|coat of arms||Germany map|
|County :||Central Saxony|
|Height :||304 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||51.74 km 2|
|Residents:||8558 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||165 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postal code :||09661|
|Area code :||037207|
|License plate :||FG, BED, DL, FLÖ, HC, MW, RL|
|Community key :||14 5 22 230|
|City structure:||9 districts|
City administration address :
|Mayor :||Dieter Greysinger ( SPD )|
|Location of the city of Hainichen in the district of central Saxony|
Hainichen is a small Saxon town with almost 9,000 inhabitants in the center of the Central Saxony district . It is located 26 kilometers northeast of Chemnitz , 66 kilometers southeast of Leipzig , 44 kilometers west of Dresden , 17 kilometers northwest of Freiberg an der Kleine Striegis .
Mentioned for the first time in 1276, the city gained national importance through the manufacture of cloths . The automotive industry ( Framo , Barkas ) played an important role from 1933 to 1990, and an automotive supplier has dominated since 1990.
Hainichen is the birthplace of the university professor and fabulous poet Christian Fürchtegott Gellert , the mineralogist Christlieb Ehregott Gellert and the inventor of wood grinding , Friedrich Gottlob Keller . The city is therefore also called Gellertstadt .
|Rossau (Saxony)||Rossau (Saxony)||Striegistal|
|Frankenberg / Sa.||Striegistal|
|Frankenberg / Sa.||Oederan||Oberschöna|
All neighboring communities are in the district of central Saxony
The districts belong to Hainichen:
Hainichen is on the Kleine Striegis .
Hainichen is located in the northeast of the Vorerzgebirge depression , which contains coal seams as well as sand and clay deposits. It is an intramontane sedimentary basin that was formed in the Lower Carboniferous .
From the foundation to 1800
Hainichen was founded in the second half of the 12th century by Franconian settlers as a Waldhufendorf and was first mentioned in 1276 as a market town villa forensis Heynichen . In a document from 1282 one reads “… Frankenberg et Haynnechyn opida nostra…” here Hainichen, together with the neighboring town of Frankenberg, is referred to as a city.
The von Honsberg family ( Arnsdorf ) was first mentioned as the owner of Hainichen in 1283 . There is evidence that this family owned the town until 1435. Shortly afterwards, the property passed to the von Maltitz family , but Hainichen sold them to the von Schönberg family in 1446 .
The basic rule , including the patrimonial jurisdiction was up to the manor Oberschona and later the manor Wingendorf . On February 1, 1851, Hainichen received municipal rights and jurisdiction was transferred to the Saxon state.
The manorial power of the later districts of Berthelsdorf, Bockendorf, Crumbach, Cunnersdorf, Eulendorf, Riechberg and Schlegel, on the other hand, was owned by the Cistercian monastery Altzelle (later: Amt Nossen ), founded in 1162 , while Hainichen belonged as an exclave to the Wingendorf manor ( Freiberg district office ). Ottendorf , Falkenau and Gersdorf bei Hainichen did not belong to the monastery at any time; as exclaves they were under the rule of Arnsdorf ( Leisnig Office ).
Cloth makers and linen weavers shaped the city at an early stage, as can still be seen today on the Spülgasse or the Rahmenberg. The cloth makers' guild article was exhibited by Caspar von Schönberg in 1481 . In 1784 the cloth makers' guild house, which is now owned by the city, was built.
The inn "Goldener Löwe" was first mentioned in 1586.
In 1607 682 members of the parish fell victim to the plague . In 1644 “70 houses, town hall, church, rectory and school” are destroyed in a city fire . During the Seven Years' War (1756–1763), Prussian and Austrian troops were housed in Hainichen at the city's expense.
1800 to 1933
On April 23, 1800, Hainichen was hit by a tornado of the highest class F5 (according to the Fujita scale ), making it one of the only two previously known F5 cases in Germany. A big city fire on July 14, 1832 destroyed "194 residential buildings, 130 back buildings, the school, the town hall and the hospital". The characteristic heists were created when the houses on the market were rebuilt .
A Gellert Foundation for the poor was established in 1815. From 1859 they operated the Gellert Children's Home (upper Stadtgraben 1). In 1871 this was closed and the capital was handed over to the city council.
