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coat of arms Germany map
Coat of arms of the city of Bottrop
Map of Germany, position of the city of Bottrop highlighted

Coordinates: 51 ° 31 '  N , 6 ° 55'  E

Basic data
State : North Rhine-Westphalia
Administrative region : Muenster
Height : 55 m above sea level NHN
Area : 100.61 km 2
Residents: 117,565 (Dec. 31, 2019)
Population density : 1168 inhabitants per km 2
Postcodes : 46236-46244
Primaries : 02041, 02045
License plate : BOT
Community key : 05 5 12 000
City structure: 3 districts with 17 districts

City administration address :
Ernst-Wilczok-Platz 1
46236 Bottrop
Website :
Lord Mayor : Bernd Tischler ( SPD )
Location of the city of Bottrop in North Rhine-Westphalia
Niederlande Belgien Niedersachsen Rheinland-Pfalz Hessen Essen Wuppertal Solingen Remscheid Hagen Ennepe-Ruhr-Kreis Bochum Dortmund Herne Gelsenkirchen Bottrop Oberhausen Mülheim an der Ruhr Duisburg Kreis Mettmann Düsseldorf Rhein-Kreis Neuss Kreis Heinsberg Mönchengladbach Krefeld Kreis Viersen Kreis Wesel Kreis Kleve Rhein-Erft-Kreis Kreis Düren Rheinisch-Bergischer Kreis Oberbergischer Kreis Kreis Recklinghausen Kreis Borken Kreis Unna Märkischer Kreis Kreis Olpe Hamm Kreis Soest Kreis Coesfeld Kreis Steinfurt Kreis Warendorf Leverkusen Köln Städteregion Aachen Bonn Rhein-Sieg-Kreis Städteregion Aachen Kreis Euskirchen Münster Kreis Siegen-Wittgenstein Hochsauerlandkreis Kreis Paderborn Kreis Gütersloh Kreis Höxter Kreis Lippe Kreis Herford Kreis Minden-Lübbecke Bielefeldmap
About this picture

The county-level city Bottrop [ bɔtrɔp ] is located in the Ruhr area in North Rhine-Westphalia . With around 117,000 inhabitants (as of 2017), it is the second smallest urban district in North Rhine-Westphalia after Remscheid . Administratively it belongs to the administrative district of Münster . It is a member of the Regional Association of Westphalia-Lippe and the Regional Association of Ruhr .


Map of the German Empire 1: 100,000 of today's Bottrop area at the end of the 19th century;
Kirchhellen (together with Feldhausen) in the north has only been part of the urban area since 1975.


The city of Bottrop is located on the undulating southwestern foothills of the Recklinghausen land ridge immediately north of the Emscher on the southern edge of the Hohe Mark-Westmünsterland nature park . The Rhine-Herne Canal forms the city limit to Essen in the south. In parallel , 100 meters further north, the Emscher flows from east to west. The Boye rises north of Grafenwald , forms the city limit to Gladbeck for a longer stretch and finally turns south to be pumped up into the Emscher at the Essen city limit ; a large part of the Boye and its tributaries are still managed as open sewer ditches in concrete shells. An extensive renaturation of the Boye system by the Emschergenossenschaft is currently taking place. Bottrop is shown as a medium-sized center in the regional planning ; it is located in the northern part of the Rhine-Ruhr metropolitan region .

Urban area

The total area of ​​the urban area is around 101 square kilometers. The maximum extent in north-south direction is 17 kilometers, in west-east direction 9 kilometers. The highest point of the urban area is at 78  m above sea level. NN ("In der Schanze"), the lowest point 26  m above sea level. NN ("Haverkamp").

The urban area of ​​Bottrop consists of the three urban districts Bottrop-Mitte , Bottrop-Süd and Bottrop-Kirchhellen . There is a district council in each city district . The district mayor is the chairman of the district council .

Division into districts

Alt-Bottrop belonged from time immemorial the peasantry Fuhlenbrock in the northwest, own in the north, Batenbrock the east, Boy in the far east-northeast, clay pit to the south and Vonderort in the southwest.

Kirchhellen in turn included the peasant communities Holthausen in the south and west, Hardinghausen in the north-west, Ekel in the far north, Overhagen in the east and Feldhausen in the far east, of which Feldhausen had a village character from an early age.

The names of these farmers live on in today's urban structure, but other districts have developed.

The city of Bottrop is divided into districts as follows (area data and population figures as of December 31, 2014 in brackets):

Detailed map of the districts of Alt-Bottrop ( detailed map of the whole of Bottrop )
Districts of Bottrop
  • Alt-Bottrop (total 42.15 km²; a total of 95,304 inhabitants)
    • City center (5.29 km²; 25.009 inhabitants)
    • Fuhlenbrock (5.68 km²; 13,667 inhabitants)
    • Own (11.72 km²; 16,029 inhabitants)
    • Batenbrock (5.61 km²; 19,541 inhabitants)
    • Boy (3.54 km²; 8,454 inhabitants)
    • Welheim (2.81 km²; 4,379 inhabitants)
    • Welheimer Mark (3.5 km²; 1,367 inhabitants)
    • Ebel (1.1 km²; 1,520 inhabitants)
    • Lehmkuhle (1.6 km²; 2,605 inhabitants)
    • Vonderort (1.2 km²; 2,733 inhabitants)
  • Bottrop-Kirchhellen (58.46 km²; a total of 20,416 inhabitants)
    • Kirchhellen-Mitte (3.53 km²; district: 4.73 km², 10,700 inhabitants)
    • Grafenwald (13.95 km²; district: 16.59 km², 5,736 inhabitants)
    • Holthausen (11.74 km²; groups of building blocks: 11.29 km², 658 inhabitants)
    • Hardinghausen (9.68 km²; building blocks: 9.05 km², 686 inhabitants)
    • Ekel (5.49 km²; building blocks: 5.13 km², 163 inhabitants)
    • Feldhausen (5.64 km²; groups of building blocks: 5.47 km², 1,716 inhabitants)
    • Overhagen (8.43 km²; building block groups: 6.20 km², 785 inhabitants)

The city districts Stadtmitte, Fuhlenbrock and Eigen form roughly, but not exactly congruent (see section in the article on the city structure ), the city ​​district Bottrop-Mitte , the following seven the city ​​district Bottrop-Süd .

