Karlheinz Blaschke

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Karlheinz Blaschke (born October 4, 1927 in Schönlinde , Czechoslovakia ; † December 25, 2020 in Friedewald near Moritzburg ) was a German archivist and historian . He was considered the nestor of Saxon regional historical research after the Second World War .


Blaschke grew up in Leipzig and studied at the local since 1946 University history , German and Latin Studies . In December 1950 he received his doctorate as a student of Rudolf Kötzschke with a thesis on the five new Leipzig university villages . He then started training with Heinrich Otto Meisner at the Potsdam Institute for Archive Studies . As an opponent of the political system in the GDR , Blaschke resigned from the CDU in 1956 .

The four-volume historical directory of Saxony , published in 1957, was created during his academic work in the Dresden State Main Archive from 1951 to 1968 . In 1962 Blaschke completed his habilitation with a thesis on the population history from Saxony to the Industrial Revolution at the University of Leipzig, where he was not granted a teaching license . Blaschke was considered a so-called “bourgeois historian” who, in contrast to his Marxist colleagues, continued to devote himself to scientific research into the Saxon regional history and protested against its politically motivated replacement in the form of a Marxist regional history. With this attitude, the professing Christian was seen as a critical and disagreeable spirit, to whom there was hardly any leeway and no career opportunities in the state university landscape opened up.

Therefore, in 1969, Blaschke took over the only non-theological lectureship at the Theological Seminary in Leipzig , a state unrecognized university sponsored by the Evangelical Lutheran Church in Saxony . Like several other lecturers, he was awarded the title of professor on October 2, 1990 at the institute, which was renamed Kirchliche Hochschule Leipzig in 1990 and is now officially recognized. Blaschke taught there until the university was closed in 1992. In addition, he had been an honorary professor at the Philipps University of Marburg since 1990 .

In 1991 Blaschke, who had been a member of the CDU again from 1990 , was appointed the first head of the newly formed department for archives at the Saxon Ministry of the Interior . After completing the development work and the creation of new structures in the Saxon archives system, Blaschke returned to scientific work. In 1992, he accepted a professorship for Saxon regional history at the Technical University of Dresden , which he held until his retirement in 1998.

In 1999, Blaschke was awarded the Federal Cross of Merit, 1st class , for his work . Before that he was awarded the Saxon Constitutional Medal in 1997 .

Blaschke was editor of the New Archives for Saxon History , which he re-established in 1993 after 50 years of non- publication , and of the Atlas on the History and Regional Studies of Saxony . The Sudeten German Academy of Sciences and Arts appointed him a full member of the humanities class in 1995. In 1990 he was appointed to the historical commission of the Bavarian Academy of Sciences and resigned from the historical commission on December 31, 2019. From 1991 he belonged to the philological-historical class of the Saxon Academy of Sciences as a full member. Blaschke was a member of numerous associations, boards of trustees and societies; Among other things, he was the President of the Upper Lusatian Society of Sciences from 2000 to 2004 .

He lived for many years in the Moritzburg part of Friedewald and died at Christmas 2020 at the age of 93.

Scientific importance

With its publications Nikolai - patronage made Blaschke an important contribution to the study of high medieval settlement history in the Germania Slavica ; As merchant churches , the Nikolaikirchen are an important indicator of the development of the respective cities. Fred Sobik recently challenged his Nikolaikirchen theory. His studies on Moritz von Sachsen led to a fundamental reassessment of the Saxon Elector , previously disdained as "Judas von Meissen" ; Blaschke even describes him as the "most important Wettiner " ever.

Fonts (selection)

Collection of articles

  • City plan and urban development. Research into the development of central European cities. Selected articles (= urban research. Series A. Volume 44). Böhlau, Cologne et al. 1997, ISBN 3-412-06897-7 .


  • All old files. Contemporaries plagued by forms as a consolation, instruction and amusement! Urania-Verlag, Leipzig / Jena 1956, DNB 572421869 (reprint of the original edition: BibSpider, Berlin 2008, ISBN 978-3-936960-31-0 ).
  • Historical directory of Saxony. VEB Bibliographisches Institut, Leipzig 1957, DNB 453661025 .
  • Population history from Saxony to the industrial revolution. Böhlau Verlag, Weimar 1967, DNB 456132708 (habilitation thesis, Leipzig 1962, DNB 481166130 ).
  • with Uwe U. Jäschke: Nikolaikirchen and urban development in Europe. From the merchant settlement to the city. Akademie Verlag, Berlin 2013, ISBN 978-3-05-005951-8 .
  • Saxony in the Age of Reformation (= writings of the Association for Reformation History. Volume 185). Gütersloh publishing house, Gütersloh 1970.
  • Moritz of Saxony. A Reformation prince of the second generation (= personality and history. Volume 113). Muster-Schmidt Verlag, Zurich / Göttingen 1984, ISBN 3-7881-0113-X .
  • History of Saxony in the Middle Ages. Beck, Munich 1990, ISBN 3-406-31722-7 ; Union Verlag, Berlin 1990, ISBN 3-372-00076-5 .
  • The prince procession to Dresden. Monument and history of the House of Wettin. Urania Verlag, Leipzig a. a. 1991, ISBN 3-332-00377-1 .
  • Wittenberg - Lutherstadt. 4th edition. Evangelische Verlags-Anstalt, Berlin 1981.