In 1838 the stock corporation Hainichener Steinkohlenbauverein was founded but was dissolved again in 1842. In 1849 the Hainichener Steinkohlenbau-Aktienverein was launched, which also dissolved again in 1853/54. A coal mining association in Berthelsdorf was founded in 1857. The time of the dissolution is not documented here. Overall, the hard coal deposits in Hainichen turned out to be unsustainable.
In 1843, the city's membership of the Freiberg district office as an exclave ended when Hainichen was assigned to the Nossen office surrounding it. With the end of Schönberg's patrimonial jurisdiction , jurisdiction was transferred to the Royal Court of Hainichen on February 1, 1851. This was followed by the Hainichen court office . The current district court building was built in 1878 at Richtstrasse 26. In 1879 the court office was converted into the Hainichen District Court. From 1875 Hainichen was subordinate to the Döbeln administration . On July 14, 1870, the official spelling of Hainichen for the city name took place. Previous spellings were Heynichen (1276), Heynnechyn (1282), Heynchin (1335), Heinchin, Henichin (1350), Heynichen (1473), Hähnichen (1721) and Haynichen (1791).
Around 1859, Hainichen was named “Official u. Factory town ”and has wool , cotton and linen mills , cleaning goods factories , a tannery and a wool trade. Hainichen achieved fame across Europe for the quality of its flannel and frieze fabrics . The industrial development of Hainichen was favored by the Roßwein – Niederwiesa railway line . The Niederwiesa – Frankenberg – Hainichen section was opened in 1869 and expanded in 1874 to Roßwein . Another railway line from Hainichen to Freiberg was requested by Hainichen and discussed in the state parliament in 1900 and 1912, but never realized.
Around 1885 there were 22 spinning mills , 2000 looms, dye works and bleaching as well as leather , leather lacquer, chenille and plush factories . From November 4, 1900 to April 1, 1934, Hainichen was home to a technical center where up to 400 students studied mechanical engineering and electrical engineering.
The automobile industry has been an important branch of industry in Hainichen since 1933. This year has been light trucks production of Framo -Werke from the neighboring town of Frankenberg moved to Hainichen. Framo moved into the bankrupt wool hair combing and spinning mill belonging to the Nordwolle group.
1933 to 1945
From April 4 to June 13, 1933, there was an internment camp (early concentration camp ) of the SA in the people's and sports center on Oederaner Strasse. Approx. 200 to 300 men passed through this camp. Sympathizers, members and functionaries of left-wing parties were interned. The prisoners were then taken to Sachsenburg and Colditz concentration camps .
A women's subcamp of the Flossenbürg concentration camp was operated from September 2, 1944 to April 30, 1945. The 500 Jewish women from Hungary and Poland were housed in Frankenberger Strasse (former needle factory) and had to do forced labor in Gottlob-Keller-Strasse ( Framo -Werke) . There are reports of a brutal female superintendent. At least twenty concentration camp prisoners lost their lives in Hainichen (see memorials). The prisoners were taken to the Theresienstadt concentration camp in April 1945 . In the spring of 1945 there was an SS camp in the Goßberger Wald for around 1,500 female prisoners. In addition, there were other women and men from the countries occupied by Germany (especially France and Serbia) as forced laborers , many of whom worked in agriculture. At least four slave laborers died in Hainichen (see memorials).
Since the end of 1944, displaced persons from the eastern regions of the German Reich began arriving in Hainichen. They were accommodated in the 'Goldener Löwe' hotel and then divided among Hainichen families. As a result of the arrival of the displaced, the population reached its peak. Many Silesians and East Prussians still live in Hainichen today.
On May 8, 1945, Hainichen was liberated from Soviet tanks .
1945 actual and suspected Nazis from Hainichen and adolescents, where membership of the werewolves were accused in the NKVD - internment Toszek and Special Camp No. 1 Muhlberg. Interned. The managing director of Framo-Werke, Hans Rasmussen , dies in Toszek, among others.
1945 to 1990
The Framo plants were completely dismantled as a reparation payment . All production facilities were moved to the Soviet Union . In 1946 the production of household goods such as pots, handcarts, potato baskets and spare parts for cars, including grenade blanks that were still stored at the Hainichen train station towards the end of the war, begins. Vehicle production was resumed in 1949. 1957 emerged from the Framo works of the VEB Barkas works . From 1961 to 1991, light trucks and minibuses of the Barkas B 1000 brand were produced in Hainichen . Final assembly took place in Hainichen, while the body shell and components were manufactured in Frankenberg and Chemnitz .