In addition to the 17 districts, Bottrop is also divided into 17 statistical districts. The more densely populated districts are divided into up to three statistical districts, while in the sparsely populated areas of Kirchhellen and in the south of Alt-Bottrop several districts together form a statistical district - see list article for the breakdown . There are individual deviations in the drawing of boundaries ; In Kirchhellen in particular, these are sometimes considerable.

Alternative "districts" form the 7 statistical over-districts Kirchhellen (total), Stadtmitte, Fuhlenbrock, Eigen, Batenbrock, "Boy" (with Welheim and the east of the Welheimer Mark; 7.90 km²; 12,946 inhabitants) and "South" ( remaining parts of the city; 5.76 km²; 8,112 inhabitants).

Neighboring municipalities / cities

The city of Bottrop is bordered to the north by the municipality of Schermbeck in Wesel and the city of Dorsten and in the east to the city of Gladbeck , both in the district of Recklinghausen , in the south of the county-level city food , to the west by the independent city Oberhausen , the city Dinslaken and the community of Hünxe , both in the Wesel district.


Old market in the city center

The name of the city is derived from the medieval name Borthorpe , which means "village on the hill". In 1092 the settlement was first mentioned in the property registers of the Werden monastery . In 1253 the Kommende Welheim of the Teutonic Order was founded and the Knippenburg was built around 1340 . In 1423 Bottrop was granted market rights . The settlement belongs to Vest Recklinghausen of the Electorate of Cologne and has a certain importance as a market place due to its location, since the "Vestische Hellweg", a historical connection between Recklinghausen and the Rhineland, meets the road to Dorsten in Bottrop . In 1796 the Lichtenhagen cotton spinning mill is founded. The entire parish of Bottrop is subordinate to the Elector of Cologne governor of Vestes Recklinghausen . In 1811, under French rule, Bottrop came to the Grand Duchy of Berg . Here it forms a common mairie with Osterfeld . Kirchhellen is its own mairie.

On April 23, 1816 Bottrop came to Prussia ( Province of Westphalia ) and was assigned to the Recklinghausen district . From 1821 Bottrop and Osterfeld, now part of Oberhausen , form the Bottrop mayor, which forms a joint administrative association with Kirchhellen. 1844 will be part of the introduction of the Westphalian State Local Government Law from the mayoralty Bottrop the Office Bottrop formed.

With sinking of the Prosper I 1856 begins the coal industry in Bottrop. Osterfeld left the Bottrop office in 1891 and established his own office. On July 19, 1919, Bottrop received city ​​rights by decree of the Prussian State Ministry . Almost a year and a half later, on January 1, 1921, the young town left the Recklinghausen district and became a district-free town . On August 1, 1929, the urban area was enlarged by the incorporation of Vonderort (until then part of Osterfeld), Ebel (part of Essen- Borbeck) and parts of Karnap (Essen).

During the Second World War , targets like the old Hülswerke were attacked in Bottrop, where the Ostermann furniture store now has a large branch. The Hülswerke were an important destination, as diesel was made from coal there for armaments purposes. A total of around 300 people died in Bottrop during the war.

On December 21, 2018 the last hard coal mine, the Prosper-Haniel mine , closed in Bottrop , ending the era of hard coal mining in Germany.

Territorial reform

As part of the second reorganization program in North Rhine-Westphalia , the independent cities of Bottrop and Gladbeck and the municipality of Kirchhellen of the Recklinghausen district were merged to form the new city of Bottrop on January 1, 1975 . The colloquial art name " Glabotki " was used for the new structure .
The city of Gladbeck sued this merger and achieved a correction of the territorial reform in the so-called Nicholas judgment of December 6, 1975. In the spring of 1976, the state government considered incorporating Bottrop into Essen . On July 1, 1976, Gladbeck became a part of the Recklinghausen district, and Kirchhellen was finally reintegrated into the city of Bottrop, which thus reached its current size.

Population development

Population development of Bottrop.svgPopulation development of Bottrop - from 1871
Population development of Bottrop according to the adjacent table. Above from 1584 to 2018. Below is an excerpt from 1871. The peak at 1975 was created through the brief merger with Gladbeck - see section on territorial reform
Population (as of December 31, 2006)
0-17 years 17.6%
18–64 years 61.9%
from 65 years 20.5%
Proportion of foreigners 9.4%

For several centuries Bottrop was a small village with a few hundred inhabitants. It was not until the 19th century that industrialization began to show strong population growth. In 1800 Bottrop had around 2000 inhabitants, a hundred years later there were already 25,000. By 1911 that number had doubled to 50,000. In 1953 the city's population exceeded 100,000, making it a major city.

On January 1, 1975, the population of Bottrop reached its historical high of 198,972 through the incorporation of Gladbeck (81,868 inhabitants 1974) and Kirchhellen (14,759 inhabitants 1974). On December 6, 1975, Gladbeck was spun off again.

The following overview shows the number of inhabitants according to the respective territorial status. Up to 1833 these are mostly estimates, then census results (¹) or official updates by the respective statistical offices or the city administration itself. From 1843 onwards, the information relates to the “local population”, from 1925 to the resident population and since 1987 to the "Population at the place of the main residence" determined by the State Office for Data Processing and Statistics NRW . Before 1843, the number of inhabitants was determined according to inconsistent survey methods. The data from January 1, 1975 refer to the territorial status on the same day and the population on June 30, 1974.

year Residents
1584 900
1782 1,661
1805 2,178
1818 2.214
1830 2,739
December 3, 1858 ¹ 3,871
December 1, 1871 ¹ 5,396
December 1, 1880¹ 7,724
December 1, 1890¹ 13,595
December 1, 1895 ¹ 18,015
December 1, 1900 ¹ 24,847
December 1, 1905 ¹ 34,284
December 1, 1910¹ 47,162
December 1, 1916 ¹ 67.294
December 5, 1917 ¹ 68.210
year Residents
October 8, 1919 ¹ 71,139
June 16, 1925 ¹ 77.197
June 16, 1933 ¹ 86,218
May 17, 1939 ¹ 83,385
December 31, 1945 78,564
October 29, 1946 ¹ 80.724
September 13, 1950 ¹ 93,268
September 25, 1956 ¹ 104,816
June 6, 1961 ¹ 111,548
December 31, 1965 113,746
May 27, 1970 ¹ 106,657
June 30, 1974 102,794
January 1, 1975² 198.972
December 31, 1980 114,571
December 31, 1985 112,487
year Residents
May 25, 1987 ¹ 114,640
December 31, 1990 118,936
December 31, 1995 120,642
December 31, 2000 120,611
December 31, 2005 119.356
December 31, 2008 117,756
May 9, 2011 ¹ 117,311
December 31, 2012 116,498
December 31 2013 116.055
December 31, 2015 117.143
December 31, 2016 117,409
December 31, 2017 117,364
December 31, 2018 117,383

¹ Census result
² From January 1st to December 5th, 1975 Gladbeck belonged to Bottrop.

