letmathe tennis club
- DLRG local group Letmathe
- SV Albatros Letmathe 96 eV
- Walter Vollmer: Westphalian city pictures. Gütersloh 1963, section Letmathe p. 294ff.
- Peter Trotier: Letmathe in the Third Reich. Letmathe 2011.
- Letmathe on the website of the city of Iserlohn
- Homeland Association Letmathe
- Historical picture gallery Letmathe and Oestrich
- Letmathe in the Westphalia culture atlas
- Stephanie Reekers: The regional development of the districts and municipalities of Westphalia 1817-1967 . Aschendorff, Münster Westfalen 1977, ISBN 3-402-05875-8 , p. 257 .
- Association Westphalia-Lippe: Volksgarten Letmathe in LWL-GeodatenKultur
- § 2 Sauerland / Paderborn law
- Funding group Iserlohner Museen (ed.): Tell Iserlohner Strasseennamen, p. 173.
- Federal Statistical Office (Hrsg.): Historical municipality register for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 333 .
- Martin Bünermann, Heinz Köstering: The communities and districts after the municipal territorial reform in North Rhine-Westphalia . Deutscher Gemeindeverlag, Cologne 1975, ISBN 3-555-30092-X , p. 134 .
- City of Iserlohn: Contributions to urban research and statistics 2009 (PDF; 133 kB)
- City of Iserlohn: Contributions to urban research and statistics 2010 (PDF; 495 kB)
- City of Iserlohn: Contributions to urban research and statistics 2011 (PDF; 495 kB)
- City of Iserlohn: Contributions to urban research and statistics 2012 (PDF; 245 kB)
- City of Iserlohn: Contributions to urban research and statistics (PDF file), accessed on February 8, 2014.
- City of Iserlohn: Contributions to urban research and statistics (PDF; 32 kB), accessed on January 8, 2015
- City of Iserlohn: Contributions to urban research and statistics (PDF; 497 kB), accessed on February 1, 2017
- City of Iserlohn: Contributions to urban research and statistics (PDF; 869 kB), accessed on February 11, 2018
- City of Iserlohn: Articles on urban research and statistics (PDF; 333 kB), accessed on February 23, 2019
- City of Iserlohn: Contributions to urban research and statistics (PDF), accessed on March 15, 2020
- Walter Hostert, coat of arms, seals and flags of the Brandenburg district and its cities and communities, pp. 18-19
- Map services of the Federal Agency for Nature Conservation ( information )
- Humpfertturm knowledge map on medienwerkstatt-online.de
- Article from the Iserlohner Kreisanzeiger from September 13, 2013: "The train station will be a showcase model"
- Platform 42
- traffic concept, p. 75