In the afternoon of October 7, 1989, a demonstration by almost 20 young people took place, which was broken up by the People's Police . Following a disco event in the Kreiskulturhaus, to which several of the demonstration participants had gone in the afternoon, another spontaneous demonstration of around 150 people on Gellertstrasse took place on the night of October 7th to 8th was dissolved. At least 30 people were arrested and held in the dining room of the brickworks under inhumane circumstances. At least 7 people were transferred to the prison on the Kaßberg in Karl-Marx-Stadt . Due to continued pressure from the population, the prisoners were released on October 12 and 13, 1989.
On November 2, 1989, an investigative commission was formed in Hainichen to investigate the events of 7/8. October 1989. At least eight charges were brought against members of the German People's Police and four convictions were pronounced.
In 1994 the district of Hainichen was dissolved and Hainichen lost the status of a district town. Since then, the city has belonged to the Mittweida district , which became part of the Central Saxony district in 2008. In 1995 the case of the chairman of the board of the Kreissparkasse Hainichen, Kurt Fischer, caused a sensation, who was found guilty of a planned kidnapping of the district administrator Andreas Schramm . In 2005 the Gellert Gymnasium was closed.
In 2008 HWG, the municipal housing company, with 1,100 apartments and around 78,100 m² of living space was sold to Kommunale Wohnen AG. The sales price was an estimated 3 to 4 million euros or 22 to 24 million euros taking into account the old debts. This corresponds to approx. 20,000 to 22,000 euros per apartment.
|Falkenau||01/01/1979||Incorporation to Gersdorf|
|Riechberg (with Siegfried )||01/01/1994|
(from 1960 reference date: December 31) :
Hainichen is a shrinking city with a birth deficit and a migration deficit. Taking into account the districts that were later incorporated (1,842 inhabitants in 1990), Hainichen lost 17% of its inhabitants from 1990 to 2008. According to the Bertelsmann Foundation's demographic report , the city will only have around 7,500 inhabitants in 2025. This corresponds to a reduction of 31% (taking into account the incorporations) compared to 1990.
|year||Bertelsmann Foundation forecast||Forecast stat. State Office|
|2010||8,902||9,000 to 9,100|
|2020||7,999||8,200 to 8,500|
Hainichen is traditionally influenced by Protestants. In 1925, 92% of the population was Protestant and 2% Catholic. There was also a small Jewish community of 14 people in 1925. Hainichen has two churches. The Trinity Church of the Evangelical Lutheran community (built in 1899) and the Sankt Konrad Church (built in 1936) of the Catholic community. The Trinitatis Church is the tallest building in Hainichen at 72 m. The Catholic parish has belonged to the parish of St. Laurentius Mittweida since 2002. Since September 1st, 2015 the parish of Sankt Konrad has been looked after from Sankt Johannes der Täufer (Freiberg). Since 1993 Hainichen has had a family and youth center run by “Youth with a Mission”.
A majority of the people of Hainichner are not religiously bound today, like around 75% of all residents of Saxony.
Monuments and memorials
- Gellert monument on the market square in front of the town hall. The bronze statue of the philosopher was designed by the Dresden sculptor Ernst Rietschel . It was unveiled on October 26, 1865.
- Memorial complex on Karl-Marx-Platz for resistance fighters and victims of fascism from Hainichen: Franz Hübsch, Max Curt Pötzscher, Alfred Kühn, Vicar Joseph Schwarz, Rudolf Papsdorf
- Tombs in the New Cemetery , and a memorial for four unnamed forced laborers (lbs)
- Grave site and memorial stone in the old cemetery for 16 Jewish women prisoners (including four by name) who were murdered by SS men on a death march from the subcamps in Leipzig-Schönefeld and Taucha in April 1945
- Four unknown concentration camp prisoners, whose bodies were thrown from a transport train from a subcamp of the Flossenbürg concentration camp by SS members in April 1945 , are buried in the cemetery of the Berthelsdorf district .
- CDU 28.0% (5 seats)
- SPD 23.8% (5 seats)
- Free voters Hainichen eV 20.4% (4 seats)
- AfD 16.8% (1 seat; 2 seats unoccupied)
- The Left 8.4% (1 seat)
- GREEN 2.5% (0 seats)
(As of 2019)
Dieter Greysinger (SPD) has been the mayor of Hainichen since December 1, 2004.