Ruhr Poland

In 1875 Bottrop's community had 6600 inhabitants, by 1900 the number quadrupled, 40% of the population came from the former German eastern regions - see also Ruhr Poland . In 1915 Bottrop had 69,000 inhabitants, the native Westphalian resident population was the minority. In 1911, migrants made up 36% of the workforce in the mines.


Provost church of St. Cyriakus
Evangelical Martinskirche

Bottrop belonged to the Archdiocese of Cologne from the beginning and was initially subordinate to the Archdeaconate Dortmund (until 1612) and then to the Dean's Office Vest Recklinghausen. The political affiliation to Vest Recklinghausen and thus to the Electorate of Cologne is the reason why the Reformation could not gain a foothold. Therefore Bottrop remained a Catholic community for centuries . The only parish church in the area was St. Cyriakus . After the transition to Prussia (1815), the church structures were also reorganized. So the parish came to the diocese of Münster in 1821 . The strong growth of the community led to the construction of a larger St. Cyriakus Church in 1861/1862. From 1864 the parish belonged to the Dorsten deanery. Five more Catholic churches were built by 1919, St. Johannes (1898), Herz-Jesu (1902), St. Michael, Liebfrauen and St. Joseph (1915/1919). As early as 1905, the parish of St. Cyriakus had been divided into the new churches and in 1916 Bottrop became the seat of its own deanery within the diocese of Münster. Other Catholic churches in the city are St. Ludger in Fuhlenbrock (1929), Heilig-Kreuz (built 1955–1957 by architect Rudolf Schwarz with windows by Georg Meistermann ), St. Johannes Kirchhellen (13th century, new building in 1917), Libori- Chapel (1751) and St. Mary's Assumption Feldhausen (1882). In 1958 the dean's office in Bottrop and its 18 parishes came to the newly founded diocese of Essen . At present (2006) an extensive reorganization of the parishes is taking place. For decades Bottrop was the major German city with the highest proportion of Catholics, sometimes over 70 percent. According to the diocese statistics for 2018, the proportion of Catholics in Bottrop is 43.2 percent. The Catholics of Kirchhellen, which was united with Bottrop in 1975, still belong to the Dorsten dean's office within the Recklinghausen district dean's office of the Münster diocese.

As a result of the city's strong growth in the 19th century, Protestants also moved to Bottrop. They founded their own parish in the middle of the century and built the first Protestant church, the Martinskirche, in 1884. The parish of Bottrop was part of the Recklinghausen parish. Until 1960 there was only one Protestant parish in Bottrop, but several parish districts. Then the parish was divided into five independent parishes (Altstadt, Boy-Welheim, Batenbrock, Eigen, Fuhlenbrock), which form the Association of Evangelical Churches in Bottrop. The parish of Kirchhellen joined this association in 1979 as the sixth parish. Today all parishes in the city belong to the parish of Gladbeck-Bottrop-Dorsten within the Evangelical Church of Westphalia .

In addition to the Protestant and Catholic communities in Bottrop, there are also various free churches , including the Apostolic Community , an Evangelical Free Church ( Baptists ) and a Free Evangelical Community (FeG). The Old Catholic Church , which uses the chapel of the old hospital on Kreuzkamp, ​​and the New Apostolic Church and Jehovah's Witnesses are also represented in Bottrop.

Denomination statistics

Currently (as of December 31, 2019) 41.4% of the population are Catholic. Of the 116,845 inhabitants (as of December 31, 2017), 45.4% were Catholic, 20.4% Protestant and 34.2% were non-denominational or belonging to other religions and denominations. In 2010, an absolute majority (50.3%) were Catholic, 21.9% Protestant and 27.8% had no religious affiliation or belonged to other religions and denominations.


Election of the Bottrop City Council in 2014
in percent
Gains and losses
compared to 2009
 % p
+5.5  % p
-1.3  % p
-0.7  % p
-1.8  % p
-0.5  % p
-1.6  % p
-2.7  % p
+ 2.0  % p
+1.1  % p
Allocation of seats in the
Bottrop City Council 2014
A total of 54 seats

With the town charter in 1919, the mayor's constitution with a mayor at the head was introduced in Bottrop . Since the district freedom in 1921, this has carried the title "Lord Mayor". During the time of the National Socialists , the Lord Mayor was appointed by the NSDAP . After World War II , the military government of the British Occupation Zone appointed a new Lord Mayor. Furthermore, in 1946 a local constitution based on the British model was installed. Then there was an elected “City Council”, whose members are known as “City Councilors”. The council initially elected the mayor from among its members as chairman and representative of the city, who was active on a voluntary basis. Furthermore, from 1946 the council also elected a full-time senior city director as head of the city administration. 1995 the dual leadership in the city administration was abolished. Since then there has only been the full-time mayor. He is also chairman of the council and head of the city administration. In 1999 the direct election of a Lord Mayor was carried out for the first time. Bernd Tischler has held this position since 2009. As of December 31, 2002, the city had a debt of € 138 million.

City council

Since the local elections in North Rhine-Westphalia in 2014, nine parties have been represented in the city council: the SPD , the CDU , the GREEN , the ÖDP , DIE LINKE , the DKP , the FDP , the PIRATE and the AfD .

