|coat of arms||Germany map|
|State :||North Rhine-Westphalia|
|Administrative region :||Muenster|
|Height :||72 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||38.66 km 2|
|Residents:||31,421 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||813 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postal code :||45739|
|Area code :||02368|
|License plate :||RE, CAS, GLA|
|Community key :||05 5 62 028|
|LOCODE :||DE OER|
City administration address :
|Mayor :||Carsten Wewers ( CDU )|
|Location of the city of Oer-Erkenschwick in the Recklinghausen district|
The Westphalian city Oer-Erkenschwick [ oːɐ̯- ] is on the northern edge of the Ruhr region in the northwest of the state of North Rhine-Westphalia and is a middle district town of the district of Recklinghausen in the administrative district of Münster .
The "e" in Oer is a Low German stretch-e , so Oer is pronounced like "Ohr", not like "Ör".
Oer-Erkenschwick is the only municipality in the Recklinghausen district to have no share in the district boundary.
The city is divided into the districts of Honermann-Siedlung in the far west, Oer in the west, Klein-Erkenschwick in the north of the center, Groß-Erkenschwick in the south of the center, Rapen in the east and the large, but hardly populated district of Haard in the north-northwest, the is in the forest hill country of the Haard . The two parts of Erkenschwick together take up less space than the two immediately adjacent outer districts of Oer and Rapen, but individually have more inhabitants than Oer and Rapen. The Honermann-Siedlung district, apart from the eponymous settlement, is mainly used for agriculture, which also applies to the west and south of Oers.
In the Middle Ages, Oer was the seat of a knight family, the Lords of Oer . A moth was unearthed there . The Oberhof Oer with numerous lower courtyards came into the possession of the Archdiocese of Cologne . Since the 12th century Oer was a manorial rule of the cathedral chapter.
In addition to the village of Oer, the parish Oer consisted of the farmers' communities Alt-Oer , Siepen , Sinsen (today mostly part of Marl ) and Erkenschwick (probably only temporarily). At times even in the north, on the Lippe , Hüppelswick ( Sickingmühle ), Herne , Hamm, Bossendorf , Flaesheim and Leven were also included. The populated western part of Sinsen was spun off on April 1, 1926 to the then rapidly growing city of Marl .
While Alt-Oer is just outside the main settlement area of the city, the village of Oer flows eastwards into Klein-Erkenschwick, the border is the Buschstrasse. Further south, the border with Groß-Erkenschwick runs immediately west of the fire station and then along the settlement boundary , then gradually hike to Esseler Straße, which is the eastern border until shortly before the Schultenkrug intersection with Dortmunder Straße (Recklinghausen) or Horneburger Straße .
Honermann settlement (Siepen)
In the far west of the urban area, 2 km west of Oer, the Honermann settlement is located in the area of the former Siepen farmers on the Silvertbach coming from Alt-Oer . It was named after Hermann Honermann, the landlord of the “Zum Eichenhof” inn, after which it is sometimes called the Eichenhof settlement. From 1964 to 1969, shaft 8 of the former General Blumenthal colliery was sunk immediately to the east of the Honermann settlement . The Honermann settlement borders on the Speckhorn district of the city of Recklinghausen in the south and on the Sinsen district of the city of Marl in the northwest.
Klein- and Groß-Erkenschwick
The southern border between Klein-Erkenschwick and Groß-Erkenschwick runs immediately south of the Stimberg Stadium and continues east of Ewaldstrasse to the south of the Ewald dump . the eastern part of the Ewald colliery, continuation, is already in the Rapen area, to the north of it the settlement areas of Klein-Erkenschwick and Rapens are separated by a strip of forest, the border there is the Steinrapener Bach .
Groß-Erkenschwick flows eastward into what is now the main settlement area of Rapens, the border is the street An der Aue ; south of Horneburger Strasse the border moves a little to the east and includes the Westfalenring.
In Klein-Erkenschwick, next to the Stimberg Stadium in the south-west and the Halde in the south-east, there is the Stimbergpark with an outdoor pool at the foot of the Stimberg in the north. The town hall is right on the border, but already in Groß-Erkenschwick, where the grammar school and, on the eastern edge, the city park are also located.
