|coat of arms||Germany map|
|State :||North Rhine-Westphalia|
|Administrative region :||Muenster|
|Height :||31 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||171.2 km 2|
|Residents:||74,704 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||436 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postcodes :||46282, 46284, 46286|
|Primaries :||02362, 02369, 02866|
|License plate :||RE, CAS, GLA|
|Community key :||05 5 62 012|
|LOCODE :||DE DON|
City administration address :
|Halterner Strasse 5
|Mayor :||Tobias Stockhoff ( CDU )|
|Location of the city of Dorsten in the Recklinghausen district|
The city of Dorsten is located in the transition from the southern Münsterland to the northern Ruhr area in the state of North Rhine-Westphalia on the Lippe , about 24 km from its confluence with the Rhine . As a district town, Dorsten is represented in the Regionalverband Ruhr (RVR) by the district of Recklinghausen , and it is also part of the Rhine-Ruhr metropolitan region .
The old Vestische Dorsten, which is south of the lip, received on 1 June 1251 city rights by the Electoral Cologne sovereign and was in the 20th century to the north of the territory of the former fürstbischöflich-Münster's glory Lembeck north of the lip extended. Dorsten had a population of 76,383 on December 31, 2018. With 171.2 km², Dorsten is the largest of the ten cities in the Recklinghausen district (before Haltern with around 158.5 km²).
Dorsten is also known nationwide for its Roman camp in Holsterhausen .
The city of Dorsten is located on the lower reaches of the Lippe about 24 km from the confluence with the Rhine near Wesel . After around 1800 boreholes in the entire city area, Hans Lampen put forward the thesis in a publication that Dorsten had an island location between two arms of the Lippe at the beginning of its development. So on the map of Matthäus Merian the southern oxbow arm of the Lippe can be seen, which was called Schölsbach in the Middle Ages . Geologically, Dorsten is interesting because of the meeting of different overburden : in the west a zone of the marine tertiary and in the east a zone of the middle and upper cantons . In the southwest of the city is the Kirchheller Heide , in the northwest of the Dämmer Wald , in the north the Üfter Mark and in the northeast the Hohe Mark . The east and south Dorsten is less by forests than through agricultural dominated family farms. The Rhine-Ruhr metropolitan region begins in Dorsten .
The urban area of Dorsten has an area of 171 km², a maximum extension of 11 km from west to east and 19.5 km from north to south. The highest elevation is the Galgenberg northeast of Wulfen-Barkenberg at 122 m above sea level, the lowest point is 22 m above sea level at the point where the Lippe leaves the urban area to Schermbeck . The urban area is drained via the Lippe. The streams Hambach, Wienbach and Schölzbach flow to it. The largest lake is the Blue Lake in the east of the Holsterhausen district, which borders directly on the Marienviertel in the west of Hervest. Especially in the northern districts such as Lembeck and Rhade, the landscape is characterized by pastureland and fields . In the more southerly parts of the city - especially in Hervest - industry and mining played an important role. The old town south of the Lippe and the Wesel-Datteln Canal is the economic and cultural center . Large forests such as “Der Hagen” and “Emmelkämper Mark”, which belong to the Üfter Mark and the Hohen Mark, lie between the districts.
- 50% arable land, pasture land
- 27% forest
- 11% buildings and courtyards
- 7% public streets, paths, squares
- 3% other areas
- 2% water
- 0.2% heather, bog, mining and fallow areas
The urban area is divided into the following districts with population figures (as of December 31, 2018) in brackets:
- Altendorf-Ulfkotte (1,939)
- Old Town (4,156)
- Interpret (1,640)
- Feldmark (7,845)
- Hardt (7,553)
- Hervest (13,050)
- Holsterhausen (13,708)
- Lembeck (5,288)
- Östrich (2,025)
- Rhade (5,454)
- Wulfen (Altwulfen and Barkenberg) (13,725)
In relation to the borders of the 19th century, this would result in:
- City of Dorsten within the boundaries from 1841 to 1929 (11,813)
- Districts left of the Lippe added in 1929 and 1975 (11,719)
- Former Glory Lembeck (52,538)
This means in particular that the inhabitants of the town, which was once located to the left of the Lippe, now live with a clear majority to the right of the Lippe; however, the majority of the population now lives around the town center of Dorsten - just on both sides of the Lippe and to a large extent in areas of the former Lembeck glory (Holsterhausen and Hervest):
- Extended core city = City of Dorsten within the limits of the years between 1943 and 1975 (46.031)
- More rural areas to the left of the Lippe (4.042)
- Wulfen (13,576)
- More rural areas to the right of the Lippe (12.421)
Reken ( Borken district ), Haltern am See and Marl (both Recklinghausen district ) and Gelsenkirchen ( independent city ), Gladbeck (Recklinghausen district), Bottrop (independent city), Schermbeck ( Wesel district ) and Raesfeld (Borken district).
Belonging to the city of Dorsten
The Dorsten region must have been inhabited very early, as evidenced by impressive archaeological sites throughout the city. Examples are the finds in the Dorsten district of Deuten-Sölten, where urns from the Neolithic and 124 urns from the Bronze Age were found on a burial field with an area of 4.2 km² .
The first people known by name to settle in the Dorsten region were the Sugambres , who lived in the 1st millennium BC. And left the first rural settlements in the entire city area with the center along the Lippe. This coexistence in the Sugambrer area was first discovered by the Roman campaigns of Marcus Lollius around 18 BC. The Romans suffered a heavy defeat that later became known as the Clades Lolliana . Only under Drusus from 12 BC The Romans were able to enforce their claim to order over the Sugambres, whereby Drusus after Cassius Dio (Cass. Dio. 54, 33) built the fort Aliso on his retreat from the Weser at the "union of Lippe and Elison " . Some researchers are of the opinion that the Aliso fort is the Roman camp Holsterhausen in Dorsten, because the Lippe has various tributaries here and the size of the complex is similar to that of the Oberaden Roman camp . Aliso's true identity has not yet been found. The Lippe was of great importance to the Romans because of the supplies for the Roman expeditions to the Weser and beyond.