Culture and sights
- see also: List of cultural monuments in Hainichen
- camera obscura
- Herfurth's house
- Trinity Church by Gotthilf Ludwig Möckel
- Tuchmacherhaus (House of the Cloth Makers' Guild, built in 1784), today used as a show weaving mill
- Parkschlößchen (built in 1851/52 as a residence for Julius Hermann Werner; today used as the Gellert Museum)
- Royal Saxon milestones on the B 169 in Falkenau (half milestone from Schlegel - OT Juchhöh ) and in Schlegel - OT Juchhöh (whole milestone from Greifendorf )
Economy and Infrastructure
The city is located in the tariff area of the Verkehrsverbund Mittelachsen (VMS). The upper center of Chemnitz can be reached via the regional train C15 (formerly 516) of the City-Bahn Chemnitz , which runs every hour. In 2004 the Roßwein – Niederwiesa railway line (course book line 516) was reopened after extensive reconstruction on the section to Hainichen. The section from Roßwein to Hainichen through the Striegistal was closed in 2001. It was dismantled so that a cycle path can be built. Since the completion of stage 1 of the Chemnitz model, there have been free connections from Hainichen to downtown Chemnitz.
The following facilities and institutions are based in Hainichen:
Sports clubs (selection)
- Bowling club Hainichen 92 e. V.
- Hainichener football club blue / yellow 46 e. V.
- Motor Sport Association MSV Hainichen e. V.
- Cycling club Hainichen e. V.
- SV Motor Hainichen e. V.
- ATV1848 Hainichen e.V. V.
- Sports center with a teaching swimming pool
- Outdoor pool with 50 m swimmer / non-swimmer pool and large sunbathing lawn
- Automatic 4-lane bowling system
- Cycling track in the Rossau Forest
- Christel Foerster, Sigrid Schmidt. Hainichen. Brockhaus-Verlag, Leipzig 1983.
- Hainichen in the 50s and 60s. 2 decades of the GDR. Geiger-Verlag, Horb am Neckar 2006, ISBN 3-86595-122-8 .
- Hainichen. From the past of a small town. Geiger-Verlag, Horb am Neckar 2001, ISBN 3-89264-594-9 .
- Thomas Kretschmann: Hainichen. Contemporary witness reports & documents 1930–1950. The forgotten fates, Nazi terror - war - escape. Druckhaus Dresden, Dresden 2008.
- Wolfgang Schwabenicky , Uwe Richter : The history of Hainichen and the surrounding area up to the beginning of the 17th century. Hainichen 1988.
- Eduard Otto Külz: News about Hainichen and the immediate vicinity as contributions to a description of the place. Self-published, Hainichen 1889.
- Cornelius Gurlitt : Hainichen. In: Descriptive representation of the older architectural and art monuments of the Kingdom of Saxony. 25th booklet: Office governance Döbeln . CC Meinhold, Dresden 1903, p. 71.
- Atlas Central Saxony
- official website of the city of Hainichen
- Hainichen Discovery Trail - A romantic journey through time
- Buergerportal - hainichen.de - Citizen portal Hainichen - Culture, events, citizens' forum
- Gellert Museum Hainichen - Literature museum and art collection on the fable
- Population of the Free State of Saxony by municipalities on December 31, 2019 ( help on this ).
- State Statistical Office Saxony
- History of the city of Hainichen , on the website of the city of Hainichen
- Schwabenicky, Wolfgang; Richter, Uwe: The history of Hainichen and the surrounding area up to the beginning of the 17th century. Hainichen 1988. p. 20.
- Schwabenicky, Wolfgang; Richter, Uwe: The history of Hainichen and the surrounding area up to the beginning of the 17th century. Hainichen 1988. p. 26.
- Schwabenicky, Wolfgang; Richter, Uwe: The history of Hainichen and the surrounding area up to the beginning of the 17th century. Hainichen 1988. p. 29.
- Werner Hofmann, archivist at the Hainichen City Council: Remarkable things about the history of Hainichen from the perspective of the GDR, 1981, online: Citizen portal Hainichen
- Hainichen . In: Heinrich August Pierer , Julius Löbe (Hrsg.): Universal Lexicon of the Present and the Past . 4th edition. tape 7 . Altenburg 1859, p. 858 ( zeno.org ).
- Hainichen in the Digital Historical Directory of Saxony
- Siegfried Störzel: Contributions to local history - Explanation to the miles sheets , in: Gellertstadt-Bote Hainichen , August 14, 2004 ( Memento of May 7, 2007 in the Internet Archive ) (PDF; 383 kB), p. 11.