After the local elections, the pirates left the city council as a result of converting the party, and the FDP thereby won a mandate. Currently, the seats in the city council are distributed as follows: (As of September 2016)


(joint council group FDP / pirates)

(without parliamentary group status)
26th 15th 3 3 2 2 2 1 54

In the past election periods, the city council was composed as follows:

Bottrop City Council: Share of voters and seats since 1994
Electoral term
Ecological Democratic Party
Alliance 90 / The Greens
German Communist Party
FDP North Rhine-Westphalia
the party "Die Linke"
Free voters
% Mandates % Mandates % Mandates % Mandates % Mandates % Mandates % Mandates % Mandates
XII: 1994-1999 52.5 34 31.8 21st 2.0 - 6.8 4th 3.8 - 1.9 - 59
XIII: 1999-2004 losses 40.2 23 Profit 42.0 24 Profit 6.4 4th losses 4.5 3 Profit 4.4 3 Profit 2.5 1 58
XIV: 2004-2009 losses 41.2 24 losses 37.1 21st Profit 6.6 4th Profit 5.0 3 Profit 6.5 4th Profit 3.3 2 58
XV: 2009-2014 Profit 42.2 23 losses 28.5 16 losses 6.4 3 Profit 6.2 3 losses 5.6 3 Profit 5.4 3 New 4.6 2 New 1.1 1 54
Swell: ; losses: Losses Profit,: gains,: Newnew

City leaders

Lord Mayor (since 1945)

Senior City Directors

City arms

old city coat of arms of the independent city of Bottrop + old city arms of Kirchhellen = new city arms of the extended city of Bottrop

The coat of arms of the city of Bottrop shows a black crutch cross covered with a blue shield, in it three white wolf rods , which can also be found in the aristocratic Brabeck family . It was created in 1978 after the city of Bottrop was merged with the village of Kirchhellen (Recklinghausen district) in 1975 . Elements of the Kirchhellen and Bottrop coats of arms have been combined to form the new coat of arms. From 1926 to 1975 the city of Bottrop carried the first of the coats of arms shown on the right. It also shows the cross of the Teutonic Knight Order , probably based on the Kommende Welheim . Above it, on a red sign, is a hand holding a mallet , as it was used in mining earlier . This coat of arms is still printed on T-shirts by the DKP in Bottrop and sold as a sticker. The middle of the coat of arms shown is the Kirchhellen coat of arms, from which the wolf fishing rods and the blue color in today's coat of arms come.

Town twinning

Bottrop maintains a city ​​partnership with the following cities :

Culture and sights

Theaters, museums and buildings

Tetrahedron Bottrop
Museum square, to the side
Alpincenter Bottrop
City Pharmacy (formerly Alte Apotheke)
Malakow tower of the Prosper II colliery

See also: List of architectural monuments in Bottrop , List of sacred buildings in Bottrop , List of museums in Bottrop , List of works of art in public space in Bottrop

Stumbling blocks

Since September 12, 2005, so-called “ stumbling blocks ” have also been laid in Bottrop by the artist Gunter Demnig . These square stones (10 × 10 cm) are small brass plates in the pavement, which commemorate the victims of the extermination of Jews and the political persecution under National Socialism .



Bottrop football is divided into two circles. Altbottrop plays in district 10 Oberhausen / Bottrop of the Niederrhein football association , the other part, Kirchhellen, plays in a district with Gladbeck and Gelsenkirchen, district 12 of the Westphalia football and athletics association .

One of the most successful sports clubs in town is VfB Bottrop . The football club played second and third class for a long time and even first class before the Second World War, until after the 1981/82 season it was relegated from the Oberliga Nordrhein, the then third-highest German division, and finally relegated to the amateur league. Today the club plays in the district league (Niederrhein).

Another football club from Bottrop that has also been successful in the past is VfB Kirchhellen . From 1999 to 2001 the club played in the Oberliga Westfalen , the fourth highest German division. At the moment the club also plays in the regional league (Westphalia).


The first men's team from the volleyball club VC Bottrop 90 was renamed RWE Volleys Bottrop for sponsorship reasons and was represented in the first volleyball Bundesliga for a total of six seasons up to the 2013/2014 season . In December 2013, the first men's team was withdrawn from the Bundesliga license during the season due to violations of the commercial licensing requirements. Team manager has been Wolfgang Donat for years . The club provides up to 30 teams in the game operations of the West German Volleyball Association.

In addition to indoor volleyball, VC Bottrop 90 has also dedicated itself to beach volleyball. The Jacobi national sports facility serves as a training area . Several championships are held annually at the state level and, for young people, also at the federal level. The VC Bottrop 90 provides a number of participants at these events.


The TC Eigen-Stadtwald, which currently has five men's teams and four women's teams, is one of the best-known Bottrop tennis clubs. For both men and women, the best team plays in the 2nd division. TC Blau-Gelb Eigen, TC Waldhof, TC Waldfriede and TV Blau-Weiß Bottrop are four other well-known tennis clubs in the city. In 2008 the 1st men's team of the TC Waldhof made it to the 1st league (fourth highest division in Germany) and thus, historically speaking, plays as high as no other open Bottrop tennis team before.

Table tennis

One of the most successful table tennis clubs in Bottrop is the table tennis department of VfB Kirchhellen, whose 1st team plays in the NRW League. Another nine teams are currently playing in the district league. The TSSV Bottrop Fuhlenbrock, also a relatively successful club, is active with 16 teams between the association and district leagues.

In addition to the VfB from Kirchhellen and the TSSV, the TTG 75 Bottrop with 10 teams in the district and hobby leagues and DJK Olympia Bottrop 1950 with 9 teams in the state and district league take part in the game.


With the SC Bottrop (association league) and the handball department of TSG Kirchhellen (district league) as well as the DJK Adler 07 Bottrop (district league), handball is also based in Bottrop.


The city's largest badminton club, the Bottroper BG , can look back on a long history. The 1st team played in the 1st Bundesliga for five years and was in the 2nd Bundesliga North until the 2007/08 season . For financial reasons, the BBG withdrew their first team to the association league, but are now back in the Regionalliga West. In addition to the 2nd team, which currently plays in the association league, six other BBG teams take part in the game. Training and games take place in the sports hall at the vocational school.

In addition to the BBG, the BC 89 Bottrop is also active in the game operation with nine teams, between the district and district leagues and in youth leagues. Training and games take place in the sports hall at the August Everding Realschule.

The 1st BSC Bottrop as the third Bottrop badminton club is currently no longer participating in the game.


Participate in active gaming with the DJK Adler Bottrop. Their 1st team plays in the West German Basketball Association in the regional league.