Rapen, with the main town of Steinrapen to the east of Klein-Erkenschwick, used to belong to the office and parish of Datteln . With the industrialization, however, the south of the district with the sausage factory Barfuss GmbH , today part of Westfleisch , gradually merged with Groß-Erkenschwick. The Westerbach , later called Dattelner Mühlenbach , has its source in Rapen, not far to the east of the city park . The Steinrapener Bach also flows into it, immediately east of the city limits.
After the province of Westphalia was created in 1815 and the Prussian rural community order for the province of Westphalia from 1841 had been established as an administrative level, the municipality of Oer belonged to the Recklinghausen district from 1844 to 1926; Erkenschwick as a peasantry to the rural community of Recklinghausen. On April 1, 1926, the community Oer-Erkenschwick was formed from parts of the communities Datteln, Oer and Recklinghausen-Land. On March 2, 1953, it received city rights . This makes it one of the youngest cities in the Ruhr area.
The district of Rapen was first mentioned in writing around 1140 in a Werden land register . Oer, which was by far the largest district and the only parish until the beginning of coal mining, is attested in a document from 1144.
The large population growth at the beginning of the 20th century resulted from massive immigration through coal mining. After the local Ewald colliery was closed in 1997, the city's economic focus in 2005 was meat processing. The city became known across the region for the Stimbergpark leisure and adventure pool , for which a new, privatized sports and fun pool called Maritimo was opened in 2004.
The local election campaign in Oer-Erkenschwick attracted attention in 1999 when it became known that the mayoral candidate and top candidate of the FDP for the city council, Dirk Chittka, had also belonged to the NPD before his membership in the CDU and CSU . The FDP then advised against voting for the FDP in local elections. So he was denied entry into the city council.
There was also a special political event in 2004: Karl-Heinz Rusche, then SPD member of the state parliament, ran for mayoral election against the candidate nominated by the SPD because he had been expelled from the council due to an internal dispute. In the runoff election, the former CDU member of the state parliament Hans-Joachim Quantity (politician) prevailed against Alfred Schlechter (SPD) and was elected mayor of the city of Oer-Erkenschwick. He was the first mayor in Oer-Erkenschwick who is not a member of the SPD.
Oer-Erkenschwick is one of the municipalities that had taken out cash loans in Swiss francs . The city lost a lot of money in the unsuccessful speculation on the development of the Swiss franc exchange rate and the development of the interest rate level in Switzerland. It had to create the “provision for potential losses” of € 34,753,031 as “risk provision for derivative transactions”. In the end, it was even a bit more expensive: the city concluded a settlement for 35.2 million euros with the first resolution agency (EAA) as the legal successor to WestLB . While other municipalities held back with information on their derivatives transactions , the city of Oer-Erkenschwick relied on transparency and published the figures on the amount of foreign currency loans and provisions .
The city council has 36 members. After the 2014 local elections, seven parliamentary groups were initially represented, namely the SPD with 15 seats, CDU with 9, Bündnis 90 / Die Grünen with 3, DIE LINKE, Bürgerervereinigung Oer-Erkenschwick (BOE), Independent Voters' Association (UWG) and Independent Citizens Party (UBP) with 2 seats each and the FDP, which has joined the CDU parliamentary group, with 1 seat. In August 2016, three members left the SPD parliamentary group and founded a new parliamentary group called "OE 2020", so that the city council since then there have been eight parliamentary groups and the SPD only has 12 seats.
Results of the local elections from 1975
The list only includes parties and voter communities that have received at least 1.95% of the votes in a local election.
1 Greens: 1984 to 2004: GL; from 2009: Bündnis 90 / Die Grünen
2 1979: additionally: UWU: 2.7%
In the 2014 local elections, the turnout in Oer-Erkenschwick was 42.8%, the lowest in the Recklinghausen district. (For comparison: the voter turnout nationwide was 50.0%.)
- 1946–1963: Wilhelm Winter, SPD
- 1963–1987: Heinz Netta , SPD
- 1987-2004: Clemens Peick, SPD
- 2004–2015: Hans-Joachim Menge , CDU
- 2015 to date: Carsten Wewers, CDU
Oer-Erkenschwick maintains city partnerships with the following cities :
- North Tyneside (United Kingdom)
- Halluin (France)
- Kočevje (Slovenia)
- Lübbenau (Brandenburg)
- Oba (Turkey)
- Pniewy (Poland)
Economy and Infrastructure
Even years after the decline of the coal and steel industry, which determined the economic development of the city, the city still suffers from high unemployment as a result of this relationship of dependency. In addition to the high-turnover meat and sausage factory Gustoland (formerly Barfuss, today a subsidiary of Westfleisch ), the trade is predominant today. Industry is no longer the defining factor. Rather, the majority of the citizens of Oer-Erkenschwick work outside the city. Oer-Erkenschwick can therefore rightly call itself a residential and leisure city.