After the death of Drusus in 9 BC His brother Tiberius received the command and began the subjugation of the Sugambres by deporting about 40,000 Sugambrers westward to the Lower Rhine . Due to this thinning of the Sugambrian people, the remaining Sugambrians could not withstand the pressure of the Brukterer from the area north of the Lippe, which had been lasting for a long time , and were drowned in the newly created Boroktragau . In the following period there were extensive expeditions and campaigns of L. Domitius Ahenobarbus , M. Vinicius and in the years after 4 AD again by Tiberius to put down revolts of the Teutons. Finally, Varus followed with a campaign that culminated in the Varus Battle in the autumn of 9 AD and with the result that the influence of the Romans in the Boroktragau, which stretched as far as Werl , was strongly curbed. In the period that followed, the natural boundary of the Chaisian Forest solidified into a national boundary , so that the Brukterer have been able to live almost undisturbed in the area near Dorsten since then.
In late antiquity up to the end of the 5th century, a drubbel with probably six courtyards, which was called "Durstina", was built north of today's Lippe on the Kleine Hohefeld . At the same time, the “Durstinon” farm estate is being built south of today's Lippe .
The slow invasion of the Saxons from the north began around 693 , which ultimately led to the more Roman-influenced Franks from the west now more actively supporting the Brukterer who belonged to the Franks . This happened on the one hand culturally through the Christian proselytizing now taking place under the direction of the Archdiocese of Cologne by Suitbert and other missionaries, and on the other hand through the military aid of the Franconian Empire that was now established . From that time on, the entire left-lip region (i.e. everything south of the Lippe) belonged to the Archdiocese of Cologne from a church perspective. Ever more frequent devastation by the Saxons in the region finally led to the later open Saxon Wars of Charlemagne from 714 onwards through military counter-operations by the Franks under Karl Martell , until the area finally became Franconian again.
Locally, through the appointment of a Franconian follower, a so-called noble free , in the 8th century the Bergkamp farm (today the hospital is located there) became the center of a manorial rule in the Dorsten and Gahlen region . In 911 AD one of the farms belonging to Bergkamp, the “Leemwysche” of the “Durstinon” settlement, was donated to Werden monastery . In the 11th century, the Oberhof Bergkamp, also known as the “ Grautenhof ” because of its moat , and all of its lower courtyards went to the St. Viktorstift in Xanten . For this reason, another person appeared for Dorsten: The Vogt of the St. Viktor Stift in Xanten, the Count of Kleve . In the future, the counts and future dukes could contractually agree concessions for themselves in the region around Dorsten from the Cologne elector and sovereign. The settlement "villa Durstine", raised from 1175 by the Cologne elector and sovereign in agreement with the Count of Kleve to freedom (there are different views), had the first named priest between 1176 and 1179, who was called Heinrich.
The still young settlement grew mainly due to the favorable location on the Lippe (Durstine had the only bridge between Wesel and Haltern for a long time ) and the important long-distance trade routes to Cologne via Bottrop , the route to Essen , to Münster and to Recklinghausen . 1251 gave Cologne Archbishop Konrad of Hochstaden again in agreement with the Klever Dorsten count the city law and thus created the backup his territory on the lip, which now as Vest Recklinghausen was known. In 1260, the fortification of around 3.5 hectares of urban area with moats and earthworks as well as a wooden palisade fence on the wall crown was completed. In 1275 a mint was set up in Dorsten, which minted “Dorstener Pfennigs” - silver coins weighing 1.35 g . The city grew due to the influx of surrounding residents from Kirchhellen, Erle , Hervest and Lippramsdorf , who sought the protection and privileges of the city. The first city wall was built around 1334 and enclosed around 11.8 hectares. After disputes about the right successor to the Archbishop of Cologne, the city of Dorsten finally swore an oath of allegiance to Friedrich von Saar Werden next to Recklinghausen on June 30, 1371. At the end of the Middle Ages in 1488, the Franciscans founded a monastery, which still exists today, making it the oldest continuously existing German Franciscan monastery. Due to its location on the Lippe, the city became a member of the Hanseatic League in the 14th century and was represented at the Hanseatic Days by the Free Imperial City of Dortmund . Dorsten achieved great wealth, especially through trade and shipbuilding, and thus became the richest town in Vestes Recklinghausen .
Early modern age
In 1567 the city scales were built on the market square, which later also served as the town hall. During the time of the witch persecution , several witch trials are documented for Dorsten from the years 1588–1589. The fate of Margareta Burich, Dorsten's mayor's wife, who died as a result of torture in September 1588, became particularly well known.
During the wars of religion at the end of the 16th century and especially during the Thirty Years' War , trade and traffic came to a standstill, and the Hanseatic League broke up. In 1641 Dorsten was besieged . In 1642 the Petrinum grammar school was built. In 1699 the Ursuline convent was founded with an attached boarding school for girls. Dorsten was repeatedly besieged by troops from various powers until the 18th century. When French troops crossed the Rhine at the end of 1794 in the course of the First Coalition War , the Archbishop of Cologne, Archbishop Maximilian Franz , fled to Dorsten.
According to the Reichsdeputationshauptschluss of February 25, 1803, Dorsten - like Vest Recklinghausen as a whole - fell to the Duchy of Arenberg-Meppen . In 1808, Duke Prosper Ludwig von Arenberg dissolved the Dorsten city council and instead appointed two mayors. The 1st mayor was responsible for all official business except for the supervision of the fire brigade and the urban "bushes" (= forest), which the 2nd mayor was entrusted with.
In 1816 Dorsten became Prussian and as mayor's office Dorsten part of the newly formed Recklinghausen district , which essentially corresponded to the area of Vest Recklinghausen and the glory of Lembeck .