The most famous and at the same time most successful judo club in Bottrop is the JC 66 Bottrop, whose 1st men's and 1st women's teams fight in the Judo Bundesliga . The Bundesliga matches are held in the Dieter-Renz-Halle . In addition to the Bundesliga teams, numerous youth teams also fight in regular competitions. There is also a judo performance center in the Dieter-Renz-Halle in Bottrop.

The judo department of DJK Adler 07 Bottrop exists next to JC 66 as another judo club in the city. At the beginning of 2018, the judo department of PSV Bottrop dissolved.


Two clubs are active in the swimming area in Bottrop. SVG Bottrop 1924 with over 1000 members and SV 1911 with approx. 300 members. In addition to swimming training, both clubs offer fitness and aqua aerobics courses for babies to get used to water.

Underwater rugby

This fringe sport has been played successfully in Bottrop since the early 1980s. In the mid-1990s, the teams of the DUC Bottrop e. V. and TSG Kirchhellen to form a syndicate. The first team in the syndicate became German champions in underwater rugby in 2005 and has been playing in the first Bundesliga West for several years. The second team is currently under construction and is looking for young players.


The DJK Adler 07 Bottrop offers many different sports, including athletics , American football , cycling and cross-country skiing . The cross-country department regularly organizes various running events, several times a year, such as B. the Bottrop autumn forest run and the tetrahedron stair run.

Even if Bottrop does not yet have its own diving water, there are two diving clubs within the city limits, the DUC Bottrop e. V. and TSG Kirchhellen.

Two chess clubs shape the image of this intellectual sport in Bottrop: The chess club Bottrop 21, which provided the NRW master ( Jaroslaw Krassowizkij ) in 2009 , and the SF Kirchhellen 50/72.

The first three- cushion team of the Bottrop Billiards Academy has been playing three -cushion in the first division for many years and operates its own billiards center in den Weywiesen.

Martial arts of all kinds are practiced at PSV Bottrop and SVV Bottrop, among others. Since 2014 there has also been a baseball and softball team in the city, the "Bottrop Blackjacks" . The Bottrop Rudergemeinschaft Bottrop and Bottrop Canoe Club have their boathouses on the Rhine-Herne Canal in 1954.

There are also numerous other sports clubs and a wide range of popular sports in Bottrop .

Bottrop narrowly missed the victory in the big "NRW-Gemeinde-Pokal" 2015. In the final they lost 2-1 to the opponents from Metelen. Previously you could u. a. prevail against Südlohn and Uedem.

Regular events

  • January: Festival Orgel PLUS (music festival, founded in 1989, takes place annually in the first half of January)
  • February or March: Rose Monday parade
  • April to September: Every 2 weeks after-work market on Ernst-Wilczok-Platz
  • May: Bottrop horse market
  • May: Asparagus farmer's market in Kirchhellen
  • June: Bottrop kustom culture festival in Bottrop Kirchhellen
  • July: International Athletics Gala in the Jahnstadion
  • August: Summer Beach Party
  • Pretzel Festival Kirchhellen (originated from a "Stutenfest", until 1957 still written as "Bre t zelfest")
  • May / June / July: Shooting festivals of the Bottrop shooting clubs (BSV Bottrop-Boy, BSV Bottrop Batenbrock, BSV Bottrop Eigen, BSV Bottrop Fuhlenbrock, BSV Bottrop Vonderort, BSV Andreas Hofer, Alte Allgemeine Bürgerschützengesellschaft)
  • September: Michaelismarkt; NuRock at the monastery festival at the youth monastery Kirchhellen

Culture award

Ruhr. 2010

As part of RUHR.2010 - European Capital of Culture , Bottrop came up with a new production of the opera Aida during his "Local Heroes" week . The Bottrop-born director Thomas Grandoch took over the direction of the opera from Giuseppe Verdi . The venue for the open-air performance was the amphitheater on Halde Haniel .

Green spaces

Green spaces in the city of Bottrop are the city garden of u. a. with the restaurant "Overbecks Hof", several playgrounds and a mini golf course and the Revierpark, which begins in Bottrop-Vonderort and crosses the border to Oberhausen. The Revierpark also has a restaurant ("Waldhof"), several playgrounds, ponds and meadows. There are also ponds and meadows in the city garden.

  • The Volkspark Batenbrock is a green area that is located in the Batenbrock district in the south of the city.
  • The Rotbachtal is a nature reserve.
  • The city garden: Is a park on the edge of the city center of Bottrop
  • Berne-Park: Public park in the Ebel district of Bottrop, which was built around the city's old sewage treatment plant. There is a restaurant there, which is housed in the engine room of the former sewage treatment plant.
  • Park Welheim: Public park in Bottrop-Welheim.

Infrastructure and economy

In the 2016 future atlas , the urban district of Bottrop was ranked 323 out of 402 districts, municipal associations and urban districts in Germany, making it one of the regions with “future risks”.

At 20,309 euros, Bottrop has the lowest gross domestic product per capita among all urban districts in Germany. Nevertheless, the city of Bottrop was able to increase its economic output by 3.2% (as of 2016) and is thus above the other cities in the Ruhr Metropolis.

In 2017 there were around 47,700 gainfully employed people in the city. The unemployment rate in December 2018 was 6.5% and thus slightly above the average for North Rhine-Westphalia of 6.4%.


Rail and bus transport

Bottrop Central Station
Picture of the old central bus station (ZOB)
View from the front of the converted ZOB

Local rail passenger transport (SPNV) serves the stations Bottrop Hbf , Bottrop-Boy and Bottrop-Vonderort on the Hamm-Osterfelder Bahn and Feldhausen on the Winterswijk – Gelsenkirchen-Bismarck railway line. The main station is served by the RE 14 "Der Borkener" (hourly Essen Hbf  ↔ Borken [Westf] ), RE 44 "Fossa-Emscher-Express" (every Monday – Friday Moers  ↔ Duisburg  ↔ Oberhausen Hbf  ↔ Bottrop Hbf or every hour on Mondays– Sundays Duisburg  ↔ Oberhausen Hbf  ↔ Bottrop Hbf) and the S-Bahn line S9 (  every 20 minutes Wuppertal Hbf ↔ Bottrop Hbf, every hour to Haltern am See ). The Bottrop-Boy stop is only served by the RE 44 and the S9, the Bottrop-Vonderort stop only by the RE 44. From the Feldhausen stop in the Kirchhellen district , the RE 14 runs the RB 43 "Emschertal Railway" from Dortmund Hbf to Dorsten, which branches off in Gladbeck-Zweckel and uses a section of the Wanne – Dorsten railway , also every hour. The local rail transport is operated by DB Regio and NordWestBahn .