There is no railway connection. Until 1957 the Vestische tram connected Oer-Erkenschwick with Datteln, until 1960 with Recklinghausen.
Oer-Erkenschwick does not have its own hospital. The closest hospitals are in Recklinghausen and Datteln.
In addition to four primary schools, the city houses a secondary school (Paul-Gerhardt-Schule), a secondary school (Christoph-Stöver-Realschule), the Willy-Brandt-Gymnasium and a special needs school (formerly Friedrich-Fröbel-Schule, since 2018 part of the Martin- Luther King School in Castrop-Rauxel ). There is a community college for adult education.
The SJD - Die Falken , the Salvador Allende House - is located in the Oer district . The archive of the workers 'youth movement with the library on the history of the workers' youth movement is located in the Salvador-Allende-Haus .
The football club SpVgg Erkenschwick belonged to the top division for almost a decade after the Second World War. Its venue is the Stimberg Stadium . Since the 2017/18 season, SpVgg Erkenschwick has been playing in the Westfalenliga 2 .
Other football clubs in the city are DJK Grün-Weiß Erkenschwick, FC 26 Erkenschwick, SV Titania Erkenschwick and Rot Weiß Erkenschwick 70, all of which play under-class.
sons and daughters of the town
by year of birth
- Julius "Jule" Ludorf (1919–2015), football player
- Olga Eckstein (1920–2000), high diver, six-time German champion
- Werner Ehrlicher (1927–2016), actor
- Heinz Netta (1928–2002), mayor, member of the state parliament
- Horst Szymaniak (1934–2009), 43-time national soccer player, World Cup participant in 1958 and 1962
- Hans Dieter Baroth (1937–2008), journalist and writer
- Klaus Wennemann (1940–2000), actor
- Ninon Colneric (* 1948), legal scholar and former judge at the European Court of Justice
- Peter Anders (* 1949), soccer player and coach
- Heinz Schäfer (1950–1983), wrestler, Olympic participant, German champion
- Matthias Schnettger (* 1965), historian, professor of modern history at Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz
- Birgit Broda (* 1965), track and field athlete, senior world and European champion
- Christian Jendreiko (* 1969), artist and art teacher
Personalities associated with the city
in alphabetical order
- Frank Busemann , German athlete, decathlon Olympic silver in 1996 in Atlanta; attended the Willy-Brandt-Gymnasium in Oer-Erkenschwick
- Klaus Cichutek , German biochemist, President of the Paul Ehrlich Institute, grew up in Oer-Erkenschwick
- Leonardo DiCaprio , actor; in his youth lived temporarily with his grandparents in Oer-Erkenschwick
- Dunja Hayali , German journalist and television presenter; attended the Willy-Brandt-Gymnasium in Oer-Erkenschwick
- Ralf Möller , German bodybuilder and actor; trained in a fitness studio in Erkenschwick in the 1980s / 1990s
- Moondog , composer; lived in Oer-Erkenschwick from 1977 until his death in 1999
- Sönke Wortmann , German actor, director, producer and former soccer player; played soccer at SpVgg Erkenschwick
- Trailerpark , in 2012 the German rap group Trailerpark released the album Crackstreet Boys 2 with a title named after the city
- Peter Eisele, Halina Nitropisch (ed.); City of Oer-Erkenschwick (ed.): "A strong piece in North Rhine-Westphalia". Chronicle of the city of Oer-Erkenschwick . Oer-Erkenschwick 1989.
- Gerhard Verk, Bettina Lehnert: Above - Underground. Mining in Oer-Erkenschwick . Sutton Verlag, Erfurt 2003. ISBN 978-3-89702-523-3 .
- Hans Dieter Baroth: Erkenschwick, Erkenschwick . Radio play (WDR 1989).