Modern and industrialization
It wasn't until the industrial revolution in the middle of the 19th century that the city recovered from wars and sieges. Various branches of industry found their way into the city, including machine spinning , weaving and iron foundry . Coal mining began under Dorsten in 1912 : the Baldur I and II shafts in Holsterhausen produced hard coal. Due to the general inflation and sales difficulties, the Baldur mine was connected underground with the Fürst Leopold mine in Hervest in 1931 . The Wesel-Datteln Canal was opened in the same year .
National Socialism and World War II
Although the Catholic center in Dorsten was still the strongest political force in 1933 , the National Socialist German Workers' Party (NSDAP) had made enough gains to carry out the National Socialist “ seizure of power ” here too. The elected mayor Franz Lürken was forced out of office and replaced by Josef Gronover (NSDAP). On July 5, 1933, the local Center Party disbanded. Political life in Dorsten was thus largely aligned .
During the Second World War there was a Dorsten POW camp and a work camp of the SS at the company Krupp . In the city area, there were heavy large combat batteries of the Flak Regiment 46 of the 3rd Flak Division in Ulfkotte, Gleisdreieck and Wulfen with up to 18 guns 8.8 cm and 10.5 cm flak . They did not prevent the historic old town from being 80% destroyed at the end of the war. Just a few days before the end of the war, on March 22, 1945, a final air raid caused severe damage. Seven days later, US troops marched into Dorsten and took over administration of the city. A few weeks later, Dorsten came to the British Zone of Occupation .
The urban development project Neue Stadt Wulfen was developed and partially built in the 1960s.
In 1978 large parts of the old town were expanded into a pedestrian zone .
In 1997 the miners of the “Fürst Leopold” colliery demonstrated with week-long vigils for the preservation of the mine. Funding in Dorsten was finally stopped in 2001. Until the end of 2009, however, coal was mined in the area around Altendorf-Ulfkotte and brought to light by the Lippe mine at the “Westerholt” production site.
Structural change has shaped the city since the end of the 1990s . The city is trying to strengthen its tourist profile as a “small Hanseatic town on the Lippe” and “bridge between Münsterland and the Ruhr area”. The municipal business development company "Windor" bundles measures for economic development .
- August 1, 1929: Hardt district of the Gahlen community
- April 1, 1943: Hervest and Holsterhausen parishes
- January 1, 1975: Altendorf-Ulfkotte, Lembeck, Rhade, Wulfen communities; the western Hardt, the Emmelkamp peasantry and parts of the Ekel peasantry
In 1929 the offices of Lembeck (Lembeck, Hervest and Wulfen) and Altschermbeck (Holsterhausen, Hardt and Rhade) were combined to form the office of Hervest-Dorsten . The old town was incorporated into the office on April 1, 1937 while preserving its previous city rights. On January 1, 1975, the Hervest-Dorsten office was dissolved as part of the regional reform in North Rhine-Westphalia . His legal successor is the city of Dorsten.
In the Middle Ages and at the beginning of the modern era, Dorsten only had a few hundred inhabitants. The population fell again and again through the many wars, epidemics and famine. Dorsten lost numerous residents to the plague of 1350, 1459, 1587 and 1599. Also in the Thirty Years War (1618-1648) the place had to complain about population losses. It was only through industrialization and numerous incorporations in the 20th century that population growth accelerated.
After the incorporation of Hervest (8,454 inhabitants in 1939) and Holsterhausen (6,225 inhabitants in 1939) in 1943, the population of Dorsten rose from 10,000 in 1939 to 25,000 in 1945. The incorporation of numerous places on January 1, 1975 brought an increase in population of 25,000 people to 65,000 inhabitants. On June 30, 2005, the "official population" for Dorsten was 79,807 according to updates by the State Office for Data Processing and Statistics North Rhine-Westphalia (only main residences and after comparison with the other state offices).
The following overview shows the number of inhabitants according to the respective territorial status. Until 1818 it is mostly an estimate, then census results (¹) or official updates from the State Statistical Office. From 1871, the information relates to the “local population”, from 1925 to the resident population and since 1987 to the “population at the location of the main residence”. Before 1871, the number of inhabitants was determined according to inconsistent survey procedures.
¹ census result
The parties represented in the city council of Dorsten with the percentages won since the local elections of 1975 can be found in the diagram below. Only parties and voter communities that received at least 1.95 percent of the votes in the respective election are shown in the list.
1 Greens: 1984 and 1989: Greens, from 1994: B'90 / Greens
Since the local elections on May 25, 2014 there are 44 seats in the city council (previously 50). They are distributed as follows (number in brackets in the previous electoral term): CDU: 21 seats (22), SPD: 15 seats (15), Greens: 3 seats (4), FDP: 2 seats (4), Left: 2 Seats (3), Independent Citizens Party (UBP): 1 seat.
A full list of Dorstens mayors can be found here. The first mayors of the town of Dorsten known by name were Johannes Dunnepeper and Arnoldus v. Alder from 1297. The current full-time mayor is Tobias Stockhoff (CDU). On June 15, 2014, he won a runoff election with 61.6% of the votes against his competitor Michael Baune (SPD). In the 1st ballot on May 25, 2014 Stockhoff already received 49.3% of the votes and only narrowly failed due to an absolute majority. Tobias Stockhoff is the successor of Lambert Lütkenhorst (CDU), who was first elected in the 1999 local election in a runoff election with 61.3% of the vote and in his 2004 (64.3%) and 2009 (55%) local elections Office was confirmed.
The debts of the city of Dorsten as of December 31, 2012 were EUR 349,599,327. This corresponds to a per capita debt of 4,580 euros per inhabitant. The city of Dorsten was one of the first municipalities in Germany to voluntarily introduce a “sustainability statute” for the area of city finances, through which the city aims to refurbish the city's budget and limit the real tax rates.
coat of arms
Blazon: A continuous black high cross in silver, which is covered with an upright golden key with a beard turned to the left.
The black cross stands for the territorial affiliation to Kurköln in the network of Vest Recklinghausen. The golden key on the cross is an indication of the ecclesiastical affiliation to the Archdiocese of Cologne , because its patron was St. Peter at that time . With the reorganization of the borders of the dioceses as an aftermath of the Napoleonic era , Dorsten passed in 1821 through the circumscription bull from the Archdiocese of Cologne to the Diocese of Münster , which, however, is subordinate to the Archdiocese of Cologne as a suffragan diocese .