There is also the Wanne-Eickel-Oberhausen-Osterfeld railway via Bottrop Süd for freight traffic .

Local road passenger transport is mainly served by buses from Vestische Straßenbahnen GmbH . Although this transport company still has the term tram in its name, it has been operating exclusively bus routes since 1982. The last tram in Bottrop ran on November 26, 1976. Other bus routes in Bottrop are operated by Stadtwerke Oberhausen AG (STOAG), Bochum-Gelsenkirchener Straßenbahn AG (BOGESTRA) , Ruhrbahn and Busverkehr Rheinland (BVR). The most important transfer hub in the center of Bottrop is the central bus station on Berliner Platz , which was redesigned in October 2010. In Bottrop there is the idea of introducing a new tram line to Essen .

The regional tariff of the Verkehrsverbund Rhein-Ruhr (VRR) and the NRW tariff apply to all local public transport .


Bottrop is connected to the German motorway network via the motorways 2 ( Oberhausen - Berlin ), 31 ( Bottrop - Emden ) and 42 ( Dortmund - Kamp-Lintfort ). In addition, the federal road 224 , which leads from Essen to Gladbeck , cuts Bottrop. The B 224 is to be expanded into the A 52 in the future , with the section in the Bottrop urban area between the A 2 and the A 42 being primarily implemented. Plans for this section have existed since the 1960s, but in the planning approval process that is now taking place there are still isolated protests from the public .


NDB radio beacon BOT

In Bottrop, the NDB is Beacon BOT an international airway . It uses a T-antenna as a transmitting antenna, which is supported by two tubular steel masts, which are attached to a hall in Bülsestrasse.

The city of Bottrop holds 49% of the shares in the Schwarze Heide airfield , an airfield located in the Kirchheller Heide in the northern Ruhr area . It offers leisure and business flights with motorized airplanes, gliders and helicopters. The airfield is the location of several flight schools, the state performance center for gliding and the Extra Flugzeugproduktions- und Vertriebs GmbH .

Innovation City

Bottrop is InnovationCity Ruhr . In November 2010, the Initiativkreis Ruhr declared Bottrop the winner of the competition initiated in spring 2010. The aim of InnovationCity is to halve energy consumption and thus also CO 2 emissions in an existing settlement area by 2020. Through the cooperation of industry, trade and private investors, synergies should be developed that can be transferred to other settlements.

City of the future 2030

Bottrop was named City of the Future 2030 as one of 51 cities.

Established businesses

Bottrop was the last town in the Ruhr area where there was still an active mine. The Prosper-Haniel mine was the largest mine in Germany with a production of 3.9 million tons. It employed around 4,000 miners and was shut down in December 2018 due to the Hard Coal Financing Act. In the south of the city, coal is refined into coke in the Prosper coking plant . In Kirchhellen, following on from the molding sand grave of the 19th century, several quartz gravel deposits are exploited. The company Stremmer Sand + Kies produces a special sand for equestrian sports there.

The economic focus, however, is set by diverse medium-sized companies, in particular companies for packaging and logistics, industrial equipment, doors and kitchens, lights and lighting effects, gardening and landscaping, publishing and food production as well as car tuning and refinement. Due to the favorable traffic situation, numerous logistics centers are located in Bottrop. In addition to some freight forwarders, the logistics centers of Netto (discount stores) and Deichmann (shoes) and the Huber Packaging Group (metal packaging), which have been relocated to Öhringen, should be mentioned in particular . Another important pillar of the economic structure is the production and processing of food. The most important representative here is Nadler (delicatessen). The Homann company also has a production facility in Bottrop.

The company Brabus is with 2500 employees the largest independent tuning operation of the world world (2013). It was founded in Bottrop in 1977 and is based there. The city named Brabus-Allee after her.

Bottrop is the headquarters of MC-Bauchemie , a manufacturer of specialty chemicals for the construction sector.

The construction company Eurovia Teerbau has set up a large facility in Bottrop in addition to its head office. The company achieved a turnover of 284 million euros in 2014 and employs 1,114 people at 13 locations in Germany.

The company Seepex GmbH produces at its headquarters in Bottrop annually about 12,000 cavity pumps with 400 employees (worldwide total of 800 employees) and achieved in the group annual sales of about 100 million euros. It has additional production sites in the USA and China.

Bottrop has been actively striving for structural change for years and relies on the leisure industry. The unemployment rate in September 2018 was 6.3% and thus below the average in the Ruhr area. The city of Bottrop has carried out a structural change on the former site of the Prosper III mine. RAG Montan Immobilien GmbH, together with the city of Bottrop, developed the Prosper quarter with commercial and residential properties on the former colliery site. Craftsmanship and high technology are united here. In addition to a few craft businesses, Basista Leiterplatten GmbH is based there.

Panoramic view from the Prosperstrasse dump to the Prosper coking plant with the Prosper colliery , Prosper II shaft, on the right-hand side of the picture


The " Westdeutsche Allgemeine Zeitung (WAZ)" (since 1948) and the local radio for Bottrop, Gladbeck and Gelsenkirchen , " Radio Emscher Lippe (REL)" (since 1990) report on local daily events in Bottrop . The " Ruhr-Nachrichten " stopped their publication on March 31, 2006. Bottrop is thus a one-newspaper circle . For the district of Kirchhellen , a page with reports from Kirchhellen, Bottrop and Gladbeck has been published in the “ Dorstener Zeitung”, as the edition of the “Ruhr-Nachrichten” is called there.

Twice a week the " Stadtspiegel Bottrop" (since 1980) is delivered to households. The weekly newspaper "Mittendrin!" Has been published in Bottrop since August 2006. in Bottrop “(Mittendrin Verlag GmbH) for the weekend.

In the north of Bottrop, the regional magazine LebensArt appears monthly (since 2002, on the 1st Friday of the month). The editorial team mainly reports on local events in Kirchhellen, Grafenwald and Feldhausen.