- Karlheinz Blaschke , Uwe Ulrich Jäschke : Kursächsischer Ämteratlas. Leipzig 2009, ISBN 978-3-937386-14-0 ; P. 72 f.
- Digital Historical Directory of Saxony
- Clothmaker's House. Retrieved December 15, 2015 .
- Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition (1910–1911)
- Gellert Museum Hainichen
- Archive holdings 40121 - Coal mining associations of the Hainichen-Ebersdorf district in the Freiberg mountain archive
- The Döbeln administrative authority in the municipal register 1900
- Franz Schubert: The Freiberg - Hainichen railway line. (PDF) Retrieved December 15, 2015 .
- Meyers encyclopedia, published by the Institute Bibliographischen, Leipzig and Vienna, Fourth Edition, 1885-1892
- Hainichen Discovery Trail
- Michael Geiger: Barkas.de - flashback 1923–1957. Retrieved March 17, 2010 .
- United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, Early Camp Hainichen, http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/article.php?lang=en&ModuleId=10007214
- Federal Ministry of Justice: Directory of the concentration camps and their external commands in accordance with Section 42 (2) BEG
- Füßl, Seifert, Simon-Pelanda, Zwangsarbeit, in: Give your voice a hearing, Vol. 1, ed. from the working group of the former Flossenbürg concentration camp, Regensburg 2001, online: Women in the satellite camps .
- Kretschmann, Thomas: Hainichen: Zeitzeugen reports & documents 1930–1950; the forgotten fates, Nazi terror - war - escape. Druckhaus Dresden (Dresden), 2008.
- A project to research the National Socialist camps and detention centers as well as the sites of mass murder from 1933 to 1945 http://www.keom.de/denkmal ( Memento from December 23, 2008 in the Internet Archive )
- Barbara Supp: The time of the ghosts - Barbara Supp on the forgotten dead of the Soviet prison camp Tost in Silesia . In: Der Spiegel . No. 32 , 1996, pp. 48-52 ( online ).
- Michael Richter: The Peaceful Revolution. Departure to democracy in Saxony 1989/90 . tape 1 . Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, Göttingen 2009, ISBN 978-3-525-36914-2 , p. 322-324 .
- Michael Richter: The Peaceful Revolution. Departure to democracy in Saxony 1989/90 . tape 1 . Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, Göttingen 2009, ISBN 978-3-525-36914-2 , p. 645-646, 705 .
- Kommunale Wohnen AG, Annual Report 2008 ( PDF; 1.4 MB )
- municipalities 1994 and their changes since 01.01.1948 in the new federal states , Metzler-Poeschel publishing house, Stuttgart, 1995, ISBN 3-8246-0321-7 , publisher: Federal Statistical Office
- lists of the municipalities incorporated since May 1945 and evidence of the breakdown of the independent manor districts and state forest districts, 1952, publisher: Ministry of the Interior of Saxony
- State Statistical Office of the Free State of Saxony: Area changes
- ( page no longer available , search in web archives ) Info: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Calculated assuming five residents per possessed man
- Hainichen . In: August Schumann : Complete State, Post and Newspaper Lexicon of Saxony. 3rd volume. Schumann, Zwickau 1816, pp. 731-733.
- Hugo von Bose: Handbook of geography, statistics and topography of the Kingdom of Saxony, 1847
- Brockhaus' Kleines Konversations-Lexikon, fifth edition, volume 1. Leipzig 1911., p. 747.
- The population of the districts that were later incorporated were in 1990 according to the Digital Historical Directory of Saxony : Bockendorf 342, Cunnersdorf 288, Eulendorf 164, Gersdorf 398, Riechberg 382 and Schlegel 270.
- State Statistical Office of Saxony: 4. Regionalized population forecast for the Free State of Saxony up to 2020
- Evangelical-Lutheran Trinitatis Congregation Hainichen: History of the Trinitaskirche ( Memento of the original from December 22, 2015 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link has been inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Sankt Konrad Hainichen: Chronicle of our community ( Memento of the original from December 22, 2015 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link has been inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Commentary on the 2019 municipal council election, accessed on May 11, 2020
- Results of the municipal council election 2019
- Philip Zengel: Far Country Pa-ish. DEFA Foundation, October 2019, accessed on July 16, 2020 .