Dorsten has partnerships with eight cities. Many of these town twinnings emerged from long-term personal and church contacts between the twin towns. The partnership with the Polish Rybnik was established by the Silesian miners who came to Dorsten at the beginning of the 20th century to work in the mines. A fountain designed by the artist Hermann Kunkler with the coats of arms of the twin cities was built in 1992 in the Holsterhausen district.
The year in brackets indicates the beginning of the partnership
Culture and sights
In its permanent exhibition, the Jewish Museum Westphalia documents the history of the Westphalian Jews from the Middle Ages to the present day using exemplary lives. The museum (Julius-Ambrunn-Str. 1) was opened in 1992 and a modern extension was added in 2001. The Heimatmuseum des Heimatverein Lembeck is located in the attic of Lembeck Castle and shows archaeological finds as well as traces of working life in handicrafts, agriculture and shipbuilding.
The almost 400 year old Tüshaus mill in Dorsten-Deuten is a technical cultural monument and has a small museum. The only fully functional water mill in North Rhine-Westphalia was used as a fulling mill from 1615 and as an oil mill until the 20th century. The operation as a flour mill was not given up until 1970.
Up until the Second World War there was an outstanding Franciscan collection in Dorsten, the largest ethnological museum in Westphalia. Today the Forum der Völker collection is located in Werl and, as in Dorsten, is managed by the Franciscans.
Art in public space
Religious and cultural institutions
Outstanding for Dorsten are the orders of the Franciscans and the Ursulines , who have had monasteries in the old town since 1488 and 1699 respectively. Then there are the Discalced Carmelites , who have owned a monastery in Lembeck for several years. However, they will dissolve the monastery in the course of 2013 and move to Hanover. In the early 20th century there was a Philosophical-Theological College of the Franciscans in Dorsten, which was discontinued after the Second World War. It was the only university in the wider Rhine-Ruhr region. Until the Second World War, the Maria Lindenhof , a former supply institution of the Barmherzigen Brüder von Montabaur for disabled people, was located between the Lippe and the Canal . The T4 ended the existence of this facility after the care patients transported the same and have been killed. Today there is the new complex of the grammar school Petrinum and the VHS , the city archive and the city library. The library has about 90,000 books and media. There is also a nursing home for the elderly, the Atlantis adventure pool , the Olymp sports park , an ice rink and a small leisure park on the Maria Lindenhof site .
Buildings in the old town
The former half-timbered town of Dorsten suffered a lot from the bombing at the end of the Second World War (March 22, 1945), so that almost all of the outstanding buildings have disappeared. These include the former structures of the Franciscan monastery Dorsten (monastery church, university building, outbuildings etc.), the former structures of the Ursuline monastery built in 1699 with its baroque monastery church or the "Drubbel", a half-timbered row on Lippestrasse.
Only in the old town are parts of the city wall along the streets Westgraben, Südgraben and Ostgraben, the Stadtwaage (old town hall) on the market square, a few parts of the interior of the St. Agatha Church and a half-timbered house on the corner of Ostwall / Kappusstiege.
The original Ursuline monastery, founded in 1699, has largely been replaced by new buildings today. The Franciscan monastery of St. Anna with ancillary buildings was rebuilt after the war, the whole complex was completely demolished in 1976 for a department store and a little later rebuilt in the same place, much smaller.
The Johanneskirche, which was the first Protestant church of the once Catholic Dorsten, can be found in the east of the old town. Before the inauguration of the sacred building in 1890, the services of the evangelical congregation, founded in 1853, took place in a converted barn of an inn, which was located in today's Suitbertusstrasse.
In 1962 a fountain designed by the artist Tisa von der Schulenburg was set up on the east side of the market square on the site of a former horse trough . On about 30 stone reliefs you can learn the story of Dorsten in words and pictures. On the west side there has been a fountain created by the artist Bonifatius Stirnberg since 1998 , which tells four stages of the city's history with moving figures.
The moats of the moat and ramparts between Ostgraben and Südgraben were rebuilt in 2002 and 2005 respectively and enhance the cityscape around the place of German Unity at Recklinghäuser Tor. Two defensive towers that still exist are on the Westgraben and serve as a residential building or as a memorial for the soldiers who fell from the Thirty Years' War to the Second World War .
Buildings outside the old town
The Carmel Chapel of Schlaun and Lembeck Castle are located in the Lembeck district , the Haus Hagenbeck estate to the west of Holsterhausen and the Tüshaus-Mühle in Deuten . The St. Paulus Church is located in Hervest-Dorsten , and its origins go back to the first millennium. The Catholic Church of St. Nikolaus , which was built in 1964 in a modern style, is located in the Dorsten-Hardt district . In the Hervest district are the remains of the former Prince Leopold mine .
In 2011 the listed gas station building from the 1950s in the Feldmark district on Bochumer Straße was renovated. Since then there has been a fast food shop here.
A planet path extends 3.2 km along the Wesel-Datteln Canal . The starting point with the sun model is centrally located at the Hochstadenbrücke. The model of the solar system on a scale of 1: 1.4 billion is called the planetary shore .
The dance sports clubs "TSZ Royal Wulfen e. V. ", which has been successful in the Bundesliga, at German championships in jazz and modern dance and in standard and Latin American dances since the mid-1990s, as well as the TTH Dorsten , whose Latin formation has been in the 1st or 2nd without interruption for 20 years. Bundesliga dances and the 2008 German champions HGR II S-Latin.
The first men's team of the BSV Wulfen basketball club , after playing in the highest West German basketball league, the 1. Regionalliga West, from 1987 to 2010 with only a one-year break, made it to the 2. Bundesliga for the first time in 2010. Since the 2010/11 season, the BSV plays in the Northern season of the 2. Bundesliga Pro B . The BSV Wulfen plays its home games in the sports hall of the comprehensive school in Wulfen. Every second Saturday, an average of 500 spectators follow the games in the north of Dorsten.