The TV learning channel nrwision bundles TV programs about Bottrop or from TV makers from Bottrop in its media library.


Study center of the Fernuniversität Hagen in the August-Everding cultural center

The city of Bottrop has a study center of the Hagen Open University as well as an adult education center with a metropolitan profile. Since 2009, the city has been one of the two locations of the Ruhr West University of Applied Sciences alongside Mülheim an der Ruhr .

There are also 21 primary schools at 26 locations, three secondary schools, one secondary school, two comprehensive schools ( Janusz Korczak comprehensive school , Willy Brandt comprehensive school), three secondary schools ( Gustav Heinemann secondary school , Marie Curie secondary school, August Everding secondary school) ), three high schools (Heinrich-Heine-Gymnasium, Josef-Albers-Gymnasium , Vestisches Gymnasium ), a vocational college and four special schools.

There are also two municipal libraries in Bottrop. Once the main location at the August-Everding cultural center and a branch in Kirchhellen.

Newer construction projects

In the city center, the Berliner Platz, which was used as a market and car park, was converted; Here the old indoor swimming pool was demolished and a new space with the city gallery (Kaufland as anchor tenant) and a two-story underground car park with 560 parking spaces were built. The opening took place on November 19, 2009. Furthermore, the adjacent central bus station (ZOB) was rebuilt.

This was followed by the construction of a new indoor swimming pool, which, in conjunction with the Jahnstadion, the Dieter-Renz-Halle and the judo performance center, forms the Bottrop sports park , which was also completely renovated in previous years . In 2009 it was opened as an indoor swimming pool in the sports park .

In July 2012, the new construction of the Ruhr West University began in the city center, on Hans-Sachs-Straße. Teaching started in October 2014. In the east of Bottrop, the expansion of the federal highway 224 to the federal highway 52 is planned. The project was included in a package of measures to resolve traffic problems in the central Ruhr area of ​​the state government in July 2013 and was approved by the Federal Cabinet in the Federal Transport Infrastructure Plan 2030 in August 2016. Another very large construction project is the conversion of the Emscher system with the construction of the Emscher canal and subsequent renaturation of the course of the river Emscher.

According to Cosimo AG, the Hansa Center should now open in autumn 2020 and thus complete the upgrading measure for Berliner Platz and the shops that border on this square. Instead of the many retailers as you used to find them in the Hansa Center, more restaurants are to be moved into the house.

Due to the high demand for building plots, numerous residential areas are being planned or implemented in Bottrop. In the districts of Kirchhellen and Feldhausen in particular, there is lively construction activity, which can be attributed to the preferred residential area in the north of the Ruhr area.

The withdrawal of mining will free up large areas on the Emscher, the future use of which is being discussed.

In Kirchhellen, the secondary school (formerly the Hauptschule) is getting a new wing to relieve the main building.

The town hall is being completely refurbished to bring it up to date with today's technology.

The Emschergenossenschaft is building a pumping station in Bottrop to clean the Emscher.

A new shop is soon to be built in Kirchhellen.

A new daycare center is to be built in Kirchhellen, and the city is still looking for an investor.

In the Boy district of Bottrop, two new residential parks are being built, on the one hand by the German Terraced House AG and on the other hand by the Gesellschaft für Bauen und Wohnen Bottrop mbH (GBB).


Professional / volunteer fire brigade

The Bottrop fire department includes eight volunteer fire departments and one professional fire department .

technical aid organization

A local branch of the Technical Relief Organization (THW) is stationed in Bottrop . The technical train consists of two rescue groups and the rooms and lighting specialist groups. The responsible police headquarters are in Recklinghausen.


Three hospitals are located in Bottrop. In Alt-Bottrop there are two hospitals, the Marienhospital and the Knappschaftskrankenhaus , both of which are "general hospitals". There is also a "special hospital" or psychiatry in Kirchhellen (St. Antonius Hospital).


The garbage disposal and the winter service in the city of Bottrop is carried out by BEST ( Bottrop waste disposal and city cleaning institute under public law ). BEST also operates two recycling yards in Bottrop and Bottrop-Kirchhellen .


There are three police stations in Bottrop, but Bottrop does not have its own police headquarters, but belongs to the Recklinghausen police headquarters . The Bottrop Hauptwache is located in the city center, a second one in Kirchhellen and another in the Boy .


In 2013 the city received the European Energy Award in gold (one of seven among 115 participants with this high distinction). Bottrop already received this award in 2011, which is given for efforts to save energy.

On November 21, 2013, the InnovationCity Ruhr project received a special prize as part of the 2nd German Sustainability Award. The developer will be the GBB municipal housing association.


Honorary citizen

The city of Bottrop has granted the following people honorary citizenship:

sons and daughters of the town

The television presenter Ulla Kock am Brink was born in Mülheim an der Ruhr , grew up in Bottrop and graduated from high school here in 1981 . The same applies to Willi Landgraf , he was also born in Mülheim an der Ruhr. Lydia Benecke , a criminal psychologist and writer born in Beuthen , Poland , has lived in Bottrop since 1987 and moved to Cologne in 2010 . The cabaret artist Ludger Stratmann is also not a native of Bottrop. He has only been living as a practicing doctor in Bottrop since the second half of the 1980s. He was born in 1948 in Verl, East Westphalia .


  • Erich Keyser (Ed.): German city book. Urban History Handbook. Volume III, 2nd part: Westphalian town book. Stuttgart 1954, DNB 454817061 .
  • Walther Hubatsch (Ed.): Outline of German administrative history 1815–1945. Volume 8: Westphalia. Marburg an der Lahn 1980, ISBN 3-87969-123-1 .
  • Ludger Tewes , youth at war. From Luftwaffe helpers and soldiers 1939-1945 , Reimar Hobbing Verlag, Essen 1989. ISBN 3-920460-49-9 .
  • Ludger Tewes, Middle Ages in the Ruhr area. Settlement on the Westphalian Hellweg between Essen and Dortmund (13th to 16th centuries) , Verlag Schoeningh Paderborn, 1997. ISBN 3-506-79152-4 .