- Population of the municipalities of North Rhine-Westphalia on December 31, 2019 - update of the population based on the census of May 9, 2011. State Office for Information and Technology North Rhine-Westphalia (IT.NRW), accessed on June 17, 2020 . ( Help on this )
- Overview of the city structure (without Honermann-Siedlung and Haard) on o-sp.de
- Map of the population development in the districts of the Recklinghausen district 1998–2004 ; Map (PDF; 840 kB)
- Rudolfine von Oer: Art. Oer, von . In: New German Biography , Vol. 19: Nauwach - Pagel . Duncker & Humblot, Berlin 1999, ISBN 3-428-00200-8 , pp. 446-447, here p. 446.
- Adelheid Kollmann: On the history of the Lords of Oer . In: Verein für Orts- und Heimatkunde Oer-Erkenschwick (ed.): Chronicle of Oer . Recklinghausen 1889, p. 31.
- Erkenschwick was in most sources as part of Recklinghausen country out
- Association for local and local history Oer-Erkenschwick (Hrsg.): 850 years Oer . Oer-Erkenschwick 1994, p. 24 and p. 43.
- Stephanie Reekers: The regional development of the districts and communities of Westphalia 1817-1967 . Aschendorff, Münster Westfalen 1977, ISBN 3-402-05875-8 , p. 270 .
- Association for local and local history Oer-Erkenschwick (ed.): Chronicle of Oer . Oer-Erkenschwick 1989, p. 27.
- Anton Stark: How Oer came to Erkenschwick. On the history of Erkenschwick in the rural community of Recklinghausen from 1837 to 1926 . In: Vestischer Kalender , vol. 82 (2011), pp. 72–86, here p. 78.
- Rudolf Kötzschke (Ed.): The land register of the Abbey in the Ruhr. A: The land register from 9th to 13th Century (= publications of the Society for Rhenish History , Vol. 20). Droste, Düsseldorf 1978 (reprint of the first edition Bonn 1906).
- Association for local and local history Oer-Erkenschwick (Hrsg.): 850 years Oer. 1144-1994 . Oer-Erkenschwick 1994, p. 11.
- Maritimo - from “dream sauna” to “adventure sauna” ( memento of the original from April 8, 2008 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Answer of the state government of March 2, 2015 to Minor Question 3078 of January 28, 2015 by Member of Parliament André Kuper (CDU): Current amount of foreign currency loans of North Rhine-Westphalian municipalities , State Parliament of North Rhine-Westphalia, printed matter 16/8025.
- Lüke, Robbers (WRG Audit GmbH Wirtschaftsprüfungsgesellschaft): Review of the overall financial statements as of December 31, 2012 and the management report for the 2012 financial year of the city of Oer-Erkenschwick. February 11, 2016, 44187-GA / 26 , Annex 1c, p. 17 and Annex 2, p. 21: Cash loans of CHF 22.5 million as of December 31, 2011.
- Lüke, Robbers (WRG Audit GmbH Wirtschaftsprüfungsgesellschaft): Review of the overall financial statements as of December 31, 2012 and the management report for the 2012 financial year of the city of Oer-Erkenschwick. February 11, 2016, 44187-GA / 26 , Annex 2, p. 20.
- Michael Wallkötter: The bets don't work. Oer-Erkenschwick gambled away badly in his derivative transactions. In: Recklinghäuser Zeitung, January 24, 2018, p. 12.
- Website of the Oer-Erkenschwick City Archives , accessed on September 20, 2017, no longer available on April 14, 2020.
- Jochen Börger: Another SPD offshoot . In: Stimberg Zeitung, August 27, 2016, p. 4.
- Directories of the the local elections for the State of North Rhine-Westphalia (LDS NRW) from 1975 to 2009
- Elective profile of the State Office for Data Processing and Statistics NW ( Memento of the original from June 6, 2017 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was automatically inserted and not yet checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- 1999 election results (PDF file; 5.9 MB) ( Page no longer available , search in web archives ) Info: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- 2004 election results (PDF file; 7.0 MB) ( page no longer available , search in web archives ) Info: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Election results 2009 ( page no longer available , search in web archives ) Info: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. (PDF; 3.5 MB)
- Stimberg Zeitung, May 27, 2014, p. 3.
- Decommissioning dates of the Vestische Tram. Tram and U-Bahn friends Cologne, February 16, 2008, accessed on November 10, 2012 .
- Urban development concept Oer-Erkenschwick ( Memento of the original from April 23, 2006 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link has been inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. (PDF; 4.9 MB)
- Salvador-Allende-Haus , accessed November 30, 2018.
- Archives of the Workers' Youth Movement , accessed on January 4, 2018.