The 1st men's team of BG Dorsten has played consistently for years in the highest West German division, the 1st regional league. In 2011 the team was promoted to the 2nd Bundesliga. In the season Pro B Nord she reached the 6th place and the 1st play-off round in the premiere season. BG Dorsten plays its home games in the Juliushalle in the Holsterhausen district.
The women's team of the basketball club BG Dorsten used to play in the women's basketball league (DBBL). She won the German Cup in 2004 and narrowly missed the Bundesliga championship in the same year . The BG Dorsten also played in the European Women's Cup. In the 2019/20 season, the women's team starts in the national league.
The rowers of the Dorstens rowing club won six world championship titles in Germany eighth from 1988 to 1996 and also achieved silver, bronze and 4th place at the Olympic Games. Wolfgang Klapheck, Dirk Balster and Thorsten Streppelhof also won 14 titles at German championships in racing groups.
In Dorsten-Hervest, between Lippe and Wesel-Datteln Canal, the Dorstener-Motor-Yacht-Club e. V. 1973, who, in addition to the two existing marinas, provided the only marina on the Wesel-Datteln Canal until 2003 and has already accompanied numerous events in the city of Dorsten with great commitment, such as boat parades, cutter trips, demonstrations, etc. From 2003 there will be a second sport boat harbor / yacht harbor in Dorsten, the Hanse Marina Dorsten. The proximity to the city, hospitality and the service such as washing machine, dryer, gas sales and boat outfitter with a workshop for pleasure boaters should be emphasized here. In addition, a free mooring station (72 h) for boaters at the mooring site Dorsten.
The Luftsportverein Dorsten e. V. based in Dorsten. A flying day takes place every two years at the Dorsten glider airfield on the Wesel-Datteln Canal in the immediate vicinity of the city center. The airfield is a popular destination for cyclists.
In 1975 the first Taekwondo club in North Rhine-Westphalia was founded here by Grand Master Yoon Sin-Kil . Yoon was honored with gold for his achievement in this sport in Dorsten and his Hwarang Taekwondo Association Dorsten in January 2011 at the sports ceremony of the city of Dorsten and the city sports association. The Tae Kwon Do Association Baek-Ho Wulfen e. V., known for its full-contact competitors, won titles at German championships as well as international tournaments and produced several national team athletes.
In table tennis, the TTV Hervest-Dorsten is a constant and also the flagship of the Lippe city. The national division has produced greats such as Bundesliga players Matthias Schemberg (Düsseldorf) and Christina Terwellen (Uerdingen). In 2009, the TTV Hervest-Dorsten celebrated its 60th anniversary.
The animal market in Lembeck , which takes place every year in May, is visited by around 100,000 people. On May 1st, the Association of Nature and Hiking Friends Dorsten invites you to the International People's Hiking Day . In June, the three-day old town festival focuses on a soap box race on the canal. In September, the Römerfest refers to the Roman past of the Holsterhausen district and the Bergfest to the mining history in the Hervest district. Shooting festivals also take place throughout the year in all parts of the city. Until 2005 the Katharinkirmes took place in the week before Nicholas and the Nikolauskirmes in the week of Nicholas from Thursday to Sunday in the Lippetal, since 2006 these events have not taken place due to a lack of visitor numbers. On the last weekend of the month, up to 3500 motorcyclists from all over North Rhine-Westphalia meet on Leopold , the site of the closed “Fürst Leopold” colliery. Since 1997 the Dreams on Ice has been held over four weeks during the Christmas season , during which a large part of the market square is converted into an ice surface.
Economy and Infrastructure
The city of Dorsten has one of the higher average primary incomes per inhabitant in the Recklinghausen district. In a national comparison, it was ranked 276 among the 396 municipalities in North Rhine-Westphalia in terms of average disposable income in 2016. Dorsten is one of the lower-income communities in the state.
In addition to classic industrial companies such as metalworks, machine builders and textile factories, service companies , the logistics industry and the tourism and leisure industry are developing in Dorsten . The hard coal mining, which particularly shaped the districts of Hervest, Holsterhausen and Wulfen in the 20th century, was stopped in 2001.
The station Dorsten is from regional express RE 14 of Borkener and the regional trains RB 43 Emschertal train , RB 44 of Dorsten and RB 45 of Coesfelder operated. Local rail passenger transport is carried out on line RB 43 by DB Regio , on the other lines by NordWestBahn . The transition from rail traffic to the bus lines of Vestische Straßenbahnen GmbH is ensured via the bus station east of the city .
Dorsten station is a stop on themed routes 7 and 15 of the Route of Industrial Culture . In addition, there are other rail stops at Rhade station and the Deuten , Hervest-Dorsten , Lembeck and Wulfen (Westf) stops .
In Dorsten, a daily newspaper appears under the title Dorstener Zeitung as a local edition of the Ruhr Nachrichten . The Westdeutsche Allgemeine Zeitung (WAZ) also had a local editorial office in Dorsten, but this local edition was discontinued in October 2013. Due to its proximity to the Lower Rhine , the Rheinische Post (RP) and the Neue Rhein Zeitung (NRZ) also have readers in Dorsten. The publication with the highest circulation is, however, the Stadtspiegel Dorsten , a free advertising newspaper with weekly distribution, followed by the monthly free city magazine Lokallust with a total circulation of around 34,000 copies.