Web links

Commons : Bottrop  - album with pictures, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Population of the municipalities of North Rhine-Westphalia on December 31, 2019 - update of the population based on the census of May 9, 2011. State Office for Information and Technology North Rhine-Westphalia (IT.NRW), accessed on June 17, 2020 .  ( Help on this )
  2. Statistical Yearbook 2014 Bottrop ( Memento from March 6, 2017 in the Internet Archive ) with area information on the statistical districts on page 23 (PDF)
  3. Areas of the city districts, unless the sum of statistical districts, via polygon measurement in the map service on - the layer Territory classification_Allgemein must be loaded and districts (not: city ​​districts ) must be activated. With the Districts layer , in addition to the district boundaries, the boundaries of the statistical districts can also be loaded, but these are only visible on a rough scale (up to 1: 40,000); the layer Territory Division_Statistics shows the statistical districts up to 1: 20,000.
  4. City of Bottrop: Population figures by districts (PDF; 25 kB) ( Memento from February 5, 2015 in the Internet Archive ); Figures for building block groups and individual building blocks in 731 and 734 from the Office for Information Processing (12/1), Statistics and Elections Department, City of Bottrop
  5. The map service shows the single-digit statistical over-districts under the layer city districts and names 5 with "Boy" and 6 with "South".
  6. ^ Official journal of the Münster government 1844: Formation of the Bottrop office
  7. ^ Official Journal of the Münster government 1891: Formation of the Osterfeld office
  8. a b Stephanie Reekers: The regional development of the districts and communities of Westphalia 1817-1967 . Aschendorff, Münster Westfalen 1977, ISBN 3-402-05875-8 , p. 220 .
  9. a b c Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 311 .
  10. Martin Bünermann, Heinz Köstering: The communities and districts after the municipal territorial reform in North Rhine-Westphalia . Deutscher Gemeindeverlag, Cologne 1975, ISBN 3-555-30092-X , p. 82 .
  11. Heckmann 1992, p. 19.
  12. Integration, We were never among ourselves . In: Spiegel Online , November 7, 2010
  13. The number of Catholics has continued to decrease in Bottrop
  14. Diocese of Essen Figures 2018
  15. Catholic numbers and shares by city / county decanates
  16. Bottrop Statistical Yearbook 2017 , accessed on September 8, 2019
  17. FDP is now represented by two people in the council
  18. Regional Returning Officer
  20. Town twinning ǀ City of Bottrop. Retrieved August 15, 2019 .
  21. Hearty food in the Bottich brewery. Archived from the original on November 17, 2012 ; Retrieved March 5, 2017 .
  22. FACTORY Dorsten> Location. In: Archived from the original on May 17, 2016 ; accessed on May 17, 2016 .
  23. Master of the Royal Game. in: WAZ , October 20, 2009.
  24. ^ Website of the baseball team "Bottrop Blackjacks"
  25. Bottrop after-work market. In: Retrieved May 17, 2016 .
  26. Term archive of the Alte Allgemeine Bürgerschützengesellschaft
  27. Dates BSV Bottrop Boy
  28. NuRock at the monastery
  30. ^ State Statistical Office of Baden-Württemberg: Current results - VGR dL. Retrieved March 27, 2018 .
  31. ^ Regional Association Ruhr: Gross Domestic Product. July 19, 2018, accessed September 14, 2018 .
  32. Current results - VGR dL. Retrieved January 7, 2019 .
  33. ^ Federal State of North Rhine-Westphalia. Federal Employment Agency, accessed on January 7, 2019 .
  34. Timetable information from Deutsche Bahn
  35. Klaus Oehlert-Schellberg: The Vestische trams . Kenning Verlag, Nordhorn 1995, ISBN 3-927587-49-4 , p. 27-36 .
  36. A piece of environmental protection . in: WAZ, October 10, 2010.
  37. CDU wants to have the tram to Essen tested .
  38. ^ Website of the company Extra Flugzeugproduktions- und Vertriebs GmbH
  39. Companies in focus. City of Bottrop, archived from the original on November 3, 2012 ; Retrieved March 5, 2017 .
  40. Huber Packaging relocates the Bottrop plant to Öhringen . In: . February 27, 2013 ( [accessed on August 4, 2018]).
  41. Homann: Training, listing of locations ( Memento from April 6, 2012 in the Internet Archive )
  42. Brabus boss Bodo Buschmann: "The 40-hour week is full on Wednesday". Retrieved August 25, 2018 .
  43. "About Seepex" ,
  44. ↑ The positive trend on the Bottrop labor market continues . ( [accessed on September 28, 2018]).
  45. ^ TV from Bottrop at nrwision. nrwision , accessed March 9, 2015 .
  46. ^ Schools in Bottrop. Archived from the original on September 12, 2018 ; accessed on September 12, 2018 (German).
  47. ^ Library. Accessed on September 12, 2018 (German).
  48. ^ Hochschule Ruhr West - start of construction for the new campus buildings in Mülheim and Bottrop. Bau- und Liegenschaftsbetrieb Nordrhein-Westfalen , July 9, 2012, accessed on March 5, 2017 .
  49. ^ Kai Süselbeck: Three Bottrop projects in the Federal Transport Infrastructure Plan . WAZ, August 3, 2016, accessed March 5, 2017 .
  50. Radio Emscher Lippe: Bottrop: Investor reveals first tenants for Hansa Center. Accessed August 31, 2018 .
  51. Marcus Schymiczek: Essen and Bottrop draft visions for the Emscher zone . ( [accessed on August 4, 2018]).
  52. Ute Hildebrand-Schute: An investor should build the new daycare center in Kirchhellen . ( [accessed on October 22, 2018]).
  53. mduengelhoff: Urban subsidiary builds new residential area in the Boy . ( [accessed on November 14, 2018]).
  54. Bottrop In der Boy | German terraced house AG. Retrieved November 14, 2018 .
  55. THW OV Bottrop - Home. Retrieved on November 16, 2018 (German).
  56. ^ Hospitals. Retrieved on November 16, 2018 (German).
  57. Home - BEST Bottrop. Retrieved November 16, 2018 .
  58. Bottrop receives the European Energy Award in gold. Out of 115 participants only seven received this prestigious award. City of Bottrop, archived from the original on April 11, 2014 ; accessed on March 6, 2017 .
  59. ^ German Sustainability Award ( Memento of November 27, 2013 in the Internet Archive ), accessed on November 22, 2013
  60. City subsidiary GBB is building the new kindergarten . ( [accessed on November 12, 2018]).
  61. Lydia Benecke's Facebook profile