  • Moritz von Sachsen - A prince of the Reformation period between territory and empire. International scientific colloquium from June 26th to 28th in Freiberg (Saxony) (= sources and research on Saxon history. Volume 29). Saxon Academy of Sciences, Leipzig 2007, ISBN 978-3-515-08982-1 .
  • History of the city of Dresden. Volume 1: From the beginning to the end of the Thirty Years War. Theiss, Stuttgart 2005, ISBN 978-3-8062-1906-7 .


  • Rainer Aurig , Steffen Herzog, Simone Lässig : The upright gait. Life maxim and scientific claim. Karlheinz Blaschke on his 70th birthday. In this. (Ed.): State history in Saxony. Tradition and innovation (= studies on regional history. Volume 10). Verlag für Regionalgeschichte, Bielefeld 1997, ISBN 3-89534-210-6 , pp. 9-13.
  • Karlheinz Blaschke: As a bourgeois historian on the edge of the GDR. Experiences, observations and considerations of a nonconformist. In: Karl Heinrich Pohl (Ed.): Historians in the GDR. Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, Göttingen 1997, ISBN 3-525-33558-X , pp. 45-92 (autobiographical article).
  • Karlheinz Blaschke: History in the SED state. Experiences of a “bourgeois” historian in the GDR. In: From Politics and Contemporary History . Volume 42, No. 17/18, 1992, ISSN  0479-611X , pp. 14-27 (autobiographical article).
  • Ilko-Sascha KowalczukBlaschke, Karlheinz . In: Who was who in the GDR? 5th edition. Volume 1. Ch. Links, Berlin 2010, ISBN 978-3-86153-561-4 .
  • Hans K. Schulze : Karlheinz Blaschke to celebrate the seventieth birthday. In: Uwe John, Josef Matzerath (ed.): Regional history as a challenge and program. Karlheinz Blaschke on his 70th birthday (= sources and research on Saxon history. Volume 15). Steiner Verlag, Stuttgart 1997, ISBN 3-515-07212-8 , pp. 1-6.
  • Uwe Schirmer , André Thieme : Foreword. In this. (Ed.): Contributions to the constitutional and administrative history of Saxony. Selected essays by Karlheinz Blaschke published on the occasion of his 75th birthday (= writings on Saxon history and folklore. Volume 5). Leipziger Universitätsverlag, Leipzig 2002, ISBN 3-935693-82-6 , pp. 13-15.
  • Martin Schmidt: Dedication. In the S. (Ed.): Upper Lusatia and Saxony in Central Europe. Festschrift for the 75th birthday of Karlheinz Blaschke (= New Lusatian Magazine . Supplement 3). Verlag G. Oettel, Görlitz / Zittau 2003, ISBN 3-932693-74-4 , p. 9 f.
  • Hans Joachim Meyer : laudation. In: Winfried Müller (Ed.): Perspectives on Reformation Research in Saxony. Honorary colloquium for the 80th birthday of Karlheinz Blaschke (= building blocks from the Institute for Saxon History and Folklore. Volume 12). Thelem Verlag, Dresden 2008, ISBN 3-939888-62-1 , pp. 33-42.

Web links


  1. Simone Lässig , Karl Heinrich Pohl: Foreword. In this. (Ed.): Saxony in the Empire. Politics, economy and society in upheaval. Böhlau, Cologne / Weimar / Vienna 1997, ISBN 3-412-04396-6 , p. 9.
  2. ^ Entry by Karlheinz Blaschke at the Sudeten German Academy of Sciences and Arts
  3. ^ Members of the historical commission at the Bavarian Academy of Sciences since 1858
  4. ^ Tomas Gärtner: The archivist and historian Karlheinz Blaschke is dead. In: Dresdner Latest News . December 29, 2020, accessed December 29, 2020.
  5. Fred Sobik: sacred space and city rights space. The example of the Nikolaikirche in Wernigerode. In: Dieter Pötschke, Wilhelm Brauneder , Gerhard Lingelbach (ed.): City rights, arbitrariness and police regulations. Part 1: Goslar and Wernigerode (= Harz research. Volume 32). Lukas Verlag für Kunst- und Geistesgeschichte, Berlin 2017, ISBN 978-3-86732-266-9 , pp. 187–197, here: pp. 187–191.
  6. Peter F. Barton:  Marginalia on art and church history of the 15th and 16th centuries. Yearbook (of the society) for the history of Protestantism in Austria / Austria / Yearbook of the society for the history of Protestantism in the former (and in the new) Austria , year 1982, p. 44 (online at ANNO ).Template: ANNO / Maintenance / jgp