- District court Dorsten
- Dorsten volunteer fire department
- Police Dorsten
- St. Elisabeth Hospital Dorsten
Special schools primary level and lower secondary level
Evening schools, further education and adult education centers
- 1846: Joseph Rive (1771–1863), President of the Trier Regional Court
- 1868: Joh. Henr. Franz Drecker (1792–1880), Privy Medical Council
- 1919: Ferdinand Jungeblodt (1839–1922), Councilor of Justice
- 1961: Wilhelm Norres (1881–1975), pyrotechnic engineer, manufacturer and local politician
- 1963: Paul Schürholz (1893–1972), businessman and former mayor
- 1972: Sr. Tisa von der Schulenburg OSU (1903–2001), artist and nun of the Ursulines as Sister Paula
- 1986: Hans Lampen (1923–2005), former mayor
- 2011: Sr. Johanna Eichmann OSU (1926–2019), co-founder of the Jewish Museum, long-time superior of the Ursuline convent and director of the St. Ursula grammar school in Dorsten
sons and daughters of the town
- Abbo, first traditional lord of the Dorsten court, d. 900/911
- Athalgard, Dorsten's first noblewoman to be handed down, donates a memorial for Abbo
- Imeza, last noblewoman of Dorsten, † before 1044 / or before 1075, donated the Dorsten farm with the attached manorial lordship to the Viktorstift zu Xanten.
- Gottfried de Hegghe , 1414 rector of the University of Cologne , participant in the Council of Constance and participation in the deposition of the antipope Benedict XIII.
- Johannes von Dorsten († 1481), cath. Theologian, Augustinian hermit , university professor at the University of Erfurt
- Hermann Serges († 1523), cath. Theologian, rector of the University of Erfurt in 1489
- Theodor Dorsten (1492–1552), doctor and botanist , university professor at the University of Marburg
- Margareta Burich († 1588), Dorsten's mayor's wife , died in a witch trial during torture, so legal proceedings before the Reich Chamber of Commerce
- Bernhard Bierbaum (1730–1798), Prince Abbot Bernhard II of the Imperial Abbey of Werden from 1780 to 1798
- Ferdinand von Ritgen (1787–1867), medical professor, gynecologist and founder of one of the first nine German obstetric schools
- Johann Friedrich Hermann Albers (1805–1867), physician and pathologist
- Maria Lenzen (1814–1882), writer
- Johann Anton Breil (1821–1892), organ builder
- Julius Evelt (1823–1879), German author and professor of church history and patrology
- August Evelt (1828–1904), President of the German Regional Court and politician
- Irenäus Bierbaum , origin. First name: Gustav (1843–1907), Father and Provincial of the Saxon Franciscan Province , planner of the Dorsten Order University (1903–1943 / 45)
- Adolf August Winkelmann (1848–1910), physicist
- Ferdinand von Raesfeld (1855–1929), author of hunting literature
- Fritz Witte (1876–1937), theologian, priest and art historian
- Wilhelm Happ (1886–1958), Association President of the Ruhr Coal District Settlement Association
- Ernst Lohmeyer (1890–1946), Protestant theologian, from 1935 to 1946 Professor of the New Testament at the Ernst Moritz Arndt University of Greifswald
- Heinrich Glasmeier (1892–1945), historian, director of the Reichssender Köln between 1933 and 1937, member of the SS
- Franz Bronstert (1895–1967), engineer and painter
- Robert Schormann (1906–1962), politician (NSDAP), member of the Reichstag
- Paul Seibert (1921–1997) forest scientist, vegetation expert and university professor
- Agnes Hürland-Büning (1926–2009), member of the Bundestag (CDU), parliamentary state secretary and industry lobbyist
- Werner Kirstein (1927-2005), member of the state parliament (CDU)
- Ernst Feil (1932–2013), Roman Catholic theologian
- Willi Grewer (1932–1957), German football champion in 1955 with Rot-Weiss Essen
- Heiner Legewie (* 1937), psychologist
- Günter Pröpper (* 1941), soccer player
- Heinz-Dieter Böttger (* 1945), local politician (SPD) in Minden
- Winfried Nachtwei (* 1946), politician (Bündnis 90 / Die Grünen) and member of the Bundestag 1994–2009
- Lambert Lütkenhorst (* 1948), Mayor of Dorsten
- Friedhelm Fragemann (* 1951), Mayor of Dorsten
- Julia Lohmann (* 1951), painter and sculptor
- Karlheinz Hahnchen (* 1952), soccer player
- Monika Littau (* 1955), writer
- Winfried Toll (* 1955), conductor, singer and composer of classical music
- Manfred Nielson (* 1955), Admiral
- Bernd Tönjes (* 1955), mining engineer, CEO of Deutsche Steinkohle AG
- Peter Schneider (* 1957), psychoanalyst and columnist
- Cornelia Funke (* 1958), children's and youth author
- Frank Engeland (* 1961), TV judge (RTL family court)
- Sabine Scholt (* 1962), journalist
- Wolfram Cremer (* 1963), lawyer and university professor
- Romy Camerun (* 1964), jazz singer and pianist
- Ralf Scholt (* 1964), sports reporter
- Dirk Balster (* 1966), rowing world champion in Germany eighth from 1989–1991
- Frank Rosin (* 1966), star chef and TV personality
- Hans-Jörg Götzl (* 1967), motor journalist and editor-in-chief of Motor Klassik
- Thorsten Streppelhoff (* 1969), world rowing champion 1991 and 1993
- Mark 'Oh (* 1970), techno musician
- Björn Freitag (* 1973), star chef in Dorsten
- Kevin Vennemann (* 1977), writer
- Tobias Stockhoff (* 1981), Mayor of Dorsten
- Matthias Rauch (* 1982), magician
- Christian Erwig (* 1983), soccer player and coach.
