Teaching license

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The license to teach - also a license to teach or to teach , in the science of Venia Legendi - is in some areas the prerequisite for teaching independently in a certain subject.

School law

An instructor or conventional teaching certificate is due to the teacher training program of high school teachers and other for the secondary level (eg. As teachers for vocational schools) provided teachers acquired as qualifications, a specialist to teach that (in older texts) as Fakultas (Facultas) or Facultas Docendi is called.

The large faculties , which entitle students to teach at all levels of the grammar school , especially the upper level , require a corresponding degree, while the smaller faculties acquired due to a limited degree can only be taught at the lower and intermediate levels. Even the high school councilors who are still active at grammar schools in Baden-Württemberg, Lower Saxony and Saarland, who have completed a secondary school teacher course at a pedagogical university and a grammar school seminar , as well as secondary school teachers seconded to a grammar school, only own the small faculties.

A teaching authorization can also be given if no specialist course qualifying for teaching has been completed. For example, teachers can be assigned to non-subject teaching by the school principal, for example for integrated subjects such as social studies , for newly introduced subjects such as computer science for which no trained teachers are available, or simply in the case of a shortage of teachers. This also applies to other types of schools when grammar school teachers teach in elementary schools.

Science or universities

The authorization granted by the university to teach independently as a university professor, to lead scientific work, to hold examinations and to use the title of private lecturer is referred to as teaching authorization or venia legendi . It is awarded for a specific subject. The prerequisite for the teaching authorization is the teaching qualification , the Facultas Docendi, which is awarded by the habilitation (see the habilitation regulations of the respective faculties of the universities). The distinction between teaching qualifications and teaching authorization is regulated by country-specific legislation, for example in Bavaria by the University Personnel Act. In addition to the habilitation, there have been - especially since the amendment of the University Framework Act in 2002 - alternative employment requirements for professors in the form of a successful junior professorship or other equivalent academic achievements. Corresponding requirements apply to artistic and technical colleges (see the respective university laws of the federal states).
In the GDR , the license to teach venia legendi with the appointment as a university lecturer ( university lecturer or professor ) was considered granted and did not have to be specifically applied for.
In Austria and partly in Switzerland one speaks of the Venia Docendi, the great license to teach a scientific subject.
This type of teaching authorization has its origins in the medieval licentiate or Licentia Docendi ("Permission to Teach").

Church teaching post

The ecclesiastical authorization, which religious teachers in schools and university teachers in theological faculties need in addition to the state appointment to exercise a teaching post, is also called this. In the Protestant Church this ecclesiastical right to teach is called vocation or vocatio (n) (Latin for “calling”), in the Catholic Missio canonica (Latin for “church mission”), in Islam Ijāza .


The authorization to train pilots is also referred to as instructor authorization .


Individual evidence

  1. From the service regulations for teachers in North Rhine-Westphalia: "If it is necessary to avoid missed lessons or for pedagogical reasons and the relevant technical requirements are met, teachers are obliged to also give lessons in subjects for which they are Do not have a teaching qualification. There is no obligation to provide religious instruction outside the subject. "