- Kati Droste (* 1984), racing driver
- Hubertus Koch (* 1989), journalist and filmmaker
- Jonas Erwig-Drüppel (* 1991), soccer player
- Tobias Voss (* 1992), professional boxer and Thai boxer
- Jason Osborne (born 1994), rower
- Nele Hatschek (* 1996), squash player
- Joshua Bitter (* 1997) football player
- Michael Olczyk (* 1997), Polish-German soccer player
Other personalities who have worked in Dorsten
- Publius Quinctilius Varus (* 47/46 BC, † 9 AD), last Roman general in the Dorsten Roman camp in Holsterhausen
- Konrad von Hochstaden (* around 1205, † 1261), Archbishop of Cologne, conferred city rights on June 1, 1251
- Dietrich IV. Von Kleve (1185–1260), Count of Kleve, conferred city rights on June 1, 1251
- Melchior Graf von Hatzfeldt (1593–1658), Imperial Field Marshal, liberator Dorsten from the Hessians through the siege of Dorsten
- Alexander II of Velen (1599–1675), imperial field marshal, liberator Dorsten from the Hesse through the siege of Dorsten
- Emmanuel Kotz (1604–1665), city commander during the Hesse-Kassel occupation
- Franz von Nesselrode-Reichenstein (1635–1707), imperial count, imperial chamberlain and electoral Cologne privy councilor, together with his wife Anna Maria he was the founder of the Ursuline monastery in Dorsten
- Antonius Schirley (1647–1694), father in the Dorsten Franciscan monastery, had three apparitions of Mary in the Dorsten Franciscan monastery in 1680 , which subsequently led to the establishment of the pilgrimage site Neviges and the establishment of the Franciscan monastery there.
- Maria Luzia von Nesselrode-Reichenstein (* 1664), daughter of Franz von Nesselrode-Reichenstein, Ursuline in the Cologne Ursuline Monastery since 1682 and founder of the Dorsten Ursuline Monastery in 1699
- Maria Victoria von Nesselrode-Reichenstein (1666–1756), daughter of Franz von Nesselrode-Reichenstein, founder and first superior of the Dorsten Ursuline monastery founded in 1699
- Julius Ambrunn (1872–1942), head of the Jewish community
- Maria Ansorge (1880–1955), member of the Reich and Bundestag
- Philotheus Böhner ( OFM ) (1901–1955), father and professor at the Franciscan College in Dorsten and the University of St. Bonaventure in Olean (New York), important researcher of William Ockhams , also a botanist
- Johanna Eichmann (OSU, * 1926 as Ruth Eichmann; † 2019), religious
- Georg Wittwer (1932–2013), architect, politician (CDU) and senator in Berlin (1981–1989), was the head of the Wulfen development company
- Werner Thissen (* 1938), Archbishop of Hamburg, was chaplain in St. Josef from 1966 to 1969
- Ulrich Steger (* 1943), Member of the Bundestag Recklinghausen-Land 1976–1983, Minister of Economics in Hesse 1983–1987, today Professor at the International Institute for Management Development ( IMD ) in Lausanne, lived in the district of Wulfen-Barkenberg
- Heinz-Dieter Klink (* 1944), Chairman of the Ruhr Regional Association, from 1986 to 2005 treasurer and alderman of the city of Dorsten
- Wolf Stegemann (* 1944), journalist, book author and poet
- Mike Litt (* 1967), radio presenter, grew up in Dorsten
- Dörthe Huth (* 1968), author, psychologist and coach
- Max Jansen (* 1993), soccer player, grew up in Rhade
- Home calendar of the glory Lembeck and the city of Dorsten
- Vestische Zeitschrift , scientific journal, patron is the district administrator of the Recklinghausen district (published since 1891)
- Vestic calendar
- Edelgard Moers (ed.): Dorsten stories . ISBN 3-932801-28-8 .
- Ewald Setzer: Dorsten . ISBN 3-86134-456-4 .
- Julius Evelt : History of the city of Dorsten , third section, pp. 63–176, there p. 97 in Westfälische Zeitschrift Volume 26 (1866).
- Franz Schuknecht: The strategic use of the Roman camp in Dorsten-Holsterhausen. Vestische Zeitschrift, Vol. 103, 2010/11, pp. 5–23.
- Wolf Stegemann, Johanna Eichmann (ed.): Jews in Dorsten and in the glory Lembeck. 1989.
- Wolf Stegemann, Maria Frenzel: Life pictures from six centuries of Dorsten city history - 110 portraits. 1997 (152 pages).
- Wolf Stegemann u. a. (Ed.): Dorsten under the swastika (5 volumes). Dorsten 1983-1986.
- Franz Schuknecht: Dorsten and the glory Lembeck, 2000 years of history on the Lippe. Ed. Association f. Orts- und Heimatkde Dorsten eV, studies z. Regional history, Vol. 24. Verlag f. Regional history, Bielefeld 2011.
- Ludger Tewes , youth at war. By Luftwaffe helpers and soldiers 1939–1945, Reimar Hobbing Verlag, Essen 1989. ISBN 3-920460-49-9 .
- Ludger Tewes, Of everyday dangers and annoyances. The medieval town community in the "Liber Statutorum Opidi Dursten" , in: Vestische Zeitschrift, Recklinghausen, 84/85, 1985/1986, pp. 453–459. ISSN | 0344-1482.
- Ludger Tewes, The city of Dorsten in the late Middle Ages. Represented on the basis of its statutes , in: Vestischer Kalender 57/1986, pp. 102–106.
Further content in the
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- Website of the city of Dorsten
- Documents from the Dorsten City Archives / Digital Westphalian Document Database (DWUD)
- Dorsten under the swastika The 5 volumes have been available online since April 2012
- Dorsten in the Westphalia Culture Atlas
- Population of the municipalities of North Rhine-Westphalia on December 31, 2019 - update of the population based on the census of May 9, 2011. State Office for Information and Technology North Rhine-Westphalia (IT.NRW), accessed on June 17, 2020 . ( Help on this )
- Population Dorsten December 2018. (PDF) Retrieved on May 9, 2019 .
- H. Lamps: Insula Durstinon? The course of the lip near Dorsten . 1996
- Merian map of Dorsten from 1641 at the time of the siege by the Liga troops. At that time the town had been taken by the Protestant Landgrave of Hesse. Dorsten belonged to Kurköln since the 12th century .
- With the construction of the fortification of the city of Dorsten by the Hessians during the Thirty Years War , a moat was created directly in front of the fortifications, which was fed by the Lippe. Due to the later drainage of the old Schölsbach estuary into the Lippe about 2.1 km west of Dorsten, the bed of the Schölsbach in the southeast of the city of Dorsten was later changed so that it flowed into the artificial fortress river directly in front of the city. Then this new river was called Schölsbach .
- E. Speetzen: The development of the river systems in the West Bay during the Cenozoic . In: Geology and Paläontologie in Westfalen 16, 1990, p. 7ff.
- Lecture on the excavations at the former Roman camp Holsterhausen in the old town hall Dorsten (2006)
- Most researchers, however, regard the Roman camp Oberaden as Aliso. (see E. Bremer: Never use the waterway ...)
- E. Bremer: The use of the waterway to supply the Roman military camps on the Lippe . 2001, p. 4, 10.
- E. Bremer: The use of the waterway to supply the Roman military camps on the Lippe . 2001, p. 4.
- Schäfer: The history of the Vestes Recklinghausen at a glance . Vestische Zeitschrift 21, pp. 1-20.
- Dr. Dickmann: Early history of Bottrop and the neighborhood . In: Vestisches Jahrbuch 53, pp. 41–128, here p. 53.
- Dr. Dickmann: Early history of Bottrop and the neighborhood . In: Vestisches Jahrbuch 53, pp. 41–128.
- Dr. Koppe: Dorsten - Small Hanseatic town on the Lippe . 1991
- Schuknecht: New contributions to the early history of the city Dorsten. Vestische Zeitschrift 97/98, 1999, pp. 131–158.
- Ludger Tewes: The oath of loyalty of the Cologne cities of Recklinghausen and Dorsten (1371) to Archbishop Friedrich von Saar Werden , in: Vestischer Calendar 55th year 1984, pp. 46–50.
- Dorsten. Franciscan monastery. German Franciscan Province , accessed on March 12, 2017 .
- Names of the victims of the witch trials / witch persecution in Dorsten (PDF; 81 KB), accessed on June 17, 2016.
- Ralf-Peter Fuchs: Appeal from the relatives of Dorsten's mayor's wife Margareta Burich, who died in 1588, addressed to the Imperial Court of Justice (1594)
- Wolf Stegemann: Burich, Margareta. Mayor's widow tortured to death as a witch - a violation of the law at the time.
- Johann Josef Scotti: Provincial Laws. Third collection: Collection of the laws and ordinances that were passed in the former Electorate of Cologne (in the Rhenish Archstones of Cöln, in the Duchy of Westphalia and in the Veste Recklinghausen) on matters of state sovereignty, constitution, administration and the administration of justice, from 1463 until the royal Prussian governments in 1816 . Department 3: Contains the ducal Arenberg legislation for Vest Recklinghausen from November 26, 1802 to October 17, 1810, and the imperial French decree of January 22, 1811 that caused the grand ducal Bergische land to be taken over . Joseph Wolf, Düsseldorf 1831, Order No. 24 of January 9, 1808, pp. 49–57, here pp. 49–50.
- Wolf Stegemann : Dorsten under the swastika
- Ludger Tewes, Youth in War. From Luftwaffe helpers and soldiers, Reimar Hobbing Verlag, Essen 1989, p. 167, p. 247-272. ISBN 3-920460-49-9 .
- Stephanie Reekers: The regional development of the districts and communities of Westphalia 1817-1967 . Aschendorff, Münster Westfalen 1977, ISBN 3-402-05875-8 , p. 227 .
- Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 316 .
- The parts of the peasantry Ekel come from the dissolved municipality of Kirchhellen . With the judgment of the Constitutional Court for the State of North Rhine-Westphalia of December 6, 1975, Az. 13/74 (OVGE MüLü S. 284–290, FHOeffR 30 No. 4835) the amalgamation of the cities of Bottrop and Gladbeck, which was ordered by the Ruhr Area Law, became and the municipality of Kirchhellen declared null and void. On the same day, Kirchhellen became independent again, and Dorsten had to cede the incorporated parts of the peasantry to Ekel. On July 1, 1976, she gained it again when the Kirchhellen community was dissolved again. About 450 people lived in this area at that time. (Martin Bünermann, Heinz Köstering: The municipalities and districts after the municipal regional reform in North Rhine-Westphalia. Deutscher Gemeindeverlag, Cologne 1975, ISBN 3-555-30092-X , p. 88f.)
- Directories of the the local elections for the State of North Rhine-Westphalia (LDS NRW) from 1975 to 2009
- Elective profile of the State Office for Data Processing and Statistics NW ( Memento of the original from June 6, 2017 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was automatically inserted and not yet checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Election results 1999 ( page no longer available , search in web archives ) Info: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. (PDF; 5.9 MB)
- 2004 election results ( page no longer available , search in web archives ) Info: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. (PDF; 7.0 MB)
- Election results 2009 ( page no longer available , search in web archives ) Info: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. (PDF; 3.5 MB)
- Federal and Statistical Offices: Integrated Debt of Municipalities and Municipal Associations - Proportional model calculation for inter-municipal comparison - as of December 31, 2012 - joint publication
- https://eservice2.gkd-re.de/bsointer120/DokumentServlet?dokumentenname=120l5358.pdf , accessed on August 30, 2014
- Archive link ( Memento of the original from March 3, 2016 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. (offline)
- Drive-in curry shop opens in a listed gas station , WAZ from October 10, 2011, accessed on January 27, 2012
- Maren Sender is Dorsten's "Sportswoman of the Year 2010" , RuhrNachrichten from January 15, 2011, accessed on February 1, 2012
- TTV Hervest-Dorsten
- Mining History
- Primary income in NRW per inhabitant in 2016 by municipalities
- 2015 timetable change: NordWestBahn hands over RB 43 “Emschertal-Bahn” to DB Regio NRW. NordWestBahn, December 8, 2015, accessed on May 6, 2016 (press release).
- The WAZ in Dorsten ceases its publication on October 31 - WAZ from October 16, 2013
- Data for the Dorsten der Lokallust edition - PDF, 88 kB; accessed on April 15, 2016.
- Urbar A of the Abbey Werden
- Urbar A of the Abbey Werden
- P. Heribert Griesenbrock: 500 years Franziskaner in Dorsten 1488–1988, pp. 118–119.